牛津高中英语模块二(第一讲) 牛津高中英语模块二(第一讲)
主讲教师:邵磊 主讲教师: 主审: 主审: 孙德霖 【教学内容与教学要求】 教学内容与教学要求】
一、 教学内容:
牛津高中英语模块二 Unit
  1(上) 二、教学要求:
  1.学会谈论有关宇宙空间的简单话题。
  2.学习阅读英语新闻综述。
  3.理解现在完成时和现在完成进行时的意义和用法。
【知识重点与学习难点】 知识重点与学习难点】
重要单词: 一、 重要单词:
tale, unexplained, .alien, mystery, technology, monster, sunken(adj) stonehenge, pyramid, disappearance, multi-coloured, nightmare, detective, format, detail, paragraph, Yeti, puzzle(n&v), sighting, witness, creature, research, frighten, case, murder, convincing, evidence, typical, outer,
progress, treasure, lately, website, wild, similar, hairy, strength, footprint, existence, inch, exploration, orbit, launch, artificial, astronaut, oxygen.
二、重点词组: 重点词组:
run into 碰到, believe in 相信 (信仰、 理论、 说法等) step up 加紧, go missing 失踪, show great , interest in 对….表现出极大的兴趣, due to 因为, show up 露面, according to 根据, pull back 拉开, do research on 在….方面进行研究, rule out 排除, look into 调查, make up 编造, take charge of 负责, make a speech 作报告, so far 到目前为止, outer space 外层空间, human beings 人类, space shuttle 航天飞机, Soviet Union 苏联, carry out.完成, 实现, 贯彻, 执行, dream of 梦想, come true 实现, solar system 太阳系, comic strip 连环漫画.
【语法】 三、 语法】 【语法
A.现在完成时 现在完成时
  1.现在完成时态的构成:现在完成时是由助动词 have/has+过去分词构成。
  2.在现完成时 表示动作完成在过去,强调对现在造成的影响或结果,常与 already,just, ever,never 和 yet 等连用。表示曾去过某处 have / has been;表示某人去某处(还没有回来) 用 have / has gone。 例如:I have just locked the door. He has left London for York.
  3.表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态,有以下几种情况: 与 for + 表示一段时间的词组连用。例如:I have worked here for 20 years. 与 since + 表示过去某一时刻的词或词组连用。例如:They have had 4 meetings since the new term began.
  4. 非延续性动词与可延续性动词 两者都可用于现在完成时,但非延续性动词用在现在完成时时不能与表示一段时间的 时间状语连用。如果必须这样用,就需要把非延续性动词转化为可延续性动词或状态动词。 He has been back for three days. He has been back since three days ago. It's three days since he came back. Three days has passed since he came back. B.现在完成进行时
构成:have/has been+doing 现在完成进行时是一兼有现在完成时和现在进行时二者基本特点的时态。 由于它有现 在完成时的特点,所以它可以表示某一动作对现在产生的结果或影响。由于它有现在进 行时的特点,所以它也可以表示某一动作的延续性、临时性、重复性。现在完成进行时 比较生动,有时含有明显的感情色彩,例如: The couple have been quarreling ever since they got married.(说话人对这对夫妻的关系 很不以为然) You have been asking me questions for the last two hours.(不耐烦)
  1. 现在完成进行时可以用来表示一个动作从过去某时开始一直延续到说话时刻还
在进行。例如: a. He has been working on the puzzle since early morning.
b. We have been waiting for the result for half a day.

