情景交际英语
  1.问候: ⑴A:Good morning/afternoon/evening. Hello/Hi. How do you do ? Nice to meet you. B:回答相同
⑵A:How are you? B:Fine, thank you.And you?
Very well,thank you.

  2.介绍: ⑴This is Mr/Mrs/Miss... ⑵ I'd like you to meet my parents. ⑶ My name is....I'm a student.

  3.告别 A:Goodbye. See you later/tomorrow. Good night. B:回答相同

  4.感谢和应答 表示感谢 通常回答 Thank you very much. Not at all. Thanks a lot. That's OK. Many thanks. That's all right. Thanks for helping me. You're welcome.

  5.祝愿、祝贺和应答 ⑴A:Good luck! Best wishes to you. Have a nice/good time/journey. Congratulations! B:Thank you.
⑵A:Happy New Year! Merry Christmas!
B:The same to you.
⑶A:Happy birthday to you. B:Thank you.

  6.道歉和应答 A:I'm sorry.I'm sorry to trouble you. B:It doesn't matter. It's not important. That's nothing.

  7.遗憾和同情 What a pity! I'm sorry to hear that.

  8.邀请和应答 A:Would you like to … ? B:Yes, I'd love to.

  9.提供帮助和应答 A:Can I help you?=What can I do for you? Here, take this/my bike. Let me do it for you. B:Thanks for your help. Yes, please. No, thanks. That's very kind of you.

  10.请求允许 ⑴A:May I...? Can I/Could I...? B:Yes/Certainly/Of course. Yes, do please. OK/All right.
⑵A:Do you mind if I open the window? B:No, not at all. 或 Never mind.

  11.表示同意和不同意 (
  1):Certainly/Sure/Of course. Yes, please. Yes, I think so. All right/OK. That's a good idea. I agree with you.
(
  2):No, I don't think so. I'm afraid not. I really can't agree with you.

  12.表示肯定和不肯定 1: I'm sure. I'm sure that... 2: I'm not sure. I'm not sure whether/if... Maybe.

  13.喜欢和厌恶 1: I like /love...(very much) I like /love to... 2: I don't like to... I hate to ...
  14. 问时间、日期的应答 A:What day is it? B:It's Monday. A:What's the date? B:It's Jan. 10th. A:What's the time,please? B:It's five o'clock/half past five... It's time to ...

  15.请求 (
  1): Can/could you...for me? Will/would you please do sth.? May I have...?
(
  2): Please give/pass me... Please wait (here/a moment).
Please wait for your turn. Please stand in line.
(
  3): No smoking, please. No noise, please.

  16.劝告和建议 1:You'd better... You should... You need to... 2:Shall we do sth. ? Let's do sth. . What/How about doing sth. ? 回答: OK. Good idea.

  17.禁止和警告 1:You mustn't play on the road. 2:Take care.=Be careful.
If you ... you'll ...

  18.表示感情 A:喜悦 Great!That's nice. I'm glad/pleased/happy to... B:焦虑 What's wrong? What's the matter with you? I'm/He's/She's worried. Oh, what shall I do? C:惊奇 Really?Oh, dear!Is that so?

  19.约会 A:Are you free this afternoon? What/How about tomorrow morning? Shall we meet at 4:30 at the school gate?
B:Yes, that's all right. Yes, I'll be free then. All right.See you then.

  20.语言困难 Pardon? Please say that more slowly again. What do you mean by...? I'm sorry I know only a little English.

  21.表示称赞: A:Oh, how nice! Your dress is beautiful. B:It's nice of you to say so. 或 Thank you.

  22.常见的标志和说明 BUSINESS HOURS NO PHOTOS OFFICE HOURS THIS SIDE UP OPEN CLOSED PULL PUSH EXIT ENTRANCE 营业时间 禁止拍照 办公时间 这边向上 开 关 拉 推 出口 入口
练习题: 在Ⅱ栏中选出能对Ⅰ栏句子作正确反应的答语

  1.What can I do for you?
  2.Which do you prefer, tea or milk?
  3.Could I speak to Ann, please?

  4.What's the matter with him?
  5.How do you like the TV play? Ⅱ A.An accident has happened to him. B.Sorry, she isn't here right now. C.Wonderful, I think. D.Either is OK. E.I want some apples.
(二) Ⅰ
  1.I'm sorry to trouble you.
  2.There's a football match on TV.
  3.Your dress looks so beautiful.
  4.My kite is broken.
  5.I prefer fish to meat. Ⅱ A.So do I. B.Thank you. C.It doesn't matter. D.Let me help you mend it. E.Great! Let's watch it together.
(三)
  1.-Would you like to go to the zoo with us? -_ . A.Yes, please. B.That's true. C.Yes, I'd love to.
  2.-I've done quite well in the exam this term. - __. A.I don't know. B.Congratulations. C.So do I.
D.Quite well.
D.Go on, please. __"

  3.If your friend tells you that he is ill, you may say"_ A.Excuse me. C.It doesn't matter. B.I'm sorry to hear that. D.I don't think so.

  4.-Have a good journey, Alice. A.All right B.Thanks a lot. C.Very good D.Much better

  5.The sign"THIS SIDE UP" is often seen . A.on a box B.in the street C.in a cinema
D.in a park
思考题:
  1.-Thank you for your help. -__ A.All right. C.That's right. B.That's all right. D.It's very kind of you.

