Unit 8 Text A 翻译(黑体字是课后填空题)
Fable of the Lazy Teenager 关于懒散少年的寓言故事 Benjamin Stein 本杰明?斯坦 1 One day last fall, I ran out of file folders and went to the drugstore to buy more. I put a handful of folders on the counter and asked a teenage salesgirl how much they cost. "I don't know," she answered. "But it's 12 cents each." 去年一个秋日,我文件夹用完了,便去杂货店买。我拿了一大把文件夹搁在柜台上,问一个十几岁的售货员多少钱。 “不 知道, ”她回答说, “反正单价 12 美分。 ” 2 I counted the folders. "Twenty-three at 12 cents each, that makes $
  2.76 before tax,"I said. 我数了数文件夹。 “二十三个,单价 12 美分,总共
  2.76 美金,不含税, ”我说。 3 "You did that in your head?" she asked in amazement. "How can you do that?" “你心算的?”她惊奇地问道, “你怎么会算出来的?” 4 "It's magic" I said. “靠魔力”我说。 5 "Really?" she asked. “真的?” 她问。 6No modestly educated adult can fail to be upset by such an experience. While our children seem better-natured than ever, they are so ignorant -- and so ignorant of their ignorance -- that they frighten me. In a class of 60 seniors at a private college where I recently taught, not one student could write a short paper without misspellings. Not one. 略受教育的成年人没有谁不会为这样的经历难过。 虽然我们的孩子似乎比以往任何时候都要温厚和气, 他们却如此无知 ?? 对自己的无知状况也如此无知 ?? 以至使我感到可怕。在我最近任教的一所私立大学,一个六十人的四年级班上, 没有一个学生写短文时不犯拼写错误。没有一个学生例外。 7 But this is just a tiny slice of the problem. The ability to perform even the simplest calculations is only a memory among many
students I see, and their knowledge of world history or geography is nonexistent. 但这只是问题的一小部分。在我所见过的许多学生中,再也没有过去学生都有的哪怕是进行最简单的计算的能力,他们 对世界历史和地理都一无所知。 8 Moreover, there is a chilling indifference about all this ignorance. The attitude was summed up by a friend's bright, lazy 16-year-old son, who explained why he preferred not to go to U.C.L.A. "I don't want to have to compete with Asians," he said. "They work hard and know everything." 更有甚者,他们对这种种的无知却毫不在乎,实在令人不寒而栗。一位朋友的聪明但却很懒散的十六岁儿子在解释他为 什么不想上加州大学洛杉矶分校时说的话是对这种态度的高度概括。 “我不想去那儿跟亚洲人竞争, ”他说, “他们用功,什 么都知道。 ” 9 In fact, this young man will have to compete with Asians whether he wants to or not. He cannot live forever on the financial, material and human capital accumulated by his ancestors. At some point soon, his intellectual laziness will seriously affect his way of life. It will also affect the rest of us. A modern industrial state cannot function with an idle, ignorant labor force. Planes will crash. Computers will jam. Cars will break down. 其实, 无论他是否愿意, 这位年轻人都将不得不去跟亚洲人竞争。 他不能永远躺在先辈积累的经济、 物质与人力资本上。 用不了多久,他懒于用脑的结果将严重影响他的生活方式,也将影响我们其他所有的人。一个现代工业化国家无法靠一支懒 散、无知的劳动大军运行。飞机会坠落。计算机会出故障。汽车会抛锚。 10 To drive this message home to such young Americans, I have a humble suggestion: a movie, or TV series, dramatizing just how difficult it was for the country to get where it is -- and how easily it could all be lost. I offer the following fable. 为使这样的美国青年彻底认识到这一点,我的愚见是:拍一部电影,或电视连续剧,生动地描述我们国家的今天如何来
之不易??而要丧失这一切又何其容易。下面我奉献一篇寓言故事。 11 As the story opens, our hero, Kevin Hanley 1990, a 17-year-old high school senior, is sitting in his room, feeling bitter. His parents insist he study for his European history test. He wants to go shopping for headphones for his portable CD player. The book he is forced to read -- The Wealth of Nations -- puts him to sleep. 故事开始时,我们的主人公凯文?汉利 19
