全新版大学英语第四册 01
Unit one Fighting with the Forces of Nature
Pre-Reading task
pre-reading task
Hurricane Cave in Snow Storm Volcano Gale Mud-rock flow
Pre-reading task
Answer One Answer Two Answer Three
Pre-reading task
Answer one: Man changes nature in order to live. however man must also be careful not to disregard the laws of nature.
Answer two: Summon up all human beings to protect the environment Answer three: To save all the resources and keep the natural balance.

Back
Text analysis
The icy defender
What does icy defender refer to in this text? Two subtitles indicate there are two historical events to illustrate the theme.
Text analysis
The icy defender
Napoleon’s Campaign
Hitler’s Invasion
Napoleon Bonaparte is the Emperor of the French. He is one of the greatest military commanders. He ever conquered the larger part of Europe. The Battle of Waterloo ( 18
  15) Napoleon’s Campaign to Russia (18
  12) turned out to be an empty victory.
Adolf Hitler is the German political and military leader and one of the 20th century’s most powerful dictators. He converted Germany into a fully militarized society and launched WWⅡin 19
  39. He built the Nazi party and hope to conquer the entire world but defeated finally. Hitler’s invasion of Soviet Union happened on June 22,1941 but turned out to be a military disaster for him.
Text analysis : (Two invasions)
Russia Napoleon Spring ,1812 600,000 Smolensk, Borodino, the Berezina River Snow, freezing temperature Soviet Union Hitler 6/22/1941 The largest land campaign in history Leningrad, stalingrad Heavy rain, general mud, snow, freezing temperature
Text analysis: (The two invasions)
October 1812,when Napoleon ordered a retreat Only 100,000 survived Napoleon abdicated and went into exile, his empire at an end 1943, when the Soviet troops pushed the German forces back Heavy losses Hitler committed suicide, his empire collapsing
Structure and uages

  1. But he was not prepared for the devastating enemy that met him in Moscow-the raw bitter, bleak Russian winter.
但是他没有料到在莫斯科遭遇劲敌 俄 罗斯阴冷凄苦的寒冬。
  1.Desolate(没希望的
  2.Lonely(荒凉的)

  3.Cold(阴冷的)

  2. To his surprise, the Russians refused to stand and fight. To one’s surprise 令人吃惊的是… To one’s delight 令人高兴的是… To one’s relief 令人欣慰的是… To one’s disappointment… 令人失望的是 To one’s regret 令人遗憾的是…
Verb+ Adjective

  3. By nightfall, thirty thousand French and forty-four thousand Russians lay dead or wounded on the battlefield. Exhausted horses fell dead in their tracks. Some intransitive like fall, lie, sit ,drop can be followed by an adjective which describes the subject of the sentence instead of the action of the verb. p19
Text analysis
6, The elements of nature must be reckoned with in any military campaign. 任何军事行动都必须考虑到自然的因素。 Be reckoned with: be taken into consideration e.g. All these problems had to be reckoned with as they arose. She is a woman to be reckoned with
Back
Words and patterns
Alliance campaign casualty conquest crucial decisive declaration efficient engage heroic instruct invasion launch limp minus occupation offensive raw reckon region render retreat siege stroke toll weaken at the cost of be faced with be bogged down bring to a halt catch sb.off guard die from drag on in the case of press on stand in the way take a gamble take a toll thanks to turn the tide (against) vocabulary
.
launch: start 开始;send (sth.) on its course 发射 an attack 发动进攻 launch a company 开一家公司 launch threats at somebody 向某人发出威胁 launch a massive campaign 发动一场大规模的运动
搭配:launch
Campaign: a series of military operations or planned activities with a particular aim. 战役,战争
Some people complained that too much money had been spent on political campaigns.
conquest: n.defeat ,征服,打败
v.conquer
1939年德国征服了波兰。
  1.The year 1939 had witnessed the conquest of Poland by Germany.
retreat: vi./n. move back or withdraw when faced with danger or difficulty 撤退,退却

  1. We adopted the following strategies: when the enemy advances, we retreat; when they retreat, we pursue. 我们采用了以下策略:敌进我退,敌退我 进。
朝…前进 advance against( on/to/toward) 从…撤退 retreat from… 撤退到 retreat to…
be bogged down: be unable to make progress 陷入泥潭, 陷入泥潭,不能前进

  1.汽车陷入了泥塘。 The car got bogged down in the mud.
  2.The talks with the workers got bogged down on the question of working hours. (比喻)与工人就工作时间问题的会谈陷入了 僵局。
engage : v.
(
  1) begin fighting with sb. 与…交战 他们与敌人交战。 They engaged the enemy. (
  2)( cause to) take part in or do 使从 事 we tried to engage him in our conversation but in vain. engage ( sb.) in sth. 使某人从事某事 被动:sb. be engaged in sth.
(
  3) occupy 占用(时间,精力等) 工作占去她很多时间。 Work engages much of her time.
press on/ ahead: continue doing sth. in a determined way(不顾困难继续进行) 不顾困难继续进行) 不顾困难继续进行
Press on/ ahead with sth.
Our school authorities are keen to press on with educational reform. 学校官方不顾困难,致力于继续进行教育改革
drag on: move slowly and with effort; continue endlessly and tediously. 费力地走, 费力地走,拖延

