全国公共英语等级考试四级真题
Section I Listening Comprehension,Part A You will hear a recording of a conversation be tween Mary and John about the Hilton Hotel and the Hotel Rossiya. Listen to it and fill out the table with the information you've heard for questions 1-
  5. Some of the informatio n has been completed for you. Write not more than 3 words in each numbered box. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the table below. Information about the Hilton Hotel and the Hotel Rossiya
The Hilton Hotel Number of Bedrooms Number of Employees Number of Restaurants Number of Elevators Country of Location U.S. 12 1 2 The Hotel Rossiya 3,200 3,000 3 4 5
Tapescript: M: Hi, Mary. How's everything?W: Fine. You know, John, I'm planning to go to Las Vegas for a holiday and would like to stay in a large hotel. Anything to recommend?M: Er? the Hilton Hotel there is quite a large one. It has ? er ? 3,174 bedrooms. It also has 12 restaurants and about 125,000 square feet of convention space. There're a 10-acre recr eation deck and a stage show dining hall. Over 3,600 people now work for it.W: Oh, gre at! Is it the largest hotel in the U.S.?M: Yes, it is. But it may not be the largest in the world. Er ? as far as I know, the Hotel Rossiya in Moscow is larger than Hilton. It is a 12-story building that has 3,200 rooms. It can provide accommodation for 6,000 guests. I t takes nearly 8 years and a half to spend one night in each room. Besides, there's a 21story "Presidential tower" in the central courtyard. It has 15 restaurants and 93 elevators. And it employs about 3,000 people. The ballroom is known as the world's largest. Russia ns are not allowed to live in that hotel. And foreigners are charged 16 times more than t he very low rate charged Russian officials.W: It's unbelievable ?[fade out] Now you will hear the recording again. (The recording is repeated.) That is the end of Part A. Part B You will hear a radio weather forecast. Answer questions 6-10 while listening. Use not more than 5 words for each answer. You will hear the recording twice. You no w have 40 seconds to read the questions. When will showers reach south-west England and the southern coast of Wales?
6
What will the minimum temperature be in the south during the night?
7
On what day of the week do you think this weather forecast was given?
8
What will be the general feeling about the weekend in the Netherlands?
9
What part of England will be cloudy and dry over the weekend?
10
Tapescript W: Hello. It's been another warm and fine day for most of us. Temperatures in south -east England reached twenty-six degrees Centigrade by mid-afternoon, and Brighton had fi fteen hours of lovely sunshine. But already the weather is beginning to change, I'm afraid, and during the night showers will slowly move in from the Atlantic to reach south-west England and the southern coast of Wales by early morning.The rest of the country will h ave a very mild, dry night with minimum temperatures no lower than fifteen degrees in t he south, a little cooler ? eleven degrees or so ? in the north. Any remaining showers in northwest Scotland will pass quickly, to leave a mild, dry night there too.And now, the outlook for Friday and the weekend. Well, southern Europe will once again get the best o f the weekend weather, and if your holiday starts this weekend, then southern Spain is th e place to go, with temperatures of thirty-four degrees along the Mediterranean coast. At t he eastern end of the Med, too, you can expect uninterrupted sunshine and temperatures o f up to thirty-two degrees Centigrade in Greece and south-east Italy, but further north the weather's not so settled. Much of France, Belgium and the Netherlands will be cloudy w ith occasional rain and maximum temperatures will be around twenty-two degrees ? very disappointing for this time of the year.Scotland and Northern Ireland will have heavy rain for much of the weekend and temperatures will drop to a cool seventeen degrees. Across most of England the weather will be cloudy but mainly dry with sunny periods. And wh en the sun does come out temperatures could rise to a maximum of twenty-three degrees.
Now you will hear the recording again. (The recording is repeated.) That is the end of Part B.
Part CYou will hear three dialogues or monologues. Before listening to each one, you wil l have time to read the questions related to it. While listening, answer each question by c hoosing A, B, C or D. After listening, you will have time to check your answer. You wi ll hear each piece once only.Questions 11-13 are based on the following talk introducing Emily Dickinson, a well-known American poet. You now have 30 seconds to read questio ns 11-
  13.
  11. How long did Emily Dickinson live in the house where she was born?[A] almost all her life[B] less than half her life[C] until 1830[D] before 1872
  12. Which of the following is true of Emily Dickinson?[A] She was not a productive poe t.[B] She saw many of her poems published.[C] She was not a sociable person.[D] She h ad contact only with a few poets.
  13. When was Emily Dickinson widely recognized?[A] after Henry James referred highly t o her[B] after seven of her poems were published[C] after her poems became known to o thers[D] after she was dead for many years Tapescript: M: Emily Dickinson is one of the greatest American poets. She was born in a typical Ne w England village in Massachusetts on December 10, 18
  30. She was the second child of the family. She died in the same house fifty-six years later. During her life time she neve r left her native land. She left her home state only once. She left her village very few ti mes. And after 1872 she rarely left her house and yard. In the last years of her life she retreated to a smaller and smaller circle of family and friends. In those later years she dr essed in white, avoided strangers, and communicated chiefly through notes and poems eve n with intimates. The doctor who attended her illness was allowed to "examine" her in an other room, seeing her walk by an opened door. She was thought of as a "strange" figure in her home village. When she died on May 15, 1886, she was unknown to the rest of the world. Only seven of her poems had appeared in print.But to think Emily Dickinson only as a strange figure is a serious mistake. She lived simply and deliberately. She faced the essential facts of life. According to Henry James, a famous American novelist, she w as one of those on whom nothing was lost. Only by thus living could Dickinson manage both to fulfill her obligations as a daughter, a sister, and a housekeeper and to write on t he average one poem a day.She read only a few books but knew them deeply. Her poem s are simple but remarkably rich. Not until 1950s was she recognized as one of the great est American poets. Section II Use of EnglishRead the following text. Choose the best word for each numbere d blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET

