和答案
technically known as electroconvulsive therapy (电休克疗法) or ECT, has been around since the 1930s, but it carries with it an unpopular public image which comes mostly from horrible movies. And in fact, it was in the early days a brutal procedure. But research on the magnetic brain has led to improvements in such treatments, and their use is on the rise. In 1980, 30,000 people received ECT; in 2001, nearly 100,0
  00. Although there are still side effects - headaches and memory problems primarily - the days of bitten tongues, and broken bones are largely a thing of the past. And the response rate, especially for treatment of drug-resistant depression, is as high as 70 percent.
  41. The project described in the first paragraph aimed at finding. A. who had bipolar disorder B. what improved people's moods C. whether magnetic scanning was a treatment for depression D. how patients with a mood disorder responded to certain drugs
  42. The word "ebullient" in paragraph 2 can be best replaced by . A. interested C. excited B. quiet D. sorrowful

  43. The findings show that electromagnetic fields may. A. treat mental disorders B. cause mental disorders C. reduce the effectiveness of some drugs D. increase the effectiveness of some drugs
  44. Which statement is true about "Shock treatment"? A. It's now the most popular mental treatment. B. It's becoming less cruel and more effective. C. It has close relation with the movie industry. D. It works only with drug-resistant depression.
  45. The passage mainly . A. reports a discovery B. challenges a discovery C. explains the problem with a discovery D. describes the background of a discovery Passage 2 During the years of the Depression (经济危机) in a small southeastern Idaho community, I used to stop by 7
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Brother Miller' roadside stand for farm-fresh produce as the season made it available. Food and money were still s extremely scarce and bartering was used, extensively.
One particular day Brother Miller was bagging some early potatoes for me. I noticed a small boy, delicate of bone and feature, ragged but clean, hungrily looking at a basket of freshly picked green peas. I paid for my potatoes but was also drawn to the display of fresh green peas. I couldn't help overhearing the conversation between Brother Miller and the ragged boy next to me. "Hello Barry, how are you today?" "Hello, Mr. Miller. Fine, thank ya. Just admiring them peas, sure look good." "They are good, Barry. How's your Ma?" "Fine. Getting stronger all of the time." "Good. Anything I can help you with?" "No, Sir. Just admiring them peas." "Would you like to take some home?" "No, Sir. Got nothing to pay for 'em with." "Well, what have you to trade me for some of those peas?" "All I've got is my prize marble here." "Is that right? Let me see it." "Here 'tis. She's great!" "I can see that. Hmmmm, only thing is this one is blue and I sort of go for red. Do you have a red one like this at home?" "Not exactly ... but, almost." "Tell you what. Take this sack of peas home with you and next trip this way let me look at that red marble." "Sure will. Thanks, Mr. Miller." Mrs. Miller, who had been standing nearby, came over to help me. With a smile she said, "There are two other boys like him in our community, all three are in very poor circumstances. Jim just loves to bargain with them for peas, apples, tomatoes or whatever. When they come back with their red marbles, and they always do, he decides he doesn't like red after all and he sends them home with a bag of produce for a green marble or an orange one, perhaps." I left the stand, smiling to myself, impressed with this man. A short time later I moved to Utah, but I never forgot the story of this man, the boys and their bartering.
8
全国 2009 年 4 月自学考试综合英语(二)试题
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Several years went by, each more rapid than the previous one. Just recently I had occasion to visit some old friends in that Idaho community and while I was there I learned that Brother Miller had died. They were having his viewing (追思会 ) that evening and knowing my friends wanted to go, I agreed to accompany them. Upon our arrival at the mortuary (殡仪馆) we fell into line to meet the relatives of the deceased and to offer whatever words of comfort we could. Ahead of us in line were three young men. One was in an army uniform and the other two wore nice haircuts, dark suits and white shirts ... very professional looking. They approached Mrs. Miller, standing there smiling and calm. Each of the young men hugged her, kissed her on the cheek, spoke briefly with her and moved on to the coffin. Her misty light blue eyes followed them as, one by one, each young man stopped briefly and placed his own warm hand over the cold pale hand in the coffin. Each left the mortuary, awkwardly, wiping his eyes. Our turn came to meet Mrs. Miller. I told her who I was and mentioned the story she had told me about the marbles. Eyes glistening, she took my hand and led me to the coffin. "Those three young men, that just left, were the boys I told you about. They just told me how they were grateful for the things Jim "traded" them. Now, at last, when Jim could not change his mind about color or size ... they came to pay their debt. We've never had a great deal of the wealth of this world," she confided, "but, right now, Jim would consider himself the richest man in Idaho." With loving gentleness she lifted the lifeless fingers of her deceased husband. Resting underneath were three, magnificently shiny, red marbles.
  46. In Paragraph 1, "bartering" probably means . A. trading goods for other goods B. making a bargain step by step C. replacing things with other things D. having a discussion person to person
  47. From the conversation between Brother Miller and the small boy, we can learn that. A. the boy had good skills at bargaining B. the boy was a great collector of marbles C. Brother Miller had a very peculiar interest in marbles D. Brother Miller knew the conditions of the boy's family
  48. Brother Miller impressed the narrator most as a man who was very . A. humorous C. patient B. considerate D. childish

  49. Looking back on the bargains Brother Miller had with them, the three young men knew very well that he 9
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changed his mind about marbles all the time so that . A. they could learn how to be successful in business B. they could keep on with their hobby of collection C. he could offer them something free without hurting their self-esteem D. he could keep the boys coming to visit his stand and to buy something
  50. In this story, "the three red marbles" in Brother Miller's hand are actually a symbol of. A. honesty C. devotion B. responsibility D. appreciation
V.词形转换.将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置.(本大题共 10 小题,每小 .词形转换.将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置. 本大题共 小题, 题 1 分,共 10 分)
  51. It must have taken years before he put on all that fat. (disgust)
  52. The famous from the hero's last speech "I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." will live forever in his people's hearts. (quote)
  53. If you the used things, such as bottles or sheets of paper, you process them so that they can be used again. (cycle)
  54. Do you think a person's clothes are a reflection of his ? (personal)
  55. There is a lot of evidence that television influences in a manner of lifestyle, and popularity of fashion. (behave)
  56. There's increased environmental and recognition that a bicycle is a healthy, fun way to get around. (aware)
  57. is not a goal; it is a feeling that accompanies important ongoing activity. (enjoy)
  58. Naive children are likely to be by people's appearance. (lead)
  59. Our favourite restaurant was full, so we had to go (where; else)
  60. People are impressed by the fact that he can faces he has seen for only once. (memory)
VI.句子翻译.将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置. (本大题共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,共 15 分)
  61.出生人口的数量并没有像死亡人数那样下降.
  62.就质量而言,这是你现有资金能买到的最好的车了.
  63.即使在平常聊天时很健谈的人,在第一次公开演讲时也会感到害怕.
  64.无论是恶劣的天气还是飞涨的物价都没有影响这家餐馆的生意.
  65.兴高采烈的宾客挤满了他的客厅,为他的健康干杯. 10
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VII.作文.根据所学的一篇课文,写出 150 字左右的短文. 本大题 15 分) .作文.根据所学的一篇课文, 字左右的短文. (本大题 ( Topic:From "Go-Go Americans", what do you learn about American's attitude towards time when they do business? How would you react to that if you were doing business with them?
11
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