牛津英语8B 牛津英语 Unit 3 词组与语法 一、词组
  1.我不知道。 I have no idea. It looks like a television. agree with sb

  2. 它看起来像台电视机。
  3.同意某人的观点/说法 同意某事 agree on sth
同意去做某事
  4.遥控器
agree to do sth
remote control turn on turn off

  5.打开(灯/电视~~~) 关闭(灯/电视~~~) (音量)调大 (音量)调小
  6.换频道 turn up
turn down
change the channel boring

  7.令人厌恶/令人感到枯燥 某人自己感到枯燥 bored
  8.搜寻 search for

  9.你用你的电脑做什么? What do you use your computer for?
  10.多久一次 How often 多长时间 How long(完成时) 多远 How Far
多久以后/多快 How soon(将来时)
  11.用电脑查询信息 use the computer to search for information (被动态)the computer is used to search for information 过去做某事 被用来做某事 习惯于做某事 used to do be used to do be used to doing
1

  12.全世界 around the world=all over the world
  13.八个小时内 in eight hours(大多数用于将来时)
  14.出版/发行 come out
  15.五个感官动词:look,sound,taste,smell,feel相当于be动词,后跟形容词。
  16.与此同时 at the same time

  17.主角/主演 main character
  18.lie-lying
  19.入睡 fall asleep

  20.每次当你正确回答问题时 Every time you answer questions correctly. Every time 后不能加when
  21.carry off
  22.你准备好了吗? Are you ready?
  23.扮演......角色 play the role of
  24.It takes sb some time to do sth. Sb spend some time (in) doing sth. Sb spend some time on sth.
  25.到达 get to/reach/arrive in/arrive at (home/here there前无to/in/at) on the screen pass a level

  26.在屏幕上
  27.通过一级

  28.look for “找”(还没有找到,不强调结果) find “找到” (找到了,强调结果) find out “找出”“查出”“弄清楚、明白” (要经过努力、调查研究)
  29.在市场上
  30.卖光 on the market
sell out (被动形式 sold out) in one's mind start/begin with

  31.在脑海中
  32.以......开始
以......结束 end with
  33.英语知识 knowledge of English
2

  34.不要担心 Don't worry.
  35.打印出来
  36.给...发邮件 print sth out send sb an e-mail/send an e-mail to sb.

  37.个人计算机 personal computer
  38.电脑的键盘 the keyboard to the computer
  39.单击 双击 click on double-click on

  40.看 have a look at=look at
  41.非常感谢 Thanks a lot!
  42.长到十英尺长
  43.在地球上
  44.当......时候
  45.请求帮助 grow to ten feet long
on Earth=on the earth as/when/while ask for help

  46.对......有好处 be good for
  47.介意做.....
  48.一点也不 不再...
  49.属于 mind doing sth not...at all not...any more=no more belong to in other words

  50.换句话说
二、语法??被动态 语法 被动态
  1、 语态概述 英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的。英语 英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。 英语 主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。 例如:Many people speak Chinese. 谓语:speak的动作是由主语many people来执行的。 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行为动作的对象。 例如:Chinese is spoken by many people.主语English是动词speak的承受者。
  2、被动语态的构成 被动语态由"助动词be+及物动词的过去分词"构成。 人称、 数和时态的变化是通过be的 变 化表现出来的。 一般现在时:am/is/are+过去分词 一般过去时:was/were+过去分词 一般将来时:will/shall be+过去分词
3
现在进行时:am/is/are being+过去分词 过去进行时:was/were being+过去分词 现在完成时:have/has been+过去分词 过去完成时:had been + 过去分词
  3、被动语态的用法 (
  1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。 例如:Some new computers were stolen last night. 一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。(不 知道电 脑是谁偷的) This bridge was founded in 19
  81.这座桥竣工于1981年。 (
  2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。 例如:The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。 This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。 Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。
  4、主动语态变被动语态的方法 (
  1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。 (
  2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来 主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。 (
  3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。 例如: All the people laughed at him. He was laughed at by all people. They make the bikes in the factory. The bikes are made by them in the factory. He cut down a tree. A tree was cut down by him.
  5、含有情态动词的被动语态 含有情态动词的主动句变成被动句时,由"情态动词+be+过去分词"构成,原来带to的情态动 词变成被动语态后"to"仍要保留。 We can repair this watch in two days. This watch can be repaired in two days. They should do it at once. It should be done at once.
  6、特殊情况
  1.He made the boy work for two hours yesterday. The boy was made to work by him for two hours yesterday.
  2.Mother never lets me watch TV . I am never let to watch TV by mother.
  3.Jack gave Peter a Christmas present just now. (
  1)A Christmas present was given to Peter by Jack just now. (
  2)Peter was given a Christmas present by Jack just now. 练习 ( )1 The People's Republic of China on October 1, 19
  49. A. found B. was founded C. is founded D. was found ( )2 New computers all over the world. A. is used B. are using C. are used D. have used ( )3 -I'd like to buy that coat. -I'm sorry. . A. it sold B. it's selling C. It's been sold D. it had been sold ( )4 A new house at the corner of the road. A. is building B. is being built C. been built D. be building ( )5 The key on the table when I leave.
4
A. was left B. will be left C. is left D. has been left ( )6 Japanese in every country. A. is not spoken B. are spoken C. is speaking D. is not speaking ( )7 These papersyet. A. have not written B. have not been written C. has not written D. has not been written ( )8 -My shoes are worn out. A. Can't they be mended? B. Let me have a look at it. C. How much do they cost? D. Can't they mended? ( )9 Who was the book? A. write B. wrote C. written D. written by ( )10 The flowersoften. A. must be water B. must be watered C. must watered D. must water ( )11 The old bridge in my hometown next month. A. is going to be rebuilt B. will rebuilt C. are going to be rebuilt D. are going to rebuilt ( )12 The pot for hot water. A. used; keeping B. was used; keeping C. is used; to keep D. are used; keep ( )13 The river smells terrible. People must dirty things into it. A. be stopped to throw B. be stopped from throwing C. stop to throw D. stop from throwing ( )14 Newly-born babiesin hospital. A. are taken good care B. are taken good care of C. take good care of D. take good care ( )15 The important meeting on a cold morning last year. A. was had B. was held C. held D. had ( )16 What time the door every day? A. does; closed B. does; close C. is; closed D. /; close ( )17 He fell from his bike and . A. is hurt B. gets hurt C. got hurt D. hurt
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