1. Hello, Eli. Good morning. 嗨,埃丽。早上好。 埃丽。早上好。 英文中常用的问候语及其回答: -Hello. -Hello. ―Hi. ―Hi. ―Good morning. ―Good morning. ―Good afternoon. ―Good afternoon. ―Good evening. ―Good evening. ―Good night. ―Good night. ―How do you do? ―How do you do? ―How are you? ―Fine, thank you. 高分突破: 注意对 “How do you do?” 和 “How are you?” 两句话的回答不要弄混淆。 对不起,我迟到了。
  2. Sorry, I’m late. 对不起,我迟到了。
  1) sorry “对不起” 用于引出某一过错。 Excuse me. “对不起” 用于引起对方的注意。例如: I’m sorry I can’t speak English. Excuse me, is this your backpack?
  2) be late (for ...) (做……)迟到 be late for school/ class/ work/ the meeting 上学/上课/上班/开会迟到 高分突破: late 的副词仍为 late, 不能写成 lately. 例如: 请不要晚到学校。 Please don’t arrive lately for school. (×) Please don’t arrive late for school. (√)
  3. Nice to meet you! 很高兴认识你! 很高兴认识你! 对表示见到某人很高兴的几种表达: (It’s)Nice to meet you. =(I’m) Happy/ Glad/ Pleased to meet you. 高分突破: 注意形容词与主语的搭配: (×) I’m nice to meet you. It’s happy/ glad/ pleased to meet you. (×)
  4. What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说? 这个用英语怎么说?
  1) 同义句:What’s the English for this?
  2) 用什么语言,介词用 in: “in + language”. 例如: in English 用英语 in Chinese 用汉语 in Japanese 用日语 in your own words 用自己的语言 高分突破: : 用钢笔:in ink = in pen = with a pen 让我们学英语。
  5. Let’s learn English. 让我们学英语。

  1) let’s = let us 让我们 Let’s ..., shall we? Let us ..., will you? Let’s do sth. = Why not do sth.? = What/How about doing sth.? 例如: Let’s learn English. = Why not learn English? = What/How about learning English?
  2) let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 例如: Let me play the guitar. Let Tony draw a picture for you. 高分突破: ① let sb. to do sth. (×) ② let sb. do sth. 中的 sb.若是代词要用宾格形式。 Let she sing an English song. (×) Let her sing an English song. (√) ③ let sb. do st.. 中的 sb.即使是第三人称单数后面的动词仍用原形,例如: Let him plays soccer. (×) Let him play soccer. (√)
  3) learn 学习 learn sth. 学习……, 例如: We will learn physics this term.
  4) learn sth. from … 从……学到……, 例如: We learnt cooking from my cousin.
  5) learn from 向……学习, 例如: Let us learn from Lei Feng.
  6) learn to do sth. 学做……, 例如: Lucy learnt to play the trumpet last summer vacation.
  6) learn + 疑问代词 + to do sth. 例如: We are learning how to mend this bike. You should learn what to say when you meet the foreigners at the airport. 高分突破: learn 和 study 的区别: 两个词语都有这一用法:learn sth. / study sth.。 但指学习时,study 有“深入研究”的含义;而且 study 不能用作:study to do sth.。
  6. What color is this Z? 这个字目 Z 是什么颜色? 是什么颜色?
  1) 对颜色提问的两种方法: What color …? = What’s the color of …? 例如: What color is your purse? = What the color of your purse?
  2) color v. 着色 color sth. + 颜色, 例如: I want to color it red. 高分突破:

  1)对名词(复数)的颜色提问时,不能用 what colors,例如: What color are these cups? (√) What colors are these cups? (×)
  2) color 是可数名词,例如: I don’t like these colors.
  7. What’s your name? 你叫什么名字? 你叫什么名字?
  1) 对姓名的几种提问及回答: What’s your name? = May I have/know your name? My name is … = I’m …
  2) 姓氏:family name / last name/ surname 名: given name/ first name 全名:full name
  3) 中文名字的习惯: family name / last name/ surname + given name/ first name 英文名字的习惯: given name/ first name + family name / last name/ surname 高分突破: 在交际英语中应注意由于中英文名字的区别所造成的对人物的称呼也不同,例 如: Zhang Xiaoli: Miss Zhang/ Xiaoli (√) Zhang/ Miss Xiaoli (×) Dave Green: Mr. Green/ Dave (√) Green/ Mr. Dave (×)
  8. Is this your dictionary? 这是你的字典吗? 这是你的字典吗? 回答:Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. Is this/that ...? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. (√) Yes, this/that is. / No, this/that isn’t. (×) 例如: Is that your brother’s backpack? Yes, it is. 高分突破: -Is this/that + 人? -Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
  9. Call John at 495-35
  39. 给约翰打电话 495-35
  39。 。 call v. 打电话
  1) 单独使用 “打电话”, 例如: Please call this evening.
