新目标七年级英语下期重点词组与句型 Unit 11 What time do you go to school?
  1.time: a . 可数名词 (次数) b.不可数名词 (时间)
  2.对时间提问用:a.When (何时) b.What time (几点) <只能用于几点几分>
  3.go to……(去…...) get to…..(到达…..) <后接地点副词 here,there,home 等词时,省略介词 to>
  4.usually(通常) = always (总是)= often(经常) <一般现在时的标志词,常位于 be 动词、情态动词、助动词之 后,实义动词之前>
  5.take a shower = have a shower (洗澡)
  6.an hour (一个小时)
  7.work (不可数)= job (可数) (工作)
  8.start = begin to do sth. (开始做某事)
  9.时间表达法:(一)顺读法:先读整点,再读几分,遇见 0 读作“O”;遇到整点可直接读数字,也可在数字后 面加“o’clock”. (二)逆读法:先读分钟数,再读整点; a.分钟数小于 30 分钟的用:分钟数+past(过)+整点; b.分钟数等于 30 分钟的用:half +past+整点 (几点半); c.分钟数大于 30 分钟的用:(60?分钟)+to(差)+下一个整点; d.15 分钟常常用 a quarter(一刻钟)来表示;
  10.在几点几分用介词 “at”;
  11.What time is it now?=What’s the time now? (现在几点了?) It’s +时刻
  12.get up (起床)
  14.get on (上车)
  13. go to bed (睡觉)
  15.get off (下车)

  16.eat/have breakfast/lunch/dinner (吃早饭/午饭/晚饭)
  17.in the morning/afternoon/evening (在早上/下午/晚上)

  18.do homework = do one’s homework (做家庭作业)
  19.go home (回家)
  20.all day (整天)
  21.all night (整晚)
  22.around (大约)= about (大约;有关)
  23.listen to…..(听……) hear (听见)
  24.look at…. (看…..) see (看见)
  25.put on (穿上;戴上)
  26.take off (脱下)
  27.he (主格)?him (宾格)

  28.they (主)?them (宾)
  29. she (主)?her (宾)
  30.it (主/宾格)
  31.we (主)?us (宾)
  32.I (主)?me (宾)
  33.you (主/宾格)
  34.tell sb. about…….(告诉某人有关…..)
  35.write to….= write a letter to….(写信给…….) Unit 12 My favorite subject is science.
  1.Why……..? (为什么…..?) Because……(因为……)

  2.because (因为),so(所以)两者不能同时用于一个句子中。
  3.What’s one’s favorite ……? One’s favorite….is…….

  4.Who (谁)<作主语时> +动词 (三单式)+ 其它? eg: Who has a computer?
  5.在星期几用 “on”.
  6.be busy (忙的) (谁有电脑?) be free (有空)

  7.对星期几提问用: What day is it today? (今天星期几?) (It’s) + 星期几.
  8.对日期提问用: What’s the date today? (今天是几号?) (It’s) + 日期.
  9.have + 科目 (上…….课)
  10.after class (课后)
  11.after school (放学后)
  12.be tired (疲倦;累的)
  13.play with……(和…..玩)
  14.like doing sth. (喜欢做…)

  15. some (一些) <常用于肯定句中,但也可用于表请求语气的句型中。eg: Can/May/Could I …….?和 Would you like….?
  16.any (一些) <常用于否定句和疑问句中> Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

  1.pen pal = penfriend (笔友)
  2.be from = come from (来自于..)
  3.the United States = the USA = America (美国)
  4.the United Kingdom = England = Britain (英国)
  5.city (单) cities (复)
  6.speak + 语言 (说某种语言)

  7.same (相同的) <前面常与 the 连用,后面接单数名词>
  8.different (不同的) <后面接复数名词>
  9.too (也)<位于肯定句句末> = also (也) <靠近动词>
  10.too (太) <位于形容词之前>
  11.Where is/are sb. from? Sb. am/is/are from…….。

  12.Where do/does sb. come from? Sb. come(s) from…… Unit 2 Where’s the post office?
  1.There is/are (有) + sth.(某物) +sw. (某处) (有某物在某处)
  2.Sb. have/has + sth. (某物) (某人有某物)
  3.next to….(贴近;靠近)
  4.between….and…..(在两者之间)
  4.across from…= on the other side of….(在……对面)
  5.in front of…..(在…..外面的前面)
  6.in the front of……(在…..里面的前面)
  7.turn right/left (向右/左转)
  8.on the right/left (在右/左边)
  9.on one’s right/left (在某人的右/左边)

  10.near here = in the neighborhood (在附近)
  11.in the picture (在图中)
  12.go straight (直走)
  13.Go/Walk along/down…..(沿着…..走)
  14. 问路: a.Where’s the…….,please? (请问,…… 在哪儿?) b.Is there a/an……near here/in the neighborhood? (这儿附近有…….吗?)
  15.a. take the + 序数词 +turning +on the right/left b. turn right/left at the + 序数词 + turning.
  16.Excuse me (打扰一下;劳驾一下)
  17.You’re welcome = That’s all right. =Not at all. (不用谢)
  18.clean (干净的)
  20.big (大的) dirty (脏的)
  19.new(新的) old(旧的) busy(忙的)
small (小的)
  21.quiet(安静)

