??????之一
●主语 ●宾补
●宾语 ●定语
Doing 做主语

  1.Swimming is my favourite sport
  2.Seeing is believing
  3.Choosing what to eat is not as easy as before
  4.Smoking does harm to your health
  5.Not getting good marks made him angry
  6.Parking is not allowed here
  7.Teaching is my job.

  8.It’s no use regretting your past mistakes.
  9.It is no good smoking
  10.It’s useless studying English without practice.
Doing 作宾语
一.作动词宾语 作动词宾语
  1.I enjoy swimming
  2.We have finished reading
  3.I’m considering writing a novel
  4.I suggest visiting Shanghai first
  5.He is practising playing the violin
  6.They don’t allow smoking here
  7.I appreciate being invited to the party
V + Doing 常用词汇

  1.Do you mind my/me/Tom’s opening the door?
  2.Can you imagine skating on such a ground?
  3.He can’t escape/avoid being punished
  4.He suggested my/me/Tom’s reading a novel.
作介词/搭配的宾语 二.作介词 搭配的宾语 作介词

  1.He made a living by selling books.
  2.I’m used to living here.
  3.He can’t help laughing.
  4.I feel like drinking a cup of tea.
  5.He kept on working hard.
  6.I’m looking forward to getting your letter.
  7.He has devoted himself to serving the people.
  8.The book is well worth reading

  9.He won’t give up realizing his dream.
  10.They put off holding the meeting.
  11.He insisted on my returning his money then.
  12.I think of having done my homework.
  13.You should pay attention to finding out the reason.
  14.I’m setting about going over my lessons.
  15.Get down to doing your homework! !
三.易混点选编 易混点选编

  1.I forget (meet) him before. meeting
  2.I regret (miss) the early bus. missing
  3.I remember being taken (take) to Beijing when young
  4.The wall needs (repair) repairing
  5.I am afraid (fall) off the tree of falling
  6.He stopped reading/to read the advertisement
  7.He went on reading/to read the book
Doing 作宾补

  1.I heard somebody singing in the room
  2.I saw a boy playing basketball
  3.I can feel his hand shaking
  4.I found him watching TV when I came back ①表示一个动作正在进行

  1.He had the machines running all night long
  2.He kept me reading all the morning
  3.He left his wife waiting and waiting ②表示一个动作的持续过程
一.单个V-ing做定语表达的意义
a.性质特征
a boring lesson an exciting film b.用途 a swimming pool a washing machine the waiting room a sleeping bag an interesting story the surpring ending a walking stick a reading room the operating table
c.主动进行 boiling water the rising sun a sleeping cat a flying kite running water a dancing girl
a swimming person
小结1 小结 ①V-ing 作定语可表示
A事物的性质特征 事物的性质特征 B事物的用途 事物的用途 C动作正在进行 动作正在进行
单个V-ing 作定语的位置 ② 单个
所修饰词的前面
二.V-ing短语做定语
The man standing there is my brother =who is standing there The people sitting around us are all thieves =who are sitting around us The man visiting our school is a famous scientist =who is visiting our school The house being built will be our dinning room =Which is being built
小结2 小结
①V-ing作定语的句法功能 作定语的句法功能 相当于一个定语从句 ②V-ing作定语的位置问题 作定语的位置问题 A.单个 单个V-ing一般放在所修饰词的前面 单个 一般放在所修饰词的前面 B.V-ing短语做定语放在所修饰词的后面 短语做定语放在所修饰词的后面
三.诊断性训练 诊断性训练
发展中国家 更衣室 写字台 A developing country The dressing room A writing table 正在举行的会议 The meeting being held
正在升起的太阳 The rising sun The sun being rising
?
练习(说出所担当的句子成分) 练习 说出所担当的句子成分 说出所担当的句子成分
  1. When I put my hand on his chest, I could feel his heart still. A. having beat B. beating C. beaten D. to beat
  2. The sun in the west looks even more beautiful. A. setting B. being set C. that setting D. to be set

  3. The house now is our library. A. repaired B. being repaired C. to be repaired D. which is repaired
  4. ?Who is the man talking to our headmaster? ?A professor a visit to our school. A. pays B. is paying C. paid D. paying

  5.There was a terrible noisethe sudden burst of light. A. followed B. following C. to be followed D.being followed
  6.The boys were last seen near the river. A. missing; playing B. missing; play C. missed; played D. missed; to play

  7. Mr. Smith, of the speech, started to read a novel. (NMET20
  03) A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring
  8. The picture on the wall is painted by my nephew. A. having hung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung

  9.He left the bookwhere he had found it. A. lain B. lying C. laying D. lay
  10. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked

  11.The flowers sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. (2004上海 上海) 上海 A. to smell B. smelling C. smell D. to be smelt
  12.Don’t leave the water while you brush your teeth. (2004天津 天津) 天津 A. run B. running C. being run D. to run

  13.People
in the city do not know
the pleasure of country life. A. live B. to live
C. lived D. living
  14.When I came in, I saw Dr. Li a patient. A. examine B. examining C. to examine D. examined

  15.When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door “Sorry to miss you; will call later.” (NMET
  99) A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading
  16. It was so cold that they kept the fire all night. A. to burn B. burn C. burning D. burned
用所给动词的适当形式填空。 用所给动词的适当形式填空。

  1.When I got there, I found him repairing (repair) farm tools.
  2. Just then he heard someone calling (call) for help.
  3. The workers had the machines (run) all night long to finish the running work on time.

  4.The missing boys were last seen playing (play) near the river.
  5.She caught the student cheating (cheat) in exams.
  6.The two Canadians (perform) performing on the stage are from Liaoning Province.
  7. The man with sunglasses standing (stand) near the car is a crosstalk artist.

  8.The old lady (talk) to the talking children is a famous musician.
  9.There are some boys (shout) shouting and (cry) under my window, so crying I could not fall asleep.
  10.I saw a group of policemen coming (come) out of a green jeep and running (run) to the building.
 

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