  90,一名十七岁的高三学生,正坐在自己房间里,心情痛苦。他父母一定要 他准备欧洲史考试。而他则想去买一副激光唱片随身听的耳机。他被迫要读的书??《各国的财富》??让他打瞌睡。 12 Kevin dreams it is 1835, and he is his own great-great-great-grandfather at 17, a peasant in County Kerry, Ireland. He lives in a small hut and sleeps next to a pig. He is always hungry and must search for food. His greatest wish is to learn to read and write so he might get a job as a clerk. With steady wages, he would be able to feed himself and help his family. But Hanley's poverty allows no leisure for such luxuries as going to school. Without education and money, he is powerless. His only hope lies in his children. If they are educated, they will have a better life. 凯文进入梦乡,时值 1835 年,他是他本人的曾太祖父,十七岁,是爱尔兰克雷郡的一个农民。他住在小小的陋室里, 睡在一头猪旁。他老是挨饿,总是要找吃的。他最大的心愿是学会读书写字,以便找一个职员的工作。有了固定的工资,他 就能养活自己,贴补家用。但汉利的贫穷使他无从享受上学这样的奢侈。没有教育,没有钱,他无能为力。他惟一的希望寄 托在孩子身上。如果他们能接受教育,他们就会生活得好一些。 13 Our fable fast-forwards and Kevin Hanley 1990 is now his own great-grandfather, Kevin Hanley, 19
  28. He, too, is 17 years old, and he works in a steel mill in Pittsburgh. His father came to America from Ireland and helped build the New York City subway. Kevin Hanley 1928 is far better off than either his father or his grandfather. He can read and write. His wages are far better than anything his ancestors had in Ireland. 我们的寓言故事快速展开。现在凯文?汉利 1990 成了他自己的曾祖父,凯文?汉利 19
  28。他也是十七岁,在匹兹堡一 家钢铁厂工作。他的父亲从爱尔兰来到美国,参加过纽约地铁的修建。凯文?汉利 1928 比自己的父亲和祖父境遇好多了。 他能读书写字。他的工资比先辈在爱尔兰时的收入高多了。 14 Next Kevin Hanley 1990 dreams that he is Kevin Hanley 1945, his own grandfather, fighting on Iwo Jima against a most
determined foe, the Japanese army. He is always hot, always hungry, always scared. One night in a foxhole, he tells a friend why he is there: "So my son and his son can live in peace and security. When I get back, I'll work hard and send my boy to college so he can live by his brains instead of his back." 接下来凯文?汉利 1990 梦见自己成了他自己的祖父凯文?汉利 19
  45。他正在硫黄岛与死敌日本军队作战。他总是又热 又饿又害怕。一天晚上他在散兵坑里与一个朋友讲自己为什么在那儿作战: “这样我的儿子、孙子就能生活在和平安全的环 境里。等我回国了,我要勤奋工作,让儿子上大学,这样他就可以干脑力活儿,而不是靠卖苦力生活。 ” 15 Then Kevin Hanley 1990 is his own father, Kevin Hanley 1966, who studies all the time so he can get into college and law school. He lives in a fine house. He has never seen anything but peace and plenty. He tells his girl friend that when he has a son, he won't make him study all the time, as his father makes him. 接着凯文?汉利 1990 成了他自己的父亲凯文?汉利 19
  66。他终日用功,这样就可以上大学,进法学院。他住在漂亮的 房子里。他一生在和平环境中过着富裕的生活。他对女朋友说,等他有了儿子,他不会像他父亲逼他那样逼自己的儿子整天 读书。 16 At that point, Kevin Hanley 1990 wakes up, shaken by his dream. He is relieved to be away from Ireland and the steel mill and Iwo Jima. He goes back to sleep. 就在这时, 凯文?汉利 1990 被自己的梦惊醒了。他离开了爱尔兰,离开了那家钢铁厂,离开了硫黄岛,不由松了口气。 他又睡着了。 17 When he dreams again, he is his own son, Kevin Hanley 20
  20. There is gunfire all day and all night. His whole generation forgot why there even was law, so there is none. People pay no attention to politics, working class. 他接着做梦,这次成了他自己的儿子凯文?汉利 20
