历年高考英语短文改错题全解析 NMET 1997 Dear Bob, Hello. I learn about you from my English teacher,
  1. Miss Fang. I'd like to your penfriend, and get to
  2. know more about your country. First, let me tell you something more about myself.
  3. My name is Li Hua. I live in Beijing, where is the
  4. capital of China. I go to Hongqi Middle School. We
  5. study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese,
  6. English and physics. I use to play ping-pong a lot
  7. in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football.
  8. Do you play any ball games? What your favorite
  9. sport? I look forward to hear from you soon.
  10. Yours, Li Hua 答案及解析
  1. learn 改为 learnt 或 learned.
  2. to 后加 be 或 become.
  3. 删去 more.第一次告诉 Bob 关于自己的一些事情, 此处用 more 不合逻辑.
  4. where 改为 which.在此非限定性定语从句中, 关系词在从句中作主语, 故用 which.
  5. 此行无错.
  6. subject 改为 subjects.quits a few 意为"相当多", 修饰可数名词复数.
  7. use 改为 used.据下文 but now 可知, 此处应用 used to do 表示"过去常常 做某事".
  8. interesting 改为 interested.be interested in…为固定短语, "对……感兴趣".
  9. What 后加 is.此句无谓语.
  10. hear 改为 hearing.look forward to doing sth.为固定短语. NMET 1998 My Favorite Sport My favorite sport is football. I was a member of
  1. our school football team. We practise for three times
  2. every week and often watch football match on TV
  3. together. Play football not only makes us grow
  4. tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and
  5. team spirit. We must keep in mind that we play
  6. for the team instead ourselves. Also, the sport
  7. teaches us the important of obedience (服从). Each
  8. player must obey captain, who is the leader of
  9. the team. And they must not break the rules too
  10. often if we want to win the game. 答案及解析
  1. was 改为 am.综观全篇时态可知.
  2.删去 for.time 表示次数时, 之前一般无介词, 直接用作状语.如: We have meals three times a day.

  3. match 改为 matches.
  4. Play 改为 Playing.此处应用动名词作主语, 表示经常性, 习惯性动作, 而动词不定式作主语 则表示一两次的动作.
  5. give 改为 gives.此处和上文 makes 一起作谓语, 属平行结构.
  6. 此行无错.
  7. instead 后加 of.instead 为副词, instead of 为介词短语.此处接宾语 ourselves, 需用介词短 语.
  8. important 改为 importance.
  9. captain 前后 the.像 chairman, captain, monitor, mayor 这类词表示职务时, 前面用零冠 词.但如这类职务用于指某人时, 前面用定冠词.
  10. they 改为 we. NMET 1999 The Problem with Television Now I can't watch much television but a few years
  1. ago I was used to watch it every night. I was often
  2. a little tired after a day's work and watch TV
  3. demands very little effort. Unfortunate, there are
  4. too many people among my family. Some wanted
  5. to see the programme while others preferred
  6. another. I am happy with any programme but
  7. the others spent a lot time arguing and there
  8. was no way of settling the matter except by
  9. selling the TV set. Now someone at home reads instead.
  10. 答案及解析
  1. 删去 much."I can't watch much television"意为"我不能看许多电视", 上下文逻辑不通.much 属 于多余.
  2. 删去 was.由上文句意可知"我现在不看电视, 而过去每晚都看电视", 因此应用 used to do.
  3. watch 改为 watching.作句子主语需用动名词.
  4. Unfortunate 改为 Unfortunately.此处应用副词作状语.
  5. among 改为 in."in my family"为习惯搭配, 意为"在我家中".
  6. the 改为 one.由下文的 another 可知, 上文用 one.
  7. am 改为 was.综观全文时态可知.
  8. a lot 后加 of.
  9. 此行无错.
  10. someone 改为 everyone 或 everybody.someone 意为"某个人"; everyone/ everybody 意为 "每个人".根据上下文逻辑可知. 2000 春季 Dear Peter, Thanks very much on inviting me to your birthday
  1. party on Sunday. I'd like very much come but
  2. had an examination on Monday morning. It is
  3. a very important exam but I can't afford to
  4. fail it. I'll spend all the whole weekend reading
  5. and prepare for it. So I'm really sorry that I
  6.
won't be able to come in this time. Hope you
  7. can understand. I'll take this chance to wish
  8. you wonderful time on your birthday. Happy
  9. birthday, Peter, and many happy return of the day!
