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高二英语学习资料 高二英语
高二英语教材知识点总结及重难点解析 Unit3-4
☆重点句型☆
  1. I prefer living in a modern flat.
  2. What words and phrases do you think will be useful ...
  3. I wouldn't feel happy living in a block of apartments.
  4. Every great culture in the past had its own ideasof beauty expressed in art and literature.
  5. Seen from the top, it looks as if the stadium is covered by a gray net of steel.
  6. A is to B what C is to B.
  7. Besides, no matter how well a poem is translated, something of the spirit of the original work is lost.
  8. More than any other form of literature, poetry plays with ,sounds, words and grammar.
  9. Greatly loved in China are the English Romantic poets. ☆重点词汇☆
  1. preference n. 偏爱,喜好,优先
  2. design vt. & n. 设计;样式,款式
  3. furniture (U) n. 家具(总称)
  4. taste v. & n. 尝;味道,鉴赏力
  5. convenient adj. 方便的
  6. stand v. 站,忍受,承担
  7. impress vt. 使感动,使……留下印象
  8. create vt. 创造,创建,创作
  9. intention n. 意图,打算,目的
  10. sort vt. & n. 分类;种类,类型
  11. absence n. 缺席,缺乏,不在
  12. instruction n. 序言,介绍,引进
  13. extraordinary adj. 特别的,惊人的
  14. recommend vt. 推荐,介绍
  15. atmosphere n. 气氛,大气
  16. translation n. 翻译,译文
  17. glory n. 荣誉,光荣
  18. style n. 风格,作风,文体
  19. paint vt. & n. 涂颜料,绘画;颜料,涂料
  20. recite n. 背诵,朗诵
  21. embrace n. 拥抱
  22. tale n. 传说,传闻,故事
  23. essay n. 论文,散文,随笔
  24. literature n. 文学 ☆重点短语☆
  1. go against 违背,不利于
  2. stand close to 接近,靠近 高考网 www.gaokao.com
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  3. pull down 拆毁,推毁
  4. compare with 与……比较
  5. act as 充当,扮演,担当
  6. belong to 属于
  7. fill up with 用……填满
  8. call up 打电话,唤起,使想起
  9. stand out 突出,显眼
  10. remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起,提醒某人某事
  11. lead to 通往,导致
  12. get through 通过,完成,接通(电话)
  13. send for 派人请……,叫人拿……
  14. contribute...to 贡献给……,向……投稿
  15. come into being 形成,产生
  16. join...to 把……和……连起来
  17. serve the purpose 管用,解决问题
  18. set...aside 把……放在一边 ☆交际用语☆
  1. I'd prefer living in a modem flat.
  2. I'd rather live in a traditional siheyuan.
  3. I'm much more interested in doing sth.
  4. I wouldn't feel happy if 1 lived in a block.
  5. I don't get very excited about old-style houses.
  6. What I like is ...
  7. I can' t stand doing sth. ☆词汇短语☆
  11. absence n. 缺席,缺乏,不在 缺席,缺乏,
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高二英语学习资料 高二英语
形容词 absent,通常与 from 连用.反义词分别为 presence (n.),present(adj.). Her absence from the meeting made the manager disappointed. 她没到会使经理感到失望. In the absence of water, plants don't grow. 没有水植物无法生长.
  1. design vt. 设计,计划;n. 款式,没计 设计,计划; 款式, (
  1) 动词用法 The tower is perfectly designed. 这座塔设计完美. Was it designed, or did it just happen? 这是预先计划好的,还是偶然发生的? (
  2) 名词用法 The suit of cbtheslooks beautifulin design. 这套服装样式看上去很漂亮. His design wasn't accepted. 高考网 www.gaokao.com
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他的设计未被接受. 【考点
  1】design 的用法
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高二英语学习资料 高二英语
▲ 句型:sth be designed to do sth... ……的目的是…… 【考例
