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七年级下册英语语法点总结(
  1) 七年级下册英语语法点总结
分类:英语学习 Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 一.短语: 1 .be from = come from 来自于
  2. live in 居住在--
  3. on weekends 在周末 4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人 5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国
  6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14 岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目
  7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约
  8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎
  9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动 二.重点句式: 1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/ 2 Where does he live? 3 What language(s) does he speak? 4 I want a pen pal in China. 5 I can speak English and a little French. 6 Please write and tell me about yourself. 7 Can you write to me soon? 8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports. 三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。 1 Canada Canadian English / French 2 France FrenchFrench 3 JapanJapaneseJapanese 4 AustraliaAustralian English 5 the United States American English 6 the United KingdomBritish Enghish
Unit 2 Where’s the post office? 一. Asking ways: (问路)
  1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?
  2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?
  3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?
  4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?
  5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路? 二.Showing the ways: (指路)
  1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。
  2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。
  3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。
  4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。
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  5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形) 三.词组
  1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面
  2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市
  3. between……and…… 在……和……之间 between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间 among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间
  4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom. 课室前面有棵树。 in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom. 课室内的前部有张桌子。
  5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面
  6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐 on the left/right of…… 在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边 on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left 在我左边
  7. go straight 一直走
  8. down /along…… 沿着……(街道) down/along Center Street 沿着中央街
  9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近 10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……
  11. take /have a walk 散步
  12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端 at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端 in the beginning 起初,一开始
  13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快 我昨天玩得很开心。 I had fun yesterday. I had a good time yesterday. I enjoyed myself yesterday.
  14. have a good trip 旅途愉快
  15. take a taxi 坐出租车
  16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家 arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing. arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank. reach +地方
  17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路 go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林
  18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street 三.重难点解析
  1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事 I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。 到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词 finish 和 enjoy,都是要带 doing. I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。
  2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。 hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。
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(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如 tomorrow will be fine 是一个从句,它又放在 I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)
  3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。 If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。 If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket. 如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。 四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对 1new?old 2 quiet busy 3 dirty clean 4 big small
Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears? 一.重点词组 eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals at night in the day every day during the day 二. 交际用语
  1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.
  2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.
  3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.
  4. What other animals do you like? I like dogs, too. Why? Because they’re friendly and clever.
  5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.
  6. She’s very shy.
  7. He is from Australia.
  8.He sleeps during the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.
  9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.
  10.Let’s see the pandas first.
  11.They’re kind of interesting.
  12.What other animals do you like?
  13.Why do you want to see the lions? 三. 重点难点释义
  1、kind of 有点,稍微 Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。 kind 还有“种类”的意思 如:各种各样的 all kinds of We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.
  2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲 China 和 Africa 都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词 in 连用。 There are many kinds of tigers in China. There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.
  3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的 它是名词 friend 的形容词形式,常常和 be 动词连用, be friendly。
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The people in Chengdu are very friendly.
  4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起 I usually play chess with my father. 注意区别与 and 的用法,and 通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时, 如果有 I, I 通常放在 and 之后,如: My father and I usually play chess together. Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…” I often play with my pet dog. Don’t play with water!
  5、day 和 night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night 表示夜或夜晚。 通常说 in the day, during the day, at night。 Koala bears often sleep during the day and eat leaves at night.
  6、leaf n. 叶子 复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife?wives, wolf?wolves, knife?knives 等。
  7、hour n. 小时;点钟 hour 前边通常加上冠词 an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。 There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.
  8、be from 来自… be from = come from Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.
  9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用 much 来修 饰,即:much meat He eats much meat every day.
  10、grass n. 草,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用 much 来修饰,即:much grass。 There is much grass on the playground. 四. 语法知识 特殊疑问句通常以“what”、 “who”、 “which”、 “when”、 “where”、 “how”、 “how old”、 “how many” 等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。 特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:
  1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如: What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少? Who is that boy with big eyes? 那个大眼睛的男孩是谁? Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节? When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴? Where does he live? 他住在哪儿? How are you? 你好吗? How old are you? 你多大了? How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹?