  20。枪声日夜不停。他那整个一代人忘却了过去为什么要有法律, 因此现在没有法律了。人们丝毫不关心政治,政府不为工人阶级提供服务。 18 Kevin 2020's father, who is of course Kevin 1990 himself, works as a cleaner in a factory owned by the Japanese. Kevin 2020 is a porter in a hotel for wealthy Europeans and Asians. Public education stops at the sixth grade. Americans have long since stopped and government offers no services to the
demanding good education for their children. 凯文 2020 的父亲,自然就是凯文 1990 本人,在日本人开的一家工厂当清洁工。凯文 2020 在一家专为有钱的欧洲人和 亚洲人开的酒店里当行李工。公共教育到六年级为止。美国人早就不再要求自己的孩子接受良好的教育。 19 The last person Kevin 1990 sees in his dream is his own grandson. Kevin 2050 has no useful skills. Machines built in Japan do all the complex work, and there is little manual work to be done. Without education, without discipline, he cannot earn an adequate living wage. He lives in a slum where there is no heat, no plumbing, no privacy and survives by searching through trash piles. 凯文 1990 最后梦见的是他自己的孙子。凯文 2050 没有有用的技能。日本制造的机器包揽了所有复杂的工作,没有什 么体力活可做。没有受过教育,没有受过训练,他挣不到足够的钱养活自己。他住在贫民窟,没有暖气,没有卫生设备,无 法不受四邻干扰,靠搜捡破烂度日。 20 In a word, he lives much as Kevin Hanley 1835 did in Ireland. But one day, Kevin Hanley 2050 is befriended by a visiting Japanese anthropologist studying the decline of America. The man explains to Kevin that when a man has no money, education can supply the human capital necessary to start to acquire financial capital. Hard work, education, saving and discipline can do anything. "This is how we rose from the ashes after you defeated us in a war about a hundred years ago." 总之,他的生活就像凯文?汉利 1835 在爱尔兰时一模一样。可是有一天,凯文?汉利 2050 与一位研究美国衰亡史的来 访日本人类学家交上了朋友。那人跟凯文解释说,如果一个人没有钱,教育能提供积累金融资本所必需的人力资本。勤奋、 教育、节俭、纪律能成就一切。 “我们就是这样从一百多年前你们打败我们的战争废墟中站起来的。 ” 21 "America beat Japan in war?" asks Kevin 20
  50. He is astonished. It seems as impossible as Brazil defeating the United States would sound in 19
  90. Kevin 2050 swears that if he ever has children, he will make sure they work and study and learn and discipline themselves. "To be able to make a living by one's mind instead of by stealing," he says." That would be a miracle." “美国在战争中打败日本?”凯文 2050 问道。他惊讶之极。这听起来就像说巴西在 1990 年打败美国一样不可思议。凯 文 2050 发誓,如果他有孩子的话,他一定要让他们工作、上学、学习并约束自己。 “能凭自己的脑力,而不是靠偷窃为生, ” 他说, “那将会是个奇迹。 ” 22 When Kevin 1990 wakes up, next to him is his copy of The Wealth of Nations. He opens it and the first sentence to catch his eye is this: "A man without the proper use of the intellectual faculties of a man is, if possible, more contemptible than even a coward." 凯文 1990 醒了过来,身旁放着他的那本《各国的财富》 。他打开书,跳入眼帘的第一句话就是: “一个不能恰当运用人 类智力的人极可能比懦夫更可鄙。 ” 23 Kevin's father walks in. "All right, son," he says. "Let's go look at those headphones." 凯文的父亲走了进来。 “好了,儿子, ”他说, “咱们去看耳机吧。 ” 24 "Sorry, Pop," Kevin 1990 says. "I have to study." “抱歉了,爸爸, ”凯文 1990 说, “我得看书学习了。 ”
Text A 答案
Vocabulary I
  1.
  1)industrial
  2)idle
  3)is functioning
  4)intellectual
  5)scared
  6)handful
  7)luxury
  8)private
  9) work up
  10)slice
  11)miracle
  12) was jammed
  2.
  1) to be seriously affected by the rise in gas prices。
  2) is a matter of total indifference to me)
  3) drove home the point that they needed extra people
  4) was found after they searched for it for a long time
  5) had run out of water by the time they got to the camp
  3.
  1) manual and complex its financial