  2)call + sb. “给某人打电话”, 例如: Please call Bob this evening.
  3) call + telephone number “拨打某一电话号码”, 例如: Please call 2377485 now.
  4) call + sb. + at + telephone number “给某人打电话”, 例如: Please call my teacher at 657748
请给 Gina 打电话,她的电话是 26847
  53. Please call Gina, her phone number is 26847
  53. =Please call Gina at 26847
  10. Thanks for the great photo of your family. 感谢你的全家福照片。 感谢你的全家福照片。
  1) 感谢你。 Thanks. = Thank you. (√) Thank. (×) Thanks you. (×)
  2) Thanks for + sth./doing sth. 为……而感谢你。例如: Thanks for your help. =Thanks for helping me.
  3) the photo of your family =your family photo
  11. Here is my family photo. 这是我的全家福照片。 这是我的全家福照片。
  1)倒装句式: 介词+谓语+主语(名词) Here is your letter. On the dresser is my photo. 介词+主语(代词)+谓语 Here you are. 高分突破: 这种倒装句式中,谓语动词一般不用进行时态。 Under the tree a boy. A. is standing B. stands C. stand D. is stand (B)
  2)This is ... .的句型也表示“这是……。”但通常用于介绍;而“Here is... .”常用于把 某物给说话的对象。
  12. Please take these things to your brother. 请把这些东西带给你弟弟。 请把这些东西带给你弟弟。 take, bring, carry 和 get 的区别:
  1)take “带走”,从近处带到远处,例如: Please take these books to your home after school.
  1) bring “带来”,从远处带来,例如: Please bring me some video cassettes.
  2) carry “带”,无方向性,指移动较重、较大的东西,有“负重”的含义,例如: The bag is too heavy for me. Can you carry it for me?
  3) get “去拿来”,相当于 go and bring,例如: Can I get you something to drink?
  13. I need my hat, my ID card, my notebook and my pencils. 我需要我的帽子,身份证,笔记本和铅笔。 我需要我的帽子,身份证,笔记本和铅笔。 need v. 需要
  1) need + sth./sb. “需要……” 例如: She really needs these video cassettes.
  2) need to do sth. “需要做……” 例如: I need to listen to some relaxing music.
  3) need doing sth. = need to be done “需要被……” 例如:
These flowers need watering. =These flowers need to be watered.
  14. There are books in the bookcase. 书柜里有书。 书柜里有书。 There be 句型
  1)构成及意义 There be + n. + some place. 在某处有什么。 例如: There is an alarm clock on the dresser. There are some keys in the drawer.
  2) 否定式 There be + not + a/an +n. + some place. There be + not + any + n.(pl.) + some place. There be + no + n. + some place. 例如: There isn’t a baseball on the floor. There aren’t any books in the bookcase.
  3) 疑问句及回答 Be there + a/an +n. + some place ? Be there + any +n. (pl.)+ some place ? --Yes, there is(are). --No, there isn’t(aren’t any). How many + n.(pl) +be there + some place? There is only one. There are … . 高分突破:
  1)There be 句型的就近原则:若有两个或两个以上的主语是,谓语常与靠近它 的那个主语一致。 例如: There is a book, two pens and some cups on the table. There are two pens, some cups and a book on the table.
  2)变疑问句或否定句时,应将原句中的 some 改为 any。
  3)对不可数名词的数量提问: There is some broccoli in the bowl. How much broccoli is there in the bowl? There are three bowls of broccoli on the table. How many bowls of broccoli are there on the table?
  4)在变特殊疑问句时,不要忘记加 are(is) there。 How many kids are there in the room? (√) How many kids in the room? (×)
  5)需要强调状语时,可以将状语提前。 On the table there is only one tennis racket.
  6)与 have 的区别在于:have 表示某人或某物拥有什么;而 There be 表示在什么 地方存在什么。
  15. You want to join your school sports center.
你想加入你学校的体育中心。 你想加入你学校的体育中心。 want 想,想要
  1) want + sth./sb. “想要……” 例如: I want two hamburgers.
  2) want to do sth. “想要做……” 例如: He wants to join the reading club.
