待一个肯定回答或鼓励人家说"是" .例如: Would you like some more beer?请你再来点啤酒好吗? Could I have some rice, please?请给我来点米饭好吗?
  7. hear /listen to listen to 和 hear 都有"听"的意思,但含义有所不同.Listen to 强调"听"的动作,hear 强 调"听"的结果.例如:Listen to me ,please! I'm going to tell you a story. 请听我说!我给 你们讲个故事.
Listen! Can you hear someone crying in the next room? 听! 你能听见有人在隔壁房间里哭吗? I listened, but heard nothing.我听了听,但什么也听不见. hear 后面如果接宾语从句,常常表示"听说" .例如: I hear some foreign students will visit our school.我听说一些外国学生将要访问我们学校. I hear there is going to be a film in our school this evening.我听说今晚我们学校要演一场电影.
  8. Let's… /Let us… Let's… 和 Let us… 都表示"让我们……", 如果 us 包括听话人在内,其含义相同,附带 问句用 shall we. 如果 us 不包括听话人在内, 其含义不同, us…的附带问句要用 will you. Let 例如:Let's go shopping, shall we? 我们去购物好吗?
  9. take/ bring/ carry /get 这四个动词都有"拿"和"带"的意思,但含义有所不同.take 意为"带走""拿走" , ,bring 意为"带来""拿来", get 表示"到别的地方把某人或某物带来或拿来" , ,carry 不强调方向, 带有负重的意思.试比较: My parents often take me there on holidays.我父母常常带我到那里去度假. I'm going to take you to Beijing.我准备带你去北京.Bring me a cup of tea, please.请给我端杯 茶来. I'll bring the book to you tomorrow.明天我把那本书给你带来.The waiter carried the me to the table 服务员把肉送到桌上.The monkey carried the bag on her back.猴子把那个包背在背上. She went back to get her handbag.他折回去拿他的手提包.Let me get the doctor.让我去请医生 吧.
  10. far away /faraway (
  1)far away 是一个副词短语,意思是"很远" .例如:Some are far away. Some are nearer.有些 离得很远,有些离得近一些的.The village is far away from here.那个村子离这儿很远. (
  2)faraway 是一个形容词,意思是"遥远的" ,可以在句中作定语.例如: He lives in faraway mountain village.他住在一个遥远的小山村.
  11. find / look for find 和 look for 都有"找"的意思,但含义不同.find 强调"找"的结果,而 look for 强调 "找"的过程.请看下列例句:He is looking for his bike.他在找他的自行车.I'm looking for my watch, but can't find it.我在找我的手表,但是找不到.I hope you will soon find your lost ring.希望你尽快找到丢失的戒指. 另外,find 还有"发现""感到"等意思.例如:I found a wallet in the desk.我在课桌里发现 ; 了一个钱包. I find this book very interesting.我觉得这本书很有意思.
  12. in front of /in the front of In front of 表示在某物的前面,不在某物的范围内.In the front of 表示在某物的前部,在某 物的范围内.试比较:My seat is in front of Mary's.我的座位在玛丽座位的前面. He is sitting in the front of the car with the driver.他和司机坐在小车的前部. 【考点扫描】
  1. be going to 的用法;
  2. 形容词的比较级,最高级;
  3. 形容词和副词的比较
  4. 一般过去时
  5. 本单元学过的词汇,短语和句型;

  6. 本单元学过的日常交际用语. 【中考范例】
  1. (2004 年烟台市中考试题) In the exam, the you are, the mistakes you'll make. A. carefully, little B. more carefully, fewest C. more careful, fewer D. more careful, less 【解析】答案:C.该题考查的是形容词和副词的比较以及他们的比较等级的用法.第一个 空应填形容词 careful 的比较级,因为它在句中作表语,第二个空应填 few 的比较级,因为 它修饰的是复数可数名词.
  2. (2004 年河北省中考试题) Bob never does his homework Mary. He makes lots of mistakes. A. so careful B. as carefully as C. carefully D. as careful as 【解析】答案:B.该题考查的是形容词和副词的用法比较.该空应填副词,因为它修饰的 是动词 does.该题用的是 not as+副词+as 的结构,所以答案应是 B.
  3. (2004 年重庆市中考试题) That day I saw some parents at the back of the classroom, to the teacher. A. sitting, listened B. sat, listened C. sitting, listening D. sat, listening 【解析】答案:C.该题考查的是 see sb. doing sth.的句型结构和分词作状语的用法.第一个 空 stting 在句中作 saw 的宾语补足语,第二个空 listening 做伴随状语.
  4. (2004 年杭州市中考试题) You open the door before the train gets into the station. A. don't have to B. mustn't C. needn't D. may not 【解析】答案:B.该题考查的是几个情态动词否定式的用法区别.don't have to 和 needn' t 的意思都是"不必" ,may not 的意思是"可以不" ,只有 mustn't 表示"不许""禁止" , . 初二年级(中) 【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语
  1. give a concert
  2. fall down
  3. go on
  4. at the end of
  5. go back
  6. in ahurry
  7. write down
  8. come out
  9. all the year round
  10. later on
  11. at times
  12. ring sb. up
  13. Happy New Year!
  14. have a party
  15. hold on
  16. hear from

