第 一 讲 模块一 Unit1 School life 【考点透视】 I 重点短语
  1. know know of: 知道有,听说过…… know about: 知道……的情况,了解,知道 prepare …:准备…… prepare for …:为……作准备 prepare sb. for / to do ….:使某人为……做好准备

  2. prepare
in the end: 最后,= at last, finally
  3. end to the end: ……到最后 by the end of…: 到……底为止 at the end of:
  1) 在……结束的时候
  2)在……的末尾处 used to do sth: (过去)常常/ 习惯做某事
  4. use be used to (doing) sth.: 习惯于做某事 be used to do sth: 被用来做…… [U] for / in fun:闹着玩儿地; make fun of sb.:取笑、拿某人开玩笑
  5. fun adj. 有趣的、愉快的; adj. funny n. 轻松、自在:do sth. with ease: 轻松地、不费力地做……
  6. ease be at ease with sb. :与某人一起感到自在 vt. 解除……: ease sth. 使某人减轻……: ease sb. of sth. n.[U] 经验, [C](具体的)体验,经历
  7. experience vt. 经历 experienced:有经验的
  8. teach:教(书) 、教授,后接双宾语:teach sb. sth. = teach sth to sb. 类似结构 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.; give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb.; show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb.; tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. made sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. …. + (that) …… + of sth. sure 的短语:be sure of / about:对……肯定、有把握; be sure to do:务必、一定要做……; for sure:必定、一定,= surely 用于句首,作“虽然”解,引导让步状语从句,不与 but / however 连用,
  9. make sure

  10. though
但可与 yet / still / and yet 连用, = although 用于句末,作“但是”解,起转折作用
n. (一)滴、点,降落、下跌:a drop of water, drops of rain
  11. drop vt. 掉/降下、戒掉(坏习惯) 、跳过(学科、音) drop by:顺便到(某处)以下; drop 的词组 drop in at:顺便拜访(某地) ,后接地名; drop in on:顺便拜访(某人) ,后接人; drop out (of):脱落、掉脱、退出…… n. (可数)少量的、小块的,常用 a bit of…或 bits of…。
  12. bit adv. (时间、程度)稍微,后接形容词或副词。 a bit of a/an:颇有几分、有点儿 bit 的词组 bit by bit:逐渐的、徐徐的 do one’s bit:尽某人之力/本分 forget to do: 忘记做某事(这件事没做) forget doing sth.: 忘记做过的事。 类似结构 remember to do sth.记得要做某事;remember doing sth.:记得做过某事 stop to do sth.:停下来去干某事; stop doing sth.:停止做某事(停下不做了) mean to do sth.:打算做某事; mean doing sth.:意味着做某事 go on to do:接着做(另一件事) ;go on doing:继续做 try to do sth:尽力做…… ; try doing sth:尝试着做…… …… compare A to B: 把 A 比作 B(用于比喻)
  14. compare compare A with B: 把 A 和 B 相比(用于比较) Compared to / with …, …..:与……相比,……
  13. forget inform sb. of sth.:通知某人某事
  15. inform be well informed:消息灵通; keep sb. informed:随时向某人通报情况 inform oneself of sth. require sb. to do sth.
  16. require vt. require sth. of / from sb. Sth. require / want / need doing / to be done. require that…(should) do sth. introduce sb.( to sb.) introduce sth. into / to a place
  17. introduce introduce sb. to sth. make an introduction n.:introduction make a self introduction
an introduction to sth. a letter of introduction develop / form the habit of develop an interest (of)
  18. develop vt. a developed country a developing country develop a roll of film n. development II 重点句型
