牛津英语语法基础知识专题三 牛津英语语法基础知识专题三 形容词 副词 英语语法基础知识专题

  1)英语中大多数形容词、副词是可以分等级的,一般有三个等级:原级,比较级和最高级。 形容词、副词的本来形式就是形容词的原级。如:John is a tall boy.两者间进行比较用到形容词比较级。 如:Jim is taller than John.三者或者三者以上进行比较用形容词的最高级。Mike is the tallest of the three boys.(形容词最高级前面要加定冠词 the)
  2)形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化 a)规则变化 ①单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er 最高级+est small-smaller-smallest 等 ②以 e 结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st 即可 nice-nicer-nicest ③以辅音字母+y 结尾的,变 y 为 i+er 或 est easy-easier-easiest ④双写最后一个辅音字母+er 或 est hot-hotter-hottest ⑥ 一些双音节及多音节形容词或副词前要加 more 和 most,如:difficult-more difficult-most difficult b)不规则变化 good/well-better-best,bad-worse-worst many/much-more-most little-less-least far-further -furthest(表示程度) far-farther-farthest(表示远近) old-older-oldest(表新旧) old -elder-eldest(表兄弟姊妹之间的长幼)
  3)比较级前的修饰词:a little, a lot, much, even; far; still
  4)形容词、副词比较级的特殊用法 ①形容词/副词比较级+than+ any other+单数名词(+介词短语)"表示"比同一范围的任何一个人/物都……",含 义是"最……"。 例如,Mike gets to school earlier than any other student in his class. = Mike gets to school earlier than any of the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earlier than the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earliest in his class.注意:Mike gets to school earlier than any student in Tom's class. ②"the+形容词比较级+of the two+……"表示"...是两者中较…的"。 如,Look at the two boys. My brother is the taller of the two. ③"比较级+and+比较级"表示"越来越……"。He is getting taller and taller. ④"the+比较级,the+比较级"表示"越…,越…,"。The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you'll make
  5)最高级常用句型结构 ①"主语+be+ the+形容词最高级+单数名词+in/of 短语"表示"……是……中最……的"。 如,Tom is the tallest in his class./of all the students. ②"主语+be+ one of the+形容词最高级+复数名词+in/of 短语"表示"…是……中最……之一"。 如,Beijing is one of the largest cities in China. ③序数词+最高级 Hainan Island is the second largest island in China. 【课堂练习】 I.写出所给词的反义词。
  1.young
  2.better
  3.white
  4.longer
  5.big
  6.thinner
  7.left
  8.far
  9.fast
  10.light II. 用所给词的正确形式填空。
  1)Maria is (thin). Lucy is (thin) than Mary.
  2)Mike is (heavy) boy in his class.
  3)Tom is as ( tall) as Jim.
  4)I am much ( well) than yesterday.
  5)This skirt is ( expensive) of the three.
  6)The weather today is (hot) than it was yesterday.
  7)Lucy writes (careful) than her brother.
  8)Today is (busy) day this week. (easy ) of all.
  9)That is
  10) He is (clever ) boy in the class.
  11)John is ( short ) than Tom.
牛津英语语法 1 基础知识专题

