牛津英语语法基础知识专题三 牛津英语语法基础知识专题三 形容词 副词 英语语法基础知识专题

  1)英语中大多数形容词、副词是可以分等级的,一般有三个等级:原级,比较级和最高级。 形容词、副词的本来形式就是形容词的原级。如:John is a tall boy.两者间进行比较用到形容词比较级。 如:Jim is taller than John.三者或者三者以上进行比较用形容词的最高级。Mike is the tallest of the three boys.(形容词最高级前面要加定冠词 the)
  2)形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化 a)规则变化 ①单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er 最高级+est small-smaller-smallest 等 ②以 e 结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st 即可 nice-nicer-nicest ③以辅音字母+y 结尾的,变 y 为 i+er 或 est easy-easier-easiest ④双写最后一个辅音字母+er 或 est hot-hotter-hottest ⑥ 一些双音节及多音节形容词或副词前要加 more 和 most,如:difficult-more difficult-most difficult b)不规则变化 good/well-better-best,bad-worse-worst many/much-more-most little-less-least far-further -furthest(表示程度) far-farther-farthest(表示远近) old-older-oldest(表新旧) old -elder-eldest(表兄弟姊妹之间的长幼)
  3)比较级前的修饰词:a little, a lot, much, even; far; still
  4)形容词、副词比较级的特殊用法 ①形容词/副词比较级+than+ any other+单数名词(+介词短语)"表示"比同一范围的任何一个人/物都……",含 义是"最……"。 例如,Mike gets to school earlier than any other student in his class. = Mike gets to school earlier than any of the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earlier than the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earliest in his class.注意:Mike gets to school earlier than any student in Tom's class. ②"the+形容词比较级+of the two+……"表示"...是两者中较…的"。 如,Look at the two boys. My brother is the taller of the two. ③"比较级+and+比较级"表示"越来越……"。He is getting taller and taller. ④"the+比较级,the+比较级"表示"越…,越…,"。The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you'll make
  5)最高级常用句型结构 ①"主语+be+ the+形容词最高级+单数名词+in/of 短语"表示"……是……中最……的"。 如,Tom is the tallest in his class./of all the students. ②"主语+be+ one of the+形容词最高级+复数名词+in/of 短语"表示"…是……中最……之一"。 如,Beijing is one of the largest cities in China. ③序数词+最高级 Hainan Island is the second largest island in China. 【课堂练习】 I.写出所给词的反义词。
  1.young
  2.better
  3.white
  4.longer
  5.big
  6.thinner
  7.left
  8.far
  9.fast
  10.light II. 用所给词的正确形式填空。
  1)Maria is (thin). Lucy is (thin) than Mary.
  2)Mike is (heavy) boy in his class.
  3)Tom is as ( tall) as Jim.
  4)I am much ( well) than yesterday.
  5)This skirt is ( expensive) of the three.
  6)The weather today is (hot) than it was yesterday.
  7)Lucy writes (careful) than her brother.
  8)Today is (busy) day this week. (easy ) of all.
  9)That is
  10) He is (clever ) boy in the class.
  11)John is ( short ) than Tom.
牛津英语语法 1 基础知识专题