  1. Going to a British high school for one year was a very enjoyable …
  2. It was difficult to remember all the faces and names.
  3. The more…, the more…
  4. Upon finishing his studies, he started traveling in China. 【题例精析】 【例
  1】When I to someone, I always feel shy. (2006 北京西城卷) A. introduce B. was introduced C. introducing D. am introduced 【易错点悟】考查动词用法。 【要点精析】introduce 是及物动词,在主动语态中应后接宾语,故排除 A、C。句子的后半 句用一般现在时。 【答案】D 【例
  2】Do you think the manager is going to have a new factory ?(2006 启东 2 月卷) A. building B. build C. built D. to build 【易错点悟】考查动词 have 后接复合宾语的用法。 【要点精析】 本题四个答案值得分析。 have sb. / sth. doing: A. 意思是: 使/让……正在做……, sb. / sth. 与 doing 有主动关系, A 不对; have sb. / sth. do: 故 B. 使/让……做某事, / sth. 与 sb. do 也有主动关系,故 B 不对;D. have sth. to do:由某事要做,to do 在句中作定语,修饰 sth, 故 D 也不对。 【答案】C 【单元检测】 单项填空
  1. They a lot through group work on the sports field. A. earned B. gained C. won D. achieved
  2. I remember , but I have forgotten the exact number. A. paying B. being paid C. to pay D. to be paid
  3. You require too much me. It’s beyond my power. A. at B. in C. of D. with
  4. ? Lovely weather, isn’t it?
? Yes, a bit hot, . A. although B. but C. though D. yet
  5. He lives in a city, I mean in a city that is . A. faraway… far away B. faraway … faraway C. far away … far away D. far away … faraway
  6. After cutting down the tree, they a little boat out of it. A. went on to make B. went on making C. went on with D. continued
  7. Better all the lights are turned off before you leave the classroom. A. to be sure B. to make sure C. be sure D. make sure
  8. He in the north, but now he here. A. used to live; is used to the life B. use to live; is used to live C. used to living; is used to living D. used to live; is used to live
  9. I’ll spend what I have you a new coat. A. buying B. bought C. to buy D. buy
  10. I hope that every one of us will be successful in our studies. A. do B. did C. does D. doing
  11. Would you please keep me with the latest news? A. informing B. to inform C. being informed D. informed
  12. Miss Tang teaches and we all like her class. A. our English B. ours English C. us English D. English for us
  13. Do you still remember the chicken farm we visited three months ago? A. where B. when C. that D. what
  14. What surprised me was not what he said but he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which
  15. herself with other girls, she feels she is quite lucky. A. Comparing B. Compared C. To compare D. Being compared 完形填空 It was a cold winter day that Sunday. The parking lot to the 16 was filling up quickly. I noticed, as I got out of my car, fellow church members were 17 among themselves as they walked in the church. As I got 18__, I saw a man leaning up against the wall outside the church. He was almost lying down 19 he was asleep. His hat was 20 down so you could not see his face. He wore shoes that looked 30 years old, too 21 for his feet, with holes all over them and his toes 22 out. I guessed this man was 23 and asleep, so I walked on 24 through the doors of the church. We all talked for a few minutes, and someone 25 the man lying outside. People whispered but no one took 26 to ask him to come in, 27 me. A few moments later church began. We were all waiting for the Preacher (牧师) to take his 28 and to give us the Word, __29 the doors to the church opened. In 30 the man walking down the church with his head
down. People gasped(喘息)and whispered and made _31 . He made his way down the church and up onto the pulpit (讲坛) where he took off his hat and coat. My heart 32 . There stood our preacher… he was the “homeless man” The preacher took his Bible (圣经) and . 33 it on his stand. “ 34 , I don't think I have to tell you what I am preaching about today. If you 35 people by their appearance, you have no time to love them.”
