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教育类 词汇 文凭 diplomas and certificates 考研热 the craze for graduate school study 应试教育 the examination-oriented education 义务教育 compulsory education 复合型人才 interdisciplinary talents 文化底蕴 the rich cultural deposits 大学生创业 the university students’ innovative undertakings 扩招 expand enrollment 被授予学位 be granted a an official certificate from 高分低能 good scores but low qualities 片面追求升学率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a higher level 退学 drop out of the school 形成淘汰制度 frame an elimination system 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude 德才兼备 possess political integrity and professional ability 品学兼优 be a students of fine qualities and fine scholar 提高学生身心素质 improve the health and psychological quality 适应社会的改变 adjust to the social changes quickly 满足社会的急需 meet the urgent need of the society 保护知识产权 protect the intellectual property 才疏学浅 be wanting in ability and shallow in knowledge 努力获得精神文明 make efforts to seek cultural and ideological progress 减轻负担 reduce the heavy burdens 更加有意义和丰富的生活 a more vigorous, colorful and dynamic life 工作类 词汇 崇高职业 noble career 白领工作 white-collar workers 跳槽 job-hopping 试用期 probationary period 人才流动和双向选择 talent flow and a dual-way selection 自由职业 freelance work 拜金主义 money worship 获得名利 achieve fame and wealth 充分发挥个人的潜力 develop fully one’s potential and creativity 实干精神 steadfast and earnest in one’s work 工作出色 excel in one’s work 无忧无虑 be care-free 社会和个人的尊重 social and personal esteem 生计问题 a bread and butter issue 生活补助 living subsidies
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人才交流 talents exchange 培养人才 cultivate talents 推荐人才 recommend the virtuous and able 人才外流 brain drain 优化产业结构 optimize the structure 精简人员 cut off the overstaffed offices 提高综合素质 improve the comprehensive quality 解决劳动就业问题 tackle the problem of labor force utilization 砸掉大锅饭 shatter the convention of iron bowl 坚持改革 be persistent in the reform progress 造成失业问题 bring about the unemployment problem 下岗人员 the laid-off workers 自谋生路 be self-employed 给出优惠政策 give preferential treatment 享受失业救济金 enjoy unemployment pension 需要 安全 感和生活保障 need a sense of security and guarantee of life 劳动力短缺 shortage of manpower 提高文化,智慧,品质修养 enhance their cultural and moral quality 商业类 词汇 服务行业 service trade 家用电器 household electrical appliances 物美价廉 with low price and high quality 售后服务 after-sale service 旺季 during peak selling seasons 销售渠道 distribution channel 商标冒用 trade-mark infringement 稳定物价 stabilize the commodity prices 加强品牌效应 strengthen the brand effect 提高购买力 raise the purchasing power 保持市场的良好的秩序 keep to market in good order 适销对路 be good for sale 脱销 out of stock 刺激购买欲 stimulate the desire to buy 促销 promote sales 超前消费 premature consumption 有效期 term of validity 零售价 retail price 批发价 whole price 紧俏 商品 commodities in short supply 假冒伪劣 forged and fake commodities 工业类 词汇 产业结构升级 upgrade the structure of industry 外向型经济:export-oriented economy 企业 凝聚力 the cohesive force in enterprise
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亏损 企业 enterprise in the red 创收 generate profits 精简开支 cut down the outlay 扭转局面 reverse the tide 有外需 have a potential in overseas market 医药健康 词汇 杀虫剂 pesticide 卫生环境 sanitary environment 营养不良 malnourished 传染病 infectious disease 呼吸疾病 respiratory disease 建设 卫生城市 hygienic city 政治经济 词汇 立法会议 legislative sessions 行政处罚 administrative penalty 司法 部门 enforcement apartment 侵犯个人隐私 invasion of privacy 修改宪法 revise the constitution 假账 deceptive accounting 漏税 tax evasion 刑事诉讼 criminal proceeding 行贿和受贿 take and offer bribes 要求索赔 claim compensation 目无法规 defy the law and social disciplines 法律监督 function as a legal supervisor 扰乱治安 disturb the social order 建立奖励和制约机制 establish a incentive and disincentive system 物质和精神文明建设 material and ideological progress 精简机构 streamline government organs 集思广益 pool ones wisdom 扩大内需 expand the domestic demand 环境保护类单词 沙尘暴 Sand/dust storms 生态失衡 Disruption of ecological balance 温室效应 Greenhouse effect 全球变暖 Global warming 淡水资源短缺 Shortage of fresh water 环境意识 Environmental awareness 生态系统 Ecosystem 市场类单词 国有企业 state-owned enterprise 私人企业 private enterprise 市场 monopolize the market
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偷税漏税 tax evasion 跨国集团 multinational corporation 贸易制裁 trade sanction 贸易壁垒 trade barriers 全球经济一体化 integration with the global economy 西部大开发 Go-West Campaign 中国加入 WTO China’s entry into WTO 乱摊派乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge 考研英语作文经常遇到的中国特色词汇 中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festival) 国庆节 National Day 中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival 春节 Spring Festival 元宵节 Lantern Festival 台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分。Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory. 大开发 Development of the West Regions 持续性发展 sustainable development 风险投资 risk investment 通货紧缩 deflation 扩大内需 to expand domestic demand 儿童节 Children's Day 妇女节 Women's Day 泼水节 Water-Splashing Day 教师节 Teachers' Day 五四青年节 Youth Day 中国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods) 馄饨 wonton 锅贴 gouty (fried jazzy) 花卷 steamed twisted rolls 套餐 set meal 盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away 豆腐 rice tofu 魔芋豆腐 kanji tofu 米粉 rice noodles 冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.) 火锅 chafing dish 八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding 粉丝 glass noodles 豆腐脑 jellied bean curd 中国新兴事物(Newly Sprouted Things) 中国电信 China Telecom 中国移动 China Mobile 十五计划 the 10th Five-Year Plan 中国电脑联网 China net
