Module 8 My past life
一. 教学内容: Module 8 My past life 二. 重点、难点: 一般过去时
三. 具体内容: (一)语法:一般过去时
  1. 在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态或表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或 习惯性的动作,就必须用到一般过去时态的谓语动词来表示,时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982 等。 例如: Where did you go just now? When I was a child, I often played football in the street.
  2. 一般过去时由动词的过去式表示,动词 be 有 was, were 两个过去式,was 用于第一、三 人称单数,were 用于其他情况。 肯定句:主语+be 动词的一般过去时(was/were) 否定句:主语+be 动词的一般过去时(was/were)+not 一般疑问句:be 动词的一般过去时(was/were)+主语 I was there. I was not there. Was I there ? 肯定句 I was there last year. You were in 否定句 I was not there last year. You were not in Beijing last year. He was not at work yesterday. We /You/They were not at home 一般疑问句 *Was I there last year? Were you in 回答 *Yes, I was. No, I wasn’t. Yes, you were. No, you weren’t Yes, he was. No, he wasn’t. we * Yes, we 特殊疑问句 *Where was I last year? Where were
Beijing last year. He was at work yesterday. We were /You/They at home
Beijing last year? Was he at work yesterday? * Were
you last year? When was he at work? * Where
/you/they at home yesterday?
/you/they were. No, we/you/they
were we/ you/ they
yesterday.
yesterday.
weren’t. 注:*代表自问自答 Text:
  1. Becky was well-behaved at school but Adam was naughty. 贝基在学校表现的很好,规矩有礼,但是亚当却很淘气。 well-behaved 是形容词 意思是:行为端庄的,彬彬有礼的,守规矩的。反义词为 badly-behaved。 如:
yesterday?
He’s a badly-behaved boy. Nobody likes him. 他是一个不守规矩的孩子,没有人喜欢他。
  2.There were lots of things to do in Quincy, with many stores, two movie theatres, and football and baseball teams too. 昆西有许多商店,两个电影院,还有足球队和棒球队。在那里有很多事可以做。 不定式 to do 在此句中充当定语,修饰 things. 如: There are many letters to write. 有很多信要写。 I have some clothes to wash. 我有些衣服要洗。
  3. Two Presidents of the USA, John Adams and his son John Quincy Adam, were born in Quincy. 美国两位总统,约翰亚当斯和他的儿子约翰昆西亚当斯,都出生于昆西。 John Adams and his son John Quincy Adam 是 tow Presidents of the USA 的同位语。 I was born in Quincy, a town on the east coast of America. 我出生于昆西, 它是美国东海岸 的一个城镇。 a town on the east coast of America 是 Quincy 的同位语。
  4. There was a big living room with a TV, a kitchen, a bathroom and three bedrooms. 有一个很大的起居室, 里面有一台电视机, 此外还有一间厨房, 一个卫生间和三间卧室。 with a TV, a kitchen, a bathroom and three bedrooms 是一个介词短语, 做定语, 修饰 a big living room. 如: China is a country with a population of
  1.3 billion.中国是一个拥有 13 亿人口的国家。 I have a house with a swimming pool.我有一座带有游泳池的房子。 Our teacher is a woman with brown eyes. 我的老师是一位女老师,她有着一双褐色的眼睛。
  5. It was great to play there. 在那里玩太棒了。 It 是形式主语,真正的主语是 to play there,为了避免头重脚轻。
  6. We were looking forward to coming to China.我们期待着来中国。
looking forward to+n./pron./doing 表示“期待着某事或做某事” 如:They’re looking forward to the new term. 他们期待着新学期的到来。 I’m looking forward to seeing you again. 我期待着再次见到你。
  7. He was born on 18th July , 19
  18. 他出生于 1918 年 7 月 18 号。 (
  1)注意日期的表示方法,顺序日,月,年,或者月,日,年,日期用序数词或基数 词均可。 1st June, 1999 June 1st, 1999 June 1, 1999
注意在具体某一天用介词 on,在某一年/星期/月用 in,在上午,下午,晚上用 in。但是 有形容词修饰的上午,下午,晚上用 on,例如: in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午,下午,晚上 in 1987 在 1987 年 in July 在 7 月份 in this week 在本周 on a windy morning 在一个有风的早上 【典型例题】 典型例题】 一. 改错题
  1. How is Jane yesterday?
  2. When are you born?
  3. Where is he born?
  4. I am look forward to go to America. 答案: 答案:
  1. How was Jane yesterday?
  2. When were you born?
  3. Where was he born?
  4. I am look forward to going to America. 二. 句型转换
  1. My brother was in the park just now. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 对划线部分提问: 答案: 答案: My brother was not in the park just now. Was your brother in the park just now? Where was your brother just now?
  2.There were about nine hundred people at the concert. (音乐会)
否定句: 一般疑问句: 对划线部分提问: 答案: 答案: There were not about nine hundred people at the concert. Were there about nine hundred people at the concert? How many people were there at the concert?
  3. There was only one problem. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 对划线部分提问: 答案: 答案: There was not only one problem. Was there only one problem? How many problems were there ? 三. 用所给词的适当形式填空。
  1. There (be)no one here a moment ago.
  2. He (watch)TV and I (read)an interesting book last night.
  3. (be)it cold in your city yesterday?
  4. How many people (be there in your class last term?
  5. It (be)hot yesterday and most children (be)outside.
  6. There (be)a football match on TV yesterday evening
  7. There a telephone call for you just now.(be)
  8. There not enough people to pick apples that day.(be)
  9. There any hospitals(医院)in my hometown(家乡)in 19
  40.(be not)
  10. There enough milk at home last week, wasn’t there? 答案:
  1. 答案: was
  2. was watching, was reading
  3. Was was
  8. were
  9. was not
  10. was
  4. were
  5. was , were
  6. was
  7.
四. 选择填空
  1. Was he at work ? A. now B. next week C. next Sunday D. yesterday

  2. Do you know why she at home last night? A. isn’t B. wasn’t C. not D. not in

  3. was the food in the restaurant?
A. How many
B. How C. Why
D. Where

  4. ? When and where you born ? ?I born in Shanghai September 1, 19
  90. A. was, were, at B. were, was, in C. was, was, on D. were, was, on

  5. My father likes books in the evening. He doesn’t often TV. A. reading, watch C. to read, watches B. watches, see D. looking at, see

  6. Pandas like eating and elephants like eating . A. leafs, grasses C. leaf, grass B. leaves, grass D. leaves, grasses

  7. ? Excuse me, Where is the zoo? ?Sorry, I don’t know. Ask that policeman. He know. A. shall B. need C. may D. would

  8. ? Would you like something to? ? Yes, please. A story- book. A. eat B. drink C. wash D. read

  9. He got up late this morning. There no time to have breakfast. A. have B. had C. was D. were

  10. ?I hope you can go to the cinema with us. ?I’d love to, I can’t. A. so B. and C. because D. but 答案: 答案:1?10 DBBDA BCDCD
 

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