  2) wa
 

相关内容

全新版 大学英语 第二版 综合教程 1 翻译 答案 Unit 8

   Unit 8 Text A 翻译(黑体字是课后填空题) Fable of the Lazy Teenager 关于懒散少年的寓言故事 Benjamin Stein 本杰明?斯坦 1 One day last fall, I ran out of file folders and went to the drugstore to buy more. I put a handful of folders on the counter and asked a teenage salesgirl h ...

全新版 大学英语 第二版 综合教程 1 翻译 答案 Unit 5

   Unit 5 Text A 翻译(黑体字是课后填空题) The company man 公司的人 Ellen Goodman 艾伦?古德曼 1He worked himself to death, finally and precisely, at 3:00 A.M. Sunday morning. 最终,他于星期天凌晨 3 点工作致死。 2The obituary didn't say that, of course. It said that he died of a coronary ...

新视野大学英语第二册视听说听力材料及答案 Unit8

       本文由阿汉宝宝贡献     doc1。     新视野大学英语第二册视听说听力材料及答案 Unit8 II. Listening Skills     To keep our children safe from those dangerous criminals, these tips  might be helpful. First, children should be encouraged always to ask permi ssion from their caregi ...

21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第二册)课文翻译及课后答案Unit One online

   Unit One 误 会 佚名 他头发蓬乱,衣着肮脏,口袋里只有 35 美分.在马里兰州的巴尔的摩,他登上一辆公 共汽车并径直走向了洗手间.他想如果他躲在洗手间里,便可以不付钱就乘车去纽约.但是 坐在公共汽车后面的一位乘客看见了他.她拍了拍她前面那位乘客的肩膀说:"洗手间里有 个流浪汉.告诉公共汽车司机."那位乘客轻轻地拍了一下坐在他前面的人,说道:"告诉公 共汽车司机,洗手间里有个流浪汉. 这口信通过一个又一个的乘客传到了公共汽车的前边. 但在这一过程的某个环 ...

英语学习_新标准大学英语综合教程1翻译_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 Unit 1 Activity 1 Translation 星期日 从家里出发后,我们开车开了很长一段时间才到达我住的宿舍 楼。我进去登记。宿舍管理员给了我一串钥匙,并告诉了我房间号。我的房间 在 6 楼,可电梯坏了。等我们终于找到 8 号房间的时候,妈妈已经涨红了脸, 累得上气不接下气。我打开门锁,我们都走了进去。 但爸爸马上就从里面钻了出来。这个房间刚刚够一个住,一家人都 进去,肯定容不下。我躺在床上,不动弹就可 ...

全新版大学英语第二册综合教程练习答案及课文译文

   QQ 会员+黄红蓝绿钻套餐 5 项一个月(掉了包补,没到期不能开,不可查时间,不需要 QQ 密码) 28 元 QQ 红钻官方可查卡可续费,一个 QQ 号码只能兑换两个月(QQ 红钻可查卡,现在用手机和宽带开过的不 可以开) 10 元 175 元 105 元 (红|黄|绿)任选 2 项年钻|可续可查|需要临时密码| QQ(红黄绿)任选一项年钻|带年图|可续可查|秒开|需提供临时密码| QQ 空间可自定义留言 1 万条,一 W15 块。24-48 小时内刷完 【特价黑钻】35 天黑钻可查可续低价 ...

新视野大学英语(第二版)读写教程_第2册_答案_Unit_(1)

   Section A I Comprehension of The Text 1. The attitude is that if one is not moving ahead he is falling behind. 2. Time is treated as if it were something almost real. (People budget it, waste it, steal it, kill it, cut it, account for it; they also ...

