全新版大学英语第四册 01
Unit one Fighting with the Forces of Nature
Pre-reading Activities
Background information Watch & Discuss
Text Analysis
Text Study
Expressions & Patterns
Useful expressions Words patterns
Summary
Blank filling
Exercises
Vocabulary Translation
Writing Providing evidence
Pre-Reading task
pre-reading task
Hurricane Cave in Storm Volcano Gale Mud-rock flow
Pre-reading task
Answer One Answer Two Answer Three
Pre-reading task
Answer one: Man changes nature in order to live. however man must also be careful not to disregard the laws of nature.
Answer two: Summon up all human beings to protect the environment Answer three: To save all the resources and keep the natural balance.

Back
Text analysis
The icy defender
Napoleon
Hitler
Text analysis : (Two invasions)
Russia Napoleon Spring ,1812 600,000 Smolensk, Borodino, the Berezina River Snow, freezing temperature Soviet Union Hitler 6/22/1941 The largest land campaign in history Leningrad, stalingrad Heavy rain, general mud, snow, freezing temperature
Text analysis: (The two invasions)
October 1812,when Napoleon ordered a retreat Only 100,000 survived Napoleon abdicated and went into exile, his empire at an end 1943, when the Soviet troops pushed the German forces back Heavy losses Hitler committed suicide, his empire collapsing
Text analysis
Language focus:
  1. But he was not prepared for the devastating enemy that met him in Moscow-the raw bitter, bleak Russian winter. 但是他没有料到在莫斯科遭遇劲敌 俄罗斯阴冷凄苦的寒冬.
  1.Desolate(没希望的
  2.Lonely(荒凉的)
  2. To his surprise, the Russians refused to stand and fight.
  3.Cold(阴冷的) To one's surprise 令人吃惊的是... To one's delight 令人高兴的是... To one's relief令人欣慰的是... To one's disappointment...令人失望的是 To one's regret令人遗憾的是... …
Text analysis

  3. By nightfall, thirty thousand French and forty-four thousand Russians lay dead or wounded on the battlefield. Exhausted horses fell dead in their tracks. Some intransitive like fall, lie, sit ,drop can be followed by an adjective which describes the subject of the sentence instead of the action of the verb. e.g. But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health. coldest Little Tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.
  4. As Hitler's armies drew closer and closer to Moscow, and early, severe winter settled over the Soviet Union, the harshest in years. 正当希特勒的军队逼近莫斯科时,寒冷的冬季早早地降临苏联,那是多年不 遇的严寒. In the The Ukraine farming region was again in Soviet hands. control In these sentences, we use synonymous words to avoid repetition .
Text analysis
6, The elements of nature must be reckoned with in any military campaign. 任何军事行动都必须考虑到自然的因素. Be reckoned with: be taken into consideration e.g. All these problems had to be reckoned with as they arose. She is a woman to be reckoned with
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Words and patterns
Alliance campaign casualty conquest crucial decisive declaration efficient engage heroic instruct invasion launch limp minus occupation offensive raw reckon region render retreat siege stroke toll weaken at the cost of be faced with be bogged down bring to a halt catch sb.off guard die from drag on in the case of press on stand in the way take a gamble take a toll thanks to turn the tide (against) vocabulary
.
alliance: a union between countries or organizations 联盟

  1.WTO is considered as the most powerful economic alliance in modern world
  2. Japan and Germany made their formal alliance in 19
  40.
Campaign: a series of military operations or planned activities with a particular aim. 战役,战争
Some people complained that too much money had been spent on political campaigns.
efficient: Able to work well or producing a satisfactory result without wasting time or resources. 有效的,便利的
Remote terminals in the home, connected to data banks, make the home the most efficient place to work in many cases. 家庭中与数据银行相连的远距离控制枢纽使家成为了一 个在很多情况下都能工作的有利地方.
Conquest: defeat ,征服,打败

  1.The year 1939 had witnessed the conquest of Poland by Germany.
  2. Hitler badly miscalculated when he assumed the conquest of the USSR would be simple.
retreat: move back or withdraw when faced with danger or difficulty 撤退

  1.After a fierce battle, the troops retreated southward.
  2. We adopted the following strategies: when the enemy advances, we retreat; when they retreat, we pursue. 我们采用了以下策略:敌进我退,敌退我进.
declaration:( followed by of) a formal announcement 宣布,宣称,声明
The opening speeches sounded more like declarations of war than offerings of peace. declaration of war 宣战
catch sb. off guard : take sb. by surprise 趁某人不备

  1.The invitation to his wedding caught me off guard.
  2.The manager didn't know what to say. It was clear that my question had caught him off guard.
be bogged down: be unable to make progress 陷入泥潭, 陷入泥潭,不能前进

  1.Most of the tanks were bogged down because of mechanical defects and inexperienced crews.
  2.The local government got bogged down in problems of how to handle the emission of hazardous chemicals by industrial facilities.
take a gamble: take a risk冒险 冒险

  1.The company took a gamble by cutting the price of their products, and it paid off.

  2.I think she is taking a gamble investing all her money in stocks.
press on/ ahead: continue doing sth. in a determined way(不顾困难继续进行) 不顾困难继续进行) 不顾困难继续进行
Press on/ ahead with sth.
Our school authorities are keen to press on with educational reform.
drag on: move slowly and with effort; continue endlessly and tediously. 费力地走, 费力地走,拖延

  1.How much longer is the meeting going to drag on?
  2.These compensation cases have already dragged on for one year.
bring to halt: stop completely 使停止
bring to death: 走向死亡 bring up:养大 bring out: 呕吐 bring about:带来
bring to life:复活
Air traffic in Poland had been brought to a halt by an air traffic controllers' strike.
Turn the tide (against): change what looks like defeat into victory.扭转潮流 扭转潮流
The appearance of Joan of Arc turned the tide of war.
thanks to : because of 多亏,幸亏 多亏,

  1. Thanks to their tireless efforts, the performance was a great success.
  2. Thanks to our teachers help, we finally all passed the examination.
>>>more >>>more
take its / a toll: cause damage, injuries or deaths 造成损伤
Take its/ a toll of/on…
Back
The famine took a toll of 3,000,000 lives. His hard work has taken its toll on his stomach High wages have taken their toll on the Swedish economy.
Summary:
When Hitler decided to launch his of Russia, he thought that nothing could of his armies. , it seemed, was inevitable. He had surprised on his side, Stalin by his attack without a of war. Hitler expected the last only a few moths. In the event, it was to for much longer. Like Napoleon before him, he had made a fatal mistake in failing to the severity of the Russian weather. Many German soldiers were to the cold as winter set in, the German advance .
Back
Exercises
(in textbook)
vocabulary
translation
Paragraph writing:
Can Man Triumph over Nature Using writing strategy: providing evidence
Back
Fun time
A Song ? Heal the world
By Michael Jackson
Heal the World is an enchanting and breathtaking song. It's sincere, caring and encouraging. You may sense more from its touching melody and lyrics. Lyrics
The End
 

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