  1).During the 1980s, unemployment and underemployment in some countries was as hi gh as 90 per cent. Some countries did not 1 enough food; basic needs in housing and clo thing were not (
  2) . Many of these countries looked to the industrial processes of the developed nation s (
  3) solutions. (
  4) , problems cannot always be solved by copying the industrialized nations. Industry i n the developed nations is highly automated and very (
  5) . It provides fewer jobs than labor-intensive industrial processes, and highly (
  6) workers are needed to (
  7)and repair the equipment. These workers must be trained, (
  8) many nations do not have the necessary training institutions. Thus, the (
  9) of importing industry becomes higher. Students must be sent abroad to (
  10) vocational and professional training. (
  11) , just to begin training, the students must (
  12) learn English, French, German, or Japanese. The students then spend many years a broad, and (
  13) do not return home.All nations agree that science and technology (
  14) be shared. The point is: countries (
  15) the industrial processes of the developed nations need to look carefully

  16) the costs, because many of these costs are (
  17) . Students from these nations should (
  18) the problems of the industrialized countries closely. (
  19) care, they will take home not the problems of science and technology,

  20) the benefits.
  1. [A]generate [B]raise [C]produce [D]manufacture
  2. [A]answered [B]met [C]calculated [D]remembered
  3. [A]for [B]without [C]as [D]about
  4. [A]Moreover [B]Therefore [C]Anyway [D]However
  5. [A]expensive [B]mechanical [C]flourishing [D]complicated
  6. [A]gifted [B]skilled [C]trained [D]versatile
  7. [A]keep [B]maintain [C]retain [D] protect
  8. [A]since [B]so [C]and [D]yet
  9. [A]charge [B]price [C]cost [D]value
  10. [A]accept [B]gain [C]receive [D]absorb
  11. [A]Frequently [B]Incidentally [C]Deliberately [D]Eventually
  12. [A]soon [B]quickly [C]immediately [D]first
  13. [A]some [B]others [C]several [D]few
  14. [A]might [B]should [C]would [D]will
  15. [A]adopting [B]conducting [C]receiving [D]adjusting
  16. [A]to [B]at [C]on [D]about
  17. [A]opaque [B]secret [C]sealed [D]hidden
  18. [A]tackle [B]learn [C]study [D]manipulate
  19. [A]In [B]Through [C]With [D]Under
  20. [A]except [B]nor [C]or [D]but Section III Reading ComprehensionPart ARead the following four texts. Answer the questi ons below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEE T
  1.
Text 1 It was 3:45 in the morning when the vote was finally taken. After six months of arguing and a final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia's Northern Territory became the fir st legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who w ish to die. The measure was passed by the convincing vote of 15 to
  10. Almost immediately w ord flashed on the Internet and was picked up, half a world away, by John Hofsess, executive director of the Right to Die Society of Canada. He sent it on via the group's on-line service, D eath NET. Says Hofsess: "We posted bulletins all day long, because of course this isn't just so mething that happened in Australia. It's world history."The full import may take a while to sink in. The NT Rights of the Terminally Ill law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to de al with its moral and practical implications. Some have breathed sighs of relief; others, includin g churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back. In Australia ? where an agin g population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their p art ? other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia. In the U. S. and Canada, where the right-to-die movement is gathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling.Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death ? probably by a deadly injection or pill ? to put an end to suffering. The patient must be diagnosed as terminally ill by two doctors. After a "cooling off" period of seven days, the p atient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met. For Lloy d Nickson, a 54-year-old Darwin resident suffering from lung cancer, the NT Rights of Termina lly Ill law means he can get on with living without the haunting fear of his suffering: a terrifyi ng death from his breathing condition. "I'm not afraid of dying from a spiritual point of view, but what I was afraid of was how I'd go, because I've watched people die in the hospital fighti ng for oxygen and clawing at their masks," he says.

  1. From the second paragraph we learn that[A] the objection to euthanasia is diminishing in some countries.[B] physicians and citizens have the same view on euthanasia.[C] techno logical changes are chiefly responsible for the new law.[D] it takes time to appreciate the significance of laws passed.
  2. By saying that "observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling", the authormean s that[A] observers are taking a wait-and-see attitude towards the future of euthanasia.[B] there is a possibility of similar bills being passed in the U.S. and Canada.[C] observers ar e waiting to see the movement end up in failure.[D] the process of the bill taking effect may finally come to a stop.
  3. When Lloyd Nickson is close to death, he will[A] undergo a cooling off period of sev en days.[B] experience the suffering of a lung cancer patient.[C] have an intense fear of t
errible suffering.[D] face his death with the calm characteristic of euthanasia.
  4. What is th e author's attitude towards euthanasia?[A] Hostile.[B] Suspicious.[C] Approving.[D] Indiffer ent.
  5. We can infer from the text that the author believes the success of the right-to-diem ovement is[A] only a matter of time.[B] far from certain.[C] just an illusion.[D] a shattere d hope. Part BRead the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Ch inese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Do animals have rights? This is how the question is usually put. It sounds like a useful, ground-clearing way to start.
  61) Actually, it isn't, because it assumes that there is an agreed account of human rights, which is something the world does not have.On one view of rights, to
 

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