Unit 11 The Scientific achievementThe Scientific achievement 科学成就
Work in group of five. Four group members represent scientists who want to get money to complete their projects. Each scientist will introduce his or her project and explain why it is the most important. One member will listen to all the scientists and ask questions. At the end of the discussion, he or she must decide who will get the money and why.
五人一组进行活动。其中四个成员分别代表那些想通过得到钱来完成自己的工程的科学家。每位科学家都要介绍自己的工程,并阐明它的重要性。另外一个成员要倾听他们的陈述并对他们提出问题。在经过讨论之后,这个成员必须做出决定该给谁钱,并说明原因。
Dr Wilson
You and your team are working on a cure for AIDS. Your reach is extremely.
你和你的队员们正在研究一种治疗艾滋病的方法。你们的研究极其
important because
重要,因为
Dr Jones
Your research project is about cloning and how to use the new technology to
你们研究的是克隆技术以及怎样运用新的科技来治疗疾病。
cure disease. Your project is significant
你们的工程意义重大是
because
因为
Dr Smith
You want to develop new technology that will make it possible to grow food with.
你想研制一项新技术??用很少的水就能种植粮食。
very little water. This is important because
这很重要,因为
Dr Winfrey
You are working on sending a manned spaceship to Mars. This is a very.
你在进行发射载人飞船到火星上去的工程研究。这是一种非常
important project because
重要的工程,因为
重点、难点、考点及疑点注释

  1.Do these achievements have anything in common? If so, what? 这些成就有相同之处吗?如果有相同点,是什么呢?
(
  1) have in common with固定短语,表示“和……有共同之处”之意,in common表示“共同的,公共的”,另有短语in common with为“与……一起,和……一样”之意。
He has a lot in common with his brother. 他和他的哥哥有许多相同之处。
They have nothing in common with another. 他们彼此毫无共同点。
In common with many people he prefers meat to fish.
像许多人一样,他喜欢吃肉而不喜欢吃鱼。
(
  2) If so…为If it is so…的简略形式。其中的so为“这样,如此”之意。
You seem to have something else to do. If so, do them and let me be.
你似乎还有其他事情要做。如果这样,你忙你的,别管我。
It seems that they don?t like you. If so, it would be dangerous to stay with them.
看起来他们并不喜欢你。如果这样,和他们在一起就会有危险。

  2.You are working on sending a manned spaceship to Mars. 你在从事发射载人飞船到火星上去的工程研究。
(
  1) work on为“从事某项(工作、创造、设计、草拟、研究)等”。
I’m working on my new novel.我正在写一部小说。
They are working on a new dictionary。他们正在编一部新的字典。
(
  2) manned为名词+ed构成的形容词,意为“有人的”。英语中这一构词法很常见,所构成的词往往有“有……的”之意。
warm heart?warmhearted(有)热心肠的
three leg?three legged(有)三条腿的
land?landed拥有土地的
money?moneyed有钱的,富有的
culture?cultured文雅的,有修养的
talent?talented有才能的,有才干的