  12)This box is ( heavy ) than that one. III、根据所给汉语完成句子
  1. exercise you take, (你锻炼越多就会越强壮) you will be.
  2. Who jumped (最远) of all in the long jump?
  3. Lucy says she will write to you back (尽可能快地) 。
  4. There are (如此多的人) that we can't see each other.
  5.- (何时何地) shall we meet? -Let's meet outside the school gate tomorrow afternoon. IV、单项选择 ( )
  1. -Tom is the one I want to work with. He is always complaining. - Be more patient. He is still a good boy. A. best B. last C. first D. only ( )
  2. We want to go to Japan to have a study. A. farther B. farthest C. further D. furthest ( )
  3. The meeting hall is to hold 5000 people. A. large enough B. enough large C. so large D. too large ( )
  4. When spring comes, the trees get . A. green and green B. green and greener C. greener and green D. greener and greener ( )
  5. My brother is three years than I . A. old; older B. elder ; older C. older; elder D. old; elder ( )
  6. He's to hear the bad news. A. sorry B. bad C. happy D. well ( )
  7. The snow is over one meter when it's winter here. A. long B. high C. thick D. this ( )
  8. This book is worth seeing again. A. very B. quite C. well D. much ( )
  9. My sister sat to me to listen to the story. A. close B. closely C. nearby D. with ( )
  10. The sports car is running , It seems to be flying. A. fast and fast B. more and fast C. more and faster D. faster and faster ( )
  11. You run for us to catch up with you. A . too fast B. so fast C. too slowly D. so slowly ( )
  12. Don't look the window? We're having a class. A. out of B out from C. down of D. out. ( )
  13. This year our school is than it was last year. A. much more beautiful B. much beautiful C. the most beautiful D. beautiful ( )
  14. the ground is, air becomes. A. The high; the thin B. The highest; the thinnest C. The higher; the thiner D. The higher; the thinner ( )
  15. John is of the two boys. A. tall B. tallest C. the tallest. D. the taller. ( )
  16. -Why does Peter like moon cakes with nuts instead of the ones with eggs? -Because he thinks the moon cakes with nuts are . A. cheap B. dear C. worse D. nicer ( )
  17. She is than I A. a head taller B. a taller head C. taller a head D. head taller ( )
  18. Paris is one of cities in the world. A. more beautifully B. more beautiful C. the most beautifully D. the most beautiful ( )
  19. Shanghai is the first city in China. A. big B. biggest C. the big D. the biggest ( )
  20. -Mr Zhou, of all the students in our group, who lives ? -I think Li Lei does. A. far B. farther C. farthest D. the farther
牛津英语语法 2 基础知识专题
( )
  21. Bob never does his homework Mary, he makes lots of mistakes. A. so careful as B. as carefully as C. carefully as D. as careful as. ( )
  22. My sister is good at sports, She can jump than me. A. highest B. very high C. too high D. much higher ( )
  23.The Yellow River is one of in China. A. the longest rivers B. the longer river C. the longest river D. the long river ( )
  24.I don't feel to go to work today. I'm ill. A. good enough B. well enough C. enough well D. enough good ( )
  25.Be quiet, class! I have to tell you. A. important anything B. important something C. anything important D. something important V、同义句转换
  1. Math is the most difficult of all the subjects. Math is difficult than other subject. Math is difficult than other subjects.
  2. Joe isn't as tall as Lucy.. Joe is than Lucy.
  3. Kate is 10 years old. Tom is 12 years old. Kate is Tom. Tom is Kate.
  4.The bag is too expensive for me to buy. The bag is for me to buy.
牛津英语语法
3
基础知识专题
 

相关内容

中考英语基础知识??形容词、副词_(ppt)

   形容词和副词 一.形容词的用法 二.副词的用法 三.形容词、副词比较等级 形容词、 一、形容词的用法 1、形容词 名词 a beautiful girl 、形容词+名词 2、连系动词 、连系动词(be, look, feel, taste, sound,smell, get, turn等)+形容词 等 形容词 Your mother looks happy today. 3、something,anything等不定代词 、 , 等不定代词 +形容词 形容词 anything else 其他 ...

初中英语基础知识??形容词、副词

   一.形容词的用法 二.副词的用法 三.形容词、副词比较等级 形容词、 一、形容词的用法 1、形容词 名词 a beautiful girl 、形容词+名词 2、连系动词 、连系动词(be, look, feel, taste, sound,smell, get, turn等)+形容词 等 形容词 Your mother looks happy today. 3、something,anything等不定代词 、 , 等不定代词 +形容词 形容词 anything else 其他的东西 I c ...

初二英语牛津英语8A 形容词 副词专题

   更多资源xiti123.taobao.com 更多资源 用以修饰名词,表示事物的特征 用以修饰名词,表示事物的特征 的词。 的词。e.g. long, empty, cheap, hungry, etc. 在句中作定语、表语、 在句中作定语、表语、宾语 定语 等成分. 补足语等成分 补足语等成分. e.g. He is a good student. I have something important to tell you. 当形容词修饰由some-,any-,no-,every当形容词 ...

中考英语总复习--形容词副词用法专题精讲

   本资料来源于大家网中考英语论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-213-1.html 中考英语总复习--形容词副词用法专题精讲 中考英语总复习 形容词副词用法专题精讲 ?形容词 -命题趋势 命题趋势 形容词是历年各省市中考必考知识点.从考查形式看,一般有单项选择,完 形填空,词语运用等.所占分值通常为 2~4 分.从命题意图看,侧重考查考生 在具体语言环境中使用形容词的能力. -考查重点 考查重点 中考试题对形容词的考查涉及形容词原级,比较级和最高级的各种句型,形 ...

初三英语专项复习(三):形容词、副词翼教版知识精讲

   初三英语专项复习( :形容词、副词翼教版 初三英语专项复习(三) 形容词、副词翼教版 专项复习 :形容词 【本讲教育信息 本讲教育信息】 本讲教育信息 一. 教学内容: 专项复习(三) :形容词、副词 二. 重点讲解: 形容词 形容词是用来描写或修饰名词(或代词)的一类词。形容词在句中主要用作定语、表语 和宾语补足语。 1. 用作定语,修饰名词或代词. (1)形容词修饰名词时,一般置于它所修饰的名词之前;如有若干形容词同时修饰一 个名词,它们的排列顺序较为固定,通常为:描绘形容词、特征形容词 ...