  1.How much longer is the meeting going to drag on? 这个会还要拖多久? (大会使人昏昏欲睡)
  2.These compensation cases have already dragged on for one year.
at the cost of : with the loss of 以…为代价
The local government developed its economy bit at the cost of environment. collocation: 不惜任何代价 at any cost 不惜一切代价 at all costs 不需花代价 at no cost
.
alliance: a union between countries or organizations 联盟

  1.WTO is considered as the most powerful economic alliance in modern world
  2. Japan and Germany made their formal alliance in 19
  40.
catch sb. off guard : take sb. by surprise 趁某人不备
被邀请去他的婚礼使我措手不及。
  1.The invitation to his wedding caught me off guard.
instruct : vt.
(
  1) give orders or directions to (sb.) 指示,命令 pattern: instruct sb. to do sth. instruct sb. that instruct sb. with quote 我奉命在这里等老师来。 I have been instructed to wait here until the teacher arrives.
(
  2) teach (sb.) 讲授 pattern: instruct sb. in /on sth. 他们教给了我做这项工作的最好办法。 They instructed me in the best ways of doing the job.
render: vt.
cause sb./sth. to be in a specified condition( same as make) 使成为 地震导致成百上千的人无家可归。 Hundreds of people were rendered homeless by the earthquake. 以牙还牙 render blow for blow 以德报怨 render good for evil
bring to halt: stop completely 使停止
bring to death: 走向死亡 bring up:养大 bring out: 呕吐 bring about:带来
bring to life:复活
我们的旅行因风暴而终止。 Our journey was brought to a halt by a strom.
Turn the tide (against): change what looks like defeat into victory.扭转潮流 彻底改变形势(造 扭转潮流, 扭转潮流 彻底改变形势( 成对…不利 不利) 成对 不利)
Soviet victory in Stalingrad turned the tide of the war in Europe.
thanks to : because of 多亏,幸亏 多亏,

  1.Thanks to their tireless efforts, the performance was a great success.
  2.Thanks to our teachers help, we finally all passed the examination.
>>>more >>>more
reckon : v.
(
  1) count 计算 The existence of the U.S. is reckoned from the Declaration of Independence. (
  2) consider, think 认为 许多人认为他是一位伟大的篮球运动员。 Many people reckoned him to be a great basketball player. be reckoned with:be taken into consideration 被加以考虑
take its / a toll: cause damage, injuries or deaths 造成损伤(伤亡等) 造成损伤(伤亡等)
Take its/ a toll of/on…
The earthquake took a toll of 3,000,000 lives. 地震造成三百万人死亡。 这次洪水给几个村庄造成重大损失。 Back The flood took a heavy toll on several villages.
Summary:
When Hitler decided to launch his of Russia, he thought that nothing could of his armies. , it seemed, was inevitable. He had surprised on his side, Stalin by his attack without a of war. Hitler expected the last only a few moths. In the event, it was to for much longer. Like Napoleon before him, he had made a fatal mistake in failing to the severity of the Russian weather. Many German soldiers were to the cold as winter set in, the German advance .
Back
Exercises
(in textbook)
vocabulary
translation
Paragraph writing:
Can Man Triumph over Nature Using writing strategy: providing evidence
Back
Fun time
A Song ? Heal the world
By Michael Jackson
Heal the World is an enchanting and breathtaking song. It’s sincere, caring and encouraging. You may sense more from its touching melody and lyrics. Lyrics
The End
 

相关内容

全新版大学英语第四册03

   全新版大学英语第四册03 Unit 3 Job interview In this unit, you will take WarmingWarming-up Activities ReadingReading-Centred Activities Vocabulary Translating and Writing Warming up : Role-play: One is an interviewer and the other is an interviewee. Now they ...

全新版大学英语第四册02

   全新版大学英语第四册02 全新版大学英语第四册02 Unit 2 Smart cars In this Unit ,you will… PrePre-reading task TextText-analysis Words and expressions Class assignments Writing skills Homework AUDI BMW BUICK BENZ TOYTA PASSAT Would you like to drive a smart car? why or w ...

全新版大学英语第四册08

   全新版大学英语第四册08 Unit 8 Travel Pre-reading activities Text analysis Words and expressions writing To begin with, listen to a song and think about: Where will you want to go ,if you have a chance ? Which do you prefer Organization: Part I 1-5 Descriptio ...