  2.
现在完成进行时可以用来表示一个动作从过去某时开始一直延续到说话时刻刚 刚结束。例如:
a. Where have you been? We have been looking for you everywhere.
b. I have been wondering about your behavior.
  3.
现在完成进行时可以用来表示过去刚刚完成的动作, 其结果对现在有影响或联系, 例如: a. She has been crying(她现在眼睛还在红肿). b. It has been snowing.(地上已经有了一层雪).
【难点讲解】 难点讲解】

  1. The world we live in today is full of mysteries unsolved even by today’s advanced science and technology. 我们生活的世界里充满了谜团, 这些谜团即使是当今发达的科学技术也无法解开。 过去分词短语 unsolved even by today’s advanced science and technology 是 mysteries 的定语,它的作用相当于定语从句 which are unsolved even by today’s advanced science and technology。当定语从句是由关系代词+be 动词+过去分词或现在分词 短语构成时,关系代词和 be 动词可以省略。例如: Stories (which were) made up by him didn’t sound very convincing. People (who are) living in these areas believe in ghosts. Advanced 先进的、发达的。
  2. Police in America have stepped up their search for a fifteen-year-old boy who went missing in Dover, New Hampshire. 美国警方现已加紧对一名 15 岁失踪男孩的搜索, 该男孩于两天前在新罕布什尔州的 多佛市失踪。 step up 加紧,如: step up production, step up the campaign, step up the lobby(加紧游说) search 在句中作名词, 常见词组有 one’s/the search for (对…的搜索、 探求) in search , of(为了寻求)。例如:
His search for truth has led to one discovery after another. He risked his life in search of truth. Police 是集体名词,形式上永远是单数,和复数动词连用。
  3. People have shown great interest in his disappearance due to sighting of puzzling lights in the sky and reports of alien visits around the time of his disappearance. 公众对男孩的失踪表现出极大的兴趣,原因是在他失踪前后有人声称看到天空中出 现令人迷惑不解的亮光,还有关于外星人造访地球的报道。
  4. Standing inside were lots of white-skinned, strange-looking creatures with large black eyes. (飞碟)里面站着许多白皮肤、样子奇怪、长着黑色大眼睛的生物。 这是个倒装句, 这句话的正常语序是: Lots of white-skinned, strange-looking creatures with large black eyes were standing inside. 当句子的主语部分太长,或说话人想要强 调对动作的描写时,可以把现在分词短语和主语部分的位置交换,形成“现在分词 短语+be 动词+主语部分”的倒装结构。例如: Lying there was a thin, black woman with untidy hair and stony face. Coming up is a talk show by our famous host Peter Pan. white-skinned 白皮肤的,这是一个由形容词+名词+ed 构成的复合形容词,中学阶 段常见的还有: kind-hearted, bold-faced, ill-tempered 等。 strange-looking 样子奇怪的。形容词/副词+动词+ing 也可以构成的复合形容词,例 如:good-looking, easy-going(好相处的), never-ending, ever-lasting.
  5. believe 和 believe in believe+sb 表示“相信某人的话” ,believe+sth 表示“相信某事的真实性” 。例如: I believe George, he has never told a lie. Do you believe his story? Believe in+sb 表示“信任某人” ,believe in+sth 表示“相信某事的存在、信仰某种学 说或宗教” 。例如: I believe in Ed, he will never let me down (让我失望). I don’t believe in UFO. He believes in Maxism.
  6. search 和 search for
search+搜查的对象,例如:search the house, search the prisoner. Search for+,例如:search for gold, search for food. 也可以是:search+搜查的对象+搜索的目标。例如:search the house for the thief
  7. make up 编造, make up for 补偿、弥补, be made up of 由….构成. 例如: We had to work day and night to make up for the lost time. He made up this story simply to draw attention to himself. The exploration team was made up of 4 scientists, a doctor and an Indian guide.
  8. go 作为系动词用法小结:
  1) 表示“变得” ,常和有关颜色、状态、质地的形容词或词组连用,例如: a. His hair has gone gray. b. He went purple(发紫)with anger. c. The company went broke (破产)after such a heavy loss. d. Milk goes bad (变质)very easily in hot weather. e. The children went wild with excitement (高兴地发狂). f. The project can be finished in a week if nothing goes wrong.
  2) 表示“选择….样的方式、采用….的方法” ,例如:go natural 回归自然, go international 国际化, go native 融入当地社会, go green 追求绿色生活。
  3) 表示“未受到…”, 常和 un+过去分词构成的形容词 unpunished/ unnoticed/ unchallenged/ uncommented 等连用,相当于“pass/get away without being+过去 分词” ,例如: a. Many important details have gone unnoticed while he was listening.
b. If his cheating goes unpunished, more students will follow suit(跟着学).
【同步练习】 同步练习】
一、单项选择
  1. Nanjing is situated the Yangtse River. A. to B. near C. on D. at

