2000 年全国英语专业四级考试试题参考答案: 听力原文?? PART Ⅱ DICTATION ? What We Know About Language ? Many things about language are a mystery and will remain so. However, we now do know something about it. First, we know that all human beings have a language of some sort. No human race anywhere on earth is so backward that it has no language of its own at all. Second , there is no such thing as a primitive language. There are many people whose cultures are undeveloped but the languages they speak are by no means primitive. In all the languages existing in the world today, there are complexities that must have been developed for years. Third, we know that all languages are perfectly adequate. Each is a perfect means of expressing its culture. And finally, we know that language changes over time, which is natural and normal if a language is to survive. The language which remains unchanged is nothing but dead.? PART Ⅲ LISTENING COMPREHENSION ?
  1. Harry’s brother would not remain an engine driver if he were ambitious.?
  2. Would you mind waiting a few minutes? Ms Ellis is being examined by her physician at this moment.?
  3. Joan is in hospital. I’d like to send her a handbag she can use later in the law office, where she is employed.?
  4. Mary and I work in the same office. We are on five days and off two days in a week. Every time I see her, she is wearing a different silk scarf.?
  5. We’ll come aboard Southeast Service to Red Hill, East Corydon and Victoria, with changes in Red Hill for Gilford.?
  6. What we need here is a clerk who is careful and CONSIDERATE. Let’s write that in the ad: carefulness and consideration are a must.?
  7. I used to think Emily was honest and trust-worthy, but now I know better. ?
  8. The first train to Green Hill leaves at 6:
  28. There is a train every hour on the hour and every 28 minutes PAST the hour. ?
  9. The trouble is no matter how hard he tried, Malcolm didn’t seem to get anywhere.? SECTION B CONVERSATION ?
  10. M:What do you think? Am I OK?? W: Well, there is some information that seems to me ... I want to have a thorough checkup and do some tests. ?
  11. M: It’s hot! I wish it would rain and cool off!?
W: This isn’t usual for November. I don’t remember it ever being so hot and dry in November before. ?
  12. M: Many people prefer taking public buses or the subway or even taxis because parking is getting to be a real headache in some parts of the city.? W: That doesn’t surprise me.?
  13. M: Hello, Good morning, I’m calling to check on the status of my computer.? W: Well, the new parts have just been coming in,so it should be ready by Friday.?
  14. M: My goodness, the service in this restaurant is really terrible, a lot worse than before.? W: Right. It’s high time they got rid of half the staff here if you ask me.?
  15. M: Operator, I booked a long-distance collect call for my sister in Switzerland 25 minutes ago, but I haven’t got a reply yet.? W: Sorry, I ring it for you right now.?
  16. W: I’ll wear this blue jacket. I like the color on me, don’t you think?? M: I think it looks terrific on you,really.?
  17. M: How did Mr. Hunt’ project turn out? I heard he had trouble with the financing, but then he s could get the loan he wanted.? W: It’s true. He did have difficulties at first. But all in all, the project couldn’t have turned out better.? SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST ? News Item One (
  18)? NATO and Russia are reporting some progress in efforts to finalize a charter governing their post-cold-war relationship. But they stressed more work must be done to settle their differences in military and political issues. A fifth round of talks between the Russian foreign minister and NATO Secretary General ended Tuesday in Luxembourg.? News Item Two (19-
  20)? A Boeing 727 aircraft with 51 passengers and 10 crew on board has crashed into a mountain side just outside the Columbia capital, Bogota. Police and rescue workers said everyone was killed when the plane exploded scattering wreckage over a wide area. The crash happened shortly after take-off when the plane was unable to gain enough height to clear the mountains. The aircraft belonged to Ecuadorian Airline, but it had been chartered by Air-France for the route from Bogota to Ecuadorian Capital, Quito.? News Item Three (21-
The US has designated thirty international groups as terrorist organizations, barring them from receiving money, weapons or other support from US citizens. The new terrorist list includes a Palestinian group Hamas, the Pro-Iranian Hezbollah, Cambodian’s Khmer Rouge, the Basque separatist group ETA, Sri Lanka’s Tamitigers, and Peru-based Shining Path and Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. The list does not include the Irish Republican Army or the Palestinian Liberation Organization. US Secretary of State Maddine Albright says the affected groups will have their US visas revoked and US financial assets frozen.? News Item Four (
  23)? Israeli prosecutors are reviewing charges against Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, after Israeli police called off his indictment. Justice Ministry officials say they hope a decision on whether to bring charges against the Israeli leader will be announced Sunday. The case stems from the appointment of Runny Barong as Israeli attorney general. Critics charged the appointment was part of a conspiracy to end the trial of Netanyahu’s political ally.? News Item Five (24-
  25)? The combined left-wing opposition in France has defeated President Jaque Chirac’s ruling conservative coalition in the first round of the country’s parliamentary elections. Projections by French TV give the Socialist-led opposition 40% of the vote and Mr. Chirac’s center-right coalition 37%. If the left secures the majority of seats in parliament, Socialist leader Leono Jospin would likely became prime minister in the power-sharing arrangement with President Chirac.? PART Ⅲ LISTENING COMPREHENSION ? SECTION A STATEMENT ?
  1. 答案:A ? 【问句译文】关于 Harry 的弟弟,下列哪一说法正确?? 【试题分析】本题为推理题。? 【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听懂 “would no…if…”的含义“如果……,就不会……” , 就可以明白这句话意为“Harry 的弟弟要是有雄心,就不会到现在还是火车司机了。 ”也就 是说 Harry 的弟弟安于现状,故选 A。?