  17. be ready
  18. at the moment
  19. take out
  20.the same as
  21. turn over
  22. get-together
  23. put on
  24. take a seat
  25. wait for
  26. get lost
  27. just then
  28. first of all
  29. go wrong
  30. make a noise
  31. get on
  32. get off
  33. stand in line
  34. at the head of
  35. laugh at
  36. throw about
  37. in fact
  38. at midnight
  39. enjoy oneself
  40. have a headache
  41. have a cough
  42. fall asleep
  43. again and again
  44. look over
  45. take exercise II. 重要句型
  1. be good for sth.
  2. I think …
  3. I hope…
  4. I love…
  5. I don't like…
  6. I'm sure…
  7. forget to do sth.
  8. take a message for sb.
  9. give sb. the message
  10. help yourself to sth.
  11. be famous for sth.
  12. on one's way to…

  13. make one's way to…
  14. quarrel with sb.
  15. agree with sb.
  16. stop sb. from doing sth. III. 交际用语
  1.What's the weather like today?
  2.It's cold, but quite suuny.
  3.How cold it is today!
  4.Yes, but it'll be warmer later on.
  5.Shall we make a snowman?
  6.Ok. Come on!
  7.Happy New Year!
  8.May I speak to Ann, please??
  9.Hold on, please.
  10.Thanks a lot for inviting me to your party.
  11.Ok. But I'm afraid I may be a little late.
  12.Can I take a message for you?
  13.That's OK. It doesn't matter.
  14.I'm very sorry, but I can't come.
  15.I'm sorry to hear that.
  16.Happy birthday!
  17.Would you like ...? Would you like to ...?
  18.Do you think ...? Yes, I think so. / No, I don't think so.
  19.Do you agree? Yes, I agree. / No, don't really agree. I really can't agree.
  20.There are a few / a lot of ... / on it.
  21.So do we.
  22.I'm happy you like it.
  23.Which is the way to ..., please?
  24.Turn right/left at the ... crossing.
  25.Go on until you reach ...
  26.How can I get to ...? Go down/up/along this road.
  27.What's the matter?
  28.It'll take you half an hour to ...
  29.We'd better catch a bus.
  30.It may be in ... Ah, so it is
  31.You must be more careful!
  32.You mustn't cross the road now.
  33.If you want to cross a street, you must wait for the green light.
  34.Please stand in line.
  35.You must wait for your turn.
  36.If you don't go soon, you'll be late.
  37.I don't feel very well.

