七年级英语句子成分基础练习及答案
http://www.qhyedu.com 2008-8-30 9:34:50 清华园教育网
句子的成分 (一). 指出下列句中主语的中心词(4 分, 4 分钟) ① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. (二) 选出句中谓语的中心词(10 分, 10 分钟) ① I don't like the picture on the wall. A. don't B. like C. picture D. wall ② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. A. get B. longer C. days D. summer ③ Do you usually go to school by bus? A. Do B. usually C.go D. bus ④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. A. will be B. meeting C. the library D. afternoon ⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? A.Did B. twins C. have D. breakfast ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. A. Tom B. didn't C. do D. his homework ⑦ What I want to tell you is this. A. want B. to tell C. you D. is ⑧ We had better send for a doctor. A. We B. had C. send D. doctor ⑨ He is interested in music. A. is B. interested C. in D. music ⑩ Whom did you give my book to? A. give B.did C. whom D. book (三) 挑出下列句中的宾语(10 分,10 分钟) ① My brotherhasn'tdonehis homework. A B C D ② Peopleall over the world speak English. A B C D ③ You must pay goodattention to yourpronunciation. A B C D ④ How many new wordsdidyoulearn last class? A B C D ⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming,how about you? A B C ⑥ The old man sitting at the gatesaidhe was ill.
D
A B C D ⑦ Theymadehimmonitor of the class. A B C D ⑧ Go across the bridge and you will findthe museum on the left. A B C D ⑨ You will find ituseful after youleave school. A B C D ⑩ Theydidn't knowwho"Father Christmas"really is. A B C D (四) 挑出下列句中的表语(5 分, 5 分钟) ① The old manwasfeeling very tired. A B C D ② Why is heworriedaboutJim? A B C D ③ The leaveshaveturnedyellow. A B C D ④ Soon They all becameinterestedin the subject. A B C D ⑤ She wasthe firstto learnabout it. A B C D (五) 挑出下列句中的定语(6 分,6 分钟) ① Theyuse Mr,Mrs with the familyname. A B C D ② Whatis your givenname? A B C D ③ On the thirdlapareClass 1 and Class
  3. A B C D ④ I am afraidsomepeople forgot to sweep the floor. A B C D ⑤ The mandownstairs was tryingto sleep. A B C D ⑥ Iam waiting for the soundof the other shoe! A B C D (六) 挑出下列句中的宾语补足语(6 分, 6 分钟) ① She likesthe childrento read newspapers and books in the A B C reading-room. D ② He askedherto take the boyout of school. A B C D ③ She founditdifficultto do the work. A B C D ④ They callmeLilysometimes. A B C D
⑤ IsawMr Wangget on the bus. AB C D ⑥ Did you see Li Mingplaying footballon the playgroundjust now? A B C D (七) 挑出下列句中的状语(8 分, 8 分钟) ① Therewasa big smileon her face. A B C D ② Every night he heardthe noiseupstairs. A B C D ③ He beganto learnEnglishwhen he was eleven. A B C D ④ The manon the motorbikewas travellingto fast. A B C D ⑤ With the medicine box under her arm, MissLihurried off. A B C D ⑥ Shelovesthe librarybecause she loves books. A B C D ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. A B C D ⑧ The studentsfollowedUncle Wangto see the other machine. A B C D (八) 划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语(5 分, 5 分钟) ① Please tell us a story. ② My father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr Li is going to teach us history next term. ④ Here is a pen.Give it to Tom. ⑤ Did he leave any message for me? 答案 (一)① teacher ② man ③ dictionary ④ To do (二)① B② A ③ C ④ A ⑤ C ⑥ C ⑦ D ⑧ C⑨ A⑩ A (三)① D ② D ③ B ④ A ⑤ B ⑥ D ⑦ C ⑧ D⑨ A ⑩ D (四)①D ②B ③D ④C ⑤B (五)① C ② C ③ A ④ B ⑤ B ⑥ D (六)① C ② C ③ C ④ C ⑤ D ⑥ B (七)① D ② A ③ D ④ D ⑤ A ⑥ D ⑦ C ⑧ D (八)① us, 间接宾语 a story, 直接宾语 ② me, 间接宾语 a new bike, 直接宾语 ③ us, 间接宾语 history, 直接宾语 ④ Tom, 间接宾语 it, 直接宾语 ⑤ me, 间接宾语 message, 直接宾语
 

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