Book9_教案_U4_Reading(language points)_3-9
牛津高中英语教学设计
教材: 牛津高中英语(模块九)高三上学期 文档内容: 教学设计??教案 单元: Unit 4 Behind beliefs 板块:Reading (Language points) 作者: 庄如英
Thoughts on the design:
课文教学,除了对文章内容的阅读理解之外,分段讲解课文语言知识点,也是相当重要的。由于短语句子必 须在一定语段的情景中才能更好地显示出它的语言交际能力,分析一些复杂句子的结构时,更是只有把句 型教学与课文教学有机地结合起来,才能真正把句型学到手,并能在真实的交际中灵活运用。因此在语言 点的教学过程中,我主张以段为单位,先逐段通读,整体上把握内容含义,再逐个分析重要语言点,其中 讲解操练相辅相成,学生和老师都要动起来。最后再进行一系列由简到难的强化训练,当然都是要在一定 语境基础上的,当场巩固当场掌握,从被动接受到主动运用。
Teaching aims:
After learning the language points in this text, the students will be able to get familiar with the meanings of some words and expressions. Also, the students will be able to use them correctly. Students are expected to go over some important sentence structures and their ability of translating or paraphrasing will also be improved.
Teaching procedures: Step1 Revision (Competition )
Hold a competition by asking five students each representing his or her group to write idioms on the blackboard as many as possible. Then ask another five students from each groups to explain the idioms written by their groupmates. The group which can write the most idioms and can offer right explanations will win the competition. (播放幻灯片
  5) [Explanation] ] 一直感觉课文语言点的讲评课形式比较刻板,学生们基本上都是以听、记或者机械的回答问题为主,课堂 气氛也比较沉闷。因此设计这个竞赛作为整节课的开始,既起到了复习上一节课所学内容的作用,又能有 效的让学生参与进来,充分调动学生的积极性,课堂气氛也顿时活跃,为下一步学习作了良性准备。
Step 2
Language points
Paragraph 1
  1. Read the paragraph together.
  2. Line 1-2 An idiom is a group of words or an expression whose meaning often cannot be understood by
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Book9_教案_U4_Reading(language points)_3-9
looking at the meanings of the separate words in it. *Translate the sentence.. Key: 习语是词组或者一种表达方式,其意义无法从孤立的单词中获得。 *Separate here is used as an adjective with the meaning ‘each or individual (word in the group of words or the expression)’ or ‘ not together’. e.g. 这对双胞胎共享一个房间,但是他们各自睡一张床。 The twins share one room, but they sleep in separate beds. Separate can also be used as a verb, which means ‘to become apart’ or ‘to be not together’. e.g. 要将两头正在争斗的公牛分开是非常困难的。 It is extremely hard to separate two fighting oxen (播放幻灯片
  5)
  3. in other words 换句话说 类似于 “That is (to say)….” 其他和 word 有关的短语及固定用法: in a word 简言之,总之 have a word with sb 与某人谈一下 have words with sb 与某人吵架 keep one’s word 守信,信守承诺 Word came that … 有消息称。。 。 (播放幻灯片
  7) 课堂操练: Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard-,you failed. A.in the end B.after all C.in other words D.at the same time Key: C (播放幻灯片
  8)
  4. a number of 许多(用于修饰可数名词) the number of 。。的数目 。 课堂操练: The number of the stamps limited, so a number of people to have a look at them. A.are; want Key: C (播放幻灯片
  9) Paragraph 2
  1. Read the paragraph.
  2.Line 8-9 : The bible was first written in Hebrew and then translated into Greek, both of which use many idioms.Translate the first sentence.. Key: 《圣经》最初是用希伯来文写成的,后来被译为希腊语,这两种语言都是用很多习语。 *代词+of which/whom 引导定语从句的用法: most, both, all, neither, either, none 等代词+of whom(指人)/which(指物)可以引导定语从句。如: She has two daughters, neither of whom lives at home. He has five dictionaries, all of which are practical. (播放幻灯片
  10) *代词+of whom(指人)/which(指物)引导定语从句也可转换成 of whom(指人)/which(指物)+代词
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B.is; wants
C.is; want
D.are; wants
Book9_教案_U4_Reading(language points)_3-9
引导定语从句。如:I have many story books, of which all are interesting. 【考例】Last week, only two people came to look at the house, wanted to buy it. A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom (2007 安徽) Key: D 简析:D。定语从句与先行词可连成 neither of the only two people came to look at the house,因此应填 neither of whom 引导定语从句。 (播放幻灯片
  11)
  3. the connection to… 也可以用介词 with
  4. before long 不久以后,很快
  5. be used to do 被用来做某事 (播放幻灯片
  12) 与。。的联系 。 很久以前 be used to doing 习惯于做某事
long before
used to do 过去常常做某事
课堂操练: As a young man, Tom used to in the town, to find a job for a few coins. A. knocking about; waited B. knocked down; waiting C. knock about; waiting D. knocked down; waited (播放幻灯片
  13) Paragraph 3
  1. Read the paragraph.
  2.Line 14-16 Biblical idioms originally had straightforward and clear meanings because they were often meant to underline the moral of a story and to give audiences an image to help them understand the story better. Translate the first sentence.. Key: 圣经习语原本都有着直白、清晰的意义,因为它们通常意在强调某一故事的寓意,给听众或读者 一个意象以帮助他们更好的理解故事。
  3. a hidden weakness 隐藏的弱点,不为人知的弱点 hidden 过去分词作定语 (播放幻灯片
  14) Paragraph 4
  1. Read the paragraph
  2. Line24-25 This is used when people want to say that they know something but not who gave them the information. *Paraphrase this sentence. Key: When people want to express the meaning that they know some information but they don’t know who tell them the information they will use this idiom.
  4. Line 25-27 This idiom comes from a passage in the Bible that says, ‘a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter’. Translate the first sentence.. Keys: 这个习语来自《圣经》上的一段话,原文是这样的: “因为空中的鸟必传扬这声音,有翅膀的也 必述说这事” 。
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*句中 hath 是古英语,相当于现代英语的 has (播放幻灯片
  15)
  5. lead a life of luxury 过着奢华的生活 lead a …life / lead a life of … 过着。。的生活 。
  6. mend one’s way 培养好习惯,改进生活方式 eg. There’s no sign of him mending his ways. 看不出他有改进生活方式的迹象。 (播放幻灯片
  16)
  7. in honor of… 为了纪念,为了欢迎,为了庆祝 课堂操练: Christmas is a Christian holy day usually celebrated on December 25th the birth of Jesus Christ. A. in accordance with B. in terms of C. in favor of D. in honor of (播放幻灯片
  17) Paragraph 5
  1. Read the paragraph
  2. things related to food 与食物有关的东西 be related to sb/sth 与某人或某事物有关 Eg:Wealth is seldom related with happiness. 财富鲜与幸福相关。 (播放幻灯片
  18)
  3. Line 33-35 For instance, children are often referred to as the ‘apple of their parents’ eye’, meaning that their parents love them very much and are very proud of them. *Translate the first sentence.. Keys:例如, 孩子们常常被说成是“apple of their parents’ eye”,意思是他们的父母非常爱他们,以他们为荣。 * for instance 例如,同 for example * refer to … as … 将。。。看作。。。 * be proud of… 以。。。为荣,以。。。为骄傲 同 take pride in… (播放幻灯片
  19)
  4. be worth nothing 一文不值 be worth sth/ doing/$ 值。。。;值得做某事;值。。。钱 课堂操练: . She is not worth A. to get angry B. getting angry C. getting angry with D. to get angry with (播放幻灯片
  20) Paragraph 5
  1. Read the paragraph
  2. Line 50-52 When you have a thorough understanding of English idioms and their origins, you can better understand and appreciate the history and cultures of English-speaking countries because idioms are carriers of history and culture. *Translate the first sentence..
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Keys: 透彻了解英语习语及其起源,你可以更好地理解和欣赏英语国家的历史和文化,因为习语 是历史和文化的载体。 * a thorough understanding 透彻的理解 (播放幻灯片
  21) [Explanation] ] 以段为单位,先逐段通读,整体上把握内容含义,再逐个分析重要语言点,其中讲解与操练相辅相成,注 重的并非是字词短语的死记硬背,而是在具体语境中的实际运用。包括一些复杂句型的翻译分析,不光从 语法的角度分析,也要从整个段落的意思分析。让学生明白学语言的最终目的是为了交际。
Step 3
Practice

