全新版大学英语(第二版)综合教程2习题答案 Unit 1

  1. Vocabulary
  1) insert
  3) investigate
  5) initial
  7) attached
  9) is awaiting
  11) promote
  2) on occasion
  4) In retrospect
  6) phenomena
  8) make up for
  10) not …in the least
  12) emerged

  2. Rewrite each sentence
  1) There is a striking contrast between the standard of living in the north of the country and the south.
  2) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
  3) The city's importance as a financial center has evolved slowly.
  4) His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.
  5) The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.
  3.
  1) Chinese isn't a subject that can be picked up in a month. You can't accomplish your goal of mastering the language unless you work at it for years. Well, it sounds as if I'm exaggerating the difficulties, but the fact is I'm only telling the truth.
  2) The principal is somewhat disappointed with the performance of the children. From what she has gathered, some of the teaching staff have neglected their pupils. She has just announced that strict work regulations have been made and that they apply to both Chinese and overseas teachers.
  3) The teacher-directed and the child-directed approaches to teaching art represent two extremes of opinion. Too many teacher-directed activities cannot be expected to effectively assist children in learning because of the rigid structure. On the other hand, too many child-directed activities may see a curriculum that is totally unstructured and out of control. There are valid reasons to believe a teacher-guided approach would be a superior way to guide children's development. This approach combines some form of structure with the child leading the direction. II. Confusable Words
  1.
  2) continuous
  1) continual
  4) continuous
  3) continual
  2) principal 2
  1) principal
  3) principle
  5) principal
  4) principles
III. Usage
  1. themselves
  2. himself/herself
  3. herself/by herself/on her own
  4. itself
  5. ourselves
  6. yourself/by yourself/on your own Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. contrast
  3. priority
  5. promoting
  7. assist
  9. on occasion
  11. worthwhile (B)
  1. end
  3. facing
  5. equipped
  7.approach
  9. definitely II. Translation
  1. sentences
  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition. Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience. Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age. Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/ purchase it? If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.
  2. perform
  4. competent
  6. designed
  8. rest
  10. quality
  2. exaggerating
  4. on the other hand
  6. pick up
  8. accomplish
  10. neglecting
  12. superior

  2. passage translation To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
Unit 2
Text A A Life Full of Riches I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) abrupt
  2) emotional
  3) bless
  4) wear and tear
  5) dated
  6) consequences
  7) seemingly
  8) in contrast to
  9) Curiosity
  10) genuine
  11) primarily
  12) sentiments
  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first
  2) vital to the existence of all forms of life
  3) some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject
  4) nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy
  5) tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments
  2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences
  3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain II. Words with Multiple Meanings
  1. It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
  2. She arrived early and took a front row seat.
  3. Don’t take me for a fool.
  4. It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
  5. My uncle will take me (alone on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.
  6. He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
  7. Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
  8. If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it. III. Usage
  1. hanging
  5. not having

  2. to give
  6. to say

  3. to return
  4. being praised
  7. to open
  8. being helped
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) well-off/affluent
  2) dated
  3) falling into
  4) bracket
  5) deny
  6) tangible
  7) pursuit
  8) cherishes
  9) out of place
  10) abrupt
  11) focus
  12) donations
  2. Theme-related
  1) consume
  2) fueled
  6) security
  7) indicates

  3) annual
  8) equally

  4) plain
  9) traditional

  5) physically
  10) follows
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1) The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.
  2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.
  3) Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.
  4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.
  5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs.
  2. Translate the passage With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
Unit 3
Text A Father Knows Better I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) typical
  2) dumb
  3) junior
  4) glorious
  5) welfare
  6) came over
  7) interference
  8) fading
  9) narrowed down
  10) frank
  11) schemes
  12) at any rate
  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) consists of five generals and four police officers.
  2) will be in a location overlooking the lake.
  3) was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people.
  4) have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?
  5) was exhausted after the long cycle ride.
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) hysterical, was handed down by, should have known better than
  2) twisted, over and over, talented son,
  3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured…repeatedly II. Collocation
  1. adequate
  2. anxious
  3. certain
  4. content
  5. crazy
  6. likely
  7. fortunate
  8. keen III. Usage
  1. be admitted
  2. live
  3. be postponed
  4. buy
  5. be banned
  6. be Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) typical
  2) welfare
  3) constant
  4) frank
  5) talent
  6) dumb
  7) know better than that
  8) repeatedly
  9) dread
  10) interference
  11)bet
  12)assure
  2. Theme-related
  1. despite
  2. really
  3. same
  4. contact
  5. admitted
  6. attempt
  7. not
  8. tend
  9. different
  10. manner II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars? The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns. Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life. A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty. Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.

