全国英语四级考试
8: 30-9: 00组织考生进入考场,检查考生的准考证 组织考生进入考场, 组织考生进入考场 与学生证(或身份证)。 与学生证(或身份证)。 9: 00考生停止入场;发试卷、答题卡 和答题卡 ; 考生停止入场; 和答题卡
  2; 考生停止入场 发试卷、答题卡1和答题卡 试卷分A、 卷 考生不得提前启封; 试卷分 、B卷,考生不得提前启封;考生填涂两 张答题卡上的姓名和准考证号。注意只能用2B铅 张答题卡上的姓名和准考证号。注意只能用 铅 笔和黑色签字笔。 笔和黑色签字笔。 9: 10考试正式开始,考生做答题卡 上的写作部分 考试正式开始, 考试正式开始 考生做答题卡1上的写作部分 只能用黑色签字笔答题) (只能用黑色签字笔答题) 9: 40写作部分考试结束,考生启封试卷,开始做 写作部分考试结束, 写作部分考试结束 考生启封试卷, 试卷上的第一部分,即快速阅读理解部分。 试卷上的第一部分,即快速阅读理解部分。 9: 55收答题卡 ,考生开始准备听力部分。 收答题卡
  1,考生开始准备听力部分。 收答题卡 10: 00听力考试正式开始,时间约是 分钟。 听力考试正式开始, 分钟。 听力考试正式开始 时间约是35分钟 听力部分结束后,考生开始做剩下的试题。 听力部分结束后,考生开始做剩下的试题。11: 20 考试结束。 考试结束。
例: Medical researchers are painfully aware that there are many problems (他们至今还没有 答案). to which they still have no answers today. / that they haven’t found answers to. (大多数父母所关心的)is providing the best education possible for their children. what most parents are concerned about You’d better take a sweater with you (以 防天气变冷). in case it turn cold
Through the project, many people have received training and (决定自己创业) decided to start their own business The anti-virus agent was not known (直到一名医生偶然发现 了它) until it was accidentally found by a doctor / until a doctor found it by chance.
  08.12
翻译考点

  1. 固定搭配考点:这是翻译中的最为核 心的考点,也是近几次命题密度最高的 知识点,应该引起考生的高度重视。比 如说名词与动词搭配,形容词与名词搭 配,动词与副词的修饰关系,名词与介 词搭配,更为重要的是常见的固定词组 以及固定表达,这些都可能成为考试的 命题重点。

  1:By contrast, American mothers were more likely (把 孩子的成功归因于) natural talent.(大纲样 题)。 【考点剖析】这个题目就非常典型。有两 个固定搭配考点:
  1)be likely to do sth ;
  2) owe…to /attribute…to (把…归因于)

  2. 核心语法考点:这部分语法考点大多 数是以前词汇语法考题考点的重现和转 移,这一点要引起同学的重视,尽管词 汇单选题现在不考了,但是还是不能忽 视这部分题目,因为考点是一致的。核 心语法考点最重要的虚拟语气,其次是 时态、被动语态、情态动词、倒装结构 等。

  1:The professor required that (我们交研究报告) by Wednesday . 【考点剖析】本题是典型的语法题目。 重点考查考生对虚拟语气的掌握。 Require后面接从句的时候,一定会虚拟 语气,语法结构为require that +sb+should+动词原形。

  2:Not only (他向我收 费过高), but he didn’t do a good repair job either (大纲样题) 【考点剖析】本题同样为典型的语法考点。 考查了考生对倒装结构这个特殊语法现象 的掌握情况。句首的Not only决定了倒装连 接,下文用了过去时态,因此,这里需在 he之前加did。所以答案应该为did he overcharge me。

  3. 核心动词以及动词短语的考查。 例
  1:Though a skilled worker, (他被公司解雇 了) last week because of the economic crisis . 【考点剖析】本题的重要考点就是考生 对“解雇”这个核心动词的翻译。可以 表示解雇的有dismiss, discharge, fire等。
重点语法

