Unit One
Writing for myself

  1. off and on: or on and off, from time to time, now and again, irregularly e.g. It has been raining on and off for a week. That’s why clothes feel damp. Since I left university, I went to body exercising off and on because of lack of time.
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  2. take hold: become established e.g. ? The idea of one child only has taken hold in many Chinese families. ? Bad habits die hard. That’s why you should stop smoking before the habit takes hold.
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  3. bore: make sb. feel tired and lose interest e.g. ?The speaker went on and on, and the audience grew bored by his speech. ?Tom grew bored with painting the garden fence, so he thought of a way to make others paint for him.
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  4. associate (with): join or connect together, connect or bring in the mind e.g.We associate Egypt with pyramids. ? vt.使发生联系, 使联合 ? vi.交往, 结交 ? n.合作人, 同事 ? adj.副的 e.g.. associate professor [美]副教授
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  5. anticipate: expect ( usu. followed by gerund or that-clause ) (
  1)预期;期待 e.g. We anticipate hearing from you again. (
  2)占先;抢先 e.g. We anticipated our competitors by getting our products onto the market first. (
  3)预支;提前使用 eg. anticipate one's income College English unit 1
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  6. tedious: boring and lasting for a long time synonym: lengthy tediously: adv. tediousness: n. e.g. The movie was so tedious that many viewers left before it was over.
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  7. reputation: an opinion about sb. or sth. held by others, fame have a good [bad] reputation名誉好[坏] ? have a reputation for sth. (=have the reputation of)因...而著名, 以...闻名 of) ... , ... ? live up to one's reputation不负盛名; 名副其实 ? lose [ruin] one's reputation名誉扫地
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  8. inspire: fill sb. with confidence, eagerness ? inspire sth. in sb.使某人产生某种感情 ? inspire sb. with sth.激发某人的某种感情 ? inspire sth. into sb.把某种思想灌输给某 人 ? inspire sb. to do sth e.g. Martin’s speeches inspired people to fight for equal rights. inspiration n. 灵感,启发 College English 9 a work of inspiration unit 1

  9. rigid: fixed in behavior; based on correct or accepted rules e.g. The rigid headmaster would button up his clothes even on the hottest days.
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  10. severe: (
  1). completely plain, homely a severe black dress.朴素的黑衣服 severe writing style. 平实的写作风格 (
  2). stern, strict a severe master.苛刻的主人 (
  3). causing very great pain, difficulty, worry, etc. a severe attack of toothache
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  11. tackle: (
  1). deal with 解决,处理(问题) e.g. Toshiba designed a robot that can tackle any kind of house work. (
  2).抓住,揪住;擒抱 e.g. The policeman tackled the thief.
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  12. face: (
  1) face up to大胆面向: eg. She must face up to the fact that she is no longer young. (
  2) in the face of 面临; 不管 (
  3) in sb.‘s face 正对着某人; 当着某人 的面 (
  4) lose one's face 丢脸, 失面子
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  13. scan: (
  1)To examine closely.细察仔细地查看 (
  2)To look over quickly and systematically:快速而 大略地浏览 e.g. Scanning the horizon for signs of land.扫视 海天相接处是否有陆地的迹象 (
  3)To look over or leaf through hastily:浏览匆忙地阅 读或翻过 e.g. Scan the morning papers while eating breakfast.吃早饭时浏览早上的报纸 (
  4)To analyze (verse) into metrical patterns.分析韵 脚将(诗)划分音步 e.g. The verses scan well.这些诗很合韵律。 (
  5) Electronics 【电子学】扫描
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  14. Image (
  1)影象; 图象 television image (
  2)像; 偶像; 塑像; an image of the Virgin Mary (
  3)修辞,比喻, speak in images (
  4)翻版,酷似极像或完全像另一物的人或物 He is the image of his uncle. (
  5)形象; 典型 The politician has a very bad image among people.
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  15. recall: (
  1)叫回, 召回 recall sb. from abroad (
  2)使回忆, 回想 recall my schooldays (
  3)使复活; 恢复 recall sb. to life (
  4)撤回, 取消 recall one's words (
  5)主动召回工厂,因必要的修理或调试等 原因而主动要求将(某个产品)回收到 制造者手中 The makers have recalled a lot of unsafe cars.
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  16. Violate: (
  1)犯法 violate a law (
  2)打扰 violate sleep (
  3)侵扰 violate sb.'s privacy (
  4)亵渎 The soldiers violated the church by using it as a stable. e.g. The sound of guns violated the usual calm of Sunday morning. 炮声破坏了平常星期日早晨的宁静。
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  17. Command: (
  1) n. order e.g. The commander gave the command that all prisoners of the war should be well treated. (
  2) v. give an order to e.g. The captain commanded his men to leave the ship immediately. 搭配: at/by sb.'s command 听某人支配 command of the air/sea 制空[海]权 take command of 开始担任...指挥 句法: subjunctive mood is used in a that-clause after it.
College English unit 1 18

  18. Hold back (
  1) hold back阻止 (= keep back) e.g. The villagers built banks of earth to hold back the flood. No one can hold back the wheel of history. (
  2) 抑制(情感、情绪) (= hold in, keep back) e.g. The boss was unable to hold back his anger any longer. (喻) (
  3) 阻碍发展 (= keep back) (
  4) 退缩不前 (= hang back, hang behind) (
  5) 保密;隐瞒
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  19. avoid: (
  1) keep or get away from (usu. followed by noun/ gerund) (
  2) e.g. The little boy who had broken a neighbor’s window ran away to avoid punishment / being punished. (
  2) To keep from happening e.g. Tom avoids illness with rest and a balanced diet.
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Notes to the text
Line 2: Grade schools in the U.S. ? In the United States, education is the responsibility of individual states, not of the federal government, so requirements may vary from one state to another. The following is a generalization:
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? kindergarten :under 5 years old ? elementary/ primary school (grades 1~
  6): 6~11 years old ? junior high/middle school (grades 7~
  8): 12~13 years old ? senior/high school (grades 9~
  12): 14~17 years old ? college, institute, academy (学院), university College English unit 1 22
L
  11. Dressing of American teachers in school Nowadays, people in the U.S. love to dress casually. Even among those companies with a rigid dress code some now allow employees not to wear suits on Fridays. U.S. teachers wear fairly formal clothes to school, but not necessarily suits and ties.
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L
  23. Spaghetti and the proper way of eating it. Spaghetti is the Italian-style thin noodle, cooked by boiling and served with sauce. Usually you would put a fork into a plate of spaghetti, turn the fork several times so that spaghetti will wind around the fork, tehn place the fork into your mouth, it's not pollite to College English unit 1 24 suck.
Pictures of Spaghetti
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