七年级下英语各单元知识点
Unit 1 Where's your pen pal from? 一,词组
  1.be from= come form 来自...
  2. pen pal=pen friend 笔友
  3.like and dislike 好恶;爱憎
  4.live in….在...居住
  5.speak English 讲英语
  6.play sports 做体育运动
  7.a little French 一些法语
  8.go to the movies 去看电影
  9.an action movie 一部动作片
  10.on weekends 在周末
  11.Excuse me 对不起,打扰
  12.get to 到达,抵达
  13.beginning of 在...开始的时候
  14.at the end of 在...结束的时候
  15.arrive at 到达,抵达 二,句型 (
  1)Where 主 +be+主语+from? 主语+be +from+地点. (
  2)Where do/does+主语+live? 主语+live/lives in… (
  3)What language do/does +主语+speak? 主语+speak/speaks…. (
  4)主语+like/likes +doing… 三,日常交际用语 1-Where is your pen pal from? -He's from China. 2-Where does she live -She lives in Tokyo. 3-Does she speak English? -Yes, she does/ No, she dosen't. 4-Is that your new pen pal? -Yes, he is / No, e isn't. 5-What language does she speak? -She speaks English. Unit 2 Where's the post office 一,词组 1post office 邮局 2pay phone 投币式公用电话 3next to 在...隔壁 4across from 在...对面 5in front of 在...前面 6between…and… 在...和...之间 7on a street 在街上 8in the neighborhood 在附近 9on the right/left 在右边/在左边 10on one's right/left 在某人的右边/左边 11turn right/left 向右/左转 12take a walk 散步 13have fun 玩得开心 14the way to …去...的路 15take a taxi 打的/乘出租车 16go down(along)…沿着...走 17go through...穿过... 18have a good trip 旅途愉快 二,句型 (
  1),Is there a bank near here? Yes, there is .It's on Centre Street. No, there isn't. (
  2),Where's the supermarket? It's next to the library. (
  3),Bridge Street is a good place to have fun. (
  4),I hope you have a good trip. (
  5),If you are hungry, you can buy food in the restaurant. (
  6),Talk a walk though the park.. (
  7),enjoy 后接名词或动词-ing 形式. Do you enoy(=like) your work? Do you enjoy(=like) living in the city? 三,日常交际用语 (
  1),Is there a ….?句型 Eg: -Excuse me. Is there a hotel in the neighborhood. -Yes, there is. No,there isn't (
  2),Where is …?句型 Eg: -Where is the park,,please? -It's behind the bank.(肯定回答) -I'm sorry I don't know. (否定回答) (
  3),Which is the way to +地点? 句型.例如: - Which is the way to the library. (
  4),How can I get to +地点?句型.例如: -How can I get to the restaurant? (
  5),Can you tell me the way to +地点?句型.例 - Can you tell me the way to the post office? (
  6),Let me tell you the way to my house. (
  7),Just go straight and turn left. Unit 3 Why do you like koalas? 一,词组 1want to do sth .想要做某事 2want sb to do sth 想要某做某事
3want sth 想要某物 4Let sb do sth 让某人做某事 5kind of 有几分\种类 6a kind of 一种… 7…years old …年龄 如:ten years old 十岁 8like to do sth 喜欢做某事 9like doing sth 10play with … 与...一起玩 11be quiet 安静 12during the day 在白天 13at night 在夜间 14have a look at.. 看... 15one…the other 一个...另一个... 二,句型 (
  1),-why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫? -Because they're very cure. 因为它们很可爱. (
  2),-Why dose he like koalas? 他为什么喜欢树袋熊? -Because they are kind of interesting 因为她们有点有趣. (
  3),-Where are lions from? 狮子来自何处? -They are from South Africa 她们来自南非. (
  4),-What animals do you like? 你喜欢什么动物? -I like elephants 我喜欢大象. 三,日常交际用语 (
  1),-Let's see the lions. 咱们看狮子吧. (
  2)-Why do you want to see the lions? 你为什么想看狮子? -Because they are very cute. 因为它们很可爱. (
  3)-Do you like giraffes? 你喜欢长颈鹿吗? Yes, I do./ No, I don't 是的,我喜欢./ 不,我不喜欢. (
  4)-What other animal do you like? 你还喜欢其他什么动物? _I like dogs. Too 我也喜欢狗. other+ 名词的复数.表示没有特定的数量范围 the other+名词的复数表示有特定的数量范围. (
  5)-Why are you looking at me? 你为什么看着我? -Because you are very cute. 因你很可爱. (
  6)-Let us play games. ?Great! 咱们玩游戏吧. -- 太棒了. Let me see. 让我看看. Unit 4 I want to be an actor. 一,词组 1want to be+职业 想要成为.. . 2shop assistant 店员 3bank clerk 银行职员 4work with 与..一起工作 . 5work hard 努力工作 6work for 为..而工作 . 7work as 作为. .而工作 8get.. from…从..获得.. . . 9give sth.to.sb /give.sb.sth 把某物给某人 正确的表示:give it/them to sb. 错误的表示:give sb.it/them in the day 在白天 at night 在夜间 talk to /with 与…讲话 go out to dinners 外出吃饭 in a hospital 在医院 newspaper reporter 报社记者 movie actor 电影演员 二,句型 (
  1)-What do/does+某人+do? 某人是做什么的? 例:-What do you do?-I'm a student. 你是做什么的? -- 我是一个学生. -What dose he do? He's a teacher. 他是干什么的? -- 他是一个学生. (
  2)-What do/does+某人+want to be? 某人想当什么? 例:What do you want to be?-I want to be a teacher. 你想当什么? -- 我相当老师. -What does she want to be ?She want to be a nurse. 她相当什么?-- 她相当护士.
