人教版初一上册重点短语和知识点
StarterI 重点句型
  1. Good morning/afternoon/evening.
  2. Good morning/afternoon/evening.
  3. How are you? I’m fine,/OK,thanks. Fine,thanks. It’s

  4. What’s this/that in English? V. =It’s a “v”.
  5. Spell it, please.
  6. What color is it/the key?
  7. Hello, Frank. Unit 1 My name is Gina. I.重点句型
It’s a map. It’s an apple/eraser/egg/orange/ID card.
K-E-Y. It’s blue. The key is yellow.
Hello/Hi, Eric.
What’s your name? My name is Jenny. /I’m Jenny. Nice to meet you. What’s his name? What’s her name? What’s your first name? Nice to meet you, too. His name is Jenny. Her name is Linda. My first name is Jack.
What’s your last/family name? My last/family name is Green. It’s Green.
What’s your/his/her phone number? My /His/Her phone/telephone number is 234-45
  67. II.词组
  1. name’s=name is
  2. I’m=I am
  3. she’s=she is 她是 名字是 我是 He’s=he is 他是 /It’s 281-91
  76.
You’re =you are 你(们)是(复数形式) That’s=that is 那是
They’re=they are 他(她;它)们是 isn’t=is not what’s=what is Let’s=Let us 不是(单数形式) 什么是 让我们
he’s not =he is not=he isn’t 他不是 where’s=where is 在哪儿是

  4. Nice to meet/see you
见到你很高兴

  5. last name=family name 姓氏

  6. first name = given name 名字
  7. telephone number=phone number
  8. an ID card 身份证
  10. Good afternoon 电话号码 早上好 晚上好

  9. Good morning 下午好

  11. Good night /evening . 请坐

  12. Sit down, please. =Have a seat, please.
  13.That’s all right. That’s right . All right .
好;行;不用谢;没关系 对的、正确的 好的,行,好吧

  14. Not at all. =It’s a/my pleasure.=That’s OK. =You’re welcome.=That’s all right. Unit 2 Is this your pencil? 不用谢
I.重点句型
  1. Is that/this/it your backpack?
  2.This/That is my eraser.
  3.How do you spell it/pen?
  4.Call Allan at 486-67895 P-E-N. Call 685-6098 Call Mary. Phone # 235-78
  65. No, it isn’t. Yes, it is. No, it isn’t . It’s his backpack.

  5.Is that your computer game in the lost and found case? Yes, it is. II.词组
  1. pencil case
  2. pencil sharpener
  3. pen pal =pen friend
  4. Thank you. =Thanks .
  5. in English
  6. computer game(s) 铅笔盒 卷笔刀 笔友 谢谢你 用英语 电子游戏 在失物招领处 a set of keys 一串钥匙

  7. in the Lost and Found case
  8. a set of
  9. who’s=who is
  10. it’s=it is 它是 一副;一套 谁是

  11.See you later.=See you soon . 再见

  12. look at
朝…看 打电话给某人

  13. call sb at+电话号码
  14. gold ring 金戒指

  15. school ID card Unit 3 This is my sister. I.重点句型
  1. That/This is his sister.
校卡

  2. These/Those are my two brothers.
  3. Is she your friend?
  4. Is he your brother? Yes, she is. Yes, he is. No, she isn’t. No, he isn’t.

  5. Thanks for the photo of your family.
  6. Here is my family photo.
  7. Who’s your sister? II.词组
  1. Thanks for...+n./doing sth 为…而感谢 This/She is my sister.
Thanks for your help.=Thanks for helping me. 感谢你的帮助.
  2. pen friend
  3. aren’t=are not
  4. Thanks for your help
  5. in the picture
  6. look at
  7. talk about 8 .family photo 9 .family tree
  10. what about=how about 11 .draw a picture
  12. a photo(picture) of
  13. on the back of the photo
  14. take photos (a photo) Unit 4 Where’s my backpack? 在图中 朝…看 谈论关于 家庭照片 家谱 关于…怎么样 画画 …的一张照片 在照片背后 拍照 笔友 不是(复数形式)
I.重点句型
  1.Where’s my backpack?
  2. Where are your baseballs?
  3.Is the baseball on the sofa?
  4. I don’t know.
  5. Are they on the bed? Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t. It’s under the table. They’re on the floor. Yes ,it is. No, it isn’t.

  6. Are these/those your books? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
  7. Please take these things to your sister.
  8. Can you bring some things to school?
  9. The keys are in the drawer.
  10.Here’s my room. =Here is my room. II.词组
  1. in the drawer
  2. don’t=do not
  3. in pair
  4. Goodbye.= Bye-bye
  5. behind the computer
  6. write down
  7. I’m sorry
  8. act out
  9. an alarm clock
  10. video tape
  11.a soccer ball
  12. a school bag
  13. in the backpack
  14. under the bed
  15. on the chair
  16. on the dresser
  17.my math book
  18. take sth to…(him/+地点) 把…带去 在抽屉里 不是(动词主语形式) 成对的 再见 在电脑后面 写下;记下 对不起 表演出来 闹钟 录像带 英式足球 书包 在书包里 在床下 在椅子上 在梳妆台上 我的数学书 Take the book there.

