八年级英语(仁爱版) 八年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳 Unit 1 Playing Sports Topic 1 What’s your favorite sport? 重点词语:
  1. almost(反义词)never
  2.win(过去式)won(名词)winner
  3.ski(现在分词)skiing
  4.famous(比较 级)more famous
  5.arrive(同义词)reach
  6.leave(过去式))left
  7.popular(最高级)most popular
  8.healthy(同义 词)fit(名词)health (
  1) 词组
  1. during the summer holidays 在暑假期间
  2. between…and… 在两者之间
  3. cheer sb. on 为某人加油
  4. prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事
  5. quite a bit/a lot 很多
  6. plan to do sth. 计划做某事
  7. have a skating club 举办滑雪俱乐部
  8. go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking 去滑雪 /滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足
  9. arrive in 到达
  10. play against… 与……对抗/较量
  11. for long 很久
  12. leave for… 动身去…
  13. the day after tomorrow 后天
  14. places of interest 名
  15. 胜
  16. play baseball 打棒球
  17. at least 至少
  18. be good at 善于做某事
  19. take part in 参加
  20. all over the world 全世界
  21. be good for 对……有益
  22. a good way 一种好方法
  23. keep fit/healthy 保持健康
  24. relax oneself 放松某人自己 重点句型
  25. What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best? 你最喜爱的运动是什么?
  26. Which sport do you prefer? = Which sport do you like better? 你更喜欢什么运动? I prefer skating. = I like skating better. 我更喜欢滑雪.
  27. Do you skate much? = Do you often skate? 你常滑雪 吗?
  28. She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day. 每天她至少花半小时在体育馆.
  29. She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping. 她棒球打得相当好而且擅长于跳.
  30. What kind of sports do you like? = Which sport do you like? 你喜欢哪种运动? 重点语言点
  31. see sb. do sth “看见某人做了某事” 强调动作的全 过程,常与 every day; often 等连用.see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事” 强调动作正在进行. 1
如: I saw you play basketball almost every day during the summer holidays.I often see him draw pictures near the river. 我常看见她在河边画画.I saw her go across the street. 我看见她过了马路 I saw her going across the street. 我看见她正在过马路.[类似的有 watch,hear,feel 等这类感观动词.]
  32. join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列” “和某人在一 起”join + 组织 表示 “加入某个组织”take part in 表示 “参加/出席某个活动”如: Will you join us?I will join the skiing club. She is planning to take part in the high jump.
  33. arrive in + 大地点 arrive at + 小地点 get to + 地点 = reach + 地点 如: My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday. I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the Great Wall. 注意: reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home
  34. leave… 离开……leave for… 动身去…/离开到… 如: They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离 开北京. They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天 他们要前往日本.
  35. a few “几个;一些” 修饰可数名
  36. 词 a little “一点点” 修饰不数名词 如: There are a few eggs in the basket. There is a little water in the bottle.
  37. how long 表示“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段.how often 表示 “多常; 多久一次”; 提问时间的频率. 如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing? He plays basketball twice a week. → How often does he play basketball?
  7.be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于 (做)某事 如: She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.
  8.make sth/sb + adj.使某物(某人)在某种状态 keep sth/sb + adj.保持某物(某人)在某种状态 如: Playing soccer can make your body strong. Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy. 重点语法 一般将来时: (一) going to 结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动 be 的打算、意图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自己 做好某些准备的意思,因此通常认为用 be going to 表 达的行动很可能会见诸实践。 如:I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday. 我打算本周日和同学们一起打篮球。 She is going to buy a sweater for her mother. 她打算为她妈妈买一件毛衣。 ②表预测。指根据迹象推测,而且马上或很快就要发 生。 如: Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain. 瞧那些乌云! 快要下雨了! (二) will + 动词原形:表示单纯的将来事实,常与 表 将 来 的 时 间 状 语 如 :tomorrow, soon, later, next
time(week/month/year…)等连用。 not = won’t; 缩略 will 形式为’ll. 表示作出立即的决定。这种意图并未经过事先的考虑 或计划,是临时的一种决定。 如:a. Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆,把你 的东西收拾好。 I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去 做。 b. Would you like coffee or tea? 您要咖啡还是茶? --I will have a cup of tea,please. 我要一杯茶。c. Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 别担心。我会帮你的。 表示预测。指说话人对于将来的看法、假设和推测。 如: I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次 我们队会赢。 Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。 表示许诺。 如: I’ll do better next time. 下次我会做得 更好的。 I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你的。 句式:肯定句:I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon. 否定句:I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon. 一般疑问句:Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon? 回答:Yes, I/she/he/they will. No, I/she /he/they won’t. (三) 动词 plan, come, go, leave, fly 等用现在进行时表 示将要发生的事. 如: I’m coming. 我就来。 He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。 We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。 Topic 2 Would you mind saying sorry to Michael? 一、重点词语: 词形转换: (
  1) adj. + ly → adv. loud → loudly soft → softly quiet → quietly clear → clearly angry → angrily easy → easily (
  2)过去式: fall → fell break → broke lose →lost throw → threw feel → felt (
  3)
  1.ill (同义词)sick (名词)illness
  2.start(同义 词)begin
  3.far(反义词)near
  4.smoke(现在分词)smoking
  5.careless(反义 词)careful
  6.important(比较级) more important
  7.Russia(公民)Russian
  8.enjoy(现在分 词)enjoying
  9.invent(名词)invention;inventor