  2. Translate the passage George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CDs for computer games software from his classmates.
Unit 4
Text A A Virtual Life I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) conversely
  2) but then
  3) symptom
  4)spitting
  5) abusing
  6) tone
  7) took (her) in
  8) editing
  9)have arranged
  10) in sight
  11) stretched
  12) data
  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) smoking cigarettes jars on me.
  2) find themselves getting sucked in
  3) has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.
  4) fled their country to avoid military service/ fled to other countries to avoid military service.
  5) restore people's confidence in it.
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) the virtual/ on line/ via
  2) nightmare/ routine/ any appointment/ arrange for
  3) cue/ remarks/ his tune
II. Collocation
  1. We came here all the way on foot.
  2. Private cars are not allowed on campus.
  3. They are on vacation in Florida.
  4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.
  5. Don't worry, Lucy is always on time.
  6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise. III. Usage l. hard
  3. impossible
  5. hard

  2. difficult
  4. tough
  6. easy
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) Internet
  2) click
  3) virtual
  4) routines
  5) arrange
  6) nightmare
  7) annoying
  8) connection
  9) crawls
  10) take in
  11) spit
  12) data
  13) sucked into
  14) At times
  15) flee
  16) on line
  2. Theme-related
  1) companion
  2) deliver
  3) access
  4) enables
  5) customers
  6) delights
  7) provides
  8) small
  9) remote
  10) information II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.
  2) A slow Internet connection speed is really annoying.
  3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
  4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.
  5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.
  2. Translate the passage Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.
Unit 6
Text A A Woman Can Learn Anything a Man Can I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) cultural/culture
  2)indication
  3) miniature
  4) ironic
  5) stumbled into
  6) decent
  7)buzzing
  8) abnormal
  9) mechanical
  10) shuddering
  11) implied
  12)leap
  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) Convert RMB into US dollars in the foreign exchange office
  2) Didn’t know the first thing about cooking as she looked puzzled as to how to cook rice with the rice cooker
  3) Their faulty equipment the team had accomplished some very useful work.
  4) Allowing me to work flexible hours as long as I work eight hours a day
  5) Couldn’t help thinking the book must be quite fascinating.
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) will not panic/ feel panic, will be at a disadvantage
  2) hybrid, transmission
  3) carve, one indication, to distinguish II. Collocation
  1. also
  2. as well/too
  3. too
  4. too
  5. as well/too
  6. too 7 also
  8. also III. Usage
  1. I’ve had enough
  2.when I was old enough to work and earn money
  3. can’t get enough sleep at night
  4. had so far collected enough of them
  5.have strong enough arms
  6. have just enough money to live on Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) stumbled into
  2) not know the first thing about
  3) mechanical
  4) when it comes to
  5) hybrid
  6) gritted her teeth
  7) premise
  8) at a disadvantage
  9) panic
  10) cultural
  11)flexible
  12)imply
  2. Theme-related
  1. chair
  2. force
  3. secrets
  4. painstaking
  5. recognized
  6. steered
  7. essentially
  8.obsevation
  9. women
  10. tutor
  11.inspired
  12.unless II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1)
  2)
  3)
  4) He is a man of few words, but it comes to playing computer games, he is too clever for his classmates. Children who don’t know any better may think these animals are pretty cute and start playing with them. There is no way to obtain a loan, so as to buy the new equipment, I’ll just have to grit my teeth and sell my hybrid car. The hunter would not have fired the shots if he had not seen a herd of elephants coming towards his campsite.

  5) I find it ironic that Tom has a selective memory he does not seem to remember painful experiences in the past, particular those of his own doing.
  2. Translate the passage: Nancy Hopkins is a biology professor at MIT. She craves knowledge and works hard. However, as a scientist, she could not help noticing all kinds of indications of gender inequality on campus. Men and women professors did the same work, but when it came to promotion
 

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