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全国 2006 年 1 月高等教育自学考试
基础英语试题
课程代码:00088
请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上
小题, 一、词汇应用和语法结构(本大题共 30 小题,每小题 1 分,共 30 分) 词汇应用和语法结构( (一)词汇应用(15 分) 词汇应用( 选择一个最佳答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。 选择一个最佳答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。
  1.He made a swift from his illness. A. relief C. recovery B. religion D. release

  2. We wanted to have the meeting today, but it has been until next Friday. A. transmitted C. omitted A. split C. tear A. estimated C. valued A. measures C. necessities A. announced C. informed on your hands. A. ring C. steel A. deny C. ignore B. belt D. chain B. refuse D. neglect
-第 1 页 共 8 页
B. postponed D. canceled B. separate D. push B. offered D. considered B. preparations D. managements B. declared D. reminded

  3. The two dogs started to fight, so we tried to them.

  4. They the house for me at 4000 yuan.

  5. We had only a week to make for the wedding.

  6. He would like to be from time to time how Tom was getting along.

  7. If your bicycle comes off, it is almost impossible to put it back on without getting oil

  8. You can't that traffic is getting worse and worse in cities.
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  9. Mrs. Brown was very when she broke her beautiful Wedgwood teapot. A. troubled C. damaged B. upset D. offended

  10. We had a marvelous holiday; only the last two days were slightly by the weather. A. damaged C. spoiled B. hurt D. wasted

  11. Insect pests are among the causes of crop failure. A. natural C. leading B.sure D. most

  12. Walking down the! streets, she noticed a long of houses, all exactly alike. A. queue C. tail
  13. The of air travel has arrived. A. day C. year B. age D. time B. rank D. row

  14. After a hard day’s work, we can with a good, hot meal. A. make C. do B. have D. take

  15. Recent about power supplies has led to increased interest in the use of wind as a source of electrical power. A. interest C. concern (二)语法结构(15 分) 语法结构( 选择一个最佳答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。 选择一个最佳答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。
  16.Mother does most of at home. A. clean C. a clean B. the cleaning D. cleaning B. consideration D. idea

  17.We shall visit your country in coming year. A. that C. the
  18.Our teacher gives lessons in . A. compositions C. the composition B. composition D. a composition B. one D. a

  19.I have mistakes in my maths test. A. no any C. no B. none D. not
-第 2 页 共 8 页
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  20.They have sheep and cows to take care of. A. great number C. a lot B. a good many D. a great deal of

  21. is known to all, too much stress will cause heart attacks. A. Which C. As B. It D. That

  22.Mike is still with his work as he was when I saw him last. A. as carefully C. the most careful B. as careful D. more careful

  23.We must keep the children playing with fire. A. away C. off B. by D. from

  24.If the driver had been careful, the accident . A. could have been avoided C. could be avoided B. could have avoided D. would avoid

  25.Don’t throw the bottle away. It in the future. A. might be needed C. is needed B. may need D. shall be needed

  26.He the street when he was hit by a car. A. was just crossed C. have just crossed B. just crossed D. was just crossing

  27.When Paul saw a big truck coming towards him he stopped his car at the side . A. to let it make room to pass C. to make room for it to pass B. to let it to pass D. to make it to pass

  28.I really wish such a noise soon. A. had stopped C. stopped B. would stop D. will stop

  29. you a more valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money at that time. I A. must have bought C. had bought
  30.“Where is your father?” “Oh, .” A. here he comes C. here does he come B. he here comes D. here comes he B. would have bought D. would buy
小题, 二、改错 (本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分) 四个划底线部分,其中有一个是错误的,选出错误部分的字母, 下面句子中有 A,B,C,D 四个划底线部分,其中有一个是错误的,选出错误部分的字母,
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无需改正错误。 无需改正错误。
  31. His songs are very popular A musicians.
  32. More and more people became interested in Beijing opera in the past twenty years. A B C D with young people, who regard him as more superior to other B C D

  33. Neither of the two candidates who had applied for admission to the Linguistics Department A were accepted yet. C D B

  34. Thin people may feel depressed during cold weather while fat people, on another hand, may A feel unhappy in hot weather. D
  35. After she finds her boy friend a drug addict, she decided to break off with him. A B C D B C

