号英语《考研真相》 ,专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 考研 1 号英语《考研真相》 专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 , 2008 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is 大1家 to say it anyway. He is that 大2家 bird, a scientist who works independently 大3家 any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not 大4家 thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested. 大5家 he, however, might tremble at the 大6家 of what he is about to do. Together with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only 大7家 that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that has brought this about. The group in 大8家 are a particular people originated from central Europe. The process is natural selection. This group generally do well in IQ test, 大9家 12-15 points above the 大10家 value of 100, and have contributed 大11家 to the intellectual and cultural life of the West, as the 大12家 of their elites, including several world-renowned scientists, 大13家 . They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts, 大14家 , have previously been thought unrelated. The former has been 大15家 to social effects, such as a strong tradition of 大16家 education. The latter was seen as a (an) 大17家 of genetic isolation. Dr. Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are intimately 大18家 . His argument is that the unusual history of these people has 大19家 them to unique evolutionary pressures that have resulted in this 大20家 state of affairs.
  1. [A] selected [B] prepared [C] obliged [D] pleased 号精品,祝您考研成功! 考研 1 号精品,祝您考研成功!
号英语《考研真相》 ,专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 考研 1 号英语《考研真相》 专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 ,
  2. [A] unique [B] particular [C] special [D] rare
  3. [A] of [B] with [C] in [D] against
  4. [A] subsequently [B] presently [C] previously [D] lately
  5. [A] Only [B] So [C] Even [D] Hence
  6. [A] thought [B] sight [C] cost [D] risk
  7. [A] advises [B] suggests [C] protests [D] objects
  8. [A] progress [B] fact [C] need [D] question
  9. [A] attaining [B] scoring [C] reaching [D] calculating
  10. [A] normal [B] common [C] mean [D] total
  11. [A] unconsciously [B] disproportionately [C] indefinitely [D] unaccountably
  12. [A] missions [B] fortunes [C] interests [D] careers
  13. [A] affirm [B] witness [C] observe [D] approve
  14. [A] moreover [B] therefore [C] however [D] meanwhile
  15. [A] given up [B] got over [C] carried on [D] put down
  16. [A] assessing [B] supervising [C] administering [D] valuing
  17. [A] development [B] origin [C] consequence [D] instrument
  18. [A] linked [B] integrated [C] woven [D] combined
  19. [A] limited [B] subjected [C] converted [D] directed
  20. [A] paradoxical [B] incompatible [C] inevitable [D] continuous Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 While still catching-up to men in some spheres of modern life, women appear to be way ahead in at least one undesirable category. “Women are particularly susceptible to developing depression and anxiety disorders in response to stress compared to men,” according to Dr. Yehuda, chief psychiatrist at New York’s Veteran’s Administration Hospital. Studies of both animals and humans have shown that sex hormones somehow affect the stress response, causing females under stress to produce more of the trigger chemicals than do males under the same conditions. In several of the studies, when stressed-out female rats had their ovaries (the female reproductive organs) removed, their chemical responses became equal to those of the males. 号精品,祝您考研成功! 考研 1 号精品,祝您考研成功!
号英语《考研真相》 ,专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 考研 1 号英语《考研真相》 专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 , Adding to a woman’s increased dose of stress chemicals, are her increased “opportunities” for stress. “It’s not necessarily that women don’t cope as well. It’s just that they have so much more to cope with,” says Dr. Yehuda. “Their capacity for tolerating stress may even be greater than men’s,” she observes, “it’s just that they’re dealing with so many more things that they become worn out from it more visibly and sooner.” Dr. Yehuda notes another difference between the sexes. “I think that the kinds of things that women are exposed to tend to be in more of a chronic or repeated nature. Men go to war and are exposed to combat stress. Men are exposed to more acts of random physical violence. The kinds of interpersonal violence that women are exposed to tend to be in domestic situations, by, unfortunately, parents or other family members, and they tend not to be one-shot deals. The wear-and-tear that comes from these longer relationships can be quite devastating.” Adeline Alvarez married at 18 and gave birth to a son, but was determined to finish college. “I struggled a lot to get the college degree. I was living in so much frustration that that was my escape, to go to school, and get ahead and do better.” Later, her marriage ended and she became a single mother. “It’s the hardest thing to take care of a teenager, have a job, pay the rent, pay the car payment, and pay the debt. I lived from paycheck to paycheck.” Not everyone experiences the kinds of severe chronic stresses Alvarez describes. But most women today are coping with a lot of obligations, with few breaks, and feeling the strain. Alvarez’s experience demonstrates the importance of finding ways to diffuse stress before it threatens your health and your ability to function.
  21. Which of the following is true according to the first two paragraphs?(A) [A] Women are biologically more vulnerable to stress. [B] Women are still suffering much stress caused by men. [C] Women are more experienced than men in coping with stress. [D] Men and women show different inclinations when faced with stress.
  22. Dr. Yehuda’s research suggests that women(D) [A] need extra doses of chemicals to handle stress. [B] have limited capacity for tolerating stress. [C] are more capable of avoiding stress. [D] are exposed to more stress.
  23. According to Paragraph 4, the stress women confront tends to be(C) [A] domestic and temporary. [B] irregular and violent. [C] durable and frequent. 号精品,祝您考研成功! 考研 1 号精品,祝您考研成功!
