第二部分 日常交际口语要素
第一单元 问候
【编者按】 Americans have so many different ways of greeting one another! In fact, many times an American greeting will consist of several greeting questions strung together. It is very common to hear a friend say,“Hi-Stone-What’s-up-how-are-you-doing-wow-I-haven’t-seen-you-how-h ave-you-been?”all in one breath. Although Americans generally believe that shorter is better, the function of greeting is an exception to the rule. Don’t be surprised if you are greeted in this way. Just practice the following greetings and responses until they become automatic. You’ll soon be saying “Wow-I’m-great-never-been-better-everything’s-going-my-way-how-about-yo u?” 美国人彼此之间有很多种不同的问候方式。事实上,很多时候,一个美国式的问候经常 由几个相连问候的问题连结起来。我们会很普遍地听到有人对你一口气说“嗨,Stone,怎 么样?你好吗?我好久不见了,你最近怎么样?”尽管美国人一般认为问候越短越好,但是 作为问候的功能可以将这个规则排除在外。如果你被人用这种连贯的方式问候千万不要惊 讶。疯狂操练以下给出的问候句及其回应句,直到最后反应自如为止。你将很快会说:“噢, 我很好,从来没有这样好过,事事顺心,你怎么样?”
  1. Hi! ]Ιαη[ 你好!
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: Hi! (你好!) B: Hi! (你好!)
○2A: Hi, Kim. How are you? (你好,Kim,近来怎样?) B: Fine. How are you doing? (很好。你怎样?)
○3A: Hi, I haven’t seen you for ages. (你好,很久不见了。) B: Wow, I know. It’s great to see you again. (是啊。很高兴又见到你。)
Kim’s Note: This may sound simple, but it is very important. It is so common to hear people “singing” the word “Hello” when you walk through the streets of China. I think it is great that people know an English word, but they would get a lot more response with a friendly “hi”. Never underestimate a simple word. Even “hi” can make a big difference. 这个词听起来简单, 却非常重要。 走在中国的街头, 总能听到人们如唱歌般的“哼”着 Hello。 我觉得人们懂得一个英语单词是一件好事,但一个友好的“hi”却能让他们得到更多的回应。 永远也不要低估了一个简单的单词,哪怕一个“hi”也会带来很大的不同。

  2. Nice to meet you. ]υ? τι? υτ σΙαν[ 见到你很高兴。
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: Jim, this is my sister Susan. (Jim,这是我的妹妹 Susan。) B: Hi, Susan. Nice to meet you. (你好,Susan,见到你很高兴。)
○2A: I’m Kim. Nice to see you here. (我叫 Kim。很高兴在这儿见到你。) B: Nice to meet you, Kim. (见到你很高兴,Kim。)
○3A: Welcome to our office. (欢迎来到我们办公室。) B: Thanks. Nice to meet you. (谢谢。很高兴见到你们。)

  3. How are things going? ]ΝΙογ5 ζΝΙ? ρΒ ?αη[ 近况如何?
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: Hi, Stone! How are things going? (你好,Stone!近况如何?)
B: Couldn’t be better. How about you? (再好不过了。你呢?)
○2A: How are things going? (近况如何?) B: Fine, but I need to talk to you. (还好,但我得跟你谈谈。)
○3A: I just started my new job this week. (我这个星期才开始我的新工作。) B: I completely forgot. How are things going? (我都忘了。怎么样啊?)

  4. Keeping busy? ]ΙζΙβ5 ΝΙπικ5[ 近来忙吗?
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: Hi, Stone. Have you been keeping busy? (你好,Stone。近来忙吗?) B: Yeah. Too busy. (是啊,太忙啦。)
○2A: Hi, Eden. Have you been keeping busy? (你好,Eden。近来忙吗?) B: Not really. Just doing what I have to. (不太忙,只是做自己份内的事。)
○3A: What’s new Kim, keeping busy? (近来怎样,Kim,忙吗?) B: Sure, I’m busier than I’ve ever been! (是啊,比以前忙的时候还要忙!)