  16. A. school B. lecture C. park D. church
  17. A. arguing B. whispering C. stating D. speaking
  18. A. closer B. clearer C. lower D. farther
  19. A. even though B. so that C. as if D. even if
  20. A. dragged B. pulled C. dropped D. pushed
  21. A. big B. bad C. ugly D. small
  22. A. reached B. went C. stuck D. ran
  23. A. homeless B. helpless C. hopeless D. careless
  24. A. out B. by C. across D. from
  25. A. invited B. mentioned C. took D. called
  26. A. pleasure B. measure C. courage D. trouble
  27. A. except B. besides C. without D. including
  28. A. turn B. place. C. time D. seat
  29. A. when B. before C. as D. after
  30. A. rushed B. hurried C. came D. entered
  31. A. decision B. choices C. faces D. jokes
  32. A. sank B. fell C. broke D. failed
  33. A. threw B. set C. laid D. folded
  34. A. Brothers B. Folks C. Supporters D. Members
  35. A. judge B. hate C. treat D. test 阅读理解 (A) When the musical sound rings you, you immediately reach for your pocket ready to have a chat. But although you probably use it all the time, have you ever stopped to think about the manners related to talking on the phone? If you haven’t, here are some tips to guide you. ●Always give the person you are calling plenty of time to get to the phone before you hang up. If the person who answers is not the one you want,give your name and ask if you may speak to the person you want. ●Think about the time you call people. Try not to call too early in the morning(before about 9:
  00)or too late at night(after about 9:
  30). Also try not to call at mealtimes. ●If you go by plane to visit your relatives at Christmas, remember to follow airline instructions. Cell phones must be turned off as soon as the plane doors are closed and remain so until the doors open again on arrival. ●When face to face with someone, do not talk on the phone. It is rude to be on the phone when a waiter is trying to take your order in a restaurant, or when you are returning the shoes you have just been trying on in a shop. Finish any face-to-face business before taking a call. Continuing to use the phone while nodding to the person in front of you is quite impolite.
●When in a restaurant with your friends, keep phone conversations short. Make a call only if it is important. Practise speaking in a low voice. If no one looks your way, you’ve got it. ●If you go to a theatre, a concert or a cinema, consider the other people around you. Check that your phone is “off” before you enter. If you are expecting a very important call, put your phone on “vibrate”(振动)and run for the exit as soon as you feel it. If you forget both “off” and “vibrate” and your phone rings, don’t answer it, turn it off straight away.
  36. Which is true according to the passage above? A. You may call people anytime as you like. B. You may talk loudly on the phone at dinner in the restaurant. C. You may keep on talking on the phone while greeting somebody. D. You may call people as soon as you get on the plane,but not after the doors are closed.
  37. We may infer from these tips that. A. some people don’t pay much attention to manners while making cell phone calls B. you may ask to leave a message unless the person you are calling is in C. calling people too early or too late in the morning is not polite D. almost everyone has got a cell phone
  38. What does the underlined sentence “…you’ve got it” mean in the passage? A. You have succeeded in making a call without disturbing others. B. You have made the phone call brief and interesting. C. You’ve got the message you are waiting for. D. You have made a phone call secretly.
  39. From the tips given above, we can decide the writer is sure to share the opinion that. A. 1ike the saying “clothes make a man”, nowadays cell phones make a man B. as the old saying goes, money talks; nowadays cell phones talk C. the way we use the cell phones tells what we are like D. we are what cell phones we use (B) Like a growing number of young women in Vietnam’s northern part city of Haiphong, Pham Thi Hue was infected with HIV by her husband, one of the town’s many drug users. But instead of being shamed into silence, as Vietnamese with HIV and AIDS are, the 25-year-old tailor and mother of one went public, appearing on television and at conferences. Her business suffered and her neighbors insulted (辱骂)her, but Hue has now become the public face of Mothers and Wives, an HIV/ AIDS support group established in Haiphong by a Norwegian nongovernmental organization and her neighborhood’s People’s Committee. Last year, she founded a smaller group named after a local flower. People who need advice on treatment or help preparing bodies for burial can dial a hot line and get assistance from able and sympathetic(同情的)HIV victims. “We gather to support each other, ” Hue says. “ When we are sick, what we need most is encouragement and comfort from people who understand our situation and are willing to share our happiness, as well as our sadness.” On a hot and damp night last month, Hue welcomed into her small home a very thin woman, also a tailor, who was HIV positive. The woman tearfully told Hue that she had not told anyone about her condition, fearing that she would lose customers and that her daughter would be insulted at school. Hue became the wise elder, offering medical a
 

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