号英语《考研真相》 ,专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 考研 1 号英语《考研真相》 专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 , [D] trivial and random.
  24. The sentence “I lived from paycheck to paycheck.” (Line 6, Para.
  5) shows that(B) [A] Alvarez cared about nothing but making money. [B] Alvarez’s salary barely covered her household expenses. [C] Alvarez got paychecks from different jobs. [D] Alvarez paid practically everything by check.
  25. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?(D) [A] Strain of Stress: No Way Out? [B] Responses to Stress: Gender Difference [C] Stress Analysis: What Chemicals Say [D] Gender Inequality: Women Under Stress Text 2 It used to be so straightforward. A team of researchers working together in the laboratory would submit the results of their research to a journal. A journal editor would then remove the authors’ names and affiliations from the paper and send it to their peers for review. Depending on the comments received, the editor would accept the paper for publication or decline it. Copyright rested with the journal publisher, and researchers seeking knowledge of the results would have to subscribe to the journal. No longer. The Internet ? and pressure from funding agencies, who are questioning why commercial publishers are making money from government-funded research by restricting access to it ? is making access to scientific results a reality. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has just issued a report describing the far-reaching consequences of this. The report, by John Houghton of Victoria University in Australia and Graham Vickery of the OECD, makes heavy reading for publishers who have, so far, made handsome profits. But it goes further than that. It signals a change in what has, until now, been a key element of scientific endeavor. The value of knowledge and the return on the public investment in research depends, in part, upon wide distribution and ready access. It is big business. In America, the core scientific publishing market is estimated at between $7 billion and $11 billion. The International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers says that there are more than 2,000 publishers worldwide specializing in these subjects. They publish more than
  1.2 million articles each year in some 16,000 journals. This is now changing. According to the OECD report, some 75% of scholarly journals are now online. Entirely new business models are emerging; three main ones were identified by the report’s authors. There 号精品,祝您考研成功! 考研 1 号精品,祝您考研成功!
号英语《考研真相》 ,专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 考研 1 号英语《考研真相》 专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 , is the so-called big deal, where institutional subscribers pay for access to a collection of online journal titles through site-licensing agreements. There is open-access publishing, typically supported by asking the author (or his employer) to pay for the paper to be published. Finally, there are open-access archives, where organizations such as universities or international laboratories support institutional repositories. Other models exist that are hybrids of these three, such as delayed open-access, where journals allow only subscribers to read a paper for the first six months, before making it freely available to everyone who wishes to see it. All this could change the traditional form of the peer-review process, at least for the publication of papers.
  26. In the first paragraph, the author discusses(D) [A] the background information of journal editing. [B] the publication routine of laboratory reports. [C] the relations of authors with journal publishers. [D] the traditional process of journal publication.
  27. Which of the following is true of the OECD report?(C) [A] It criticizes government-funded research. [B] It introduces an effective means of publication. [C] It upsets profit-making journal publishers. [D] It benefits scientific research considerably.
  28. According to the text, online publication is significant in that(A) [A] it provides an easier access to scientific results. [B] it brings huge profits to scientific researchers. [C] it emphasizes the crucial role of scientific knowledge. [D] it facilitates public investment in scientific research.
  29. With the open-access publishing model, the author of a paper is required to(A) [A] cover the cost of its publication. [B] subscribe to the journal publishing it. [C] allow other online journals to use it freely. [D] complete the peer-review before submission.
  30. Which of the following best summarizes the text?(B) [A] The Internet is posing a threat to publishers. [B] A new mode of publication is emerging. [C] Authors welcome the new channel for publication. [D] Publication is rendered easier by online service. Text 3 In the early 1960s Wilt Chamberlain was one of only three players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) listed at over seven feet. If he had played last season, however, he would have been one of
  42. The bodies playing major professional sports have changed dramatically over 号精品,祝您考研成功! 考研 1 号精品,祝您考研成功!
号英语《考研真相》 ,专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 考研 1 号英语《考研真相》 专为基础一般及薄弱者编著 , the years, and managers have been more than willing to adjust team uniforms to fit the growing numbers of bigger, longer frames. The trend in sports, though, may be obscuring an unrecognized reality: Americans have generally stopped growing. Though typically about two inches taller now than 140 years ago, today’s people ? especially those born to families who have lived in the U.S. for many generations ? apparently reached their limit in the early 1960s. And they aren’t likely to get any taller. “In the general population today, at this genetic, environmental level, we’ve pretty much gone as far as we can go,” says anthropologist William Cameron Chumlea of Wright State University. In the case of NBA players, their increase in height appears to result from the increasingly common practice of recruiting players from all over the world. Growth, which rarely continues beyond the age of 20, demands calories and nutrient
 