  12)This box is ( heavy ) than that one. III、根据所给汉语完成句子
  1. exercise you take, (你锻炼越多就会越强壮) you will be.
  2. Who jumped (最远) of all in the long jump?
  3. Lucy says she will write to you back (尽可能快地) 。
  4. There are (如此多的人) that we can't see each other.
  5.- (何时何地) shall we meet? -Let's meet outside the school gate tomorrow afternoon. IV、单项选择 ( )
  1. -Tom is the one I want to work with. He is always complaining. - Be more patient. He is still a good boy. A. best B. last C. first D. only ( )
  2. We want to go to Japan to have a study. A. farther B. farthest C. further D. furthest ( )
  3. The meeting hall is to hold 5000 people. A. large enough B. enough large C. so large D. too large ( )
  4. When spring comes, the trees get . A. green and green B. green and greener C. greener and green D. greener and greener ( )
  5. My brother is three years than I . A. old; older B. elder ; older C. older; elder D. old; elder ( )
  6. He's to hear the bad news. A. sorry B. bad C. happy D. well ( )
  7. The snow is over one meter when it's winter here. A. long B. high C. thick D. this ( )
  8. This book is worth seeing again. A. very B. quite C. well D. much ( )
  9. My sister sat to me to listen to the story. A. close B. closely C. nearby D. with ( )
  10. The sports car is running , It seems to be flying. A. fast and fast B. more and fast C. more and faster D. faster and faster ( )
  11. You run for us to catch up with you. A . too fast B. so fast C. too slowly D. so slowly ( )
  12. Don't look the window? We're having a class. A. out of B out from C. down of D. out. ( )
  13. This year our school is than it was last year. A. much more beautiful B. much beautiful C. the most beautiful D. beautiful ( )
  14. the ground is, air becomes. A. The high; the thin B. The highest; the thinnest C. The higher; the thiner D. The higher; the thinner ( )
  15. John is of the two boys. A. tall B. tallest C. the tallest. D. the taller. ( )
  16. -Why does Peter like moon cakes with nuts instead of the ones with eggs? -Because he thinks the moon cakes with nuts are . A. cheap B. dear C. worse D. nicer ( )
  17. She is than I A. a head taller B. a taller head C. taller a head D. head taller ( )
  18. Paris is one of cities in the world. A. more beautifully B. more beautiful C. the most beautifully D. the most beautiful ( )
  19. Shanghai is the first city in China. A. big B. biggest C. the big D. the biggest ( )
  20. -Mr Zhou, of all the students in our group, who lives ? -I think Li Lei does. A. far B. farther C. farthest D. the farther
牛津英语语法 2 基础知识专题
( )
  21. Bob never does his homework Mary, he makes lots of mistakes. A. so careful as B. as carefully as C. carefully as D. as careful as. ( )
  22. My sister is good at sports, She can jump than me. A. highest B. very high C. too high D. much higher ( )
  23.The Yellow River is one of in China. A. the longest rivers B. the longer river C. the longest river D. the long river ( )
  24.I don't feel to go to work today. I'm ill. A. good enough B. well enough C. enough well D. enough good ( )
  25.Be quiet, class! I have to tell you. A. important anything B. important something C. anything important D. something important V、同义句转换
  1. Math is the most difficult of all the subjects. Math is difficult than other subject. Math is difficult than other subjects.
  2. Joe isn't as tall as Lucy.. Joe is than Lucy.
  3. Kate is 10 years old. Tom is 12 years old. Kate is Tom. Tom is Kate.
  4.The bag is too expensive for me to buy. The bag is for me to buy.
牛津英语语法
3
基础知识专题
 

相关内容

牛津英语语法基础知识专题三 形容词 副词

   牛津英语语法基础知识专题三 牛津英语语法基础知识专题三 形容词 副词 英语语法基础知识专题 1)英语中大多数形容词、副词是可以分等级的,一般有三个等级:原级,比较级和最高级。 形容词、副词的本来形式就是形容词的原级。如:John is a tall boy.两者间进行比较用到形容词比较级。 如:Jim is taller than John.三者或者三者以上进行比较用形容词的最高级。Mike is the tallest of the three boys.(形容词最高级前面要加定冠词 th ...

中考英语基础知识??形容词、副词_(ppt)

   形容词和副词 一.形容词的用法 二.副词的用法 三.形容词、副词比较等级 形容词、 一、形容词的用法 1、形容词 名词 a beautiful girl 、形容词+名词 2、连系动词 、连系动词(be, look, feel, taste, sound,smell, get, turn等)+形容词 等 形容词 Your mother looks happy today. 3、something,anything等不定代词 、 , 等不定代词 +形容词 形容词 anything else 其他 ...

初二英语牛津英语8A 形容词 副词专题

   更多资源xiti123.taobao.com 更多资源 用以修饰名词,表示事物的特征 用以修饰名词,表示事物的特征 的词。 的词。e.g. long, empty, cheap, hungry, etc. 在句中作定语、表语、 在句中作定语、表语、宾语 定语 等成分. 补足语等成分 补足语等成分. e.g. He is a good student. I have something important to tell you. 当形容词修饰由some-,any-,no-,every当形容词 ...

初三英语专项复习(三):形容词、副词翼教版知识精讲

   初三英语专项复习( :形容词、副词翼教版 初三英语专项复习(三) 形容词、副词翼教版 专项复习 :形容词 【本讲教育信息 本讲教育信息】 本讲教育信息 一. 教学内容: 专项复习(三) :形容词、副词 二. 重点讲解: 形容词 形容词是用来描写或修饰名词(或代词)的一类词。形容词在句中主要用作定语、表语 和宾语补足语。 1. 用作定语,修饰名词或代词. (1)形容词修饰名词时,一般置于它所修饰的名词之前;如有若干形容词同时修饰一 个名词,它们的排列顺序较为固定,通常为:描绘形容词、特征形容词 ...

英语形容词副词

   1. Tony is going camping with boys. A. little two other B. two little other C. two other little D. little other two 2. Which is the country, Japan or Australia? A. more developed B. more developing C. most developed D. most developing 3. - How was ...

英语---形容词、副词考点

   形容词的用法 (一)作用: 作用: 1.作定语:用于名词前 作定语: 作定语 Country music is a kind of sweet music. 2. 作表语 作表语:It looks good. 3. 作宾补:Don’t make your parent angry. 作宾补: who has left the door open? 形容词前加the表一类人,谓语用复数 表一类人, (二)形容词前加 表一类人 the old, the young, the rich, the ...

