Unit 12 总复习
I. 重点短语 重点短语:
  1. 校规/班规/家规 school rules / class rules / family rules
  2. 上课迟到 be / arrive late for class
  3. 在走廊上跑 run in the hallways
  4. 在外面听音乐 listen to music outside
  5. 在餐厅吃饭 eat in the dining hall
  6. 戴帽子/穿制服 wear a hat / uniform
  7.体育课穿运动鞋 wear sports shoes for gym class
  8. 在有课的晚上外出 go out on school nights
  9. 每天练吉他 practice your guitar every day / practice playing the guitar every day
  10. 去睡觉 go to bed
  11. 洗衣服 wash my clothes = do some washing
  12. 帮妈妈做饭 help mom make/cook dinner
  13. 去少年宫学钢琴 go to the Children’s Palace to learn the piano
  14. 不许讲话 No talking! = Don’t talk! 不许大声喧哗 Don’t talk loudly! II. 语法讲解
  1. 必须”考查 must 与 have to . 必须” “ 在英语中,must 与 have to 都可以表示“必须” ,但其用法有所不同。 (
  1) must 表示说话人的主观看法,认为有义务有必要。 如:我们必须努力工作。 (是我们要这样做的) We . (
  2) have to 表示客观需要,即周围的环境、习惯、协约等要求某人“不得不作某事” 。 如:我们不得不努力工作。 (环境使我们不得不这样做)We . (
  3) must 的否定形式为 , have to 的否定形式为, 两者意义也不同。前者 表示“不应该”“不许可”“禁止”等,后者表示“不必要” 、 、 。 如:你们不能在马路上踢足球。 You play football on the road. 你今天不必练钢琴了。You practice the piano today. (
  4) 要表示过去获奖来“必须” ,则必须用 have to 的相应形式。 如:昨天我们不得不去购物。 We go shopping yesterday. 练一练: 练一练:
  1.He has to stay at home. 否定:He stay at home. 一般疑问: he stay at home? Yes, he . / No, he .
1
划线提问: he ?
  2. She come early next time. A. don't have to B. hasn’t to C. doesn't has to D. doesn’t have to
  3. Does she have to get up so early tomorrow morning? Yes, she _.A. is B. have C. has D. does
  4. I like the party so much, but I go home. It’s too late. A. must B. have to C. may D. can
  5. Does Linda to go to school on weekends? No, she . A. have, don't B. has, doesn't C. have, doesn't D. has, haven’t
  2. 小小 “by”能耐大 能耐大 by 虽然只是一个小小的介词,可是能耐可不小 (
  1) 到(某时)之前,不迟于… 她必须十点前睡觉 She go to bed ten o’clock. (
  2) 在….旁边 医院旁边有家饭店 a restaurant the hospital. (
  3) 用…., 通过…. (表示方法、手段等) 我们经常骑自行车上学 We often go to school . 你们应该通过努力学习来提高英语水平 You should your English hard. 练一练: 练一练:
  1. 今天下午五点半之前我必须完成作业 I finish my homework 5:30 this afternoon.
  2. 我妹妹通常坐公交车上学 My sister usually to school bus.
  3. 那本书是他叔叔写的 That book was written his uncle.
  3. too many PK too much too many 和 too much 都有 “太多” 的意思, 但其用法不同。 many 用来修饰, too much too 用来修饰 如:房间里有太多的书 There are books in the room. 今天我有太多的作业要做 I have homework to do today. 练一练:用 too many 或 too much 填空
  1. He has things to do today.
  2. I had homework to do last weekend.
  3. My mother does housework every day.
  4. The shop was too crowded. There were people in it.
  4.“祈使句”的新模样 “祈使句” 课文原句展示:不准讲话!No talking! 上句中 No 在此意为“不许” ,是形容词,表示禁止做某事,其后跟名词或动词的-ing 形式,相当
2
于否定的祈使句。 如:禁止吸烟!No smoking! = ! 不要在课堂上讲话!No talking in class! = in class! 禁止游泳!No swimming! = ! 归纳: + , 意为“禁止….或不准….”多用于公共警示用语。 III. 单元综合提升 全方位透视“祈使句” 全方位透视“祈使句”类型 祈使句是用来表示请求、命令、建议的句子,它的特点是通常没有, 多以 开始, 句尾用句号或感叹号,朗读时常用降调。我们可用这段顺口溜来学习祈使句。 祈使句简说 动词原形无主语,婉言用“请” “让”字句; 牢牢记住这两点,定能学好祈使句。
  1. P 型:Please +动词原形 其他 动词原形+其他 动词原形 常表示客气的请求,有时 please 也放在句尾,其前加逗号。如: 请进 Please . = , please. 请坐 Please . = , please.
  2. L 型:Let +宾格代词 动词原形 其他 宾格代词+动词原形 宾格代词 动词原形+其他 常表示请求和建议。 如:让我来读吧 read it. 咱们去爬山吧 go to the mountains.
  3. V 型:V (代表动词原形 +宾语 其他 代表动词原形) 宾语+其他 代表动词原形 宾语 常用来表达命令。 如:把门关上。 the door. 起立! up!
  4. B 型:Be +表语 名词或形容词 +其他 表语(名词或形容词 表语 名词或形容词) 其他 强调表达的内容。 如:做个好学生。 a good student. 安静! !
  5. D 型:Don’t +动词原形 其他 动词原形+其他 动词原形 是否定的祈使句,表示告诉某人不要做某事。 如:不要迟到。 late. 不要在课堂上吃东西。 in class.
3

