Part II Text A
lexf Organization
": ........................... ■■■■ ........................................... ■■ -
Part One
Paras 1-2
' Main Ideas
Introduction ? Both Napoleon's and Hitler's military campaigns failed because of the severity of the Russian winter. Napoleon's military campaign against Russia Hitler's military campaign against the Soviet Union Conclusion?The elements of nature must be reckoned with in any military campaign.
Part Two Part Three Part Four
Paras 3-11 Paras 12-20 Para 21

  2. Sections Section One Section Two Section Three Vocabulary I.
  1) alliance
  3) stroke
  5) minus
  7) declarations
  4) limp
  6) regions
  8) siege
  2) at the cost of Paragraphs Paras 12-13 Paras 14-18 Paras 19-20
Main Ideas
Hitler's blitzkrieg against Russia and Stalin's scorched earth policy the battles fought at Leningrad, Moscow and Stalingrad the Russian counter-offensive and the outcome of the war
- $9

  9) raw
  11) have taken their toll
  1) is faced with
  3) is pressing on / pressed on
  5) get by
  7) have cut back

  10) bide his time
  12) in the case of
  2) get bogged down
  4) drag on
  6) dine out
  8) get through

  1) The rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future.
  2) Production in many factories has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of raw materials due to the dock workers’ strike.
  3) Sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of her career.
  4) Obviously the reporter's question caught the foreign minister off guard.
  5) The introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date / obsolete.
  1) Being faced with an enemy forces much superior to ours, we had to give up the occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build up our bases.
  2) Unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. Failure to reckon with this problem will weaken its strength. In many cases, work may be brought to a halt by constant internal struggle in an organization.
  3) The Red Army fought a heroic battle at Stalingrad and won the decisive victory against the Germans. In fact, this battle turned the tide in the Second World War. During this famous battle, the Soviet troops withstood the German siege and weakened the German army by launching a series of counterattacks. II. More Synonyms in Context
  1) During the First World War, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of the most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of France and Belgium.
  2) Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off.
  3)1 spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all my words.
  4) Pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could withstand the harsh weather.
- 90 -
Appendix I
III. Usage
  1) But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health.
  2) A rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks?and nobody knew anything about it.
  3) It's said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work
  1) Don't sit too close to the fire to keep warm?you could easily get burned, especially if you fall asleep.
  4) In those days people believed in marrying young and having children early.
  5) Little Tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.

  1) To his great delight, Dr. Deng discovered two genes in wild rice that can increase the yield by 30 percent.
  2) To her great relief, her daughter had left the building before it collapsed.
  3) To our disappointment, our women's team lost out to the North Koreans.
  4) We think, much to our regret, that we will not be able to visit you during the coming Christmas.
  1) These birds nest in the vast swamps (which lie to the) east of the Nile.
  2) By 1948, the People's Liberation Army had gained control of the vast areas north of the Yangtze River.
  3) Michelle was born in a small village in the north of France, but came to live in the United States at the age of four.
  4) The Columbia River rises in western Canada and continues/runs through the United States for about 1,900 kilometers west of the Rocky Mountains.

Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. invasion
  3. Conquest
  5. launching
  7. campaign
  9. reckon with

stand in the way catching... off his guard declaration drag on a halt
Appendix I (B)
  1. allow
  3. highly
  5. rapidly
  7. delivery
  9. observing
- 91 -