  10.indoor(反义词)outdoor
  11.century(复数)centuries
  12.coach(复数)coaches
  13.feel (名词)feeling
  14.tiring(近义词)tired (二) 词组: have a soccer game 进行一场足球赛 fall ill 病倒了 be a little far from… 离……有点远 right away = at once 立刻;马上 miss a good chance 错过一个好机会 2 get/miss a goal 得到/失去一分
shame on sb. 为某人感到羞耻 do one’s best 尽某人的力 say sorry to sb. 对某人说抱歉 be sure to do sth. 确定做某事 be angry with… 生某人的气 with one’s help = with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下 serve food 上菜 turn up/down… 调高/低(音量) keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事 in a minute 一分钟后;马上 on the phone 在电话中 take a seat 就坐 never mind 不要紧 a lot of traveling 一系列旅行 love/enjoy doing sth. 喜爱/欢做某事 have a very exciting life 过着非常兴奋的生活 as well 也 throw…into… 把……投进…… follow/obey the rules 遵守规则 over a century later 一个多世纪后 more and more people 越来越多的人 feel tired 感到疲劳 instead of… 替代…… ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事 make a plan for sb. 为某人订一份计划 build up 增进;增强 go right 正常运转 do the homework 做作业 二.重点句型 Could you please do me a favor? = Could you help me? = Could you give me a hand? 你能帮我吗? Would you mind teaching me? = Would you please teach me? 你教我好吗? You are always so careless. 你总是这样粗心大意. Let me buy you a new one. = Let me buy a new one for you.让我为你买一个新的。 He invented an indoor game for his students so that they could play it even in bad weather. 他为他的学生们发明 了一项室内运动以便他们甚至在恶劣的天气也能玩。 And you can throw it with one hand or both hands.你能 用一只手或两只手投掷它。 三. 重点语言点 ill 与 sick 都表示 “生病的”, 只能作表语而既可作表 语也可作定语.如: The man is ill/sick. 那个男人病了. (作表语) He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语) Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表示 “(不)做某事介 意/好吗?” 如: Would you mind coming and checking it? 来修理它 好吗? Would you mind not smoking here? 不要在这儿吸烟好/ 介意吗?
  3. one of + 名词复数 表示 “其中之一……”, 主语是 one,表单数.
如: One of my teammates is strong and tall. 其中我的 一个队友又高又壮。
  4. miss “错过,思念,遗失” 如: I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一 班车. He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲. My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢 了.
  5. be sure to do sth. = be sure that + 句子 “确定做某 事” 如: We are sure to win next time. = We are sure that we will win next time. 我们确信下次一定会赢。 be sorry for… “为某事抱歉” be sorry to do sth. = be sorry (that) + 句子 “很抱歉做了 某事” 如: I am very sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话感 到抱歉. I’m sorry I lost your book. = I’m sorry to lose your book. 很抱歉弄丢你的书。
  7.tired adj. “(感到)疲惫的” , 主语是人 如: I feel tired today. 今天我感到累了. tiring adj. “令人疲劳的”, 主语是事物 如:This job is tiring. 这份工作令人疲惫. 类似的有: excited 感到兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的 interested 感到有趣的 interesting 有趣的
  8.15-year-old “15 岁的” 15 years old “15 岁” 如: He is a 15-year-old boy. = The boy is 15 years old. 类似用法:
  2.5-mile /
  2.5 miles
  9. instead “替代;相反”, 一般单独使用,放在句末,前面 用逗号隔开. instead of…“替代……;而不……,相反” 如: I won’t go to Shanghai. I’ll go to Beijing, instead. 我 不会去上海而会去北京. = I’ll go to Beijing instead of Shanghai. I drank a lot of milk instead of water. 我喝了许多牛奶 而不是水. have fun doing sth. = enjoy doing sth. 表示 “从做……. 中获得乐趣” 如: I have great fun running. = I enjoy running.我总能在 跑步中得到很大乐趣。 四、交际用语 (
  2) 请求和回答 Requests Responses Could you please do me a favor? Sure. What is it? Will you join us? I’d be glad to. Would you mind teaching me? Not at all. Let’s go and practice. (二)道歉和回答 Apologies Responses I’m sorry I didn’t call you last night. Never mind.I guess you were busy last night. I’m sorry I’m late for class. That’s OK. Please take a seat. I’m sorry I lost your book. It doesn’t matter. That book isn’t important to me. I’m sorry I broke your pen. Don’t worry. I have another 3
pen. Topic 3 Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. 一、重点词组: join the English club 加入英语俱乐部 host the 2008 Olympics 举办 2008 年奥运会 fill out 填出/好 go on 发生;进行 all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方 quite a lot 相当多 make friends with… 与……交朋友 be afraid 恐怕 be free 有空 see you then 再见 win the first gold medal 赢得第一枚金牌 get 28 gold medals 获得 28 枚金牌 the winner of the first gold medal 第一枚金 牌的获胜者 every four years 每四年;每隔三年 the mascot for the Beijing Olympics 北京奥运 会的吉祥物 behave well 举止得体 improve the environment 改善环境 plant trees and grass 种植花草树木 a symbol of … 一种……的象征 stand for 代表 the five parts of the world 世界的五大部分 do morning exercises 做早操 be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事 二、重点句型
  1.Could you tell me your name? 你能告诉我你的名字 吗= What’s your name?
  2.What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的?
  3. More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi (= take my taxi) now. 现在越来越多的外国朋友搭我的出租车.
  4.Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有 很大帮助.
  5.Please fill it out. 请把它填好.
  6.What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend? 本周末的天气怎样?
  7..There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更 多的马路. 三. 重点语言点 fill out + 名词 “填好……” fill + 名词/代词+out 如: Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格. Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好. be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、 委婉地拒绝别人.be afraid of… “害怕(做)……” 如: I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空.He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗.
They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛. may be “可能是…” may 是情态动词 + be m
 

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