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三峡工程 the Three Gorges Project 希望工程 Project Hope 京九铁路 Beijing?Colon Railway 扶贫工程 Anti-Poverty Project 菜篮子工程 Vegetable Basket Project 温饱工程 Decent-Life Project 安居工程 Economy Housing Project 扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign 西部大开发 Go-West Campaign 具有文化特色的现代表述 大陆中国 Mainland China 红宝书 little red book 红色中国 socialist China 四化 Four Modernizations 终生职业 job-for-life 铁饭碗 iron rice bow 大锅饭 communal pot 关系户 closely-related units 外出打工人员 migrant workers 关系网 personal nets,closely-knitted guild 五讲 (讲文明、 讲礼貌、 讲卫生、 讲秩序、 讲道德) the Five Merits focus on decorum, : manners, hygiene,disciplines and morals 四美 (心灵美、 语言美、 行为美、 环境美) the Four Virtues are golden heart, : refined languages, civilized behavior,and green environment 基层监督 grass-roots supervision 基础税率 base tariff level 婚介所 matrimonial agency 婚外恋 extramarital love 婚纱摄影 bride photo 黑心棉 shoddy cotton 机器阅卷 machine scoring 即开型奖券 scratch-open ticket/lottery 集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development 价格听证会 public price hearings 甲 A 球队 Division A Soccer Team 家政服务 household management service 加强舆论监督 ensure the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion 假帐 accounting fraud 叫板 challenge; Pick a quarrel 矫情 use lame arguments 渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence 借调 temporarily transfer 扩大中等收入者比重 Raise the proportion of the middle-income group 扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption 安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents
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外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises 下岗职工 laid-off workers 分流 reposition of redundant personnel 三角债 chain debts 素质教育 education for all-round development 豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects 社会治安情况 law-and-order situation 民族国家 nation state “台独” "independence of Taiwan" 台湾政权 Taiwan authorities 台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots 计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction ( CAI ) 网络空间 cyberspace 虚拟现实 virtual reality 电脑犯罪 computer crime 电子商务 the e-business 网上购物 shopping online 应试教育 exam-oriented education 学生减负 to reduce study load 总裁助理 assistant president 综合治理 comprehensive treatment 安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents 信息化 information-based; Informationization 智力密集型 concentration of brain power; Knowledge-intensive 外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises 下岗职工 laid-off workers 分流 reposition of redundant personnel 三角债 chain debts 素质教育 education for all-round development 豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects 社会治安情况 law-and-order situation 西部大开发 Development of the West Regions 可持续性发展 sustainable development 风险投资 risk investment 通货紧缩 deflation 下岗 laid-off workers 下海 plunge into the commercial sea 下网 off line 小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family 新秀 up-and-coming star,rising star 新新人类 New Human Being ; X Generation 信息港 info port 形象小姐 / 先生 image representative of a product or a brand 虚拟网 virtual net
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学生处 students' affairs division 研究生毕业证 / 学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree’s diploma 摇钱树 cash cow 以人为本 people oriented; people foremost 义务教育 compulsory education 易拉罐 pop can 应试教育 examination-oriented education system 舆论导向 direction of public opinion 运球 dribble 在职博士生 on-job doctorate 早恋 puppy love 招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office 证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange 知识产权 intellectual property rights 中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student 中流砥柱 mainstay,chief corner stone 专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store 自我保护意识 self-protection awareness 综合国力 comprehensive national strength 综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN) 公正、公平、公开 just,fair and open 好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster 黄金时段 prime time 假唱 lip-synch 劲射 power shot 拉拉队 cheering squad 来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone 论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense 泡沫经济 bubble economy 票贩子 scalper,ticket tout 拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; Blockbuster 三角恋爱 love triangle 三维动画片 three-dimensional animation “扫黄”“打非” eliminate pornography and illegal publications 、 申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games 实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation 市场疲软 sluggish market 素质教育 education for all-around development 筒子楼: tube-shaped apartment 脱贫致富 cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity 网吧 Internet bar 网恋 online love affair 网上冲浪 surf the Internet 网上交易平台 online trading platform
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网友 net friend 无人售票 self-service ticketing 无绳来电显示电话 cordless telephone with caller ID 无线应用协议 WAP (wireless application protocol) The classification for the commodities:
  1.frozen food 速冻食品
  2.dairy products 牛产品
  3.packaged foods 包装食品
  4.cleaning supplies 清洁用品
  5.personal-care supplies 个人护理用品
  6.toys 玩具
  7.car-care products 汽车护理用品
  8.yard-care products 庭院护理用品 Different stores
  1.Convienience store 便利店
  2.Grocery store 小卖部
  3.Supermarket 超市
  4.Drug store 药店
  5.Department store 商场
  6.Discount store 打折店
  7.Factory outlets 厂家直销点
  8.Specialty shop 专卖店
  9.Shopping mall/shopping center 购物中心 Houshold department: dish 碟子 silverware 银器 cooking utensils 厨具 pots 壶 pans 锅 Hardware department: tool 工具 paint 涂料 light-fixture 灯饰 Plumbing supplies home improvement products 家庭装修用品 Applian
 

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