Unit One Growing Up
  1. grasp the main idea
  2. appreciate the narrative skills demonstrated in the text
  3. master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text
  4. conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activies Language Points
  1. off and on: from time to time It has been raining on and off for a week. That's why the clothes feel damp.
  2. take hold : become established The idea of one child only has taken hold in many Chinese families
  3. anticipate: expect They anticipate that deaths from AIDS will have doubled by 20
  4. turn out: produce New computers are soon outdated since newer models are tuned out constantly.
  5. Inspire: fill with confidence, eagerness The last leaf on the tree that never fell off inspired the dying patient with the will to live on.
  6. rigid: fixed in behaviour If he had been a little less rigid about things, his daughter would not have left home as such a young age.
  7. severe: completely plain The widow wore a severe black dress to her husband's funeral. Hemingway is known for his severe writing style.
  8. face up to: be brave enough to accept or deal with Now that your daughter is born, you'll have to face upto the responsiblitities of being a father.
  9. recall: bring back to the mind
I don't recall ever meeting her. She recalled that she had to see the doctor again that afternoon.
  10. put down: write down What's the use of a password to your computer if you up it down on a piece of paper stuck to the computer screen.
  11. turn in: hand in For your final grade, each of you must turn in a 7-page paper.
  12. hold back: Prevent the expression of People could hardly hold back their anger when they found that millions of dollars of public funds had been used to build houses for city officials.
Unit Two Friendship
  1. grasp the main idea (never delay expressing your true feeling to a friend) and structure of the text
  2. appreciate that spoken English is much more informal than written English
  3. master key language points
  4. conduct reading, listening, etc. Language points
  1. be lost in / lose oneself in: be absorbed in He was lost in playing computer games so he was unaware of my entering the room.
  2. available: able to be used If you don't want to buy a kite, you can make your own using directions available in eh book.
  3. Go ahead: continue, begin Henry will be late but we will go ahead with the meeting anyway.
  4.know/learn by heart: Memorize You have to know all the music by heart if you want to be a concert pianist.
  5. estimate: form a judgement about Bill's personal riches were estimated at 1 million.
  6. might/may as well If you say that you might as well do something, you mean that you will do it although you do not have a strong desire to do it and may even feel reluctant Anyway, you're here; you might as well stay.
  7. keep up: They risk losing their homes because they can no longer keep up the repayments.
  8. kind of or sort of She wasn't beautiful. But she was kind of cute.
  9. lose touch with sb. I lost touch with my former classmates
  10. come up
Other projects came up and the emphasis of my work changed. Sth. Come up at home so I am late.
  11. reference: It was strange that he make no reference to any work experience in his resume.
  12. hang out: stay in or near a place for no particular reason, not doing very much I often hung out in coffee bars while I was unemployed. We can just hang out and have a good time.
  12. every now and then: sometimes I still see jane for lunch every now and then, but not as often as I used to.
Unit Three Understanding Science
  1. understand the main idea to ensure the survival of human civilization, measures must be taken to help the public understand science
  2. appreciate the style differences between narrative writing and expository writing
  3. language points
  4. four skills Language Points
  1. likely: It is likely that my roommate will win the first-class scholarship. It is reported that another sandstorm will very likely come in the next 24 hours.
  2. do without You'll have to do without your dinner if you don't get back in time. I can't afford a car, so I guess I'll have to do without.
  3. put / turn the clock back: return to a situation that used to exist The employment bill in which women are not allowed to take jobs will put the clock back fifty years. Forget all about it and look to the future; you can't turn the clock back.
  4. cut off: stop providing Water and electricity supplies in the city have been cut off because of the American attacks
  5. bring about: make happen The educators are hoping to bring about major changes in the educational system.
  6. such…that… The nature of the job was such that he felt obliged to tell no one about it.
  7. ensure: This new treaty will ensure peace.
  8. inform: tell They informed us of the news.
  9. in two minds (about sth.): unable to decide whether or not you want sth. I think she's in two minds about whether to accept his present or not.

  10. basis: The video will provide a basis for class discussion. The research will form the basis of a book.
  11. in terms of: as regards In terms of salary, the job is terrible.
  12. put across: cause to be understood Good teachers are the ones who are able to put things across well.
Unit 4 American Dream
  1. understand the main idea Tony realized his American Dream through his own efforts
  2. learn to describe a person by his/her characteristic feature.
  3. language points
  4. four skills Language Points
  1. turn away: refuse to help He's my son after all, I can't just turn him away when he is in trouble.
