《牛津英语》6B 知识要点汇总 牛津英语》 1, 感官动词:smell, taste, sound, look, feel 后常常接形容词.
My mother is cooking food. It smells great. He looks worried because his mother is having an operation. Peter is ill, but he doesn't want to take medicine. It tastes bitter. What he said sounds ridiculous. The scarf is made of silk and it feels smooth. 它们经常和 like 连用,表示, "嗅(尝,听,看,摸)起来像..,后接名词. ." The elephant's ear looks like a big fan. The wine tastes like water.
2,
like … better than …可以和 prefer … to … 互换.
I like strawberries better than mangoes.= I prefer strawberries to mangoes. Teddy likes swimming better than running.=Teddy prefers swimming to running. I like charcoal better than gas.=I prefer charcoal to gas.
3,
在使用宾语从句 宾语从句时,应注意从句部分为陈述句语序. 宾语从句
Do you know how old Linda is ? I know how much this camera is. I don't know when you're going away. I don't remember where they have gone. 但是,当在宾语从句中遇到固定句型时,仍然要使用倒装句型. I don't know what's the matter with him. His voice sounds strange. I want to know what's wrong with him.
4, 5,
关于 on earth 的两层意思:在地球上;究竟(多用于疑问句) 注意用法:millions of , thousands of , hundreds of 和 three
What on earth are you doing?
million , two thousand , five hundred 6, 7, 8, 9, 注意 talk about "谈论" 和 talk with sb "和某人交谈" must be 表示肯定推测,猜测,其否定形式是:can't be What' the matter? 相当于 What's up? 和 What's wrong? 注意: look up "抬头看; 查字典" look for "寻找" , look after ,
He has bought three flats, so he must be very rich.
"照顾", look at "朝..看" 等的区别. .
If you don't know the meaning of a word, please look it up in a dictionary. Look up the word in a dictionary, and then you will know the meaning.
10, tie … to…是"把..系到..上" . .
He tied the dog to a tree.
11, 注意介词 in 和 on 在表示地点时的区别.
in Asia, in Korea, in California, in :Liaoning province, in Shenyang, in the kitchen, in the living room., in the UN building, in the bank. on the street , on a bus ,on a ship, on a plane, on a train
12, 副词的使用:副词修饰动词,形容词或其他副词.
They skated nicely. He's really sorry. He skates very well.
13, it's time for…可以和 it's time to do…相互转换
It's time for school.=It's time to go to school.
14, use …to do sth 可以和 use…for doing sth 互换.
We use water to clean the floor.= We use water for cleaning the floor.
15, make…+形容词或形容词比较级是"使..(更).." . .
Then a special factory makes the water clean. What he said made me disappointed. A doctor usually makes sick people better. 而 make sb do sth 是"使某人做某事"的意思. 注意动词前面没有 to) (注意动词前面没有 The sad movie made me cry for a long time. The boss made his workers work and work.
16, remember 后接动词不定式(表示"记得要做某事" )和动名词 (表示"记得做过了某事" )的区别 .
Remember to turn off the lights before you leave the classroom. He remembered taking medicine.
17, wonder"想知道"=want to know
I wonder if I can catch the train.= I want to know if I can catch the train..
18, stop 后接动词不定式(表示"停止手里的事干下一件事" )和 动名词(表示"停止做手里的事" )的区别 .
He used to be a teacher but he stopped to do business three years ago. When the teacher entered the classroom, all the students stopped talking.
19, need 可以是情态动词也可以是实义动词,注意二者区别 .
It's still early, you needn't go now.(情态动词后接动词原形) You don't need to say "sorry" to me.(实义动词后接动词不定式)
20, promise 后只能接动词不定式,而 finish 后只能接动名词.
Mike's father promised to buy him a toy car. Have you finished doing your homework? 另外,注意:make a promise(许诺), keep one's promise(遵守诺言) Don't make a promise if you can't do it. The little boy kept his promise to study hard this term.
21, be able to 是"能够" ,相当于 can. 其反义词组是:be unable to
I'll try my best if I'm able to help you. I'm unable to work it out by myself. He was able to do everything well. I'm sure he will be able to pass the exam.
22, tell a lie 和 tell lies 都是"撒谎" 其反义词组是:tell the truth ,
He tells lies all the time, so nobody trusts him. My mother taught me to tell the truth when I was little.
23, ask sb about sth 是"问某人关于某事" ask sb to do sth 是"要 , 求某人做某事" ,ask sb not to do sth 是"要求某人不要做某事" ,
He never asks me about my privacy. Mike's father asks his son to play computer games after he finishes his homework. The teacher asked his students not to speak Chinese in English lessons.
24, 注意:a friend of mine 是"我的一个朋友" a friend of his 是 , "他的一个朋友" friend of my father's 是"我父亲的一个朋友" ,a . 注意和 a photo of my family, a photo of me 的区别. 25, 注意:find (找到) ,find out(搞明白;弄清楚)和 look for (查找)的区别.
There are a lot of keys on the table. Please find out the one you need. I looked for my pen everywhere but couldn't find it.
26, 注意:pick(摘) ,pick up(拾起;用车接某人)的区别.
Don't pick the flowers..
He picked up his pen from the floor. Dad, please pick me up after school.
27, 注意:at weekends/ on weekends(在每周的周末)
They usually play football together at weekends..