  2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如: Who is on duty today? 今天谁值日? Which man is your teacher? 哪位男士是你的老师?
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我们学过的 What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。 例如: I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢? What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样? Unit 4 I want to be an actor. 一.短语: 1 want to do sth 想要作某事 2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人 3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home. 4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home 5 in the day 在白天 6 at night 在晚上 7 talk with/ to sb 和谈话 8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher. 9 in a hospital 在医院 l 10 work/ study hard 努力工作 11 Evening Newspaper 晚报 二.重点句式及注意事项: 1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是 what;有三种主要句式 ① What + is / are + sb? ② What + does/ do + sb + do? ③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job? 2 People give me their money or get their money from me. 3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night. 4 I like talking to people. 5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners. 6 Where does your sister work? 7 then we have a job for you as a waiter. 8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter. 9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends? 10 We are an international school for children of 5-
  12. 三. 本单元中的名词复数。 1 policeman policemen 2 woman doctor women doctors 3 thiefthieves Unit 5 I’m watching TV 一.现在进行时 Ⅰ现在进行时的用法 表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作 Ⅱ现在进行时时间状语及标志性词 ① now 现在 ② at this time 在这时
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③ at the moment 现在 ④ look 看(后面有明显的“!”) ⑤ listen 听(后面有明显的“!”) Ⅲ 现在分词的构成 ① 一般在动词结尾处加 ing Eg: go?going look--looking ② 以不发音字母 e 结尾的动词,去 e 加 ing。Eg: write?writing close--closing ③ 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加 ing. Eg: get?getting run?running ( swim, run, put,get,sit,begin) Ⅳ 现在进行时的构成 肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ doing +其他+时状. Eg: He is doing his homework now. 否定句:主语+am/is/are +not+ doing+其他+时状. Eg: He is not doing his homework now. 一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+ doing+其他+时状?Eg: Is he doing his homework now? 肯定回答:Yes,主语 +am/is/are Eg Yes, he is. 否定回答:No, 主语+am not/isn’t/aren’t Eg: No, he isn’t. 二.短语:
  1.do one’s homework 做某人的作业 do housework 做家务
  2.talk on the phone 在电话里交谈,讲电话 talk about…… 谈论…… talk to(with)sb 和某人交谈
  3.write a letter 写信 write a letter to sb 给某人写信
  4.play with…… 和……一起玩
  5.watch TV 看电视 TV show 电视节目
  6.wait for sb/sth 等待某人/某物
  7.some of…… ……中的一些
  8.in the first photo 在第一张照片里(介词用 in,序数词前面有 the) in the last photo 在最后一张照片里 a photo of one’s family 某人的家庭照片
  9.at the mall 在购物街 at/in the library 在图书室 at/in the pool 在游泳池
  10.read a book = read books = do some reading 看书\阅读
  11.thanks for = thank you for 为某事而感谢(后接动词要用 v-ing) 三. 重点句式及注意事项:
  1. 他正在干什么? What is he doing? 他正在吃饭。 He is eating dinner. 他正在哪里吃饭? Where is he eating dinner? 他正在家里吃饭。 He is eating dinner at home.
  2. 你想什么时候去? When do you want to go? 让我们六点钟去吧。 Let’s go at six o’clock.
  3. 他正在等什么? What is he waiting for? 他正在等公交车。 He is waiting for a bus.
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  4. 他们正在和谁说话? Who are they talking with? 他们正在和 Miss Wu 说话。 They are talking with Miss Wu.
  5. 你们正在谈论什么? What are you talking about? 我们正在谈论天气。 We are talking about the weather.
  6. 他们都正在去上学。 They are all going to school.
  7. 这儿是一些我的照片。 Here are some of my photos. 这儿是一些肉。 Here is some of meat. (some of meat 不可数,故用 is)
  8. 谢谢你帮我买这本书。 Thank you for helping me buy this book.
  9. family 家;家
 

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