  1. Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box below. Change the form where necessary.
by and by mend one’s ways in other words in honour of for instance refer to take care of for a long time quite a few throw away
  1. The Communist Party committees tried to ‘re-educate’ him but he refuse to .
  2. It will come all the easier to like him when we are all together.
  3. The stadium was named the club’s first chairman.
  4. Old English was in many ways similar to Modern German. , the nouns, adjectives, and verbs were highly inflected.
  5. The hospital now patients by name, not case number.
  6. I have been waiting for her , but she hasn’t turned up yet.
  7. Now even scientists continue to doubt whether cloning is beneficial to human beings.
  8. Britain must now this opportunity by electing a Labour government.
  9. While he is away, his neighbour would like to his house and pets.
  10. He didn’t do well in the College Entrance Examination. , he may not go to any key university.
  1. mend his way
  2. by and by
  3. in honour of
  4. For instance
  5. refers to
  6. for a long time
  7. quite a few
  8. throw away
  9.take care of
  10. In other words (播放幻灯片 22-
  23)
Complete the following English sentences according to the Chinese given in the brackets.

  1. We Chinese lifestyle is (完全不同于) British people’s lifestyle.
  2. Since he came out of prison, he (改过自新,迷途知返),later he has turned into a worthy man.
  3. (除非天气有好转),we will have to cancel the game.
  4.The programme (旨在) help these people relieve poverty and become well-off.
  5. (自从战争结束以来),over five thousand prisoners have been released.
  6. (一旦发现偷窃行为),you must report it to the police immediately.
  7. Obviously it is (值得看管好) the pond during these times to ensure that the fish do not become stuck.
  8. The discovery is (被认为是) a major breakthrough in the field of medical science. Keys:
  1. completely different from
  2. has mended his ways and come home
  3. Unless the weather improves
  4. is meant to
  5. Since the end of the war
  6. Once you find any thefts
  7. worth keeping watch over
  8. referred to as (播放幻灯片 24-
  25) [Explanation] ] 当场所学的内容当场进行巩固检查,两个练习的难度逐渐递增,从简单的填空到根据中文翻译,有本节课 学校的语言点,也有以前所学的基础内容。将机械的短语灵活的使用在不同的语境中,才算是达到了语言
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Book9_教案_U4_Reading(language points)_3-9
点教学课的教学目标。
Step 4
Homework

  1. 复习课文中的有关短语和句型,准备听写。
  2. Workbook 等教辅材料上有关语言点的练习。 (播放幻灯片
  26) [Explanation] ] 及时对所学知识进行复习巩固,该记忆的记忆,该练习的练习,光记不练印象不深刻,所学东西不扎实, 而光练不记则会盲目的重复错误。只有将两者结合起来,才能将语言点扎扎实实地掌握。
6
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