  36. The wind is blowing hard. Don’t forget closing all the windows before you leave. A B C D

  37. The Smiths haven’t decided which hotel to stay. A B C D

  38. The moment I will get your money, I will send you the book. A B C D

  39. With the price of oil goes up, the economy of oil-producing countries is expanding at a high A rate.
  40. It's high time they begin to take you seriously and they know it. A B C D 小题, 三、完形填空(本大题共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 完形填空( 选择一个最佳答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。 选择一个最佳答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。 Geography is the study of the relationship between people and the land. Geographers compare and contrast various places on the earth. But they also 41 the individual places and consider the earth as a
  42. The word geography comes from two Greek words, ge, the Greek word for “earth” and graphein, 43 means “to write”. The English word geography means “to describe the earth”. 44 geography books focus on a small area 45 a town or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an 46 continent. Many geography books deal with the whole
-第 4 页 共 8 页
B
C
D
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earth. Another 47
to divide the study of 48 is to distinguish between physical geography and starts with
cultural geography. The former focuses on the geographically natural world; the 49 human beings and next how human beings and their environment act 50
each other. But when
geography is considered as a single subject, 51 branch can neglect the other. A geographer might be described 52 We know, however, 54 view,a special way of 55
  41. A. pass
  42. A. unit
  43. A. what
  44. A. Any
  45. A. outside
  46. A. extensive
  47. A. way
  48. A. world
  49. A. second
  50. A. upon
  51. A. either
  52. A. for
  53. A. exceptions
  54. A. although
  55. A. working one who observes, records, and explains the 53
between places. If places are alike, there would be little need for geographers. no two places are exactly the same. Geography, then, is a point of at places. B. reach B. whole B. which B. Many B. except B. enormous B. means B. earth B. latter B. for B. neither B. to B. differences B. whether B. getting C. go C. part C. that C. Most C. like C. overall C. habit C. globe C. next C. as C. one C. by C. sameness C. since C. arriving D. set D. total D. it D. Few D. as D. entire D. technique D. geography D. later D. to D. each D. as D. divisions D. that D. looking
小题, 四、阅读理解(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分) 阅读理解( 本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题 每个问题有四个选项 每个问题有四个选项,选择一个最佳答案完 本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个选项 选择一个最佳答案完 成句子。 成句子。错选、多选或未选均无分。 多选或未选均无分。 Passage 1 There are different ways in which people try to deal with the problem of energy. One way is the greater production of common energy sources, such as coal, oil and gas. The trouble with these sources, however, is that they are not renewable. Another way is energy conservation, which means using energy more efficiently. In some very cold countries people build special houses to save energy. They place materials between the inside and the outside of the walls of the house to keep the cold out and the warmth in. The house is heated by the lights, the body heat of the people and the other equipment in it. Finally, renewable energy sources are used even though they are often expensive to develop. One form of these is geothermal energy. In certain parts of the world, the temperature
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of the earth increases thirty degrees centigrade with each kilometre down. At six kilometres, therefore, it rises to nearly two hundred degrees. To get the heat, water is pumped down into the rocks and back up to the surface. Heat from the earth is already used in certain countries.
  56.How many ways of dealing the energy problem are discussed in the text? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five.

  57.From the text we learn that coal . A. is quite easy to produce B. is one of the common source of energy C. is not used most efficiently D. could be renewed only by new technology
  58.The writer tells about the “special houses” because they . A. show the excellent skills of the builders B. serve as an example of energy conservation C. are heated by different sources of energy D. are warmer than other types of houses
  59.The underlined words “geothermal energy” in the third paragraph mean A. renewable source C. heat inside the earth .
B. underground source D. temperature of the earth

  60.At a place where the surface temperature is 15℃, how deep do you have to dig so as to get a temperature of 75℃? A. One km. C. Three km. Passage 2 A silver dollar is not worth a dollar ? nor is any other silver coin really worth its face value. Silver coins are made of any alloy ? a mixture of 10 per cent copper and 90 per cent silver ? which lasts much longer in circulation than pure silver would. A silver dollar contains 90 cents worth of silver and a dime has 9 cents worth. It takes only a penny worth of silver to make a nickel. This was not the case in 1792, when the United States began minting coins of pure gold and silver. Citizens were welcome to stop anytime with gold or silver in any form ? cups, vases, or even gold fillings from their teeth ? and have it melted down for spending money. Today the mints in Philadelphia and Denver earn a yearly profit of about $40 million. Most of this comes from using alloys rather than pure silver in the production of the $
  2.5 billion worth of coins circulating in the United States. The Philadelphia plant also produces coins for foreign countries. In a recent year almost 130 million coins were made for the use of foreign governments.
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B. Two km. D. Four km.
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  61.According to the
 

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