新标准大学英语综合教程1课后翻译1--5

   UNIIT1 汉译英 1 等我们终于找到 8 号房间时 妈妈已经涨红了脸 累的上气不接下气 我打开门锁 我们都 走了进去 2 她给我留下了深刻的印象 我觉得我自己太无知了 甚至不陪跟她呼吸同样的空气 3 我不知道为什么我非得了解文学 可是招生办公式的那位女士说 虽然我读过读陀思妥耶 夫斯基罪与罚, 梅尔维尔的小说 虽然一个没上过高中的人能读这些书的确令人钦佩 但这门 课是必修课 4 我乐的漂漂然了 第一件事就是去买所需要的课本 然后用纽约大学自白相间的呼风把他 们套起来 这样死铁力的乘客就会 ...

新世纪大学英语综合教程4课文翻译Unit8

   8A 1|一小时的故事| 凯特?肖邦 (1) 因为知道马拉德太太患有心脏病,所以在告诉她丈夫 死亡的消息时特别小心,尽量委婉。 2 把这个坏消息透露给她的是她姐姐约瑟芬。她说话时断断续续,只能半遮半掩地给她一 些暗示。她丈夫的朋友理查兹也在场,就在她身边。铁道事故的消息传来时,理查兹正 好在报社办公室,布伦特利?马拉德的名字排在“死亡”名单的首位。第二封电报让他相 信确有此事,于是他便立刻动身,赶在那些粗心大意、考虑不周的朋友之前把这个不幸 的消息带了回来。 3 许多女人听到这样的噩耗都会神 ...

大学英语综合教程3课后习题答案 Unit7(同标题还有Unit1,2至8单元)

   Vocabulary 1) pledge 3) transit 5) off balance 7) retail 9) limitations 11) tilted 13) delivery 15) linger 2) betray 4) went off 6) laundry 8) disorder 10) section 12) transferred 14) lean 2. 3. 4. 1) messing around 2) hang on 3) was laid up with 4 ...

热门内容

初中英语语法大全___最全的只是汇总学习啊

   学英语简单吗? 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学 生说: 难死了 难死了”。 生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感 到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法。 “不得法 ” 到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法。 英语与汉语一样都是一种语言, 英语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什 么你说汉语会如此流利? 么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你 置身于一个汉语环境中, 置身于一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦 敦呆上半年, 敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常 流利。 流利。但很多中学生没有很好的英语 环境, 环境 ...

推荐二十个学英语的网站

   推荐二十个学英语的网站 推荐二十个学英语的网站 最牛英语口语培训模式:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 最牛英语口语培训模式:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程 体验全部外教一对一课程: 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程:http://www.pacificenglish.cn http://www.51Test.net 2003-5-23 来源:无忧考网 51Test.net Edunet.com http://w ...

英语励志经典语句

   英语励志经典语句 While there is life there is hope. 一息若存,希望不灭。 I am a slow walker,but I never walk backwards. ( America) 我走得很慢,但是我从来不会后退。(亚伯拉罕.林肯美国) Never underestimate your power to change yourself! 永远不要低估你改变自我的能力! Nothing is impossible! 没有什么不可能! Nothing f ...

英语字母组合发音规则

   五. 字母,字母组合音节发音规律 1. a [ ei ] private grade bake grape nation station page [A]:active hand bank fan parent family glad flag [ E]:accept about above formative machine cinema [ a: ]:fast last glass class past father [ C]:wash what watch want 2. e [ i: ...

谈仁爱英语的任务型教学在初一年级的实践

   谈仁爱英语的任务型教学在初一年级的实践 谈仁爱英语的任务型教学在初一年级的实践 摘要: 摘要:任务型教学(Task-Based Learning,简称 TBL) 是 20 世纪 80 年代外语教 学研究者经过大量实践和研究总结出的具有重大影响意义的语言教学模式。 在英 语课堂教学中巧设善用任务,能有利的激起学生的创造动力,最大限度地发挥学 生的主观能动性,切实提高学生综合运用英语的语言能力,以及开发学生的创新 能力。 关键词:任务型教学 任务 创新 设计 小组合作 关键词: 《英语新课程标准 ...