相关内容

2009 历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路(张剑编著)所有网上学习卡资料1994--★【汉魅】

   1994 年试题与分析 年试题与分析 与分 Section ⅠUse of English The first and smallest unit that can be discussed in relation to language is the word. In speaking, the choice of words is 1 the utmost importance. Proper selection will eliminate one source of 2 breakd ...

2009 历年考研英语真题解析及复习思路(张剑编著)所有网上学习卡资料1998--★【汉魅】

   10.对工业革命的正确评价(1998 年)难度:0.47 Until recently most historians spoke very critically of the Industrial Revolution. They1that in the long run industrialization greatly raised the standard of living for the2man. But they insisted that its3results during ...

2010年考研英语真题

   普特英语听力网,免费英语学习网 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Directions: Use of English Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) In 1924 America's National Research C ...

2010年考研英语真题

   普特英语听力网,免费英语学习网 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Directions: Use of English Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) In 1924 America's National Research C ...

考研英语真题中出现超过10次的词汇总结

   考研英语真题中出现超过10次的词汇总结 - 中国考研网 联系方式 广告服务 加入收藏 中国考研网 教育新闻 院校信息 招生简章 专业硕士 考研指南 政策法规 复习指导 试题资料 我的考研 考研专业课试题库 专业试卷购买指南 ...

2010考研英语真题点评

   考研英语真题点评: 2010 考研英语真题点评:夯实基础 关注热点 信息发布者:07 星火 2010 年的研究生考试已经降下帷幕, 在这里就今年的考研英语真题 进行简要的解析.从试卷整体难度来说,比 09 年要稍难.下面我 们将分项点评. 本次考研英语的完型填空是关于芝加哥的灯光试验, 并探 讨照明与工人工作效率之间的关系,是关于人类行为的研究.从知 识考察和题目设置来讲,题目略有难度.在做完形填空这类题目的 时候,考生一定要充分利用前后文的词汇暗示,过渡句,连接句, 固定搭配等语言元素进行 ...