28, 常见频度副词,按照频度由高到低的顺序排列如下: always>usually>often>sometimes>seldom>rarely>never
He always eats sweet food for breakfast in the morning. I usually go to the cinema with my mum. It is often very cold here in winter. My parents sometimes walk in the park after dinner. He seldom does morning exercises. My father rarely drinks coffee. John never goes to the beach.
29, 注意:Let's =Let us(让我们..,但在使用反义疑问句时有 .) 区别:
Let's play computer games, shall we? Let us play computer games, will you? 另外,let's 表示提出建议,还可以用: Shall we....? Why not…? Why don't …?/ Why doesn't…? What about…? How about…?等句型来替换. Shall we go to the supermarket? Shall we make a shopping list? Why not do your homework first? =Why don't you do your homework first? Why not finish reading this book before sleep? =Why don't you finish reading this book before sleep? How about going shopping with me? =What about going shopping with me? How about going to the beach? =What about going to the beach? How about two o'clock in the afternoon? =What about two o'clock in the afternoon?
30, 注意:would like to do sth =want to do sth(想做某事;喜欢做 某事) .
What would you like to have for dinner? = What do you want to have for dinner? Would you like to go to the cinema with me? = Do you want to go to the cinema with me?
31, 注意:cost, spend…on 和 pay…for 的区别.
The bag costs me 200 yuan. I spent 200 yuan on the bag. I paid 200 yuan for the bag. 另外,注意:sb spend some time (in) doing sth. The students spent half an hour (in) finishing their homework. =It took the students half an hour to finish their homework. How long do you spend in getting to the supermarket.
32, .表示"距离" : quite far away from>far away from>not far away from>near>quite near
My home is far away from my school. The bank is quite near the airport.
33, 写文章或演讲时,用 Firstly, Secondly, Next, Then, After that, Finally 表
示时间顺序.
34, .表示"到达" :arrive in/at;get to; reach
When did you arrive in shanghai? He had gone out when we arrived at school. When did you get to school this morning? =When did you reach school this morning?
35, Listen to 和 hear 的区别
I listened to the teacher carefully but could hear nothing.
36, Have to 和 must 的区别
I must go because I feel tired. I have to go because I start work at 9:
  00. 另外,注意 must 的否定形式有:mustn't (不允许)和 needn't(不必要)
37, Invitation 有"邀请"和"请柬" .前者不可数,后者可数.
We can't go to that party without invitations. Thank you for your invitation.
38, the amount of 是"..的数量" . ,后面跟不可数名词.
the amount of money 另外,a large amount of water (许多水) a small amount of money (少许 钱)
39, on one's way to 是"在去..的路上" . .
I saw a little girl flying a kite on my way to the Great Wall. I fell down from the bicycle on my way home.
40, 注意: many, much, a few , a little , few , little , a lot of, lots of , plenty of , enough, a large number of , a large amount of 等区别.
注意 enough 的位置:修饰名词时,常常放在名词的前面;修饰形容词时, 常常放在形容词的后面. There is not enough food in the fridge. I haven't got enough money to buy the film ticket. The room is not big enough for three people.
fc1 , 注意 keep the rules, obey the rules 和 break the rules 的区别.
Good students seldom break the rules. We should keep the traffic rules.= We should obey the traffic rules.
42, 注意 plan for 和 plan to do 的区别.
We're planning for a barbecue. I haven't planned for my holiday yet. They planned to visit Hainan Island at the weekend.
43, 注意 the other 和 the others 的区别.前者常常用于两者之间, 而后者常常用于三者以上.
I have two cousins. One is in America and the other is in France. There are 40 students in this class. One is a reading a book and the others are playing in the playground.= There are 40 students in this class. One is a reading a book and the other students are playing in the playground. There are three children on the bus. One is a girl and the other two are boys.
44, 注意 enough, so…that 和 too…to 的相互转换.
The boy is not old enough to go to school. =The boy is so young that he can't go to school. =The boy is too young to go to school.
45, 注意 not as…as 和 than 的相互转换.
Rome is not as old as Athens.= Athens is older than Rome..
Tennis isn't as popular as football.= Football is more popular than tennis. I don't go out as much as you.= You go out more than me.
46, 注意 have a shower(洗淋浴)和 have a bath(洗盆浴)的区别.
have a shower = take a shower, have a bath = take a bath
47, 注意 used to(过去常常) ,用于过去式中,其中,to 为不定式 符号,后接动词原形.
We used to play tennis twice a week.. She used to be a teacher, but she stopped to do business three years ago.
其否定形式:usedn't to , used not to 和 didn't use to
She usedn't to like playing computer games. =She didn't use to like playing computer games.
48, 注意形容词比较级,最高级.
原级 small nice thin big hot early happy expensive good bad/ill far 比较级 smaller nicer thinner bigger hotter earlier happier more expensive better worse farther 最高级 smallest nicest thinnest biggest hottest earliest happiest most expensive best worst farthest
49, 注意 save(挽救,节省) .
The policeman jumped into the river and saved his life. David saved his pocket money and gave it to the orphanage.
50, 注意 show sb sth = show sth to sb(把..展示给..看) . . .
He is showing his photos to his friends.= He is showing his friends his photos.. I usually show her my homework.= I usually show my homework to her.
51, 注意 on the phone(在电话里) .
I don't want to tell the truth on the phone..
52, 注意 have been to 和 have gone to 的区别.
 

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