Unit 2 English: A Global Language? TEACHER: Today’s topic is English as a global language. I know many of you speak English as a second language, right? How about you, Hiroshi? Is English your first language? STUDENT l: No, my first language is Japanese. English is my second language. TEACHER: And how about you, Patricia? STUDENT 2: English is my second language, too. My first language is Spanish. TEACHER: See, many of you use English as a second language, even as a global language to communicate with other people who speak English as a second language. Today, I want to give you two contrasting points of view on whether or not English is a global language. The first is that English is obviously a global language. People who support this point of view believe English is the language people all over the world use to communicate, and that it is gradually replacing other languages. The second point of view is that English is not truly a global language, because it is not the main language spoken by most people worldwide. Supporters of this view say that even though many people speak some English worldwide, English has not replaced other languages. They acknowledge that people use English every day, for many reasons, but this doesn’t mean English is replacing other languages, nor does it make English the main language spoken in the world. First, let’s examine the first view. First of all, English is the dominant language of business, travel, and science. When people need a common language, they often use English. Think about it. English is often used at tourist information centers, in international hotels, at airports. If you use a taxi in Rome, and you can’t speak Italian, the taxi driver is more likely to use English than any other languages. It is used at business meetings and international sports events. The European Union uses English, along with French, at its meetings. . . . ASEAN, the Asian trade group, uses English at its meetings. Can you think of other situations in which English is used as a common language? STUDENT 2: How about this class? All of us are listening to you in English. TEACHER: Absolutely. Educational settings are a great example. Any others? STUDENT 2: How about a chatroom on the Internet? I sometimes go to chatrooms and everyone is using English. TEACHER: Excellent example. The Internet has created a lot of international communities and people often use English. In fact, most people who use the Internet know English. This helps support the view that English is a global language. The second major reason that people believe English is a global language is that it is the official language
of more than seventy-five countries. This means these countries use English in schools, banks, business, and government. Of these seventy-five countries, English may be the only official language of the country, like in England, or English may be used along with other official languages, like in the Philippines, Singapore, and India. In countries like India, where so many languages are spoken, you can see how using English as an official language makes it easier for people to communicate. The third reason to support the global argument is that every year about 1 billion people study English. Why? What are some of the reasons? Hiroshi? How about you? STUDENT l: Well, now to study, and someday I want to be in international business. TEACHER: That’s a solid reason. How about you, Oksana? STUDENT 3: I’m not really sure. I just think it will help me in the future somehow. TEACHER: OK. There’s a more general reason. The point is, people want and need to learn English because it offers them opportunities. To sum up, English is used every day by many people. People all over the world come in contact with each other for many reasons. They need a common language, a language to facilitate communication. Being proficient in English gives someone an advantage in these situations. OK. I have given you many examples of how English is used in a variety of situations. Nevertheless, does this mean that English is a global language? Let’s look at why some people don’t believe English has replaced other languages. First, there are about three times as many people who speak Chinese as their first language as those who speak English as a first language. And in many countries where some people use English for work each day, they don’t use English anywhere else. Even in English-speaking countries, there are millions of people who prefer to speak a language other than English at home, with friends, or at work. Second, I mentioned before that seventy-five countries have English as their official language. This doesn’t mean all, or even most of the people in these countries can speak English. For example, in India, most sources agree that only about 5 percent of the population speaks English. That’s a small percentage! Third, how much English does a person need to know to be called an English speaker? People may learn some English for specific situations, such as the taxi driver I mentioned earlier. However, I think you would all agree with me that a taxi driver who knows a few phrases like “Where are you going?” or “What is the name of your hotel?” isn’t really a proficient English speaker. Another example is Airspeak, the English that is used by air traffic controllers and pilots. A pilot for Japan Airlines or an air traffic controller in Paris needs to know Airspeak. But they may learn only the English words they need for these jobs, and therefore they can’t be considered English speakers.
The point here is that people all over the world may use some English for work or other situations. Nevertheless, this doesn’t mean they are fluent in English. They still use their first language for daily communication. English is not their main language. So, what does this all mean? I think it’s safe to say that English will continue to be the main language used in many international settings because, as I said earlier, people all over the world need a common language. And, for now, English is that language. But, English won’t replace other languages for most daily communication and this, to me, is what a global language really is, one that replaces others for most everyday communication. Some people are afraid of this. They worry that as people use English more and more, their ability in their first language will decline. I think people will use English along with other languages. We are moving into a global culture, and as this continues, I think people from non-English speaking countries will want to maintain their culture, including their first language. They may still want to learn English, but I don’t see them giving up their own language for English. What do you think? I’m going to stop there. I know that’s a lot of information to digest. We’ll continue talking about some of the differences in the English words used in various countries like Australia, Singapore, and the Philippines. That’s all for today. Come see me if you have any questions.
 

相关内容

朗文英语听说教程二听力原文_Unit_02

   Unit 2 English: A Global Language? TEACHER: Today’s topic is English as a global language. I know many of you speak English as a second language, right? How about you, Hiroshi? Is English your first language? STUDENT l: No, my first language is Jap ...