  6. N 型:No +名词或动名词 其他 名词或动名词+其他 名词或动名词 这种否定的祈使句多用于公共警示语。 如:禁止拍照! ! 禁止游泳! !
练一练: 练一练:改正下列句子中的错误
  1. Not sit over there.
  2. Be not angry with me.
  3. Don’t please look at me.
  4. Let me to help you.
  5. Don’t late for school.
  6. No swim!
  7. Let’s good friends!
  8. Come please here. Exercises: ( )
  1. I often go to bed late because I have homework to do every day. A. too many B. too much C. many too D. much too ( )
  2. in the school library. A. No talk B. Not talking C. No talking D. Talking
  3. Every day we practice (speak) English with some Americans after school.
  4. Can you help me (make) dumplings?
  5. Do you have to (cook) dinner ?
  6. Please (stand) up when your teacher comes in.
  7. You can’t listen to music when your mother is sleeping. (祈使句) to music when your mother is sleeping .
  8. 你得帮你妈妈做饭吗? Do you help your mother ? Test time
( )
  1. Let’s our school rules. B. talk with C. talk to D. talk about A. talk for (
)
  2. When you are late for class, your teacher often says, “.” A. Don’t run in the hallways. B. You are not right. C.
Don’t arrive late for class again D. You are right. ( )
  3. Do you have to wear your sports shoes at school? . C. Yes, I don’t D. No, I don’t A. Yes, I have
B. No, I haven’t (
)
  4. I have homework to do. A. too many C. too much D. much too
B. many too (
)
  5. Linda often helps me English. 4
A. study B. to study C. studying (
D. studies
)
  6. There was no bus, so they walk home.
A. have to B. has to C. had to D. can have to ( )
  7. Mike his uniform today.
A. put on B. is wearing C. wear D. puts on ( )
  8. Can you go out school nights? B. to C. in D. on
A. at (
)
  9. I have to go to bed 9 o’clock. B. to C. on D. in
A. by (
)
  10. eat in class. A. Please B. Please not C. Not D. Don’t
( )
  11. He often English with the classmates. A. practice speak B. practices speak C. practices speaking D. practice speaking ( )
  12. Students can’t hats in the classroom. A. put on ( ( B. wear C. in D. wearing C. listen D. listen to
)
  13. My teacher says students can’t music in the classroom. A. hear B. hear to )
  14. If you arrive late school, you must say to your teacher.
A. for, thanks B. for, sorry C. to, sorry D. in, thanks ( )
  15. Would you like for a walk after supper tonight? A. go out B. going out C. went out D. to go out

  16. We shouldn’t break the school /ru:lz/.
  17. Don’t talk too /'laudli /! Your baby sister is sleeping.
  18. Don't eat / aut's aid /.
  19. What /els/ do I have to do before class starts?
  20. Look! The two boys are /faiti? /.
  21. (not) talk, the baby is sleeping.
  22. Please (stand) up when your teacher comes in.
  24. Each student (have) 6 things now.
  25. The sign says: “No (swim)!”
  26. You can’t listen to music when your mother is sleeping. (祈使句) to music when your mother is sleeping.
  27. What other things do you have to do on Sundays? = do you have to do on Sundays?
  29. I have to wash the dishes at home. you have to at home?
  30. He has to be in bed by 10 o’clock. (疑问句) he to be in bed by 10 o’clock?
  31. 不要在走廊里跑或和别人打架。 or with others in the .
  32. 杰克经常上学迟到。Jack is often school.
  33. 我们必须在体育课上穿运动鞋吗?是的。 we to wear sports shoes gym class? Yes, you . 5
  28. No photos here. = any photos here.
  23. It’s time for us (have) lunch.

  34. 上个周末我不得不去少年宫学钢琴。 I to to the Palace the piano last weekend.
  35. 她从来都不开心,因为她的家规实在太多了。 She never any because she has family rules. It is the last lesson before the vacations and the children’s English teacher is as happy as her students. She plays some nice games with them, they sing some songs together, and then the teacher goes to the blackboard and writes “SMILES” on it. “This is one of the longest words in the English language,” she says to the class. All of the students laugh, and then one girl says, “Why is it one of the longest words in the English language?” The teacher says nothing for a few seconds. Then she smiles and says, “Because there is a mile between the first letter and the last.”
  1. It’s an lesson.
  2. The students will vacation.
  3. The teacher and the students have fun games.
  4. The teacher writes “” on the blackboard.
  5. She tells her students the word is of the words in the English language.
6
 

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