全新版大学英语第四册07

   全新版大学英语第四册07 全新版大学英语第四册07 Unit 7 Terrorism Students will be able to: 1. grasp the main idea of the text; 2. appreciate the characteristics of a familiar essay; 3. master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text; 4. conduct a s ...

全新版大学英语第四册05

   全新版大学英语第四册05 全新版大学英语第四册05 unit5 Cruelty In this Unit ,you will… will… ★Pre-reading Pre- task ★ Text-analysis Text★ Words and expressions ★ Class assignments ★ Writing skills ★ Homework Does the narrator think our first impressions of a person are a ...

全新版大学英语第四册02

   全新版大学英语第四册02 全新版大学英语第四册02 Unit 2 Smart cars In this Unit ,you will… PrePre-reading task TextText-analysis Words and expressions Class assignments Writing skills Homework AUDI BMW BUICK BENZ TOYTA PASSAT Would you like to drive a smart car? why or w ...

全新版大学英语教案第四册

   Teaching Plan New College English (Book 4) Unit One Fighting with the forces of nature Text A 1. Learning Objectives: Students will be able to: 1. grasp the main idea and structure of the text; 2. do a comparison and contrast between Napoleon’s inv ...

全新版大学英语综合教程第四册课后答案

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 lexf Organization ": ........................... ■■■■ ........................................... ■■ - Parts Part One Paragraphs' Paras 1-2 ' Main Ideas Introduction ? Both Napoleon's and Hitler's ...

英语学习_新视野大学英语视听说教程第四册答案_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 摇川选波稹 摇川选 4 稹 2008-06-20 17:17 UNIT 1 ??Basic Listening Practice 1-5: CBDAD ??Listening In Task 1 1-5: DACBC Task 2 (S1)owner (S2)running (S3)drop (S4)outlaw (S5) ...

全新版大学英语综合教程第一册07

   全新版大学英语第一册UNIT7 Unit 7 Emergency Part I Pre-reading Task Listen to the recording two or three times and then think over the following questions: 1. How did the father understand courage at first? 2. What did courage mean to the father after the fir ...

热门内容

普通高中英语课程标准(词汇表 全)

   原上草文化 http://www.yscbook.com 教学资源集散地。最大的免费教育资源网! 普通高中英语课程标准( 普通高中英语课程标准(词汇 表) 说明: 1.本表共收约 3500 个单词。 2.带*号的音单词为八级要求掌握的词汇。 3.本词汇表不列词组和短语。 4.本词汇表不列语法术语。 5.部分可根据构词法推导出的副词、名词等不单 列。 6.国家名称及相关信息单独列出。 7.数字(含基数词、序数词) 、星期、月份等词单 独列出。 打算;瞄准;针对 air n. 空气;大气 air ...

如何提高英语书面表达能力

   如何提高英语书面表达能力 英语写作在英语学习中占着不可忽视的位置。 写作主要包括两大方面: 一是内容, 即写什么; 二是表述,即如何用语言把内容表述出来。英语写作是对英语语言知识的积极运用。然而, 有些学生虽然想象丰富, 思路开阔, 但是语言表达却显得苍白无力。 如何提高英语表达能力, 并非一件易事。 1.句子要正确。合乎语法。要注意汉英两种语言在表达上的差异,避免中国式英语。请比 较下面两组句子: 1) 误:Only this, we can hope to do the work wel ...

白领英语接待口语

   白领常用的英语接待口语 白领常用的英语接待口语 询问访客身份: May I have your name, please? 请问您贵姓? What company are you from? 您是哪个公司的? Could you tell me what company you are representing? 能告诉我您代表什么公司吗? 如果碰到了老朋友可以说: What brings you here? 是什么风把你吹来了? 询问是否预约,来访目的? Do you have an ap ...

提高英语口语水平的10条规律

   提高英语口语水平的 10 条规律 规律一 在学习语言的过程中,有一个自始至终的重要环节,那就是模仿。 在母语环境中,对于语言的模仿,其实从一开始就在做着,由爸爸妈妈的一句一 句话的反复重复,孩子反复的听一句话,所以在缺乏语言环境的情况下,如果在 练习中能真正把语言规律再现出来, 就能很好的解决我们在外语学习过程中因错 误方法造成的资源巨大浪费的问题, 所以在语言练习的时候应该做到反复的模仿 一个句子。 规律二 语言能力的提高我们可以把它归纳成八个字“先死后活,死去活 来”。在母语环境中,为什 ...

商务英语中级考试-人邮版测试题二

   厦门市老教授协会精诚外语培训学校 TEST-2(0605) PART ONE Questions I - 7 ● Look at the statements below and the advice to businesses on the opposite page about usingother companies to run their IT services. ● Which section (A, B, C or D) does each statement I - 7 re ...