  1】(2001 上海春招) The new suspension bridge by the end of last month. A. has been designed B. had been designed C. was designed D. would be designed [考查目标]动词的时态与语态在语境中的实际运用. [答案与解析]B by the end of 短语应该使用完成时 态,而 last month 暗示应该使用过去时态.故此综合两 个条件必须使用过去完成时态. 【考点
  7】disturb 的用法 ▲ 构词:distur bing adj. 烦扰的 ▲ 辨析:disturb; interrupt 两词都是动词,含有"打扰"的意思,但 disturb 强调扰 乱,妨碍安静,平静或正常的秩序.而 interrupt 则强调 使工作,谈话等中断.例如: The noise disturbs us day and night. 噪音日夜扰乱着我 们. I'm sorry to interrupt but there is a phone call for you. 真对不起打扰你.有电话找你. 【考例
  7】Sorry to you,but your mother is waiting outside. A. break C. stop B. interrupt D. disturb
[考查目标] 考查相关词汇的辨析与运用. [答案与解析]B disturb 表示"扰乱,妨碍安静,平静或 正常的秩序".而 interrupt 则强调"使工作,谈话等中 断".stop 表示"停止,阻止";break 表示"打破,中止". 【考点
  8】feel 的用法 ▲ 构词: ① feeling n. 感觉;知觉;触觉 ② feelings n. 心情;感情;情绪 ▲ 搭配: ① feel one's way (in the dark) (在黑暗中)摸索着前进 ② feel oneself = be oneself 感到合适/正常/舒服 ③ feel / be proud of 以……自豪 ④ hurt one's feelings 伤某人的感情 ▲ 句型: ① sb feel sth 摸……;感觉到…… ② sb feel + that clause 认为…… ③ sb feel + adj. 感到如何…… 高考网 www.gaokao.com
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④ sth feel + adj. 摸起来…… ⑤ It feels + adj. + to do 做某事……感觉……
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高二英语学习资料 高二英语
⑥ fee + 宾语 + 宾补 (由 n. / adj. / prep. / phrase / do sth / doing sth / done / to be n. / adj. 充当)觉得 ……;感到…… ⑦ sb feel it adj. / n. to do / that clause 觉得…… ⑧ sb feel like (doing) sth 感到想(干)某事;感到像是 ……样子 sth feel like sth 某物摸起来像什么 ⑨ feel + 地点状语 + for sth 在……中摸…… ⑩ feel as if / though 觉得好像,觉得似乎 ⑩ feel / be sure that... 确信…… ⑩ have a feeling that... 有……的感觉;觉得…… 【考例
  8】(NMET 19
  96) I love to go to the seaside in summer. It good to lie in the sun or swim in the cool sea. A. does C. gets B. feels D. makes 本题考查:
  1. It is / feels good to do
[考查目标] 考查动词与句型的固定搭配. [答案与解析]B sth 与 It does good to sb 的用法区别;
  2. 系表结构知识. 先排除 A 项,因为 to 在本句中为动词不定式而不是介 词;而 C,D 两项没有此类搭配. 【考点
  4】glance 的用法 ▲搭配:glance at 匆匆一看;一瞥 ▲辨析:glance; glare; stare 三词均与"看"有关,但 glance 意为"一瞥,看一眼,粗略 地看一看".指看的结果.glare 意为"瞪视,凝视",指愤 怒或威胁地凝视,强调威胁或敌对的态度.stare 意为 "注视,凝视",指目不转睛地盯着看.带有好奇,惊喜, 沉思或恐惧等感情,常有意或无意地带有贬义.例如: He glanced at his watch and left in a hurry. 他看了看 表,然后匆忙离开了. They didn't fight, but stood there glaring at each oth? er. 他们没有打起来.但却站在那儿怒目而视. "I'm going to get married." he said. I stared at him in disbelief. "我要结婚了."他说.我盯着他,难以置信. 【考例
  4】I only at your work, but it seems to be good. A. glared C. stared B. glanced D. gazed glance 意为"一瞥,看一眼,粗略地看
[考查目标] 考查四个同义词的辨析与运用. [答案与解析] B 一看".指看的结果.glare 意为"瞪视.凝视",指愤怒 或威胁地凝视.强调威胁或敌对的态度.stare 意为"注 高考网 www.gaokao.com
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力很集中.结合上下文的意思应该选 B 项. 【考点
  4】glance 的用法 ▲搭配:glance at 匆匆一看;一瞥 ▲辨析:glance; glare; stare
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高二英语学习资料 高二英语
视,凝视".常有意或无意地带有贬义.gaze 表示注意
三词均与"看"有关,但 glance 意为"一瞥,看一眼,粗略 地看一看".指看的结果.glare 意为"瞪视,凝视",指愤 怒或威胁地凝视,强调威胁或敌对的态度.stare 意为 "注视,凝视",指目不转睛地盯着看.带有好奇,惊喜, 沉思或恐惧等感情,常有意或无意地带有贬义.例如: He glanced at his watch and left in a hurry. 他看了看 表,然后匆忙离开了. They didn't fight, but stood there glaring at each oth? er. 他们没有打起来.但却站在那儿怒目而视. "I'm going to get married." he said. I stared at him in disbelief. "我要结婚了."他说.我盯着他,难以置信.