reckoned forecasts instant advantage Powerful
II. Translation
  1. Mr. Doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the farm.
  2. We must not underestimate the enemy. They are equipped with the most sophisticated weapons.
  3. Having been cut of a job/Not having had a job for 3months, Phil is getting increasingly desperate.
  4. Sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgment.
  5. Since the chemical plant was identified as the source of solution, the village neighborhood committee decided to close it down at the cost of 100 jobs. The offensive had already lasted three days, but we had not gained much ground. Our troops engaging the enemy at the front were faced with strong/fierce/stiff resistance. The division commander instructed our battalion to get around to the rear of the enemy and launch a surprise attack. To do so, however, we had to cross a marshland and many of us were afraid we might get bogged down in the mud. Our battalion commander decided to take a gamble. We started under cover of darkness and pressed on in spite of great difficulties. By a stroke of luck, the temperature at night suddenly dropped to minus 20 degrees Celsius and the marsh froze over. Thanks to the cold weather, we arrived at our destination before dawn and began attacking the enemy from the rear. This turned the tide of the battle. The enemy, caught off guard, soon surrendered.
Part III TextB
. -
Comprehension Check
  1. d
  3. b
  2. d
  4. a
- 92 -
Appendix I
(#JE Appendix III)
Language Practice

  1. boast
  3. was concerned
  5. paid off
  7. are contesting
  9. holdout
  11. responsible for
  13. favorable
  15. on the eve of
  17. complications
  19. withstand
  2. obstacles
  4. call
  6. was pinned down
  8. prior to
  10. objective
  12. in case
  14. due to
  16. cancel
  18. stiff
  20. absent

Part IV Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks
Writing Strategy Tick which of the following is more convincing: It was reported that General Eisenhower, though indecisive sometimes, had no hesitation in ordering the assault on Normandy. √ Eisenhower's chief of staff, Brigadier General Water Bedell Smith, later wrote: "... He sat there ... tense, weighing every consideration. Finally he looked up, and the tension was gone from his face. He said briskly, 'well, we'll go." Model Paper Can Man Triumph over Nature? When people talk of man triumphing over nature, many things come to mind. One thinks of successes in medicine in the fight against disease, such as the invention of antibiotics and the promise held out by advances in biogenetic engineering. On a broader scale, one thinks of man's success in harnessing new forms of energy from steam power through oil to nuclear power. Yet, nature has often hit back in unexpected ways to these attempts to tame it. New forms of
Appendix 98 -
disease that are resistant to antibiotics are constantly developing. Burning fossil fuels has led to fears of global warming; while nuclear power has produced dangerous waste that will remain a hazard for generations to come. However, perhaps to talk of man triumphing over nature is the wrong way to look at the matter. We need to find ways to work with nature rather than forever fighting against it. (154 words)


全新版大学英语(第二版)综合教程4 Unit1课后答案

   Part II Text A lexf Organization ": ........................... ■■■■ ........................................... ■■ - Parts Part One Paragraphs' Paras 1-2 ' Main Ideas Introduction ? Both Napoleon's and Hitler's military campaigns failed becau ...

全新版 大学英语 第二版 综合教程 1 翻译 答案 Unit 8

   Unit 8 Text A 翻译(黑体字是课后填空题) Fable of the Lazy Teenager 关于懒散少年的寓言故事 Benjamin Stein 本杰明?斯坦 1 One day last fall, I ran out of file folders and went to the drugstore to buy more. I put a handful of folders on the counter and asked a teenage salesgirl h ...


   Book 3 Unit 3 Security Text A Content Questions 1. No. 2. No. 3. It has been replaced by an era when people employ various secuirty devices at home. 4. Small notices announcing that the premises are under surveillance by this security force or that ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit3 课文翻译

   老爸英明 马什?卡萨迪 人物: 父亲;母亲;海蒂,14岁;黛安,17岁;肖恩,16岁;饭店经理,20多岁;希金斯太太 场景: 快餐店,汤普森家餐厅,一所中学的办公室等 幕启:随着灯光亮起,海蒂上,走至舞台右前方。肖恩与黛安上,走至舞台左前方。海蒂对观众说话,两人倾听。 海蒂: 我老爸是个大好人。没人会相信他不好。可是他……唉,他老是干那些蠢事,弄得我们当儿女的到头来无地自容。瞧,我哥曾一度想买把吉他。他都积攒了好一阵子钱了。后来他在这家快餐店找了份活,不错吧?当服务员。 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程3 unit3 课文翻译