(
  3)-Where does your sister work? 你姐姐在什么地方工作? -She works in a hospital. 她在医院工作. (
  4)-Does he work in the hospital? 他在医院工作吗? Yes.he does. / No, he doesn't 是的,他在./ 不,他不在. (
  5)-Does she work late? -Yes,she does/No.she doesn't (
  6)-英语中询问职业的几种表达方式 What do/does …do? What is…? What is your father? What's one's job?例:What's your father's job? Unit 5 I'm watching TV. 一,词组 1do homework 做家庭作业 2watch TV 看电视 3eat dinner 吃饭;就餐 4clean the room 打扫房间 5read newspaper/a book 看报纸/看书 6go to the movies 看电影 7write a letter 写信 8wait for 等待;等候 9talk about 谈论.. .. 10play basketball/soccer/ 打篮球/踢足球 11take photos 拍照 12TV show 电视节目 13Some of.. ..中的一些 . . 14a photo of my family 我的家庭照 15at school 在学校 16be with 和..一起 . 17in the tree 在树上 二,句型 (
  1)-What+be+主语+doing? ….正在做什么? -主语+be+doing.. …正在做某事. . 例: -what are you doing? 你在干什么? -I'm doing my homework. 我在做作业. (
  2)-Thanks for … 为..而感谢 . 例:Thanks for your letter. 感谢你的来信. (
  3)-Here are/is… 这是……. 例:Here are some of my photos. 这是我的一些照片. Here is a photo of my family. 这是我的一张全家福照片. (
  4)-That sounds good. 那听起来不错. (
  5)-This TV show is boring. 这电视剧很无聊. 三,日常交际用语 (
  1)-Do you want to go to the movies? ?Sure. 你想去看电影吗? -- 当然. (
  2)-When do you want to go? ?Let's go at seven. 你什么时候想去? -- 咱们七点去吧. (
  3)-Where do people play basketball? ?At school. 人们在哪儿打篮球? -- 在学校. (
  4)-What's he waiting for?-He's waiting for a bus. 他在等什么? -- 他在等公共汽车. (
  5)-What's he reading? He's reading a newspaper. 他在看什么? -- 他在看报纸.
  1)现在在进行时的形式是: 助动词 be(am,is,are)+动词-ing 形式(也叫现在分词) ,表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作.
  2)现在进行时的肯定句形式 主语+be(am,is,are)+动词现在分词+其他 I'm watching TV. 我在看电视.
  3)现在进行时的否定句形式 主语+be(am,is,are)+not+动词现在分词+其他 They are not playing soccer. 他们没有在踢足球.
  4)现在进行时的一般疑问句形式及回答: Is(am,are)+主语+动词现在分词+其他? Yes,主语+is/am/are. No,主语+isn't/aren't/am not. Are you reading? Yes,I am. No,I am not. 你在看书吗? 是的,我在看书./ 不,我没有.
  5) 现在进行时的特殊疑问句形式: 特殊疑问词+is/am/are+主语+现在分词+其他? 例:What is your brother doing? 你哥哥在干什么?
  6) 动词+ing 形式(现在分词)的构成. 1 一般情况下在动词词结尾加-ing.
