牛津英语 7A 语法 (一) 一般过去时的构成及用法 一
  1)一般过去时的形式 )一般过去时的形式: 动词 be: 第一人称单数和第三人称单数用 was, 其余的人称一律 用 were。 动词 have: 一律用 had, 没有人称和数的变化。 行为动词:一律用过去式,没有人称和数的变化,行为动词的过去式 有两类,一类是规则动词,另一类是不规则动词。 肯定 否定 I was ... I was not ... You were ... You were not ... He/She/It was not ... 动词 He/She/It was ... We be We You were ... You were not ... They They I I You You He/She/It 动词 He/She/It had ... had not ... We have We You You They They I I You You 行为动 He/She/It He/She/It studied ... did not study ... 词 We We (study) You You They They 行为动词的过去时的否定式,要使用助动词 do 的过去式否定式 did not,后面的谓语动词要还用原形。在非正式语如口语中。did not 可用紧 缩形式 didn’t。 一般疑问和简略回答 一般疑问 简略回答 Yes, I was. No, I was not. Were you ...? 动词 Was he ...? Yes, he was. be Were they ...? No, he was not. Yes, they were.
No, they were not. Yes, I had. No, I had not. Had you ...? Yes, he had. 动词 Had he ...? No, he had not. have Had they ...? Yes, they had. No, they had not. Yes, I did. Did you study ... ? No, I did not. 行为动词 Yes, he did. Did he study ...? (study) Did they study ...? No, he did not. Yes, they did. No, they did not. 注意:was not, were not, had not 和 did not 可以分别缩写成 wasn’t, weren’t, hadn’t 和 didn’t。 特殊疑问句 回答 Where was she? She was at home. 动词 be When did you study I studied it last year. 行为动词(study) English?
  2) 行为动词的一般过去式: 行为动词的一般过去式: 行为动词的过去式有规则变化和不规则变化两种。规则动词的过去式 是在动词原形后加-ed 构成。构成及读法如下表: 以重读闭音节或 r 音 以辅音字母 节结尾而末尾只有 在动词后 以 e 结尾的 +y 结尾的动 一个辅音字母的动 加 动词后加 词先将 y 变 词,双辅音字母后再 -ed -d 为 i 再加-ed 加-ed (以 x 结尾的词 除外 hoped stopped, mapped 在清辅音后读 worked --helped liked [t] believed studied planned 在元音和浊辅 stayed called lived tried referred 音后读[d] 在辅音 t, d 后 wanted needed 读[id]
  3) 一般过去时的用法: 一般过去时的用法: permitted, admitted
a. 表示过去的动作或状态,常和明确的过去时间状语连用,如: yesterday, last week, three days ago, in 1998 等,或与由 when 引导的从句。 eg. I saw him yesterday. She bought the bike two years ago. He was there just now. Where did you live when you were young? b. 也可以表示过去某一段时间内经常或反复出现的动作。句子中常带 有 every day, often, usually, always, sometimes 等时间状语。 eg. When I studied in the university, I read aloud every morning. In the past few years I usually went touring during my summer vocations. 在过去的几年里,每逢暑假我总是出去旅游。 c. 也可以用“used to +动词原形”表示过去经常或反复的动作。 eg. We used to get up early. 我以前总是早起。(意指现在不早起了) 跟踪练习 练习一:选用恰当的时态,用括号内动词的正确形式填空。 Last year Mr. Smith (go ) to China and Japan. He (have) a wonderful time. He (do) a lot of different things and (talk) to a great number of different people. He (eat) Chinese and Japanese food and (visit) a lot of interesting places. When he (go) back to England, he (be) very tired. 练习二:句型转换:写出下列各句的否定形式(在可能的地方用紧缩形 式),
  1.Professor Jennings taught them English in 19
  90.
  2.Tom had a wonderful time in xi’an.
  3.Mary found her keys in her bedroom.
  4.Xiao Wang’s parents lived in Shanghai ten years ago.
  5.Jane went to the Great wall two or three times. 练习三:用词的适当形式填空
  1. He ate some bread and (drink) some milk.
  2. he (finish) his homework last night?

  3. I(be) tired yesterday.
  4. I (gain ) Arts degree last year.
  5. What you (do) at eight o’clock last night?
  6. My grandfather (leave) Hongkong for New York in 19
  98.
  7. What you (do) this time yesterday? 练习四:单选 ( )
  1. you at six o’clock yesterday? A. Do ,get up B. Did, get up C. Do, got up D. Did, got up ( )
  2. What did you see ? A. now B. every day C. since 1990 D. just now ( )
  3.He went into the room and the door. A. lock B. locking C. locks D. locked ( )
  4. --What you last week? -- I bought a bag. A. did ,buy B. did , bought C. do, buy D. do, bought ( )
  5. -- he his lunch? -- Yes, he did. A. Have ,had B. Had, has C. Did, have D. Did, had 练习五:用词的适当形式填空 A week ago, Kitty and Ben (be) in the countryside. At first, the wind (blow) lightly. The leaves (blew) slightly in the wind. They (fly) their kite happily in the gentle breeze. Suddenly, the wind (become) stronger. The clouds in the sky (move) quickly. Leaves (fall) from trees. The string on Ben’s kite (break). The sky became dark. Kitty and Ben (go ) home immediately. Kitty and Ben (stay) at home. They (watch) TV. The wind became much stronger. It (blow) fiercely. It became a typhoon. Trees fell down. Ships and boats (sink) in the big waves. The typhoon (pass) quickly. The wind became gentler. The big clean-up (begin) immediately. Kitty and Ben went outside again. 练习六:用词的适当形式填空
  1. Last week I (buy) a new bike.
  2. He (be) here just now.
  3. He (not find ) his key last night.
  4. My father (drink) a lot of wine yesterday.
  5. you (finish) your homework yesterday?
  6. I (eat) some eggs and bread in this morning.
  7. Her mother (not give) the girl any present.

  8. you (do ) your housework last night?
  9. What you (draw) on that paper just now?
  10. How many pens you (bring) yesterday? 练习七:按要求写句子
  1. I didn’t buy any books. (改成肯定句) I books.
  2. He broke the window just now.(改成一般疑问句) he the window just now?
  3. The wind blow gently.(改成过去时) The wind .
  4. I did my homework (改成否定式) I my homework.
  5. The teacher begin her class at eight o’clock. (改成过去时) The teacher her class at eight o’clock.
  6. I found the book on the ground.(就划线部分提问) you the book? 参考答案: 参考答案: 一.went had did talked ate visited went was 二.didn’t teach didn’t have didn’t find didn’t live didn’t go 三.drank / Did , finish / was /gained / did, do/ left/did,do 四.B D D A C 五.were blew blew flew became moved fell broke went stayed watche d blew sank passed began 六.bought was didn’t find Did,finish ate didn’t give Did, do did,draw did, bring 七. bought, some/ Did, break/ blew, gently/ didn’t do / began/ Where did, find
 

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