   Unit 3 锁之国 ??鲍伯?格林 许多年前在美国家家户户白天黑夜不锁门是司空见惯的。在本文中格林叹惜人们不再相互信任,不得不凭借精密的安全设备来保护自己和财产。 小时候在家里,我们的前门总是夜不落锁。我不知道这是当地的一种说法还是大家都这么说;"不落锁"的意思是掩上门,但不锁住。我们谁都不带钥匙;晚上最后一个回家的人把门关上,这就行了。 那样的日子已经一去不复返了。在乡下,在城里,门不再关着不锁上,哪怕是傍晚一段时间也不例外。 在许多方面,郊区和农村甚至比巡查严密的城市 ...

全新版 大学英语 第二版 综合教程 1 翻译 答案 Unit 5

   Unit 5 Text A 翻译(黑体字是课后填空题) The company man 公司的人 Ellen Goodman 艾伦?古德曼 1He worked himself to death, finally and precisely, at 3:00 A.M. Sunday morning. 最终,他于星期天凌晨 3 点工作致死。 2The obituary didn't say that, of course. It said that he died of a coronary ...

21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第二册)课文翻译及课后习题答案unit 1

   Unit 1 误 会 佚名 他头发蓬乱,衣着肮脏,口袋里只有35美分。在马里兰州的巴尔的摩,他登上一辆公共汽车并径直走向了洗手间。他想如果他躲在洗手间里,便可以不付钱就乘车去纽约。但是坐在公共汽车后面的一位乘客看见了他。她拍了拍她前面那位乘客的肩膀说:“洗手间里有个流浪汉。告诉公共汽车司机。”那位乘客轻轻地拍了一下坐在他前面的人,说道:“告诉公共汽车司机,洗手间里有个流浪汉。 这口信通过一个又一个的乘客传到了公共汽车的前边。但在这一过程的某个环节,口信变了。当它传到公共汽车司机那儿时,已 ...

大学英语综合教程3课后习题答案 Unit7(同标题还有Unit1,2至8单元)

   Vocabulary 1) pledge 3) transit 5) off balance 7) retail 9) limitations 11) tilted 13) delivery 15) linger 2) betray 4) went off 6) laundry 8) disorder 10) section 12) transferred 14) lean 2. 3. 4. 1) messing around 2) hang on 3) was laid up with 4 ...


   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is all about taking a break from city life, escaping from the crowds, rinding a quiet place, far from trie human race. F ...


   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is all about taking a break from city life, escaping from the crowds, rinding a quiet place, far from trie human race. Fo ...



   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...


   教育城: 教育城: 2009 温 州 中 学 20 09 学 年 第 一 学 期 期 末 考 试 高二英语试卷 审核人:王思亮 2010.1 (共 小题, 一、听力理解: 共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分) 听力理解: ( 第一节(共 5 小题) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一 ...


   offering,list 上市 bourse 证交所来源 corporate champion 龙头企业 Shanghai Exchange 上海证交所 pension fund 养老基金 mutual fund 共同基金来源 hedge mutual fund 对冲式共同基金 share 股票 valuation 股价 underwriter 保险商来源:考试大 government bond 政府债券来源:考试大 saving account 储蓄帐户来源:考试大 equity mark ...


   作文---Disposable plastic bags were once widely used in China. When we went shopping at supermarkets and departments stores, shopping assistants often provided free plastic bags for our convenience. For a while, life without them seemed unimaginable ...


   It's hard for me to say. 让我说出它来比较困难 But I can spell it out for you to see easily. 但是我可以用你容易看到的方法讲清楚它 I'm not just playing games. 我不仅仅是在玩游戏 I hope you know how much I really care for you. 我希望你明白我是多么关心你. No matter where you are. 不管你在哪儿 I'm always the ...