  2.-Do you mind if I close the window? - __ A.No, I mind. C. No, not at all. B.Yes, I don't mind. D.Yes, I'm afraid not.

  3.-Help yourself to some apples. -__ __ A.I don't like it. C.Never mind. B.Sorry, I can't help it. D.Thank you very much.

  4.-Tom will take care of our cat while we're away. - A.Fine, thank you. C.That's very kind of him. B.I'll do it myself. D.It doesn't matter.

  5.-You speak English quite well. -__ __ A.I don't think so. B.You don't say so. C.No, I don't speak well. D.Thank you. 一、打电话
  1.打电话给别人,要找的人不在: ⑴A:Hello!609872! B:Hello!Is that Bill? A:No, this is Sam. B:Is Bill in,Sam? A:Sorry, he's not at home.
⑵A:May/Could I speak to Jim,please?
B:I'm afraid he is out at the moment.Can I take a message for you?

  2.接电话时,你不知道对方要找的人在与不在,需要去打听: A:Hello! Could I speak to the headmaster, please? B:Certainly.Hold on for a moment, please... One moment, please. B:...,There's a telephone call for you.You're wanted on the phone
  3.接电话的就是本人 A:Is that LiLei? B:Yes, it is.Speaking.
  4.打电话时,线路不好 A:Could I borrow your radio tomorrow,please? B:Sorry!It'snot a very goodl ine. Could you speak more clearly/slowly/loudly,please?

  5.打电话时,拨错号码. A:Is that 8013507? B:No, this is 80135
  08. A:Oh, sorry.Wrong number, good-bye.
二、谈天气
  1.问天气 ⑴A:What's the weather like today in Beijing? =How's the weather todayin Beijing? B:It's fine(hot, cloudy, rainy, windy, sunny, wet, dry). Not very good at the moment, I'm afraid.

  2.评论天气 ⑴The air today is nice and clean. ⑵How cold it is today!What a beautiful day! ⑶Look at the rain.It's heavy, isn't it? ⑷It's going to get colder, I'm afraid. ⑸What bad weather!I don't like the snow/rain.
三、购物
A:Can I help you? What can I do for you? B:Yes, please. I'd like(want)… I'm looking for... Do you have... A:How many/much do you want? B:Three pairs (Half a kilo). A:What size do you want? B:Size eight. A:What colour do you want? B:Red, I prefer red. Have you got any other kind? A:I'm afraid we haven't got it at the moment. What about this one? This one looks nice.Why not take this one? B:It's great, but it's not cheap enough.I like it,but it costs too much. How much is it? =How much does it cost? A:Thirty-five yuan. B:Can I try it on, please? A:Certainly. B:That's fine. I'll get/take/buy it. A:OK.Here you are.
四、 问路 A
  1.Excuse me.Is there a … near here?
  2.Excuse me.Where's the (nearest) …?
  3.How can I get to...?
  4.Can you tell me the way to ...?
  5.Which is the way to...?
B
  1.Yes, there is. (No, there isn't. sorry, I don't know).
  2.It's next to (outside, in front of)...
  3.Go down(along)this street.
  4.It's … kilometres along ...on the right.
  5.It's about … metres away/from here.
  6.Turn right/left at the first crossing (turning). =Take the first turning on the right/left.
  7.Go up this road to the end. It's on the corner of the street. How can I get there? Which number do I need,please?
五、就餐 A:What would you like to have? B:I'd like some... A:Would you like something to eat/drink...? What about...? B:Yes, please. No, thanks. A:Would you like some more...? B:Yes, please.Thank you. No, thanks. I'm full. (I've had enough) Just a little,please. A:Which do you like better,A or B? B:I like A better.或 Either is OK. Neither, thanks. A:Which do you like best A,B or C? B:I like C best. A:Please help yourself to some... B:Thank you.
六、看病
  1.Doctor: What's your trouble? What's wrong with you? What's the matter with you? How long have you been like this? Let me take your temperature. Try this medicine. Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. It's nothing serious. You'll be all right/well soon.

  2.Patient : There's something wrong with... I've got a cough.(cold/headache...) I'm not feeling well.(I feel terrible) My leg hurts. I've got a pain here.
完成对话: (一) Mr Green:Hello! Could I speak to the headmaster, please? Teacher: (
  1) (
  2) for a moment, please. Mr Black, there's a (
  3) for you. Mr Black: Hello! Mr Green: (
  4) (
  5) Mr Black? Mr Black: Yes, speaking. Mr Green: Good morning,Mr Black. This is Jim Green.I'm sorry. I'm (
  6)I won't be able to come to the parents’ meeting this Friday.I have tobe very (
  7)_ that day.
Mr Black: It(
  8)(
  9). But you'd better come to our school some (
  10) time.
(二) A:Excuse me. Can you tell me the w(
  1) to Art Museum, please? B:Yes. Walk straight a(
  2) this road, and take the first t(
  3) on the left. Then walk on u (
  4) you come to a river. A:A river?
思考题: A:What’s w with you? You don’t look well, Mary. B:I have a bad cold. A:S to hear that. Have you seen the doctor? B:Yes, I have. He told me to take some m and stay at home for a few days. A:But w are you here at school? The doctor is right. You n some rest. B:I’m a I’ll miss too many of my l. A:Don’t w . Take care of yourself. I can help you when you are w again. B:That’s very k of you.
 

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