  10. Yours, Li Ming 答案及解析
  1. on 改为 for.动词 thank 与名词 thanks 通常与介词 for 搭配.
  2. much 后加 to. I'd like to do something 为固定结构.
  3. had 改为 have.综观全文时态可知.
  4. but 改为 so.根据上下文逻辑, 此处应为因果关系.
  5. 删去 all. 与 the whole 重复, 只能保留一处, 由于在此题型中, 只有多一个单词的可能, 故 all 此处只能删去 all.
  6. prepare 改为 preparing.与上文的 reading 形成平行结构, 以满足"spend some time on sth./in doing sth.这一句型的需要.
  7. 删去 in.含有 this, that, last, next 等的时间状语前不加任何介词.
  8. 此行无错.
  9. wonderful 前加 a.
  10. return 改为 returns.return 此处为名词, many happy returns of the day 意为"祝你健康长寿". NMET 2000 The day before the speech contest (比赛) English teacher
  1. talked to me. She said that she and my schoolmate all
  2. wished me success, but it didn't matter that I would
  3. win or not. When I was on the stage the next day, I felt
  4. so nervous as I shook like a leaf. There were so many
  5. people present! Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English
  6. teacher in t he crowd. She was smiling but nodding at
  7. me. I remembered her words and calm down.
  8. I did a good job and won the first prize. Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.
  9. Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher.
  10. 答案及解析
  1. teacher 前加 my.根据下行 She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success, 可 判断 English teacher 应是特指.
  2. schoolmate 改为 schoolmates.因本句中有 all 一词, 所以 schoolmate 一词应为复数形式.
  3. that 改为 whether.根据上下文, 可判断本句意为"我是否成功没有关系", 所以这里用 whether.
  4. 此行无错.
  5. as 改为 that.根据句子结构, so 应与 that 构成复合句, that 引导结果状语从句, 在此不能 用 as 引导.
  6. 删去 a.catch sight of 为固定搭配, sight 前不加任何冠词.
  7. but 改为 and.smiling 和 nodding 为两个并列动作, 在逻辑上无转折关系, 故 but 改为 and.
  8. calm 改为 calmed.在 and 连接的两个并列句中, remember 和 calm 为两个并列动作, 为过 去时态.故 calm 改为 calmed.

  9. is 改为 are.本句用 my picture 和 the prize 作主语, 是复数形式, 后谓语动词应和其主语保 持一致.
  10. 删去 often.句首已用 whenever "无论何时", 在句中就没必要用 often 了. 2001 春季 I used to love science class?all of them?
  1. biology, chemistry ,geography, physics. I think I
  2. liked those classes because I felt that it helped me
  3. understand what the world works. For example, when
  4. I was a child , the rain was a mystery (奥秘). In one
  5. class, I learned it rained. I think science classes
  6. clear up mysteries. But then there is always more
  7. mysteries look into. What was my least favorite class?
  8. That was maths. After learn the basics of the subject,
  9. nothing else seemed very practically to me . I never
  10. saw how I could use it in my daily life. 答案及解析
  1. class 改为 classes.class 为可数名词, 根据下文, 这里 class 为复数, 故改为 classes.
  2. 此行无错.
  3. it 改为 they.这里指代上文的 those classes.
  4. what 改为 how. work 此处为不及物动词, 不可用连接代词 what 作宾语, 只可用连接副词 how 作状语.
  5. 删去 rain 前的 the.此处 rain 为泛指.
  6. it 前加 why.根据上下文逻辑, 此处意为"在课上, 我明白了天为什么会下雨".
  7. is 改为 are.
  8. look 前加 to.需用不定式作定语.
  9. learn 改为 learning.此处 after 为介词, 后需用动名词作宾语.
  10. practically 改为 practical.seem 在此句中作系动词, 其后应用形容词作表语. NMET 2001 Like most of my schoolmates, I have neither brothers
  1. nor sisters?in any other words, I am an only child.
