Chapter 2 Protecting our environment (a)
布吉中学 许智雄
Speaking Speaking Grammar
Reading (
Words study
■Answer the questions.
  1. Where do we live?
  2. What things can effect (影响 our 影响) 影响 health? Can you give some examples?
  3. What's the most important work we should do for our living(生存 生存)? 生存
The Earth is our homeland. We must protect our earth. However, our earth is in danger. Now please watch a short movie.
Click here! Watch!
The environment pollution is a big problem in the world. It's attacking our health seriously. Producing strong It's hard for harmful gas me to breathe!
air pollution
We know that fresh air is very important to human beings. However, many factories produce harmful gases into the air. It makes the air dirtier and dirtier. It's harmful to our health. What shall we do? Can you give some advice?
Water is also one of the most important resource (资源 to 资源) 资源 human beings. However, water pollution is everywhere. It becomes more and more seriously problem. Look at the following pictures. How do you feel? And What shall we do? Can you give some advice?
We are worrying … We are crying! Our hearts feel painful! Stop !!!
water pollution
becomes dirty
fish is dead
Yellow River is polluted
Taihu is polluted
We are very sad to see that our environment is polluted in many ways.
rubbish pollution
food polution
Beep! too noisy Keep quiet, please! I can be asleep. Stop, noise!
Noise pollution
Summary What pollution do you often see in our daily life? Pollution food pollution water pollution
air pollution
noise pollution
What a beautiful estate it is! Everyone wants our homeland like this. Do you think so? But …
Howerver, we feel sad because many places ar polluted in many ways. The nature is getting worse and worse. The water becomes dirtier and dirtier and air is also getting more and more terrible. For examples, please look at these photos.
"Help me! I'm thirsty! Where are you, water? I can't live without you!
The soil is washing away.
The dust is covered many cities.
sand storms in the northwest areas
Discussion The environment become more more serious. There is much pollution around us. Our homeland is in danger. What should we do? Talk it over.
What should do to protect our homeland? ◆ Protect the water resource. ◆ Don't throw rubbish into the rivers, lakes. ◆ Save water everyday
Do some cleaning
To make our homeland clean.
They are having a survey on pollution.
Why do they plant trees?
plant trees to protect our environment.
planting trees
● ●
to make the air clean to keep up the soil
Look at the picture (P
  15) and make dialogue in pairs. Sam: What are doing in the garden? Robert: I'm planting trees. Sam: What trees are you planting? Robert: I'm planting apple trees. Sam : Where are the trees? Robert: They are in the soil.
How do you know about…?

  1. How long do they live on the
mimi mice 2 years 14 years
25 years 1,200 years

  2. Pollution means the process(过 过 程) of making things dirty and unhealthy. Which type of pollution do trees help fight? Trees can stop air pollution noise pollution water pollution

  3. Which of the following come from trees?
fruit beans tea oil cotton rubber

  4. The best-known flowers in Shenzhen are azaleas. These sweet-smelling flowers are known as the flowers of Shenzhen city. Which picture shows azaleas(勒杜鹃 勒杜鹃)? 勒杜鹃
Banana trees
palm trees
  2. Find the words in Column A in the interview and match them with the meanings in Column B. The answers: Project ( c )
  2. interview ( b )
  3. Breathing (d)
  4. natural ( a )
  5. Warn ( g )
  6. a chemical ( e)
  7. Cut down ( f )
Lean the new words by heart.
  1. probably ? perhaps 很可能
  2. give out ?sth comes out of 释放
  3. harmful ? dangerous, trouble 有害的, 有害的 麻烦的
is harmful to our health.

  4. pass ? give sth. to sb. by hand 传递, 递给 传递
He passed the torch to another.

  4. fight (v.) 斗争,打架, 斗争,打架, fighter (n.)-- soldier 战士
  5. collect ? get sth. together 收集 ■Do you like collecting stamps?
  6. project 工程 工程; a class project 课题 ■ We're studying a class project on environment.

  7. interview ? ask sb. questions for sth. 采访
■ The
news reporter is interviewing Gou Jingjing.
  8. Doctor (Dr.) 博士, 医生 博士,

  9. be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣 感兴趣 = like (enjoy) doing sth. ; = be keen on sth.
■ What
sport are you interested in,
Judy? =What sport are you keen on, Judy?
  10. end (n. v.) 末尾,结束 the end, 结束;in the end在末尾; 结束; 在末尾; 在末尾 at the end of…在…的末端; 的末端; 在 的末端

  11. breathing fresh 呼吸新鲜空气 breathe (v.) /i:/, breath (n.)/e/ 呼吸 呼吸, fresh 新鲜的,fresh fruit 新鲜的, (vegetables, meat, milk, air…)
climb Wu Tong M. and breathe fresh air.
  12. nature 自然;natural自然的 自然; 自然的
■ We
try our best to keep the balance of nature. 我们要尽力保持 生态平衡. 生态平衡.natural air conditioner 天然空调, 天然空调,natural environment
  13. cool (v.) = make sth. cool,使… , 凉快
so hot now. Let's get some ice-cream to cool our ourselves.