  22.Welcome to…….(欢迎到…….)
  23.the way to….(去…..的路)
  24.the beginning of…… (…..的开始)
  25.go through (穿过)
  26.take/have a walk = go for a walk (散步)
  27.take a taxi/bus (坐的士/汽车)
  28.with (和…一起;有着)
  29.enjoy doing sth. (喜欢做某事) Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?
  1.kind of = a little bit (有几分)
  2.a kind of….(一种….)
  3.all kinds of…..(各种各样的…..)
  5.leaf (单)
  4.be afraid of….(害怕….)
leaves (复)
  6.at night = in the evening (在晚上)

  7.smart = clever (聪明)
  8.during the day (白天期间)
  9.beautiful Unit 4 ugly (丑陋的)
I want to be an actor

  1.want to be a/an….(想要当…..)
  2.shop assistant (店员)
  3.a.What + do/does + sb. +do? b.What + be +sb.? c.What’s + one’s +job ? (某人是干什么工作的?)
  4.give sth. to sb. = give sb. sth. (把某物给某人)
  5.talk to/with…..(与….交谈)
  6.TV station (电视台)
  8.police station (派出所)
  9.in a hospital (在医院里)
  10.in hospital (住院)
  11.go out (出去)
  12.go back (回去)
  13.come out (出来)
  14.come back (回来)
  15.in the day (在白天)
  16.thief (单)
  17.hard = difficult (困难) thieves (复)
easy (简单)

  18.be in (参加;在家)
  19.school play (校园剧)
  20.young (年轻的) old (老的)

  21.put on (穿上) <动作> wear (穿着) <状态>
  22.listen to….(听……) <对象> hear (听见) <结果>
  23.look at….(看……) <对象> see (看见) <结果> Unit 5 I’m watching TV
  1.现在进行时: a.现在正在发生或进行的动作. b.构成: 主语 + be 动词 + 动词的现在分词 <两者缺一不可> c.动词现在分词的构成:<1>一般直接在词尾加“ing”; <2>以不发音“e”结尾的,去 “e”加 “ing”; <3>双写最后一个字母,再加 “ing”; eg: begin,get,let,sit,put,run, drop,hit,forget,swim,stop,travel,plan,shop; d.现在进行时的标志词:look, listen, now, It’s + 时刻,
  2.do one’s homework = do homework (做家庭作业)

  3.a.看电视/比赛用“watch”; b.看书/报纸/杂志用“read”;
  4.wait for….(等候….)
  5.TV show (电视节目)
  6.at school/home/work (在学校/家/工作)

  7.Make telephone calls (打电话) a.Hello,here is/it’s + 电话号码 (你好!这儿是……) b.Hello,may/can/could I speak to……,please? (你好,我可以与……通话吗?) c.Who’s that (speaking) ? (你是谁?) d.This is…….(speaking) . (我是…..) e.Is that…….(speaking)?/Is…….. there ? (你是….吗?) Unit 6 It’s raining
  1.cloud (云) sun (太阳) cloudy (多云的) wind (风) sunny (晴朗的)rain (雨/下雨) snow (雪/下雪) windy (有风的) rainy (下雨的)
snowy (下雪的)

  2.询问天气: What’s the weather like? = How’s the weather ? It’s + 气候.
  3.How’s it going ? (情况怎样了?)
  4.pretty (相当) = quite /very (十分) pretty (漂亮) = beautiful
  5.hot (热) cold (冷)
  6.cool (凉爽) dry (干燥)
  8.lie (躺) warm (暖和) lying

  7.humid (潮湿)

  9.Thanks for sth./doing sth. (因….而感谢)
  10.on vacation (度假)
  11.on the beach (在沙滩上)
  12.take photos/pictures (照相)
  13.a group of…(一群…) <后接复数名词>

  14.beach volleyball (沙滩排球)
  15.be surprised (吃惊的)
  16.have a good/great/nice time = have fun (玩得高兴)
  17.everyone (每人) someone (某人) everything (一切) something (某物) nobody (没有人) <作主语时,当作第三人称单数>
  18.want sb.to do sth. (想要某人做 某事)
  19.in order to……(为了….) Unit 7 What does he look like ? long hair (长发) curly hair (卷发)

  1.short hair (短发)
  2.straight hair (直发)

  3.medium height (中等个子)
  4.medium build (中等身材)
  5.What does/do + sb. + look like? (某人长什么样?) a.Sb. + be + 形容词/ b.Sb. has/have + 名词
  6.look like = be like (看起来像…….)
  7.always (总是) never (决不)

  8.stop doing sth. (停止做某事) stop to do sth. (停下来做…..)
  9.tell jokes/stories (讲笑话/故事)
  10.remember (记得) Uuit 8 forget (忘记)
I’d like some noodles

  1. I’d like = I would like she’d like = she would like
  2.would like = want to sth./to do sth. (想要某物/做某事)
  3.clean (干净的) <形容词> dirty (脏的)/ (打扫) <动词>