  5. impress vt. 使留下印象,使感动 使留下印象, 名词:impression impress 主要搭配有: (
  1) impress sb. with sth. 或 be impressed with / by The girI impressed her friend with her sense of humor. 这女孩的幽默感给她的朋友留下深刻的印象. All present were impressed with / by his noble need. 所有在场的人都被他的崇高行为感动. (
  2) impress sth. on / upon sb. Hetried to impress everything he had explained upon us. 他试图要我们把他所解释的内容都记住. (
  3) 名词用法 Hemade a strongimpression on me. 他给我留下很深的印象. 【考点
  5】impress 的用法 ▲ 构词:impression n. 印象 ▲ 搭配: ① be impressed with / by... 受感动 ② impress sth on sb 让明白 (……重要性) 【考例
  5】(2003 上海春招) The speech by the mayor of Shanghai before the final voting for EXPO 2010 is strongly impressed my memory. A. to B. over C. by D. on [考查目标]考查动词 impress 与介词的搭配关系. [答案与解析]D impress sth on sb.为一个固定短语, 意思为"让明白……重要性". 【考点
  6】stick 的用法 高考网 www.gaokao.com
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▲ 搭配: ① stick to 坚持;粘住;固守 ② be / get stuck 卡住;陷在中间;处于困境
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高二英语学习资料 高二英语

  10. invited"被吸引的,被引诱的 ,是 invite 的过去分词. 被吸引的, 的过去分词. 被吸引的 被引诱的", invite v. 邀请;征求(意见等);吸引;引起,招致(坏的 事物) I invited all my relatives to my birthday party. 我邀请了所有的亲戚参加我的生日晚会. Mter the speech, he invited questions and suggestions from us. 讲完话之后,他征询我们的问题和意见. The dishes look inviting. 这些菜看起来很诱人. Leaving your car unlocked is just inviting trouble! 汽车不上锁纯粹是自找麻烦!
  9. Man-made 人造的 由"名词 + 过去分词"构成,做定语修饰名词,表示被 动,如:a snow-covered mountain (大雪覆盖的山). 表示被动做定语的构词还有"副词 + 过去分词",如: a newly-built house (一座新建的房子). 另外,"名词 + 现在分词"做定语表示主动意义.如 a peace-loving people (一个爱好和平的民族); 表示主动意义的还有"形容词 + 过去分词",如:a warm-hearted lady (一个热心的女士) "形容词 + 现在分词"如:a easy-going girl (一个随和 的女孩). 【考点
  2】sale 的用法 ▲构词: ① salesgirl 女销售员 ② salesboy 男销售员 ③ salesman / saleswoman 售货员;推销员 ▲ 搭配: ① on sale 在(削价)销售,(有货)售卖;上市 ② for sale 待售,出售的 ③ a sales manager / director 销售部经理/主任 ④ sales tax 销售税 ⑤ sales department 销售部;门市部 ▲ 句型:sth enjoy / have a large / good sale = sth sell well 某物销路好;某物销量大;畅销 ▲ 友情提示:sale 作定语时需用复数形式 sales. 【考例
  2】The old man has a three-bedroom and onediningroom house . A. for sale C. on sales B. for sales D. for sell 高考网 www.gaokao.com
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[考查目标] 考查短语的固定搭配. [答案与解析] A "待售,出售的"的固定短语为 for sale. 【考点
  3】stand 的用法 ▲ 搭配:
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高二英语学习资料 高二英语
① stand for 代表;意味着,是……缩写;代替;象征;支 持 ② stand out 显眼;醒目;突出;杰出,出色 ③ stand by 袖手旁观;忠于坚守 ④ stand up 起立,站起 ⑤ stand up for 为某人/某事说话,工作等;支持某人/某 事 【考例
  3】Richard became quite angry by the time Hilda turned up. He in the rain for half an hour waiting for her. A. stopped B. has expected
C. has been sitting D. had stood [考查目标] 考查动词在实际语境中的运用. [答案与解析]D for 短语经常使用完成时态,先排除 A 项;根据句子上下文中的意思"他一直站在雨中等她 使得他生气".
  3. stand vi. 竖立,位于 vt. 使站立,忍受 竖立, 使站立, (
  1) 不及物用法 There stands an ancient in front of my house. 我的房子前面立着一棵古树. The room has stood empty for months. 这间房间空了好几个月了. 注:stand 后接形容词相当于 stay / remain + adj. 用 法,表示主语处于一种状态. (
  2) 及物用法 I can't stand being laughed at in public. 我不能忍受在公共场合被人讥笑. He couldn't stand that old woman living next door; she talked too much. 他不能忍受隔壁的老太太,她太唠叨了. 注:stand 不用于被动语态和进行时态;与 can / could 连用,后面常接名词,动名词. 【考点
  6】stick 的用法 ▲ 搭配: ① stick to 坚持;粘住;固守 ② be / get stuck 卡住;陷在中间;处于困境 【考例
  6】(2004 湖北) Once a decision has been made, all of us should it. A. direct to B. stick to 高考网 www.gaokao.com
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C. lead to D. refer to [考查目标]考查短语在具体语境中的运用. [答案与解析]B direct to
 

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