  3) want sb. (not) to do sth. “想某人(不)做什么” 例如: My mother wants me to practice English every day. He wants that boy not to play soccer in the street.
  16. Welcome to our sports center. 欢迎到我们体育中心来。 欢迎到我们体育中心来。 welcome
  1)作名词:a warm welcome 热烈欢迎
  2)作形容词:You’re welcome. 没关系。 sb. be welcome to some place 欢迎某人到某地 sb. be welcome to do sth. 欢迎某人做什么事
  3)作动词:welcome sb. 例如: Let’s welcome Mr. Smith to give us a talk.
  17. Ed Edgarson has a great sports collection. Ed Edgarson 有丰富的体育用品收藏。 有丰富的体育用品收藏。 名词修饰名词:一般情况下变复数时,只有被修饰的名词变为复数形式,例如: apple tree - apple trees toy train - toy trains shoe shop - shoe shops 如果修饰词为 man, woman 则两个名词都要变为复数形式,例如: woman doctor - women doctors man teacher - men teachers 高分突破:
  1) 有的名词常以复数形式出现, 例如: clothes shop - clothes shops sports center - sports centers
  2) 丰富的钢笔收藏:a great/big pen collection 少的钢笔收藏: a small pen collection 他只在电视上观看它们。
  18. He only watches them on TV. 他只在电视上观看它们。
  1) 看:watch, see, look, read watch TV/ a movie/ a football game/ a match/ the news reports see a movie/ an old friend look at the picture/ that funny boy read the newspaper/ a map/ the menu/ an interesting story
  2) on TV 在电视上 on the phone 在电话里 on the computer 在电脑上 on the screen 在屏幕上
  19. Do you like bananas? 你喜欢香蕉吗? 你喜欢香蕉吗?
  1) like v.
like sth. / sb. 喜欢… like doing sth. 喜欢做… like to do sth. 想做… like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做… would like to do sth.想做… would like sb. to do sth.想要某人做…
  2) like prep. be like 像… look/sound like 看/听起来像… 高分突破: 高分突破: like doing sth. 喜欢做…(长期的喜好,习惯)
  1) like to do sth. 想做…(短期的,具体的某一次活动) = want to do dislike, love, hate 都有类似的用法。 What does your father like? 你父亲喜欢什么?
  2) What is your father like? 你父亲长得什么样? dislike v. 不喜欢
  3) unlike prep. 不像
  3) 泛指某一类的事物: 不可数名词:直接使用 可数名词: 名词复数 / 冠词+名词单数
  20. Runner eats well. 跑步选手吃得好。 跑步选手吃得好。
  1) 构词法:在动词后面加-er 或-or,将动词变为名词,意思是“做……的人” 直接加: clean?cleaner sing-singer paint-painter wait-waiter report-reporter work-worker teach-teacher speak-speaker act-actor visit-visitor 只加-r: dance-dancer write-writer drive-driver 双写尾字母: run-runner swim-swimmer shop-shopper 高分突破:
  1) cook v.烹调 ― cook n.厨师 - cooker n.厨房用具
  2) 跑步明星: running star (√) runner star (×)
  21. Middlebrook High running star Katrina Pedrosa eats a lot of healthy food. Middlebrook 高中的跑步明星 Katrina Pedrosa 吃许多健康的食物。 吃许多健康的食物。
  1) a lot of = lots of 可以用来修饰可数名词和不可数名词。 Jim drank a lot of/lots of beer. I have a lot of/lots of things to do.
  2) a lot = a lot of/ lots of +名词 Do we have some rice at home now ?
Yes, we have a lot.
  3) a lot 作状语,表示程度、数量或频率。 I like ice-cream a lot. Thanks a lot. I know a lot about it.
  22.For breakfast, she likes eggs, bananas and apples. 早饭她喜欢吃鸡蛋,香蕉和苹果。 早饭她喜欢吃鸡蛋,香蕉和苹果。
  1) for 就……而言
  2) have/eat + 三餐 “吃早/中/晚饭” 例如: I usually have lunch at home. have/eat + a + adj. + 三餐 “吃怎样的早/中/晚饭” 例如: have a rich/ big/quick/…breakfast 吃了顿丰盛的/迅速的早餐 We had a quick super tonight. 这裤子多少钱?
  23. How much are these pants? 这裤子多少钱? 对价格提问:
  1) How much …?
  2) How much … cost?
  3) What’s the price of …? 例如: How much is this sweater? = How much does this sweater cost? = What



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