  19. bring sth to …(me/+地点)
  20. the math book
  21. the notebook
  22. on the floor Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball? I.重点句型
  1.Do you have a ping-pong ball?
  2.Does he/she have a tennis racket?
  3.Let’s play ping-pong.
把…带来 Bring the notebook here. 这本数学书 这个笔记本 在地上
Yes, I do.
No, I don’t. No, he/she doesn’t.
Yes, he/she does.
It’s boring.

  4.That sounds good/interesting.
  5.I don’t have a ping-pong ball.
  6.He/She doesn’t have a volleyball.
  7.She/He has a great sports collection.
  8.We have many sports clubs.
  9.He watches them on TV.
  10.Do you have some more paper? Yes, I do. /No, I don’t. II.词组 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 tennis racket baseball bat doesn’t=does not watch TV have /play/do sports a good idea 网球拍 棒球球拍 不是(动词三单形式) 看电视 做运动 一个好主意
every day/morning/Sunday/… 每天/每个早上/… watch a game(s) like doing like to do a ping-pong bat 看比赛/游戏 喜欢做某事(爱好) 喜欢做某事(特定时间) 乒乓拍
12 That sounds interesting(fun)/good/difficult/boring/relaxing. 那听起来很有趣/好/困难/无聊/轻松。
13 a great collection 14 let sb. do sth.
丰富的收藏 让某人干某事
15 play ping-pong/tennis/volleyball/soccer/basketball… 打乒乓/网球/排球/足球/篮球… 16 play computer games 17 watch sth. on TV 打电子游戏 在电视上看
18 every day/morning/afternoon/evening 每天/每天早上/每天下午/每天晚上 Unit 6 Do you like bananas? I.重点句型
  1. Do you like hamburgers?
  2. Does he/she like salad? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. Yes,he/she does. No ,he/she doesn’t.

  3. She/He likes hamburgers for lunch.
  4. She doesn’t like hamburgers.
  5. Let’s have French fries.
  6. For dinner, she has chicken and tomatoes.
  7. Great! II.词组 1 2 3 4 5 6 French fries ice cream a running star lots of = a lot of + (C)复数/ (U) movie (film) star 薯条 冰淇淋 赛跑明星 大量;许多 电影明星
have sth. for breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper 早/午/晚/饭吃某物
7 8 9 10 11
have breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper 吃早/中/晚餐 a music star some runners healthy food eat food 歌星 一些运动员 健康食物 吃食物
12 at school/ at home 13 have a look (at sth.)
在学校/在家里 看一看(某物)
Unit 7 How much are these pants? I.重点句型
  1. How much is this T-shirt?
  2. How much are these socks? It’s seven dollars. They’re two dollars.

  3. Can I help you? =What can I do for you?
  4. I want a sweater.=I’d like a sweater.
  5. What color do you want?
  6. I’ll take it.
  7. That’s OK.
  8. The blue sweater is 7 dollars.
  9. We have sweaters at a very good price.
  10. We have great bags for only 12 yuan.
  11. We have T-shirts in red for 18 dollars.
  12. Anybody can afford our prices!
  13.Come and see for yourself at Huaxing Clothes Store! II.词组
  1. how much + (U)
  2.. how many + (C)复数 3 .Here you are.
  4. bags for sports
  5. come to
  6. I’m sorry.
  7. Can I help you?=What can I do for you?
  8. want sth. /to do sth.
  9. want sb to do sth
  10. at Huaxing’s great sale
  11. what color
  12. That’s OK.= It’s my pleasure.(5 种) 多少/多少钱 多少 给你 运动包 到…来 对不起 需要我帮忙吗? Here you are. You’re welcome. That’s all right.
想要 sth /想要做某事 想要某人做某事 华兴服装店大甩卖 什么颜色
=That’s not all.= Not at all. =You’re welcome.
  13. ask sb to do sth
  14. black and blue
  15. be on sale
  16. at the price of
  17. at a very good price 叫某人做某事 黑白相嵌
不用谢
大减价 ,在出售 以…的价格 一个好价钱/价格合理
What’s the price of sth ?=How much … 多少钱
  18. have sth. for only +价钱
  19. in all colors
  20. in+颜色
  21. see for yourself
  22. boys and girls=class
  23. clothes store= clothes shop
  24. I don’t think so.
  25. afford sth./to do sth.
  26. buy sth. for +价钱
  27. sell sth. for +价钱
  28.基数词 1-
  12: 13-
  19: 20-
  29: 30-
  90: 1
  00: Unit 8 When is your birthday? I.重点句型
  1.When is your birthday?
  2.It’s October 25th. My birthday is October tenth. Her birthday is June 8th. What’s your age? 有某物只卖… 各色 着色 亲眼看 同学们 服装店 我不这么认为 买得起某物/提供金钱干某事 多少钱买某物 多少钱卖某物

  3.When is your mother’s birthday?
  4.How old are you?
  5.I’m thirteen (years old).
  6. When is the school trip?
Do you have a fun birthday?