如: eat--eating, do?doing,clean?cleaning, play?playing, 2 以不发音的元音字母 e 结尾的动词,先去掉 e 再加-ing. 如:take--taking,write?writing,have-having come?coming.dance--dancing 3 词尾如果是以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词.应该先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ing. 如:run?runing,sit?sitting ,swim?swimming. Shop?shopping.put?putting,sit?sitting Unit 6 It's raning! 一,词组 1Around The World 世界各地 2On vacation 度假 3Take photos 拍照 4On the beach 在海边 5a group of people 一群人 6play beach volleyball 打沙滩排球 7be surprised 惊讶的 8be surprised at sth./sb.对某人或某人感到惊讶 9in this heat 在酷暑中 10be relaxed 放松 11have a good time 玩得很痛快 12in different kind of weather 在不同的天气里 13Thank sb for(doing)sth 由于(做)某事而感谢某人 14How's it going? 近况如何 15Some…others…一些…另一些… 16Look like..看起来像.. . 二,句型/日常交际用语 (
  1)-How's the weather(+地点)? ?It's raining. 某处的天气怎么样? -- 在下雨. (
  2)-What's the weather like??It's sunny./It's cold and snowing. 天气怎样? -- 天晴./ 冷,在下雪. (
  3)-How's it going? ?Great./Not bad. 一切怎样? -- 很好./ 不错. (
  4)Thanks you for joining CCTV's Around The World show. 感谢你参加中央电视台的环球节目. (
  5)-Is Aunt Wang there? ?Yes,she is/No,she isn't 黄阿姨在那儿吗?-- 是的./ 不,她不在. Unit 7 What dose he look like? 一,词组 1look like 看起来像.... 2curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发 3medium height/build 中等高度/身体 4a little bit 一点儿… 5a pop singer 一位流行歌手 6play 的用法. 7wear glasses 戴眼镜 8have a new look 呈现新面貌 9go shopping 去购物 10the captain of the basketball team 篮球队队长 11Nobody knows me 没有人认识我 二,句型
  1) --What does he look like? 他长得怎样? --He's really short. He has short hair. 他矮矮的,短头发.
  2) --She has beautiful, long black hair. 她有漂亮的黑色长发.
  3) --I don't think he's so great . 我认为他没有那么好.
  4) --What do you look like? I'm tall. I'm thin. 你长得什么样子?-- 我高高瘦瘦的.
  5) --What do they look like?他们长得什么样子? --They are of medium height. 他们中等高度.
  6) --She never stops talking. 她总是讲过不停. --Stop doing(sth)表示停止正在干的事. 如:He stops listening. 他停止了听 --stop to do (sth)表示停下来去做某事 如:He stops to listen. 他停下来听.
  7)I can go shopping and nobody knows me. 我可以去购物,没有人认识我. Unit 8 I'd like some noodles.
  1.词组 1would like 想要 2a large/medium/small bowl 大碗/中碗/小碗 3what size 什么尺寸 4orange juice 桔汁 5green tea 绿茶 6phone number 电话号码 7as well as 而且 8what kind of 表示….的种类 9a kind of 一种… 10some kind of 许多种… 11a bowl of rice 一碗米饭 12a bottle fo orange juice 一瓶桔子汁
13three oranges 三个桔子(可数) 14a bottle fo orange j 一瓶桔子汁(不可数) 15some chicken 一些鸡肉(不可数) 16three chicken 三只小鸡(可数) 二\句型
  1) What kind of … would you like? 你想要…? EG:--What kind of noodles would you like? 你想要那种面条? --Beef and tomato noodles. please. 牛肉番茄面.
  2)We have large ,medium, and small bowls. 我们有大,中,小三种碗的(面条) .
  3)I like dumplings, I don't like noodles. 我喜欢饺子,不喜欢面条. 三\日常交际用语 (
  1)?Can I help you? 你要吃什么? / 你要买啥? --I'd like some noodles. please. 我要写面条. (
  2)--what kind of noodles would you like? 你要哪种面条? --I'd like mutton and potato noodles, please. 我要牛肉土豆面. (
  3)?Would you like a cup of green tea? 你要一杯绿茶吗? --Yes, please./No, thanks 要的,请拿来./ 不了,谢谢. would like 后面还可以跟不定式.即: A:would like to do.sth.想要做某事. He would like to see you today. 他想今天看你. B:would like sb.to.do.sth.想要某人做某事 What would you like me to do. 你想要我干什么? Unit 9 How was yu weekend? 一,词组 1do one's homework 做某人的家庭作业 如:do my homework 做我的家庭作业 2play +运动或棋类 如:play soccer 踢足球 play chess 下棋 play +乐器 如:play the guitar 弹吉他 3go to the movies 去看电影 4do some reading 阅读 5study for the (math) test 准备(数学)考试 6stay at home 呆家里 7go to summer camp 去夏令营 8go to the mountains 去爬山 9visit sb 拜访某人 10go shopping 去购物 11last month 上个月 12three days ago 三天前 13yesterday 昨天 14look for 寻找 15go for a walk 散步 16in the morning/afternoon/evening 在早上/在下午/在晚上 17play computer games 玩电脑游戏 18It was time to sth 该..的时候了 . 二,句型 (
  1)I visited my aunt last weekend. 我上个周末看望了我阿姨. (
  2)-- How was your weekend? 你周末过的怎样? --It was great./OK 很好啊. (
  3)?It was time to go home. 该回家了. 三,日常交际用语 (
  1)?What did you do last weekend? 你上个周末做了什么? --On Saturday morning, I played tennis. 周六早上我打了网球. (
  2)?How was your weekend? 你的周末过得怎样? --It was great. I went to the beach. 很棒.我去了海滩. 一般过去时态 一般过去时态表示过去发生的
 

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