朗文英语听说教程二听力原文_Unit_03

   Unit 3 High Anxiety: Phobias TEACHER: Good afternoon. Today we’re going to turn to a new topic in psychology and start looking at some specific psychological problems. There are a variety of mental problems that can affect us in our daily lives som ...

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册听说原文及答案听力原文Unit 3

   新视野大学英语听说教程(第二版)第四册听力原文 Unti3 Warming up Short conversation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Long conversation Passage Homework Task1 Task2 ...

新视野大学英语6(听说教程)听力原文(5)

   Ad. 1 prices? At Simply Sofabeds at Notting Hill Gate we're lowering our prices?for Christmas. Masses of sofa beds for immediate delivery 立即交货. We're open six days week, Sunday. a week, with viewing on Sunday. So celebrate Christmas early this year ...

新视野大学英语6(听说教程)听力原文(6)

   Those of us who do not want to tell our doctor how much we really drink are often more honest with a computer. In fact, many patients say they prefer talking to a computer to talking to their doctor. socially "Computers don't expect you to smi ...

新视野大学英语6(听说教程)听力原文(3)

   Very often, newborn babies are not beautiful. They are wrinkled or bald, or they have angry expressions on their faces that seem to say, "Go away! I hate parent, meaneverybody." But to a parent, that bald, wrinkled, mean-faced baby is the ...

新视野大学英语6(听说教程)听力原文(7)

   When James got up that morning, his wife, Joyce, was still asleep. He crept downstairs, and slipped out of the house. Within a few minutes he was jogging through the woods that led to the sea. The sun was just breaking through the early morning mis ...

新视野大学英语6(听说教程)听力原文(1)

   Case 1: Mei Ling, a new graduate student at Columbia University in New York City, went to a large department store to shop. She had just got her first paycheck as a research assistant and wanted to buy a blouse for herself. She found what she liked ...

新编大学英语3视听说教程听力原文U4

   Listen 1 For many of you this will be your last year at university and now is the time for you to begin thinking seriously about your future careers. In order to give you as much help as possible, I have quoted a list of questions that you ought to ...

新编大学英语3视听说教程听力原文U6

   Listen 1 W: Why do you think people are afraid of tarantulas? M: Well, I guess it's because people are afraid of all spiders, and tarantulas happen to be the biggest of all the spiders. And maybe it's also because some spiders really are very poiso ...

热门内容

大学英语六级单词

   A ............................................ - 1 - U.......................................... - 44 B ............................................ - 5 - V .......................................... - 44 C ......................................... ...

2011年张剑_曾鸣编著《考研英语阅读理解150篇》

   曾鸣编著《 张剑 曾鸣编著《英语阅读理解 150 篇》 前言 《新编考研英语阅读理解 150 篇》的《基础训练版》终于完稿了,原来的编辑出版计划是将编辑部以前出版的《8 套题》《6 套题》和《5 套题》中的 150 多篇经典试题重新组合编排一下就可以出版了。原以为做这方面的工作,编 、 辑部最多只需要一周的时间就可以完成。 但是,本书的修订和编辑工作从 2007 年的 3 月 15 日至今天, 整整用了 100 多天的时间,才基本完成《基础训练版》修订和编辑工作。现将本书修订和编辑的有关情况 ...

中考英语复习资料16完形填空及其解题方法

   初三系列复习资料(16)完形填空的考点集汇,讲解和训练 十六、完形填空及其解题方法 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 “完形填空”题是一种旨在考查学生语法和词汇知识综合运用能 力的典型题型。它结合了单项选择题和短文填空的优点,既考查词语 搭配、近义词辨异、动词时态、句型结构、复合句的关联和习惯用法 等,又考查了逻辑推理和事理推断能力。 “完形填空”题要求填入的词主要有: 1. 语法结构所要求的功能词,如连接词、连接代词、连接副词、关 系代词、关系副词等。 2. 具有语法变化的普通词,如动词的时态、语 ...

对英语课堂的几点思考

   对农村英语课堂的几点思考 摘要:随着社会的发展,英语越来越显示出了它的重要性,它已越来越多的 渗透到当今社会的各种领域,已成为人们学习,工作,生活中必不可少的一种基 本交流工具.城市小学的英语课已发展了有一段时间,开展的如火如荼并取得了 一定的教学成果,但是农村小学的英语课程起步较晚,英语课堂还存在一些困难 和问题, 本文简单探究一下作为一个目前的农村小学教师对于英语课堂的几点思 考. 关键词: 农村小学 课堂教学 教学理念 英语的重要性 教学设施 小学英语课堂 英语 随着社会的进步,地球更 ...

浅谈英语习语的文化特征

   专业教 学研究 中国成人教育 2007 年 1 月 浅谈英语习语的文化特征 ○朱冠群 习语包括比喻性词组( et m aphori - cal, ) 俚语( ang) 俗语( l alsm ) 谚 sl , coloqui i , 语( proverb) 等。英语习语渗透着浓郁的 西方文化气息, 反映出英语民族语言文 化的发展和演变。 本文将从英语民族的 风俗习惯、 宗教信仰、 文学艺术等几个 方面, 探索习语所承载的文化内涵。 汉语时,on 习惯上用 虎” l i “ 代替, 因为 约翰福 ...