  1.
虚拟语气 ① 虚拟条件句 (if) A:条件与现在或将来的事实不符合: if +过去时, 主+would +V原 B:条件与过去事实不符合: if +过去完成时,主+ would have done
If we had enough money, we would buy a computer. If he knew the facts, he could tell us what to do. If you took more exercise, you might feel healthier. If I were to ask, would you help me?
If I had left sooner, I’d have been on time. If I had gotten up earlier this morning, I might not have been late. If he had received the present, he should have thanked her.
②虚拟语气在从句中的使用 : 主+(should)+V原 ( ) 原 主+决定、打算、建议、要求、坚持+(should)+V原 决定、打算、建议、要求、坚持 ( ) 原 urge/ demand/command/order/ask/require/request insist/intend/ prefer advise/ recommend/ propose/ suggest 他们的名词之后+句子, 他们的名词之后 句子,这句子也要用同样的结构 句子 requirement/ advice/proposal/demand/ decision/ request/ suggestion eg: Her suggestion is that they (should) carry on their conversation in French.
it’s vital/ important/ essential/ appropriate/ strange/ advisable(明智的)/ desirable… that +(should)+V原 It’s vital that we be present. It is important that this mission not fail. in case, lest, for fear that +(should)+V 原 I put a coat over him in case that he should catch a cold.
Wish 的用法: Ved(现在,将来) had done(过去) would V原(有可能实现但可能性 较低的愿望)
I wish we had more money. I wish that I had never met him. I wish you wouldn’t smoke any more
it’s (high/about) time that + V过: It’s high time that we went to bed. would rather(sooner)+Ved(现在、将来)/ had done(过去) I would rather you told me the truth. I would rather he hadn’t told me about it. as if/though+ Ved(现在、将来)/ had done(过去) He acts as if he knew you. You sat there as if nothing had happened.
时态:
一般过去时: 一般过去时:过去某一时间发生的事 的过去式: 主+be/V 的过去式:He was young at the time. Betty called me this morning. 现在完成时:对现在来说已经发生的事, 现在完成时:对现在来说已经发生的事,没有过去时间 主+have/has +V 过去分词 The rain has stopped. 完成进行时:从过去某时起一直持续的动作, 完成进行时:从过去某时起一直持续的动作,也许刚停 也许还在进行。 止,也许还在进行。主+have/has been doing I have been waiting for you for an hour. She’s been working all morning.
一般将来时:还未发生的事。主+will do The concert will start in a minute. 将来完成时:在将来一个时间前已经完成的动作: 主 +will have done Call us after 8o’clock. We will have finished dinner by then. 过去完成时:在过去一个时间前已经完成的动作: 主+had done When I got to the station the train had left 一般现在时:经常性,反复性的动作,现在的状态 主+be 或V(主语为单三V+s/es) My father is retired now. He gets up early. 现在进行时:现在正在发生的动作 主+be +Ving Turn off the radio. Jane is studying.
被动语态:
常用时态的被动语态 过去时 主+was/were+done A new library was completed in June. 将来时 主+will be+done A new library will be completed next June. 现在完成时 主+have/has been+done A new library has been completed. 一般现在时 主+am/is/are+done Housework is always done by housewives. 现在进行时 主+am/is/are being+done A new library is being built.
情态动词的被动语态
Can/must/should/may/have to be done 能够、必须、应该、也许会、必须被做 Should/must/may have been done本应该被 做而没有、一定已经被、也许已经被 His request may be refused. I can’t find my wallet, it must/may be stolen. Your homework should have been finished last week.
情态动词的用法
can/must/may/should/have to do/used to do sth. 能够、必须、也许/可以、应该、不得不、曾经做 Must/can’t/may have done 推测的用法 一定已经做了、不可能已经做了、也许已经做了 He must/can’t/may have arrived already. should/shouldn’t/needn’t have done 本应该做而没做、本不该做而做了、本不需要做 而做了。 You are right, I should have thought of that.
倒装句
否定词在居首,部分倒装,如never, little, barely, hardly, scarcely, seldom, not until, not only at no time, under no circumstance, by no means, in no case (决不), in vain
Little did we know of this country’s abundance in natural resources. Under no circumstances should a communist place his personal interest first. Not only did he speak correctly, but he spoke more easily.
Hardly(scarcely)…when与No sooner…than 的句型
Hardly+ had sb done + when sb V过去时 Hardly had I got home when the telephone rang. Only 放句首+adj/adv/介词短语 Only in this way can our honor be saved.
翻译题解题步骤:
首先快速浏览句子,先看英语不看汉语, 从而判断划线处所填句子的时态,语态。 判断除了时态,语态外考察的语法(如虚 拟语气) 判断考的固定搭配(不定式短语、分词短 语 ),选用合适的动词连接。
Exercise:
6
I (原以为自己会被奖励), but in face I got nothing. Last year a large amount of money (花在环境保护上). In view of his good records and work experience I (毫无保留地向您推荐他). This novel is well received by the readers, and (据说已经被翻译成了英语). This place (以其优美的景色 给我留下了深刻的印象), and I wish to go there again.
I (原以为自己会被奖励), but in fact I got nothing. had thought that I would be awarded Last year a large amount of money (花 在环境保护上). was spent on environmental protection In view of his good records and work experience I (毫无保留地向您推荐他). recommend him to you without reservation This novel is well received by the readers, and (据说已经被翻译成了英语). is said to have been translated into English This place (以其优美的景色给我留 下了深刻的印象), and I wish to go there again. impressed me deeply with its beautiful scenery
7
, (无论我们遇到怎样的困难) I am sure we can overcome it. Though she has bought many clothes, she is always (抱怨缺少合 适的衣服). It is surprising that he (竟然 责骂他的女朋友)in the street. The actor as well as his assistants (正在去机场的路上). She failed in the math exam again, which has made her (失去了在数学 方面的信心).
, (无论我们遇到怎样的困难)I am sure we can overcome it. no matter what difficulty we may encounter Though she has bought many clothes, she is always (抱怨缺少合适的衣服). complaining about/ of lacking suitable clothes It is surprising that he (竟然责骂他的女朋友) in the street. should scold his girlfriend The actor as well as his assistants (正在 去机场的路上). is on his way to the airport She failed in the math exam again, which has made her (失去了在数学方面的信心). lose her confidence in math

  1. Having spent some time in the city, he had no trouble .(找 到去历史博物馆的路)
  2. (为了挣钱供我上 学),mother often takes on more work than is good for her.
  3. The professor required that (我们交 研究报告) by Wednesday.
  4. The more you explain, (我越糊涂).
  5. Though a skilled worker, (他被公司解雇了)last week because of the economic crisis.

  06.6
  87. Having spent some time in the city, he had no trouble (找到去历史博物馆的路). 参考答案:finding the way to the history museum
  88. (为了挣钱供我上学), Mother often takes on more work than is good for her. 参考答案:In order to support my university studies (to finance my education)
  89. The professor required that (我们交 研究报告)。 参考答案:we hand in our research report(s)
  90. The more you explain, (我愈糊涂). 参考答案:the more confused I am
  91. Though a skilled worker, (他被公司解雇 了). 参考答案:he was fired by the company

  1.Specialists in intercultural studies says that it is not easy to (适应不同文化中 的生活)
  2.Since my childhood I have fond that (没有什么比 读书对我更有吸引力)
  3.The victim
 

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