  2.答案:C ? 【问句译文】你知道了有关 Ms.Ellis 的什么?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】本题的关键词是“…is being examined by her physician” ,既然在接受内科医生 的检查,她当然是在看医生,故选项 C 为正确答案。?
  3.答案:C ? 【问句译文】Joan 的职业是什么?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】本题的关键词是“…the law office where she is employed” ,由此可以得知她的
职业是“lawyer” 。?
  4.答案:B ? 【问句译文】 讲话者一周内可以看到 Mary 戴几条围巾?? 【试题分析】本题为推理题。? 【详细解答】 讲话者说他每次见到 Mary, 她都戴一条不同的丝质围巾。 “on five days and 由于 off two days in a week”指一周工作五天休息两天,所以一周内可以看到 Mary 戴 5 条围巾。 ?
  5.答案:D ? 【问句译文】乘客们在哪儿换乘火车去 Gilford?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】本题的关键词是“…with changes in Red Hill for Gilford” ,即在 Red Hill 换乘可 以到达 Gilford。?
  6.答案:B ? 【问句译文】讲话者很可能做什么?? 【试题分析】本题为推理题。? 【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听懂 “What we need here is a clerk…write that in the ad.…” 可以看出讲话者是在写招聘人员的广告,故选项 B 为正确答案。?
  7.答案:A ? 【问句译文】讲话者是什么意思?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】 “used to”指过去如何,现在不再那样。讲话者过去认为 Emily 是“honest and trustworthy” ,那么她现在就是“neither honest nor trustworthy” 。 ?
  8.答案:B ? 【问句译文】下一趟列车何时离开?? 【试题分析】本题为计算题。? 【详细解答】讲话者先说出首趟列车“…leaves at
  28. ”接着说下一趟列车是“every hour on the hour and every twenty eight minutes past the hour”即整点和整点过后 28 分钟,因此下 一趟列车离开时间是
  9.答案:D ? 【问句译文】关于 Malcolm 的说法,哪一项是错的?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】本题的关键词是“to get anywhere” ,字面意思是“到达任何地方” ,深层的句 意是“取得任何成就” 。因此,讲话者的意思是“无论 Malcolm 怎么努力, 他都不能取得 任何成就” 。? SECTION B CONVERSATION ?
  10.答案:B ?
【问句译文】两位讲话者可能是什么关系?? 【试题分析】本题为推理题。? 【详细解答】 本题的关键词有“inflammation” (发炎)“thorough check-up” , (全面的体格 检查) ,由此可知,两人最可能的关系是医生和病人。 ?注意点:此类题往往是根据两人的对话,要求推测对话者的身份,谈话的时间、地点等, 这类题往往抓住几个关键词就能作出正确判断。?
  11.答案:D ? 【问句译文】平常十一月份的天气怎样?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】本题的关键句是“I don’t remember it ever being so hot and dry…before. ”由此 可知,平常十一月份的天气比目前要凉爽。?
  12.答案:B ? 【问句译文】从对话可得出什么结论?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】本题的关键句是“parking is getting to be a real headache” ,停车成为一个令人 头疼的问题,选项 B 与此话含义一致。? 注意点: “What conclusion can we draw from…?”为一常见问句,通常要用排除法来解答, 浏览一遍四个选项,然后逐个排除。?
  13.答案:A ? 【问句译文】两位讲话者在谈论什么?? 【试题分析】本题为推理题。? 【详细解答】女士打电话问她的电脑状况如何,男士说“it should be ready by Friday” ,由此 可知,女士已经将电脑送去修理,并将在周五修好,故选项 A 为正确答案。本对话中的“the new parts”指的是“新的(计算机)零件” 。?
  14.答案:A ? 【问句译文】我们可从对话得出什么结论?? 【试题分析】本题为推理题。? 【详细解答】女士抱怨餐馆服务太差(the service in this restaurant is really terrible) ,男士表 示赞同(Right) ,由此可知,他们俩都对该餐馆的服务不满。?
  15.答案:C ? 【问句译文】谁将付电话费?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】解答本题的关键是明白“a long distance collect call”的意思是“由对方付费的 长途电话” ,而男土是给他的“sister”打电话,所以付费的应是“the man’s sister” 。?
  16.答案:A ? 【问句译文】男士对女士穿衣的选择是什么意见?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】女士问男士对蓝色外衣的看法,男士回答说“it looks terrific on you” ,即它看
  17.答案:A ? 【问句译文】Hunt 先生的项目如何?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】解答本题的关键是明白“couldn’t have turned out better”的意思是“不可能再 好了;已经很好了” 。由此可知,Hunt 先生的项目非常成功。? SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST ?
  18.答案:B ? 【问句译文】根据新闻,NATO 和 Russia 如何?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】 这篇新闻谈论 NATO 和 Russia 外交关系的进展。解答本题的关键是听懂新闻 的第二句“…more work must be done to settle their differences in military and political issues. ” ?
  19.答案:A ? 【问句译文】这次空难中有多少人遇难?? 【试题分析】本题为计算题。? 【详细解答】该新闻讲的是一次空难事故。新闻开篇提到这列航班“with fifty-one passengers and ten crew on board” 所以所有人加起来共有 61 人。新闻中还提到 , “every one was killed” , 即这次空难无人生还。由此可知,选项 A 为正确答案。?
  20.答案:B ? 【问句译文】根据该新闻,飞机坠毁在……。? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】解答本题的关键在新闻的第四句“The crash happened shortly after takeoff…” 由此可知,正确答案为选项 B。?
  21.答案:C ? 【问句译文】下列哪一项不包含在美国开出的恐怖组织名单中?? 【试题分析】本题为细节题。? 【详细解答】 这篇新闻讲的是美国开列出的一份恐怖组织名单以及针对这些组织所采取



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