  2. John will settle after he gets a job and gets married. A.down B. up C. about D. for

  3. A large number of people London each year. A.visits B. visiting C. are visit D. visit

  4. Most of the meat bad. A. have gone
  5. We have got used to A.work B. have went together. C. worked D. working C. has gone D. has went
B. works

  6. He isn`t the man he used to. A.be B. is C. been D. being

  7. He himself the improvement of workers` lives. A. asked; for B. devoted; to C. paid; by D. put; in

  8. This is the hotel some German friends stayed yesterday. A. which B. where C. the one
  9. All glitters is not gold. A. which B. what C. that D. it D. what

  10. Is that the woman daughter is in your class? A. who B. whose C. whom D. that

  11. They left for Beijing last week and we from them so far. A. don`t hear B.didn`t hear C. won`t hear D.haven`t heard

  12. Whenever he these days, he always carries an umbrella with him. A. will go out B. is going out C. would go out D. goes out

  13.Would you be so kind make these calls for me. A. as soon B. in order to C. for D. as to

  14.If it isn`t too for you, could you open this window please? A. many troubles B. much trouble C. much pleasure D. little difficulties

  15. The window is broken, I will have it . A. to repair B. repairing C. repaired D. be repaired
二、用下列单词或词组的适当形式填空:
Believe, believe in, run into, step up, search, search for, carry out, frighten existence, exploration, convince, witness, puzzle, late, sink.

  1. The police already his house but haven’t found any evidence against him.
  2. The local government has campaign against bird flu(禽流感).
  3. I an old friend in the street the other day.
  4. Scientists have been the traces of Yetis in Tibet.
  5. Do you that we will run out of oil in a score of years?
  6. As a businessman he nothing but money.
  7. It is highly impossible to this plan.
  8. There was a look on his face when he heard his name called.
  9. The roar of wild animals at night sounded very to the kids.
  10. I’m fully of his innocence(清白)
  11. Have you heard from your parents ?
  12. She looked past me as if I did not .
  13. There were lots of people this historical event.
  14. They found nothing of great value in the ship.
  15. Man has launched many spaceships outer space.
三、完形填空
I went to my favorite restaurant one evening to have supper. I knew the owner very well. 1 I was waiting for the soup to arrive, I looked around to see if I knew anyone 2 that I noticed a man sitting at the corner table 3 4
in the restaurant. It was
watching in my direction, as if he knew me. The man had a newspaper open him, which he was 5
to read, though all the while I could see that he was keeping by the
an eye on me. When the waiter brought the soup, the man was clearly 6
familiar way in which the waiter and I talked to each other. He became even more
puzzled as time went on and it grew more and more obvious that I was well
7
in
the restaurant. In the end he got up and went to the kitchen. After a few minutes he came 8 again, paid his bill and left without 10 9 looking in my direction. 11
When I finished and was
to pay my bill, I called the owner over and 12
him what the man had wanted. The owner at
didn’t want to tell me. I 13
“ Well”, he said “ that man was a detective.” “ 14 ?” I said, much surprised. “ he followed you here because he 15 you were the man he was looking for,” the man. He certainly looked 18 17
owner said. “ He showed me a photo of the 16
you! Of course since we know you here. I was able to make him made a mistake.” “ It’s said, “ otherwise I 20
  1.A. While
  2.A. time
  3.A. began
  4.A. behind
  5.A. pretending
  6.A. frightened
  7.A. treated
  8.A. around
  9.A. another
  10.A. able
  11.A. told
  12.A. last
  13.A. insisted 19
that he had
I came to a restaurant where I’m where I’m known,” I
have been taken to police station!” B. After B. time B. enjoyed B. over B. seen B. surprised C. Before C. here C. kept D. Unti
 

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