2010高考二轮复习英语教案??专题三 形容词和副词

   高考二轮复习英语教 2010 高考二轮复习英语教案 专题三 形容词和副词 【专题要点】形容词副词要点概览:1.the+形容词表示一类人或事物的用法;2.多个形容词修 专题要点】 饰名词时的顺序;3.比较级表达最高级含义的用法;4.能用于修饰比较级的词或短语;5.近义 形容词,副词在具体语境中的运用;6.形近形容词和副词的辨析 【考纲要求】形容词与副词是中学语法的重要内容,也是高考考查的热点.关于形容词与副 考纲要求】 词这一考点,考纲要求掌握以下几个方面: 1.形容词和副词的基本用法 形容词 ...

英语形容词、副词

   形容词: 形容词: 1.基本用法: 1.基本用法 基本用法: 可做 1)定语(放在名词前); 2)表语(放在系动词后); 1)定语 放在名词前); 2)表语 放在系动词后); 定语( 表语( 3)宾语补足语; 4)the+形容词可转化为名词 3)宾语补足语 4)the+形容词可转化为名词 宾语补足语; 1)Jim is a diligent boy. 2)John is honest and warm-hearted. warm-hearted. Father got angry when ...

【英语语法】_形容词副词

   形容词 Adjective A.定义 用以叙述名词或代词,使其表明数量、 . 用以叙述名词或代词,使其表明数量 数量、 性质或状态的词叫作形容词 的词叫作形容词。 性质或状态的词叫作形容词。 例:There are many birds in the trees. 树林里有许多的鸟。 数量) (树林里有许多的鸟。??数量) 数量 例:Your new teacher looks kind and gentle. 你的新老师看起来亲切而温柔。 性质) (你的新老师看起来亲切而温柔。??性质) ...

初三英语形容词副词

   形容词和副词 1. 形容词和副词的功能及位置 (1)形容词的功能:主要是用来描写或修饰名词,说明名词的性质、特征、状态,在句中 作定语、表语、补足语等成分。 (2)形容词的位置 ① 作定语一般位于它所修饰的名词之前; ② alive, afraid, awake, alone, asleep 等表语形容词作定语需后置 需后置; 需后置 ③ 修饰 someone, somebody, something, anyone, anybody, anything, nobody, nothing 等 ...

初三英语形容词、副词复习

   形容词、副词 四、 形容词、副词 (一) 知识概要 形容词的用法很活跃,在英语中用处也很多,但英语中修饰可数名词和不可数名词的修饰语和词组有时 不同,要特别加以注意。下面将初中学习阶段中遇到的修饰可数名词的词和词组归纳如下:many, no, several, some, a few, a lot, lots, plenty, plenty of, a lot of, a large number of, enough。而修饰不可数名词的词 或词组如下:much, no, some, ...

热门内容

新航道老师谈英语复习

   实 录 : 新 航 道 老 师 做 客 kaoyan.com 谈 英 语 复 习 http://www.kaoyan.com 2005-03-13 考研加油站 2 0 0 5 年 3 月 1 3 日 下 午 ,新 航 道 学 校 的 宫 玉 波 、李 传 伟 老 师 做 客 k a o y a n . c o m ,与 网 友 们 交 流 了 有 关 06 年 考 研 英 语 复 习 中 应 该 注 意 的 一 些 问 题 , 以 下 为 访 谈 的 实 录 : 网 友 8051: 我平时写 ...

牛津小学英语5B Unit8(三)

   牛津小学英语5B Unit 8 At the weekends (Part E F G H) 第一部分 简要提示 一、 年级:5年级 二、单元:Unit 8 三、 课题:At the weekends 四、课型:新授课 五、 教学内容: 单元Part EFGH 六、 教学目标: 1.掌 1. 握 单 词 、 词 组 : primary school, other, carry, glow, special 2.能看懂E 部分短文; 3.了解字母组合ee在单词中的读音。 4.会演唱歌曲We k ...

2011走向高考,贾凤山,高中总复习,英语,天津必修三Module 1~3综合技能测试

   必修三 Module 1~3 综合技能测试 本卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 115 分) 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 略 第二部分:基础知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. the northeast coast of the sea, we could fin ...

【英语专八】十天内词汇量突破20000带翻译

   Her singing evoked admiration from the public. Lesson 1 We still use this machine though it is obsolete. A monument was built to commemorate the victory. The children huddled together for warmth. Censure is sometimes harder to bear than punishment. ...

英语作文模板

   2010 年英语四级写作模板--提纲式作文 模版 1 Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点 1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点 2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. ...