  38.My head hurts.
  39.You mustn't eat anything until you see the doctor.
  40.What's the trouble?
  41.What's the matter with…?
  42.She didn't feel like eating anything.
  43.Nothing serious.
  44.Have/get a pain in…
  45.No problem.
  46.Take this medicine three times a day. IV. 重要语法
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7. 一般过去时; 反意疑问句的用法; 一般将来时; 感叹句; 简单句的五种基本句型; 情态动词 can, may 和 must, have to 的用法; 时间状语从句和条件状语从句.
【名师讲解】
  1. above/ over/ on 这三个介词都表示"在……之上" ,但含义不同.on 指在某物的表面上,和某物接触;above 指在某物的上方,不和某物接触,但也不一定在某物的正上方;over 指在某物的正上方,不 和某物接触.试比较:There is a book on the desk.课桌上有一本书. I raise my right hand above my head. 我把右手高举过头. There is a stone bridge over the river. 河面上有座石桥.
  2. forget to do sth./forget doing sth. forget to do sth.意思是"忘记做某事" ,实际上还没做;forget doing sth,意思是"忘记做过某 事" ,实际上已经做过了.试比较:I forgot to tell him the news.我忘记告诉他这条消息了. I forgot telling him the news.我已经把这条消息告诉他了,我却忘了. 类似的词还有:remember, regret 等.
  3. hope/wish hope 和 wish 在汉语中都有"希望"的意思,但其含义和用法有所不同.主要区别如下: (
  1)wish 可以用来表示不可实现的愿望;hope 只能用来表示可能实现的愿望.例如: I wish I were 20 years younger.我但愿自己能年轻二十岁. I hope you'll be better soon. 我希望你能很快好起来. I wish the weather wasn't so cold. 但愿天气不这麽冷. I hope he will come, too. 我希望他也能来. (
  2)wish 可以接 sb. to do sth. 的结构,而 hope 不可以.例如: Do you wish me to come back later? 你是否希望我再来?
  4. be sure to do sth./ be sure of/about sb. or sth. (
  1)be sure to do sth.可以用来表示说话人给对方提出要求,意思是"务必" ,也可以用来表示 说话人做出的推断,意思是"一定""肯定" , .例如:
Be sure to lock the door when you leave.你离开时务必把门锁好. It's a good film. You are sure to enjoy it.这是一部好电影,你肯定会喜欢的. (
  2)be sure of/about sb.or sth. 可用来表示"某人对某事有把握" .例如: I'm sure of his success.我相信他会成功. I think it was three years ago, but I' not sure about it.我想那是三年前的事情, m 但我没有把握.
  5. hear from/hear of hear 意思是"听到" ,从哪里听到要用 from 来表示.例如: I've heard from Xiao Wu that we'll start out military training tomorrow.我听小吴说,我们明 天开始军训.Listen to the tape and write out what you hear from Han Mei.听录音,并写出你从 韩梅那里听到的内容. hear from 还有一个意思是"收到某人的来信" (=receive a letter from sb.) .例如: I heard from my pen friend in the U.S.A. last month. 上个月我受到了美国笔友的来信. I heard from her last week. 我上周接到了她的来信. hear of 和和 hear from 含义不同.hear of 意思是"听说""得知" , (某事或某人的存在) ,常 用在疑问句和否定句里.例如:Who is he? I've never heard of him.他是谁?我从来没有听 说过他.I never heard of such a thing! 这样的事我从来没有听说过.
  6. It's a pleasure./With pleasure. It' a pleasure 这句话常用作别人向你表示致谢时的答语, s 意思是 "那是我乐意做的" 例如: . Thank you for helping me. 谢谢你地帮助.It's a pleasure. 那是我乐意做的. Thanks a lot. Bye.非常感谢. 再见.It's a pleasure. 那是我乐意做的.再见. 类似的话还有 "Not at all." "You are welcome." "That's all right." With pleasure 也用作客气的答语,主要用在别人要你做某事,而你又非常愿意去做的场合. 例如:Will you please pass me the newspaper, please?请你把报纸递给我好吗? With pleasure.当然可以.
  7. seem/look (
  1)二者都可以作"看起来"讲,但 seem 暗示凭借一些迹象作出的有根据的判断,这种判断 往往接近事实;look 着重强调由视觉得出的印象.两者都可跟(to be)+形容词和 as if 从句. 如:He seems / looks (to be) very happy today. 他今天看起来很高兴. It looks (seems) as if it it is going to rain. 好像要下雨了. (
  2)但下列情况中只用 seem 不用 look:
  1)后跟不定式 to do 时.如:He seems to know the answer. 他似乎知道答案.
  2)在 It seems that ...结构中.如:It seems that he is happier now than yesterday.他像比昨天高兴 些了.
  8. be ready to do/be ready for/ get ready to do/get ready for (
  1)be ready to do 和 be ready for…表示"已作好…的准备" ,强调状态 (
  2)get ready to do 和 get ready for…表示"为…做准备" ,强调行为.如: I'm ready to do anything you want me to do. 我愿意/随时准备做一切做你要我做的事. I'm ready for any questions you may ask.我愿意/随时准备回答你可能问的问题. He's getting ready to leave for Tokyo.他正准备动身去东京. Let's get ready for the hard moment.我们为这一艰难时刻作好准备吧. (
  3)be ready to do 通常可理解"乐于做某事" ,即思想上总是有做某事的准备.be not ready to do 表示 "不轻易做某事" 如: . He's usually not ready to listen to others.他通常不轻易听从别人.
  9. at table/at the table at table 在吃饭,at the table 在桌子旁边.例如:The Greens are at table. 格林一家人在吃饭.
Mr. Black is sitting at the table and reading a book.布莱克先生坐在桌旁读书.
  10. reach, arrive/get to 三者都有"到达"之意.reach 是及物动词,后直接加名词,get 和 arrive 是不及物动词,不能 直接加名词,须借助于介词.get to 后加名词地点,若跟副词地点时,to 去掉;arrive at +小 地方,arrive in+大地方.如: Lucy got to the zoo before 8 o'clock. 露西 8 点前到了动物园. When did your parents arrive in Shanghai? 你父母何时到上海的? I
 

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