  13. insects 昆虫
■ Butterfly
is one of the insects.

  14. Warn 警告,忠告 警告,
guide warned the tourists not to climb the mountain with fire.
  15. produce (v.) 产生,生产 , 产生, production制造 product 产品 制造, 制造

  16. chemical 化学物质
■ This
kind of insect can produce a chemical when others attack it.
  17. join (v.) 加入,参加 聚在一起 加入,参加,
■ They ■
joined together last night.
He joined the army two years ago.
  18. underground (n.) 地下,地铁 地下,
■ Trees
joined their roots together underground.
  19. communicating with 交流
■ Tree
can communicating with each other.
  20. be in danger 处以危险中

They are in danger, please call 110 for help.
  21. destroy (v.) 破坏
■ In
order to build factory, the villagers destroyed the nature.
  22. cut down: cut sth. to make it fall down 砍下 ■ Why did they cut down the trees?
  23. burn (v.) → burnt 燃烧,烧毁 燃烧, The forest in Australia burned a lot.

  24. against (prep.) 反对,违反 反对, ■ He turned against his promise. ■ We must destroy our best fighters against pollution. ■ Sometimes our teacher stand against the door.
More practice Matching
nature ◆ interview ◆ insect ◆ produce ◆ burn ◆ warm ◆ collect ◆ chemical

警告 ◆ 产生 ◆ 燃烧 ◆ 收集 ◆ 化学物质 ◆ 昆虫 ◆ 自然 ◆ 采访

Matching breathe fresh air communicate with destroy nature a class project be in danger cut down harmful gas be interested in give out 破坏自然 有害气体 砍下 对…有兴趣 呼吸新鲜空气 一个课题 发出,释放 在危险中 与…交流
  2. Find the words in Column A in the interview and match them with the meanings in Column B. The answers: Project ( c )
  2. interview ( b )
  3. Breathing (d)
  4. natural ( a )
  5. Warn ( g )
  6. a chemical ( e)
  7. Cut down ( f )
Fill in the blanks with correct words. burnt
  1.He the letter after reading it.
  2.Some people like collecting stamps from different countries.
  3.I put some ice into the glass to cool the water inside. warned
  4.Mum you not to go out. There is a storm coming soon.
  5.Trees are natural air conditioners. roduce hemical
  6. Trees can p a c .
More practice is interviewing 在采访
  1.Mr. Xu (在采访 a 在采访) on pollution 关于环境 professor(关于环境 关于环境). collecting 收集
  2. Do you like (收集 收集) stamps? is interested in
  3. Mr. Liu (对…感兴趣 insects(昆虫 感兴趣) 昆虫). 对 感兴趣 昆虫

  4.Some farmers use chemical (化 化 insects 昆虫) 学物质) to kill (昆虫 for the 学物质 昆虫 crops. communicate with
  5. Trees can (与…交流 each other. 与 交流) 交流 try our best 尽力)
  6. We must (尽力 to 尽力 pollution 污染) stop the (污染 around 污染 us.

  7. We should warn (敬告 the children 敬告 敬告) not to play with fire 玩火 in the (玩火 玩火) forest. living things 生物
  8. All the (生物 will die 生物) without water.
  9. If we don't plant more trees, the wash away soil will (流失 the air 流失), 流失 will be dirty. So we must take our protect 保护 action to (保护 our earth. 保护)
Translate the following words and expressions into Chinese.
  1. collect some facts
  2. interview sb.
  3. a class project on pollution
  4. be interested in sth.
  5. living things
  6. be useful for

  6. enjoy breathing fresh air
  7. thank sb. for sth.
  8. cool the air
  9. natural air conditioners
  10. know a lot about trees
  11. insects attack a tree
  12. warn sb. not to do sth.

  13. produce a chemical
  14. make sb. do sth.
  15. join their roots together underground
  16. communicate with one another,
  17. be in danger

  18. cut down lots of trees
  19. burn a lot of trees
  20. destroy
  21. do against pollution
  22. the best fighters of pollution
  1. Learn the new words by heart.
  2. Prepare the whole passage.
  3. What's the trees useful for? Think it over.



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