关于考研英语真题写作话题评述分析

   一,历年真题作文话题汇总 历年真题作文话题汇总 【大作文】 大作文】 1. 文化火锅(2010 年考研英语一话题→精神文化) 2. 手机使用情况对比(2010 考研英语二→精神文化) 3. 网络的近与远(2009 年考研话题→精神文化) 4. 合作的重要性(2008 年考研话题→人生价值观) 5. 自信是成功的关键(2007 年考研话题→个人素质) 6. 偶像崇拜 (2006 年考研话题→精神娱乐) 7. 养老足球赛 (2005 年考研话题→道德观) 8. 终点又是新起点 (2004 年考研 ...

考研英语作文

   1. superior to others 高人一等 2. The large scale development of West China is of profound significance 西部大开发具有深远意 义 3. revitalize our nation 实现我们民族的伟大复兴 4. lag behind(发展)滞后 5. the opening-up policies 开放政策 6. lure more foreign capital 吸引更多的外资 7. leave… ...

02--10年考研英语作文

   2002 年作文 Directions: Study the following picture carefully and write an essay entitled “Cultures -- National and International”. In the essay you should 1) describe the picture and interpret its meaning, and 2) give your comment on the phenomenon. ...

英语四级真题翻译题汇总

   87. The finding of this study failed to (将人们的睡眠质量考虑在内). 88.The prevention and treatment of AIDS is (我们可以合作的领域) . 89. Because of the leg injury, the athlete(决定退出比赛). 90.To make donations or for more information, please (按以下地址和我们联系). 91.Please come h ...

热门内容

初中英语核心句型100例

   初中英语核心句型 100 例 1. welcome to sp →欢迎到某地 Eg. Welcome to China. 2. What's the matter with sb./ sth? → 出什么毛病了? 出什么毛病了? Eg. What's the matter with your watch? 3. be different from →与不同 不同 Eg. The weather in Beijing is different from that of Nanjing. 4. ...

成人学位英语词汇和语法专题练习

   1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 词汇和语法专题练习(Vocabulary and Structure Exercises) Darwin gathered a great C of data during his stay in the island. A. number B. figure C. amount D. type you can’t learn any thing wi ...

服饰英语

   服装部位中英对照 1??stand collar 领座 2??hanging loop 领吊袢,挂耳 3??top collar 领面 4??small shoulder 小肩 5??sleeve top/sleeve head/crown 袖山 6??lapel point 领咀 7??mock button hole 假眼 8??armhole 袖窿,夹圈 9??breast pocket 胸袋,手巾袋 10??button hole 扣眼,钮门 11??top fly(left fro ...

初二英语第一次月考英语试题

   初二英语第一次月考试题 听力部分(请把答案写在答案区) 听力部分(请把答案写在答案区) 一 .听句子,把你所听到的句子前面的字母填到对应的序号后面。每个句 子听一遍。 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. A. Beijing is very cold now . B. They are studying . C. How ‘s the weather in Shanghai? D. Jack is very funny. E. Her favorite subject is English. F. ...

新东方英语四级笔记

   17 新东方四级听力笔记 上海新东方四级精品班 Tom(徐星海)老师主讲 短对话部分 短对话听力的一些原则 1. 推理原则:一般需对对话进行推理,故直接在 对话中听到的一般不是正确答案。 2. 挫折原则:通常要办的事情都是不顺利的(如 买东西买不到,订房间客满等) 3. 男女原则:一般男生比较衰,女生比较牛。男 生提出的观点女生都是不同意或有不同看法的,反 之女生提出的观点男生都是同意和赞赏的。 男生的特征:脏、乱、差、浪费、穷、小气、不良 习惯、迟钝、不顾家 女生的特征:爱干净、节约、富有 ...