Module 10 Life history
一. 教学内容: MODULE 10 Life history 二. 重点、难点 一般过去时(III) 一般动词过去式的基本句型
三. 具体内容 I. 语法:一般过去时(III) 一般动词过去式的基本句型如下: 肯定句: 主语+ 动词的过去式…… 否定句: 主语+ did not + 动词原形…… 疑问句: Did + 主语 + 动词原形……? ○He played tennis last week. (肯定句) 他上周打网球了。 ○He did not play tennis last week. (否定句) 上周他没打网球。 ○Did he play tennis last week? ※一般动词过去时的疑问句 Did he go there? 他去那了吗? 是的,他去了。 (不,他没去。 ) At six. (疑问句) 上周他打网球了吗?
Yes, he did. (No, he didn’t.)
When did you get up this morning? 今天早晨你几点钟起床的?
六点钟。
一般动词过去时一般疑问句的结构和一般现在时一般疑问句的结构一样, 无论主语是第 几人称,单数、复数,在主语前面加上 did 即可。 ○Did Tom go with you? 汤姆和你一起去的吗? 是的。 (不,不是的) 上学期你们学习几门功课?
Yes, he did . (No, he didn’t.)
○How many subjects did you study last term? We studied seven. 我们学习七门课。
※比较一般动词的现在时和过去时 一般现在时 I go ~. 肯定句 He goes ~. 否定句 I don’t go ~. He went ~. I didn’t go ~. 一般过去时 I went ~.
He doesn’t go ~. Do you go ~? 疑问句 Does he go ~ ? 知识辅导:
He didn’t go ~. Did you go ~? Did he go ~?

  1. Did you ride a bike to school when you were a boy? 您小时候是骑自行车上学吗? when you were a boy 是时间状语从句
骑自行车上学还可以说成 go to school by bike He drives a car to work every day. 他每天开着车去上班。 He goes to work by car every day. 他每天开车去上班。
  2. the life of William Shakespeare 威廉莎士比亚的生平 威廉莎士比亚(1564-16
  16)文艺复兴时期英国最伟大的诗人和剧作家。他出生于英国 中部斯特拉特福镇的一个羊毛商的家庭。 幼年在当地的文法学校里他开始接触戏剧, 并对其 发生浓厚兴趣。1585 年前后在伦敦谋生,几年后进入剧院工作。在取得舞台工作经验之后, 莎士比亚开始了戏剧创作工作。 莎士比亚在其勤奋的一生中共写了三十七部剧本, 一百五十四首十四行诗和两首叙事长 诗。主要的作品有: 《罗密欧与朱丽叶》《哈姆莱特》《奥塞罗》《李尔王》《麦克白》和 、 、 、 、 《雅典的泰门》等。 Some of his most famous plays are Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet. 他的一些名剧包括《哈姆雷特》和《罗密欧与朱丽叶》 。 莎士比亚四大悲剧包括《哈姆雷特》《奥赛罗》《李尔王》《麦克白》 、 、 、 《哈姆雷特》又名《王子复仇记》他的叔叔为了夺取王位,把毒药倒进了国王也就是哈 姆雷特的父亲的耳朵里,杀死了国王,娶了皇后也就是他的嫂子,哈姆雷特的母亲,哈姆雷 特回国后,收到父亲的托梦,知道了真相。而此时的假国王也知道哈姆雷特想除掉他而想除 掉哈姆雷特,假国王想借用比剑的机会,用有毒剑杀死哈姆雷特,若哈姆雷特没有被毒剑所 伤,就以奖励为借口让哈姆雷特喝下放入钻石的美酒,当然钻石上涂有毒药。但是最终,哈 姆雷特在比试中获胜,毒酒被他的母亲喝了,他杀死了他的叔叔,同时它也被毒剑刺中,牺 牲了! 意大利维洛那城的凯普莱特和蒙太古两个家族有世仇, 他们之间常常发生流血事件。 一 天,蒙太古的儿子罗密欧在化妆舞会上,与凯普莱特的女儿朱丽叶一见钟情。直到天亮,俩 人才依依惜别。第二天,罗密欧把二人的感情告诉了修道院的劳伦斯长老。长老表示支持, 并暗中主持婚礼,希望借此结束两家的宿怨。结婚的当天中午,罗密欧刺死了提伯尔特。这 使两家的仇恨更加激化,罗密欧也因此遭放逐。罗密欧走后不久,凯普莱特就逼迫朱丽叶与 帕里斯伯爵结婚。朱丽叶焦急万分,请求劳伦斯长老帮助。长老急中生智,一面让朱丽叶在
婚前的夜晚服下他的假死药,一面派人送信给罗密欧,让他适时赶来带走朱丽叶。朱丽叶依 计行事,可是送信的人却没有如期找到罗密欧。罗密欧得知朱丽叶死亡的消息连夜赶回,与 先来凭吊朱丽叶的帕里斯发生误会,刺死了帕里斯,然后自饮毒酒死在朱丽叶身旁。劳伦斯 神甫迟到了,他看到帕里斯罗密欧已死,追悔莫及,这时朱丽叶醒来,看到这一情景,便抓 起罗密欧身上的匕首,刺进了自己胸膛。 亲王来到现场,弄清了真相,谴责了凯普莱特与蒙太古两家,于是两个仇家和解了。
  3. He decided to be an actor when he finished school at the age of
  14. 14 岁毕业那年他决定当一名演员。 at the age of 14 在 14 岁的时候,相当于 when he was
  14.
  4. Queen Elizabeth I enjoyed Shakespeare’s play.伊丽莎白一世喜欢莎士比亚的戏剧。 伊丽莎白一世(Elizabeth I,1533- 16
  03) ,都铎王朝的第五位也是最后一位君主。她不 但成功地保持了英格兰的统一, 而且在经过近半个世纪的统治后, 使英格兰成为欧洲最强大, 富有的国家之一。英格兰文化也在此期间达到了一个顶峰,涌现出了诸如莎士比亚,培根这 样的著名人物。 英国在北美的殖民地亦在此期间开始确立。 她的统治期在英国历史上被称为 “伊丽莎白时期”,亦称为“黄金时代”。
  5. He married in 1582 and had three children. 他于 1582 年结婚并有三个孩子。 Marry v. 结婚 短语:be married to sb./ marry sb. Eg. I’m going to marry John. 我要和 John 结婚了。 She has married to John. 他和 John 结婚了。
  6. William Shakespeare died at the age of fifty-two. die v. died; died; dead; dying; death eg. The old man is dying. 那位老人快死了。 That man has been dead for many years. 那人死了好多年了。 His death made us feel sad. 他的死令我们很悲伤。 She died in 19
  50. 她是 1950 年去世的。
【典型例题】 典型例题】 I. 用所给词的适当形式填空。
  1. Mike (not go) to bed until 12 o’clock last night.
  2. There (be) no one here a moment ago.
  3. I (call) Mike this morning.
  4. Last week we (pick) many apples on the farm.
  5. My mother (not do) housework yesterday.
  6. She watches TV every evening. But she (not watch) TV last night.