  4.beef and tomato noodles (牛肉西红柿面)
  5.chicken and cabbage noodles (鸡肉白菜面)
  6.potato and mutton noodles (土豆羊肉面)

  7.What kind of….would you like ? (你想要哪种……?) What would you like/do you want ?(你想要什么?)
  8.What size bowl of noodles would you like? (你想要多大碗面?) I’d like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.
  9.as well as…(也;而且)
  10.green tea (绿茶)
  11.orange juice (桔汁)
  12.a. or (或者) <用于选择疑问句中> b.or (和) <用于连接否定中并列内容> Unit 9 How was your weekend ?
  1.一般过去时:过去发生的动作或存在的状态。 a.构成:由 be 动词/情态动词/实义动词的过去式构成。 b.规则动词过去式的构成:<1>一般在动词词尾加 ed; <2>以“e”结尾的动词,加 “d”构成; <3>辅音字母加 “y”结尾的动词,要先变 “y”为 “i”,再加 “ed”; <4>重读闭音节结尾的动词,先双写最后一个字母,再加 “ed”; eg: stop, plan, travel, drop, shop c.过去式的标志: yesterday (昨天) /last + 单数名词 (上一个…..) 时间段 + ago (…..以前)/just now = a moment ago (刚才)
  2.help sb. with sth. (在….方面帮助某人)
  3.help sb. (to) do sth. (帮助某人做某事)
  4.do some +动词 “ing” (做点…….) eg; do some reading
  5.stay at home (呆在家)
  6.have a party (开晚会)
  7.visit (a person) (拜访…..)
  8.talk show (访谈节目)

  9.study for the test (准备….<数学>测验)
  10.How/What about….(怎么样?) <用于反问别人或提建议>
  11.practice sth./doing sth. (练习…./做某事)
  12.How was your weekend? (你周末过得怎样?)
  13.What did you do last weekend?(你周末做了什么?)
  14.middle school (中学)
  15.cook…for sb.(为某人做…饭)
  16.It’s time to do sth. /It’s time for sth. (是该….的时候了)
  17.sit down (坐下)
  18.watch sb. do sth. (观看某人做…)
  19.look for….(寻找….) find (找到;发现)
Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation ?
  1.summer camp (夏令营)
  2.have fun doing sth. (做…快乐)
  3.expensive=dear (贵的) cheap (便宜的)

  4.两者中的另一个用 “the other”.
  5.Sichuan food (川菜)
  6.in the water/rain/snow/sun (在水中/雨中/雪中/太阳下)
  7.in the corner (在角落里) <内部> at the corner <外部>
  8.find sb. doing sth. (发现某人做某事)
  9.make sb. do sth. (使某人做某事)
  10.decide to do sth. (决定做某事)
  11.walk to (走<回>到…..)
  12.be lost = get lost (迷路;走散)
  13.the Great Wall (长城)
  14.the Palace Museum (故宫)
  15.Tian’an Men Square (天安门广场) Unit 11 What do you think of game shows ?
  1.What do you think of/about….?(你认为…怎么样?)
How do you like……? (你觉得…..怎么样?)
  2.think of/about….. (考虑….)
  3.soap opera (肥皂剧)
  4.can’t mind (不介意,无所谓)
  5.mind doing sth. (反对做…..)
  6.game show (游戏节目)
  7.in fact (实际上)
  8.ask sb. about…..(问某人有关….)
  9.key ring (钥匙圈)
  10.agree with sb. (同意某人)
  11.show sth. to sb. = show sb. sth. (出示某物给….)
  12.English Today (今日英语)
  13.Sports News (体育新闻)
  14.Healthy Living (健康生活)
  15.Culture China (华夏文化)
  16.Chinese Cooking (中国烹饪)
  17.Animal World (动物世界) Unit 12 Don’t eat in class !

  1.祈使句;a.以动词原形开头;b.变否定句时,在动词前加 “don’t”;
  2.in class (在课上) in the class (在班上)
  3.school rules (校规)
  4.in the hallways (在走廊里)
  5.dinning hall (餐厅)
  6.be late for… (…..迟到)
  7.get to….. = arrive in/at….= reach… (到达….)
  8.have to (不得不) <有时态和人称变化> must (必须) <无时态和人称变化>
  9.else (别的,其它的) <常位于疑问词之后>
  10.too many (太多的….) <后接可数名词复数> too much (太多的…) <后接不可数名词>
  11.No + 名词/No + 动词的 “ing” (禁止……..)
  12.Children’s Palace (少年宫)
  13.Summer Palace (颐和园)
新目标英语七(下)unit1~6 单元重点短语及词组 unit1
  1、be/come from:来自
  2、live in Paris:住在巴黎
  3、write to me soon:快点给我写信
  4、play sports:运动、锻炼
  5、speak a little French:讲一点法语
  6、like going to the movies with my friends: 喜欢和我的朋友去看电影
  7、tell sb about...告诉某人关于、、、、、、
  8、an interesting country: 一个有趣的国家
  9、in November: 在十一月
  10、speak a little French: 说一点法语
 

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