  2. My parents love me dearly of course and will do all they can
  3. make sure that I get a good education. They did not want
  4. me to do any work at family; they want me to
  5. devote all my time to my studies so that I'll get good marks in all my subject.
  6. We may be one family and live under a same roof, but we do
  7. not seem to get much time to talk about together. It looks
  8. as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. Do they
  9. really understand their own daughter? What things are in
  10. other homes, I wonder. 答案及解析
  1. 此行无错.
  2. 删去 other 前的 any.in other words 为固定搭配, 意为"换句话说".

  3. can 后加 to.此处不定式为目的状语.
  4. did 改为 do.纵观全文, 应用一般现在时态.
  5. family 改为 home.family 多指由家庭成员, 婚姻维系的"家", 而 home 则多指"住所".另外, at home 为固定搭配.
  6. subject 改为 subjects.subject 属可数名词, all 后应用其复数.
  7. a 改为 the .same 作定语时前面一般用定冠词.
  8. 删去 talk 后的 about.
  9. and 改为 or.a visitor 和 a guest 属不同类的两种人, 故不可用 and 连接, 需用 or 表示选其 一.
  10. What 改为 How.此处是 I wonder 引导的宾语从句, 意为"我想知道在别人家里的情况是怎样 的". 2002 春季 My brother Tom was very selfish when he was a little boy. He did not want share things with other people. For
  1. example, when he bought a chocolate cake, he put them
  2. in a secret place where I couldn' t find it. Then he
  3. ate it all by himself. He never helped other.
  4. He said he is busy. That is, a game of
  5. tennis making him very busy. He did not care
  6. if something he did made people angry. For
  7. instance, on one night he played strong and
  8. loudly music till four o'clock in the morning. But
  9. he is difference now. He often helps grandma
  10. with housework, helps mom with cooking and helps his classmates with their lessons. 答案及解析
  1. want 后加 to.want to do sth. 为固定搭配.
  2. them 改为 it.依据上下文, 前句 a chocolate cake 为可数名词单数, 后边的代词显然用 it, 而 不是 them.
  3. where 改为 which/that 或删去 where.此为定语从句, 先行词 place 在从句中作 find 的宾语, 只能用关系代词 which 或 that 或省略.
  4. other 改为 others .不定代词 other 指另一个, 而 others 指另一些.
  5. 第一个 is 改为 was.此题考查动词的时态.
  6.making 改为 made.本句缺少谓语, 需要把 making 改为 make 的一般过去时态.
  7. 此行无错.
  8. 删去 on.one night 前不需要任何介词.
  9. loudly 改为 loud.loudly 是副词, 此处修饰名词 music, 应用形容词.
  10. difference 改为 different.应用形容词与系动词一起构成系表结构. NMET 2002 Last week my parents and I took a two-day trip to Emei Mountain in Sichuan. As everyone knows, it's famous
  1. mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. The weather
  2. was fine. It was about noon we arrived at the foot of 3 the mountain. The three of them were very excited. As we
  4.
climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples
  5. and told stories. On the way up I was busy taking picture
  6. since the scenery was so beautiful. The time passes quickly.
  7. Evening came down. We spent the night in a hotel at
  8. the top of the mountain. The food was expensive and
  9. the service was good. I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow.
  10. 答案及解析
  1. famous 前加 a.mountain 为可数名词.又是第一次被谈及, 故应在 famous 前加不定冠词.
  2. 此行无错.
  3. noon 后加 when .It was about noon 是主句, 后面的应为从句, 故在 noon 后加 when, 此 处 when 意为"在……时候".
  4. them 改为 us.综观全文可知, 此文是用第一人称的口吻来叙述的.
  5. visiting 改为 visited.此处 climbed, visited 和 told 构成并列谓语.
  6. picture 改为 pictures.
  7. passes 改为 passed.应与全文时态一致.
  8. 删去 down.
  9. and 改为 but.饭菜很贵不是一件令人愉快的事, 而服务质量很高确实是一件好事, 故前后为转 折关系.
  10. 删去 at.the moment 直接引导时间状语从句. 2002 北京卷 What should you do when your parents become
  1. angry? If your parents got mad, try to have a conversation
  2. with them about it . Remembering not to shout
  3. at them. They usually will try to change, but they will
  4.
 

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