初三英语形容词副词

   形容词和副词 1. 形容词和副词的功能及位置 (1)形容词的功能:主要是用来描写或修饰名词,说明名词的性质、特征、状态,在句中 作定语、表语、补足语等成分。 (2)形容词的位置 ① 作定语一般位于它所修饰的名词之前; ② alive, afraid, awake, alone, asleep 等表语形容词作定语需后置 需后置; 需后置 ③ 修饰 someone, somebody, something, anyone, anybody, anything, nobody, nothing 等 ...

中考英语形容词、副词

   专题4 专题 形容词、 形容词、副词 中考对形容词和副词的考查热点一般集中在对它们的原级、比较级和最高级的变化及用 法上。命题形式往往是在一句话中空出形容词或副词,让考生根据句子的意义和结构确定空 白处应用形容词还是副词,或者应用原级、比较级还是最高级。具体内容如下: 1.形容词、副词的各种用法。 2.形容词、副词的比较等级。 3.各种表示比较的句型。 4.形容词、副词构成的一些重要短语及句型,动词与副词搭配构成的短语。 知识网络 修饰形容词、副词 形容词和副词 副词的用法表示频度的副词 ...

初三英语形容词、副词复习

   形容词、副词 四、 形容词、副词 (一) 知识概要 形容词的用法很活跃,在英语中用处也很多,但英语中修饰可数名词和不可数名词的修饰语和词组有时 不同,要特别加以注意。下面将初中学习阶段中遇到的修饰可数名词的词和词组归纳如下:many, no, several, some, a few, a lot, lots, plenty, plenty of, a lot of, a large number of, enough。而修饰不可数名词的词 或词组如下:much, no, some, ...

中考英语形容词副词复习

   专题Ⅱ 第二部 专题Ⅱ词汇 形容词、 ㈣ 形容词、副词 考点揭密 典型例题解析 课时训练 1. 掌握形容词作宾语时的位置,一般放在被修饰词前; 2.掌握形容词作宾语时的位置,一般放在被修饰词前;但当修饰 考点揭密 不定代词时要后置, 不定代词时要后置,如something important,nothing serious等; 掌握形容词副词的比较级、最高级的构成,一般规则形容词、 3.掌握形容词副词的比较级、最高级的构成,一般规则形容词、 副词比较级、最高级有四种加法,即直接在原级词尾 副 ...

热门内容

上海市高考英语口试训练题

   上海市高考英语口试训练题 快速应答 1 Q: You won't be late again, will you? A: Of course I won't. 2 Q: I don't feel like eating anything these days. A: Neither do I. 3 Q: We're having a party this weekend, would you care to come? A: I would love to come 4. Q: Why it ...

五年级英语下册Recycle1

   【课题】五年级下册 Recycle 1 【教学内容】Ask and answer Listen and write 【课时】 第一课时 【教学目标】 1、复习有关一天中的活动及活动时间的短语和句子。 2、填写或制作作息时间表。 3、培养合理安排时间及热爱劳动的观念。 【教学重点、难点】 重点与难点是综合运用第一单元的中心语言, 对一天中的活动进行有条理地 表达。 【突破重点、难点的方法】 在教学过程中,结合所给句型替换关键词,在情景中学习新单词;在教学过 程中,利用挂图及单词卡,练习所学内容 ...

免费文档[电子书][学习][英文]英语 常用 4000英文 单词

   U?质褂?;率排序表 1 英文最常用之 4000 U? RANDY YUAN 1 U?质褂?;率排序表 1 U? the be of and a in he to have to it for they with I not that on as at by this we she from do but or an you which worthy all one who will say that make when there if can man time ?^性 art v pre ...

科学合理地使用现行小学英语教材

   第2 3卷 第 3 期  20 o   09年 6月 延边教 育学 院学报  J u l f ab nIstt o E u ao   o  ̄   Y n i   tue f d ct n o a ni   i V0 2   L3 NO.  3 JI20  uL 0 9   科 学合理地使用现行小学英语教材  王 玉 洁  ( 图们市教师进修学校 ,吉林 图们 13 0 ) 3 10   摘要: 新课程 小学英语教材 的 内容安排为小 学英语教师提供 了广阔的创 造 空间. 师必须摒 弃 。 ...

英语常用口语

   1. Have a nice day. 祝你今天愉快 2. So far, so good. 目前为止一切都好 3. Take it or leave it. 要就要,不要就拉倒 4. Keep it up! 继续努力,继续加油 5. Good for you. 好啊!做得好! 好啊!做得好! 6. Time flies!时光如梭 7. Time is money. 时间就是金钱 8. That's life. 这就是人生 9. Now you're talking. 这才对嘛 10. ha ...