  7. There a telephone call for you just now. (be)
  8. There not enough people to pick apples that day. ( be)
  9. There any hospitals (医院) in my hometown (家乡) in 19
  40. ( be not)
  10. ?When you (come) to china?
  11. Did she (have) supper at home?
  12. Jack (not clean) the room just now.
  13. (be) it cold in your city yesterday?
  14. How many people (be) there in your class last term?
  15. It (be) hot yesterday and most children (be) outside. 答案: 答案:
  1. didn’t go
  6. didn’t do
  12. din’t clean
  2. was
  3. called
  4. picked
  9. were not
  14. were
  5. didn’t do
  10. did , come
  11.have

  7. was
  8.were
  13. Was

  15. was, were
II. 词汇。根据句意或首字母提示写单词。
  1. T comes after Monday.
  2. Li Lei is a tall boy. His legs are very l .
  3. O of your hands is dirty(脏的). You must wash it.
  4. T the basketball to me, please.
  5. I’m not good at p basketball, but I do well in English. 答案: 答案:
  1. Tuesday
  2. long
  3. One
  4. Throw
  5. playing
III. 下面的每个句子中均含有一处错误,请找出并更正。
  1. Could I have one full,please?
  2. I have two brothers. One is called Tom and other is called Jack.
  3. Let’s go and play a basketball.
  4. Don’t it like that, do it like this.
  5. I don’t have some ice cream. 答案: 答案:
  1. one full 改为 a full one。
  2. 在 other 前加定冠词 the。

  3. 把 a 去掉。
  4. 在 Don’t 后加 do。
  5. 将 some 改为 any。
IV. 根据句意及首字母补全单词
  1. New Year’s Day is on J the first.

  2. M the first is Labour Day.
  3. We love our teachers. We say “Happy Teachers’s Day!”on S the tenth.
  4. Our second school ?term lasts from Fto J.
  5. June the first is CDay.
  6. O the first is our National Day.
  7. We can make a snowman in w.
  8. September is the n month of the year.
  9. D the twenty-fifth is Christmas Day.
  10. ?Which subject(学科)do you like best? ?I like H. 答案: 答案:
  1. January
  2. May
  3. September
  4. Febrary, June
  5. Christmas
  6. October
  7. winter
  9. December
  10. History V. 单项选择。
  1. He in 19
  98. A. is born C. was born B. is birth D. was birth
  8.ninth

  2. Who writes , Jim , Kate or John ? A. more carefully C. the most careful B. the most carefully D. more careful

  3. ?Is this orange sweater Li Ying’s or Lucy’s? ? . A. Yes, it’s Lucy’s C. No, it’s mine B. No, it’s Lucy’s D. It’s Lucy’s

  4. I was born April 20, 1985 the north China. A. in, in, of C. on, in, of B. in, on, of D. on, on, in

  5. ?How many brown boxes ? ?Two. A. do you have C. are you have 答案: 答案: 1?5 CBDCA B. is there D. does you have
 

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