  7. Happy birthday! II.词组 1 how old 2 a school trip 3 basketball/ volleyball game 几岁 郊游 篮球赛/排球赛 帮助某人某事 学校上课日 出生于 出生日期 艺术节 音乐节 流行音乐会 (英语)演讲比赛 足球赛 生日会 学校庆祝日 英语聚会 每年 一张纸
4 help sb with sth =help sb (to) do sth 5 school day 6 be born in/on 7 date of birth=birthday 8 Art Festival 9 Music Festival 10 pop contest 11 (English) speech contest 12 soccer ball game 13 birthday party 14 school day 15 English party 16 each year =every year 17 a piece of paper

  18. 序数词口诀:基变序,有规律,词尾加上 th 一二三,特殊记,first, second 和 third 八去 t,九去 e, ve 要用 f 替 (eighth, ninth, fifth,twelfth) ty 变成 tie,词尾 th 莫忘记。 若是碰到几十几, 前用基来后用序。
Unit 9 Do you want to go to a movie? I.重点句型
  1. Do you want to go to a movie?
  2. What kind of movies do you like?
  3. I like action movies and comedies. I want to see a comedy.

  4. She likes documentaries but she doesn’t like thrillers.
  5. Do you like Beijing Opera?
  6. She thinks action movies are exciting.
  7. She often goes to see Beijing Opera with her father.
  8. Mike is English. Mike is an English boy.

  9. He doesn’t like comedies or thrillers. II.词组
  1. action movie
  2. what kind (of sth) a kind of sth (单数) all kinds of sth (复数) 动作片 哪一种/何种东西 一种 各种各样
different /many /some kinds of sth (复数) 不同/许多/一些种类
  3. Beijing Opera
  4. stay at home =be at home
  5. go to a movie
  6. see a movie
  7. learn/know about …
  8. look for find find out
  9. look at sth look like=be like look the same look out (of sth) look sth up (in a dictionary) look around look after=take care of=care for look after sb well=take good care of sb =care for sb well 很好照顾某人 京剧 呆在家里 去看电影 看电影 学关于… 寻找(动作) 找到(结果) (经过一番努力)找出 朝…看 看上去象 看起来一样 朝…外看/小心 查找 环顾四周 照顾

  10. see a comedy/tragedy
  11. go to see +电影名 with sb.
  12. on weekends
  13. thanks = thank you /thank sb. thanks very much thanks for (sth. /doing sth)
  14. learn a lot / much
  15. want to be be going to be
  16. go to movies with sb.
  17. What do you like best? =What’s your favorite ? like sth best = be one’s favorite
看一场喜剧/悲剧 和某人一起去看… 在周末 感谢某人 非常感谢 为…而感谢某人 学会了许多 想成为… 打算成为/将成为 和某人一起去看电影
你最喜欢什么 最喜欢某物
I like English best.= English is my favorite.
  18. go to school go home go to do sth go to see sth /sb go to (see) a film(s) = go to (watch) a movie(s) = go to the cinema go to +地点/Japan/Hebei/West Lake 去学校/去上学 回家 去做某事 去看某物/某人 去看电影 去看电影 去看电影 去…
go to +the+地点 n./the museum/the mountain go doing/swimming/hiking/sightseeing…
  19. at night = in the evening
  2.0 read a story /stories
  21. tell sb sth tell sb about sth tell sb. to do sth.
  22. in Beijing /+大地点 在晚上 读/看故事 告述某人某事 告诉某人关于某事 告诉某人做某事 在北京/在某地

  23. young/old people
  24. on weekdays
  25. Chinese /American history
  26. exciting story /stories
  30. Chinese action movie(s)
  31. great actor(s) Unit 10 Can you play the guitar? I.重点句型
  1. What club do you want to join?
  2. Can you swim?
  3. What can you do ?
  4. Can you play the guitar?
年轻人/老年人 在工作日 中国历史 振奋人心的故事 中国动作/武打片 巨星
I want to join the art club. Yes,I can. We can paint.
I don’t know.

  5. Can you help kids with swimming?
  6. Are you good with kids?
  7. We need help for our Beidaihe School Trip.
  8. Come and join us. She can’t sing or dance.

  9. She can play the piano but she can’t play the violin.
  10. Musicians wanted for School Music Festival.
  11. You can be in our school music festival.
  12.Please call Zhang Heng at 622-60
  33.
  13. Come and show us!
  14. Can I help you?
  15. May I know your name?
  16. Why do you want to join the club? II.词组
  1. can’t=can not
  2. play chess
  3. join us
  4. play the guitar
  5. play the piano 不能 下象棋 加入到我们中来 弹吉他 弹钢琴

  6. speak English
  7. need help for sth.
  8. he
 

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