  2. work out: plan My mother allowed me to take the trip, but asked me to work out the total cost first. Finally I worked out that the parcel had been sent to Paris by mistake.
  3. do with: used in questions with what: deal with What do you do with such rude boys?
  4. personnel: Personnel has/have received you're application form. All personnel in this company are entitled to medical insurance.
  5. turn down: refuse He was offered the job but he turned it down because it involved too much traveling.
  6. call on: visit He wanted to call on his girlfriend after work, and then go to see a movie with her.
  7. down payment: an initial amount of payment
  8. discard: throw away I'm going to discard those magazines if you finished reading them.
  8. abandon: give up My car broke down and I had to abandon it on the main road.
  9. pass away: die The old lady passed away peacefully.
Unit 5 Romance
  1. grasp the main idea the nature of a heart is seen in its response to the unattractive.
  2. appreciate the narrative skills demonstrated in the text
  3. language points
  4. four skills Language Study
  1. straighten Women used to use a hot iron to straighten their hair.
  2. reflect: be a sign of, show Rising process may reflect the rise in demand for these goods.
  3. correspond: exchange letters even after becoming president, he still correspond with his old friends.
  4. take a change on sth.: attempt to do sth. In spite of the possiblility of failure You take a change on the weather if you spend your holiday in the UK.
  5. sustain: The teacher tried hard to sustain the children's interest in learning English.
  6. go one's way: go in sb's direction I'm going your way. May I give a ride? I wasn't sure whether he was going my way or not, so I decided to go home by myself.
  7. more than a little: very If you tell your father what you have don, he'll be more than a little angry.
  8. long for: want Juleit longed for Romeo's love so much that she was willing to die for him.
  9. sensible You've made a sensible decision by not wearing high-heeled shoes while driving.
  10. identify: The visiting scholar spoke English with such a perfect accent that it was hard to identify his origin.
Unit 6 Animal Intelligence
  1. understand the main idea some animals seem capable of thinking when it is in their own interests to do so
  2. appreciate the importance of examples in exposition
  3. language points
  4. four skills Language study
  1. controversy: A new controversy arose regarding the finance.
  2. encounter: meet unexpectedly She encountered an old friend on the street.
  3. Convince: His parents managed to convince him that teaching was the most suitable profession for him.
  4. make a deal: reach an agreement I will make a deal with.
  5. negotiate: discuss in order to come to an agreement We will negotiate for a pay increase of
  6. relieve: free in the pattern of relieve sb. Of sth. Drugs can relieve much of the pain.
  7. Figure out: understand I can't figure out why he quit his well-paid job to undertake such tedious work.
  8. extend cf. expand Rain is expected to extend to all parts of the country. The air in the balloon expands when heated.
  9. in sb's interest: for or to sb's advantage It would be in your interests to undertake this task although it's difficult.
  10. assess: The value of the diamond was assessed
Unit 7 Emergency
  1. understand the main idea Anthorny saved two children in a courageous deed.
  2. appreciate the advantages of specific words over general words
  3. language points
  4. four skills Language study
  1. draw one't attention to My teacher drew my attention to an error in the term paper.
  2. out of the way; at a distance fro the usual rougt Step out of the way and let me handle the stone. The house is well out of the way on the back road.
  3. mess around/about: spend time playing He spends his weekends messing around in his boat on the Thames.
  4. instant: moment The alarm bells started ringing and at the same instant all the lights went off.
  5. With all one's strength: She opened the door with all her strength and ran out of the house.
  6. reach out: stretch one's arm The mother reached out to grab her little boy but it was too late. The child reached out to pick up the toy.
  7. clear of: free from The plane climbed until it was clear of the clouds.
  8. incident: sth. Some incidents in her child hook had a lasting impression on
Unit 8
  1. understand the main idea teenagers' idleness and ignorance will deriously affect .
  2. learn the way to write a cause-and-effect analysion
  3. language study
  4. The new armies coming. Language
  1. run out of When they ran out of food, the soldiers set about hunting fro more.
  2. in amazement: with a feeling of great surprise or disbelief.
  3. language study
  4. four skills
  3. sum up My teacher would sum put the main points of the lesson.
  4. compete with/against We are having to compete with three other departments for the fund.
  5. humble He thanked us again with a humble smile.
  6. better off: richer than you were Today's farmers are better off than they used to be
  7. adequate: enough Her knowledge of English was a adequate .
  8. decline Class attendance is a decline recent.
  9. decline make a living by.



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