  5. How are you doing? ]ΝΙυδ5 υ? ρΒ ?αη[ 你好吗?
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: How are you doing? (你好吗?) B: I’m OK. How about you? (我很好,你呢?)
○2A: Kim, this is my little brother Mike. (Kim,这是我弟弟 Mike。) B: How are you doing, Mike? (你好吗,Mike?)
○3A: I heard that you just got divorced. How are you doing? (听说你刚离了婚。你好吗?) B: OK, I guess. (我想,还可以。)

  6. How’s everything? ]ΝΙ?7Ιρ?Ζ5 ζ?αη[ 一切都好吗?
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: How’s everything? (一切都好吗?) B: Pretty good. (很好。)
○2A: How’s everything? (一切都好吗?) B: So-so. (马马虎虎。)
○3A: Sorry I’m so late getting back to the office. How’s everything? (很抱歉我这么晚才到办公室。一切都好吗?) B: Everything’s fine. (一切正常。)

  7. How have you been? ]νΙβ υ? ?Αη ?αη[ 近来怎样?
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: Hi, Stone! How have you been? (你好 Stone!近来怎样?)
B: Great! What about you? (好极了!你呢?)
○2A: How have you been? (近来怎样?) B: OK, I guess. How about you? (还不错。你呢?)
○3A: I haven’t seen you for ages. How have you been? (很久没见了,近来怎样?) B: Oh, I’ve been super. And yourself? (噢,我好极了。你呢?)

  8. What’s new? ]υν στΒωη[ 近来怎样?
【疯狂实战】 请想想“What’s new!” “激进”的英语回答。“近来怎么样?”??“很好” 、“非常棒” 、“棒 极了”等等。一个人如果经常处于自我激发的状态,久而久之,便会溶入自己的身心,形成 强大的内动力。心态改变,就能改变自己的世界。 本书中对应的回答很多,要学会灵活运用,而不要拘泥于特定的句子和对话。
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: What’s new? (近来怎样?)
B: Nothing special./ Nothing much. (还好。)
○2A: What’s new? (近来怎样?) B: Same as usual. (和往常一样。)
○3A: Hi, Kim. What’s new? (你好,Kim。最近怎么样?) B: Not too much. And you? Keeping busy? (没什么变化,你呢?还那么忙吗?)

  9. What’s up? ]πΘ στΒωη[ 近来忙什么?
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: Hi, Jim. What’s up? (你好,Jim。近来忙什么?) B: Nothing. (没忙什么。)
○2A: Hello, Bill. What’s up? (你好,Bill。近来忙些什么?) B: Nothing really. What about you? (没忙什么。你呢?)
○3A: Hi,Kim. It’s good to see you. (你好,Kim,见到你真高兴。) B: Yeah, it sure is. What’s up? (是啊,近来好吗?)

  10. What’s happening? ]Νιν[πΑη5 στΒωη[ 怎么样?
【外国专家的话】 A response to “What’s happening?” would never be “Not bad.” For, although “What’s happening?” can stand in for “How are you?”, “What’s happening?” still maintains its literal meaning ? “What’s going on?” A good response might be “Same old same old.” or “Nothing much”. “Same old same old.” means something like: “Nothing’s new. Same old things are going on. Nothing’s changed. Just the usual things are going on”. “Not bad.(还好。/不错)”不能用来回答“What’s happening?”。因为,尽管“What’s happening?”可以用来表示“How are you?(你好吗?)”这层意思,但是“What’s happening?”仍然保留着它的字面意思??“What’s going on?(发生了什么事?)”。 恰当的回答应该是:“Same old same old.(老样子,老样子。)”或“Nothing much.(一 般。)” “Same old same old.”的意思类似于“没什么新鲜事发生,原来的事情还在进行。没有什 么改变的,一切如常。”
【疯狂实战】 ○1A: Hey, man! What’s happening?
(嘿,伙计!怎么样?) B: Nothing much. (一般。)
○2A: Hi, Bill. What’s happening? (嗨,Bill。怎么样?) B: Same old same old. What’s going on with you ? (老样子,老样子。你怎么样了?)
○3A: Hey, long time no see, what’s happening? (嘿,好久不见,过得怎么样?) B: Not a whole lot. (一般。)



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