  3.If I got the money, I would…如果我得到这笔钱,我会……
本句表示现在时的一种假设,用了虚拟语气。表示“如果……,……会……”。这种句子中的条件句 If条件句的谓语动词要用一般过去时,主句谓语则为would+do构成。
If I got the chance, I would try my best to finish it.
如果我能有机会,我会尽我最大的努力去完成它。
If I were you, I would keep on doing it until the last second.
Unit 11 The Scientific achievementZHONGGUANCUN 中关村
Whatever great achievements the future may have in store for China, it is likely that many of them will be born in northwestern Beijing. Zhongguancun, in Beijing’s Haidian District, is the new centre for Chinese science and technology. It is home to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and more than ten famous universities, including Peking University and Tsinghua University.
Zhongguancun was set up as a special economic zone in the late 1990s and quickly became the leader of China’s hi-tech industry. The center itself got started in the early 1980s, when Chen Chunxian, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, opened a private research and development institute. Within the next ten years, more than a hundred scientific and hi?tech companies moved into the area and new hi?tech centers developed around the original Zhongguancun Garden. They all have their own characteristics, but they all share the spirit of creativity and scientific skill that has made Zhongguancun a success.
The science park is also home to a growing number of overseas Chinese who have grasped the opportunity to develop their ideas at home. Xiang Yufang is one of those who have returned to China after studying and working abroad. Zhongguancun made it possible for him to follow his dreams and help the country he loves.
“I studied abroad because I wanted to see more of the world and work with some of the top
scientists in my field. I never felt really comfortable abroad, and I missed everything about China.
When I got my master?s degree, I wanted to return home but I could not find a company where
I could use what I had learnt. I worked abroad for a few years and then I heard about Zhongguancun. I knew it was perfect for me.”
Yufang talked to some friends from his university in Beijing and they helped arrange for his return. He left his job in the foreign company and came back to Beijing.
“I was so happy. It was wonderful, like a dream come true. I could do the work I wanted to do and do something good for my country at the same time. I will never forget how happy I was when I set foot in China again and was back with my friends and family.”
Yufang has been in China for three years now and is doing well. He lives in Beijing and runs a small company based in Zhongguancun together with two friends.
Zhongguancun has had a positive effect on business as well as science. Today, there are more than 8,000 hi?tech companies in Zhongguancun. More than half of them are IT companies. The park is home to Chinese computer giants Lenovo and Founder and more than twenty famous international companies. One of the mottos for the park?“Relying on science, technology, and knowledge to increase economic power”?makes it clear that science and business can and must work together to build the future. Another motto helps explain the success of the park:“Encouraging pioneering work and accepting failure.” Great scientific achievements are the results of years of failure, years of trying to create something that has never existed before.
The researchers and scientists at Zhongguancun know that they can only reach the top if they are ready to deal with and learn from failure. Not all the new companies can succeed, but the spirit and creativity they represent are more important than money. As Yufang puts it:“We are not making that much money yet, but we are excited about all the new technology and great ideas that are coming to life in Zhongguancun.
无论中国将来会有什么样的伟大成就,其中许多很有可能就诞生在北京的西北部。坐落在北京海淀区的中关村是中国新兴的科学技术中心。它是中国科学院和北京大学、清华大学等10多所著名大学的所在地。
中关村在20世纪90年代末成为经济特区,并很快成为中国高科技产业的先锋。这个中心早在80年代初期就开始创建,当时,陈春先??一位中科院的研究员开办了一所私人研究发展机构。
在接下来的十年里,一百多所高科技公司搬迁到此处,新兴的高科技中心由此在最初的中关村园区周围形成。他们虽然各具特色,但是他们共有的创新精神和科学能力使中关村的发展获得了成功。
日益增多的海外人士都抓住机会在国内实现他们的梦想,这个高科技园区也就成了的这些海归派的家园。向玉方就是其中一员,他在国外学习和工作了一段时间之后回国了。中关村使他可以追寻他的梦想、报效他深爱的祖国。
“我之所以出国学习是因为我想更多地了解世界,想跟我所在研究领域里的顶级科学家一起工作。在国外,我从未感到真正的舒坦,我思念中国的一切。当我获得博士学位时我就想回国,但是找不到一家可以学以致用的公司。
我在国外工作了几年后就听说了中关村。我想它非常适合我。”
玉方和在北京的大学朋友交谈,他们帮助安排他的回归。他辞去了在国外公司的工作回到了北京。
“我非常高兴。感觉非常美妙,就像梦想成真那样美好。我可以做我喜欢做的事情,同时也为我的国家做点有益的事。我永远忘不了当我再次踏上中国的土地和我的朋友、亲人团聚时,那种感觉有多幸福!
如今,玉方已回国三年,一切都进行得很顺利。他住在北京, 和他的两个朋友在中关村开了一家小公司。
中关村无论对商业还是科学都产生了积极的影响。
如今,中关村已有8000多家高科技公司,其中一半以上是IT公司。科技园是中国计算机产业巨头“联想”公司和“方正”公司以及20多家国际著名公司所在地。科技园的口号之一是??“依靠科学技术知识发展经济,”??它表明了科学技术和商业能够且必须结合在一起共创未来。
还有一个口号有助于解释科技园区的成功:“鼓励创新,接受失败”。伟大的科学成就往往是多次失败,多次尝试创新的结果。
中关村的研究人员和科学家们知道,他们只有愿意接受失败并从失败中总结经验才有可能到达科学的顶峰。并非所有的公司都能成功,但是他们表现出来的精神和创造力比金钱更加重要。正像玉方所说的:“我们目前还没有挣到那么多的钱,但是我们为所有这些在中关村富有活力的新技术和卓越的想法感到激动。
重点、难点、考点及疑点注释

  1.Whatever great achievements the future may have in store for China, it is likely that many of them will be born in northwestern Beijing 无论中国将来会有什么样的伟大成就,其中许多很有可能就诞生在北京的西北部。
(
  1) whatever…= no matter what…为“无论……”之意,可以当名词或形容词。此处相当于形容词修饰achievement。
Whatever reason he gives me, I will not forgive him.
无论他说什么样的理由我都不会原谅他。
Whatever he does, his father always supports him.
不管他做什么,他的父亲都支持他。
(
  2) in store=keep ready for future use; about to happen; coming to;固定短语表示“准备着,备将来之用;就要到来的,必将发生的”之意。
Squirrel has enough nuts in store for his winter hibernation.
松鼠为它的冬眠准备了充足的坚果。
Who knows what the future has in store for us?谁知道我们将来注定会如何?
The bully has his answers in store because of his bad deeds.
那个坏蛋肯定会因他所做的坏事遭到报应的。
(
  3) likely与friendly, lonely, lively, orderly等词一样是以 ly为结尾的形容词,不要误用为副词,表示“可能的,预期的”。常用于sb./sth. be likely to do sth.
A hurricane is likely to come. 一场飓风就要来了。
Our game is likely to win the game. 我们队很可能会赢得比赛。
固定句式It is likely that…表示“很有可能……”。相同的句式还有
It is possible that…
It is probable that…
It is possible ( likely, probable) that the sports meeting will be put off because of the bad weather.
运动会很有可能因为天气的缘故而推迟。
He is likely to come late.=It is likely( possible, probable) that he will come late.他很有可能来得晚。

  2.Zhongguancun was set up as a special economic zone in the late 1990s and quickly became the leader of China’s hi-tech industry. 中关村在20世纪90年代成为经济特区并很快
 

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