Unit 1 of 8B
讲义:重点语法:现在完成时 一、定义: ①指过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果; ②指过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。 二 、 结 构 : have / has + vpp. 常 见 的 时 间 状 语 有 : before / never/already/ yet/ever/just/recently/twice/ for + 时间段, since + 时间点(丛句)等。 三、注意以下几点:
  1. 短暂性动词不能与表示持续的时间状语连用,他们要作以下变化才能 for 或 since 连用:

  1.Come?
  2.leave?
  3.buy?
  4.borrow?
  5.die?
  6.get up?
  7.join? ( )
  8.become?
  9.begin? ①arrive at/in sw. get to/reach sw. come/go/move to sw. → be in sw./at school/at home/on the farm/be here/be there ②come/go back, return → be back come/go out → be out ③become → be ④close → be closed open → be open ⑤get up → be up die → be dead leave sw. → be away from sw. fall asleep/get to sleep → be asleep finish/end → be over marry → be married ⑥start/begin to do sth. → do sth. begin → be on ⑦borrow → keep lose → not have buy → have put on → wear catch/get a cold → have a cold get to know → know ⑧have/has gone to → have been in ⑨join the league/the Party/the army → be a league/a Party member/a soldier → be a member of the league/the Party → be in the league/the Party/the army
  2. have (has) been to (去过) have (has) gone to (去了) have (has) been in (在)/
  3. It’s + 时间 + since + 从句(过去时)的用法。
配套巩固练习:
一 填空与选择: (not rain)this afternoon,we (play)football.
  1. If it
  2. Her grandfather (die) for over two years.
  3. (not talk)too much.Do it right now.
  4. ? Where is Mr. Zhang? ? He (go) London.
  5. After class,the students left the room (吵闹).
  6. I haven’t seen you last Friday. A. for B. Since C. from D. on
  7. ? John, you (play) the computer game for two hours. It’s bad for your eyes. Stop, please! ? OK, Mum.
  8. I (not, go) to the concert because I (lose) my ticket.
  9.This story is (excite)one of all.
  10.一 When the train (arrive)? ?A moment ago.
  11.Do you know the (意思)of these words.
  12.May you have a (愉快的)journey。
  13.I sat in the front of the hall so that I could hear the speaker much (清楚).
  14.Do you know these (表演者)names.
  15.Smoking is (harm) us.
  16.We are (激动) (hear) the news.
  17.Please cross the road (care).
  18.What the boys (do) when you (come)here? 二、填空 (rain)for a week.
  1. It

  2. I don’t know this woman. I (never, meet)her.
  3.-Let’s go to the cinema.-No, I (already, see)the film.
  4. John (come, not)yet. He(be) back in a minute.
  5. - I hear your father (be)to Japan once. -Yes. He (go)there last year.
  6. Mr. Green often goes to America. In fact, he (be)there ten times.
  7. -Where’s John? -He just (go)to the teachers’ office. He (go)there an hour ago.
  8. She (study)English since she (be) ten. She (begin)(study) English when she was ten.
  9. Tom can’t get into the room because he (lost)the key to the door.
  10. He (travel, never)on a train in her life.
  11. I (buy) bike two weeks ago. I the (have) bike since the beginning of this this month. I (have)it for two weeks.
  12. Great changes (take place)in those villages in the last ten years, Great changes (take place, also)in my home-town in the last ten years.
  13. How many times you (phone)me these days? you (phone)me this morning?
  14. Such a thing (happen, never)in the village before. 三、根据要求完成下列句子:
  1. You have done your homework, you ?(改为反意疑问句) he? (改为反意疑问句)
  2. He has never been abroad,
  3. We have got little milk, we? (改为反意疑问句)
  4. Jim has got a pen. Lucy has got a pen too.(改为同义句) == Jim has got a pen, Lucy.
  5. I think you never (hear) such a thing.
  6. you (know) where your sister has (go)?
  7. I think you (be) all right soon.
  8. If you (lose) a book, you (pay) for it.
  9. He (not see) the film yet. So he (see) it this evening.
  10. You needn’t tell him about it. I him about it.(tell)
  11. This is the first time I (visit) the Great Wall.
  12. We (know) each other three years ago.
  13. I am sorry. I (forget) your name.
  14. I am sorry I (forget) to bring you photos.
  15. --Where is Jim?--He to the teachers’ office(去了)
  16. She (learn) English for three years. ==She (learn) English three years .
  17. Last year he often (run) for two hours a day. Until now he for two years.(run)
  18. Our maths teacher (talk) to a boy when I (enter) the room
  19. I (give) the message to her as soon as he (come) back.
  20. There (be) no books on the shelf a moment ago.
  21. Look, the Greens (have) supper. But we just (eat) it.
  22. I joined the army three years ago. (改为同义句) ==I a member of the army three years. ==I the army for three years. ==It three years he the army. 四、句型转换:
  1. He got to Beijing five minutes ago. ==He Beijing for .
  2. I moved to the USA last year. ==I the USA since .
  3. He came out two years ago. ==He for .
  4. We return to Fuzhou yesterday. ==We to Fuzhou since .

  5. I became a teacher in 20
  00. ==I a teacher for .
  6. The shop closed two hours ago. ==The shop for .
  7. The door opened at six in the morning. ==The door for six hours.
  8. I got up two hours ago. ==I since .
  9. He left Fuzhou just now. ==He Fuzhou for five minutes.
  10. The meeting finished at six. ==The meeting for six hours.
  11. I got to sleep two hours ago. ==I since .
  12. The film began two minutes ago. ==The film for .
  13. They borrowed it last week. ==They it since .
  14. I put on my glasses three years ago. ==I my glasses for .
  15. He has gone to Beijing. ==He Beijing for two days.
  16. He joined the league in 20
  02. ==He a for two years. ==He a the for two years. ==He the league for two years.
  17. My brother joined the army two years ago. ==My brother a for . ==My brother in for two years. 五、翻译:

  1、我妹妹成为一个大学生已经三年。
  2、这会已开了多长时间了?
  3、这门已经关了两天了。
  4、我入团 2 年了。
  5、家乡芜湖的变化给我们带来了很多便利,但同时也给人们引起诸多麻烦。
  6、我过去常独自一人去上学,但我并不孤独,因为一路上我能听到鸟儿在路两边树上歌唱。

  7、这是我所见过的最美的展览。
  8、不要跟我讲你的过去。请描述这船模型过去的风貌。
 

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