Book-IV(《大学英语》全新版)

Unit 1
Part B
Text
Exercise 1:
  1. b
  2. c
  3.a
Exercise 2:
  1. F
  2. T
  3. F
  4.F
  5. F.
  6.F
  7.T
  8.F
  9.T
  10.T
Part C

  1. c
  2. d
  3. c
  4. a
  5. b
Part D
green: sign of life and of hope
blue: color of the sky and the sea
orange: color of health and strength
red: color of danger and bravery; of passion and love
purple: color of royalty an power
indigo: color of silence
rainbow: sign of hope for tomorrow
Unit 2
Part B
Text
Exercise 1:
  1. d
  2. b
  3. d
  4. c
  5. d
  6. a
Exercise 2: (omitted)
Part C

  1.Americans move about a great deal at parties.

  2....as soon as there are more people than chairs in a room...

  3.you will see first one and then another make some excuse to get to his feet

  4.sitting becomes static

  5.introduce themselves

  6.drift around a room

  7.you are expected to reply by giving your name and introducing the person with you

  8.merely nod and smile

  9.she extends it

  10.just nods and greets her
Part D

  1.In Japan, you should hold a business with both hands and read the name and the job title carefully. so do not hold the card with one hand and put it into your pocket without reading it.

  2.In Mexico, it is usual for men to touch each other in a friendly way and it is considered unfriendly if you move away when you are touched.

  3.IN Korea, eye contact means sincerity and respect to the speaker.

  4.In China, you should avoid criticizing people, otherwise you will embarrass them.

  5.Kate pretended to criticize her Chinese business partner with the intention of amusing him.

  6.In China, you should avoid confrontation with people.

  7.People in Scotland and Wales will be offended if you call them English. It is because England is not one part of the United Kingdom.

  8.Rob doses not like to be touched and stared at.

  9.English people tend to look away when talking to each other.
 
Unit 3
Part B
Text
Exercise 1:

  1.radio/TV

  2.celebrations/world

  3.a weekly column/Daily Star

  4.can't afford

  5.couple/hundred

  6.eighteen/age/accepted/adult/vote/buy wines/drive a car

  7.considered/mature/boys

  8.Turkey, Egypt, Indonesia, and Senegal.
Exercise 2:
  1.F
  2.F
  3.T
  4.F
  5.F
  6.F
  7.F
  8.T
Part C

  1.F
  2.F
  3.T
  4.F
  5.F
  6.T
  7.T
  8.F
  9.T
  10.F
Part D

  1.The reasons why boundaries between countries are fading.

  2.fading of boundaries of class and caste in societies/relaxation of immigration laws in many counties/freedom for people to convert to other religions/birth of the Internet

  3.They are Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam.

  4.21 or more.

  5.The adoption and circulation of the single currency, the euro.
Unit 4
Part B
Text
Exercise 1:

  1.put the OHP on the table

  2.press the buttons in and lift this part up until it snaps into place

  3.turn the OHP round so the head is facing towards the screen or a white wall

  4.plug it in

  5.switch it on

  6.place the transparency on the stage

  7.move the flap up or down to raise or lower the image

  8.turn the wheel to make the image sharp
Exercise 2:

  1.place the OHP about 2 meters from the wall or screen

  2.a screen works better than a wall

  3.leave the OHP switched on when using it and place a piece of paper over the glass
Part C

  1.in the address book or contact list

  2."CCs" stands for copies of a message. when you want other people to get copies of the same email message, you send them "CCs".

  3.you can copy sentences and paste them in other places

  4.you can run the spell checker

  5.you double click the word an type the new word over it.
Unit 5
Part B
Text
Exercise 1:
  1. D
  2. C
  3. D
  4. C
Exercise 2:

  1.Firstly, it is a fact that some people were born with better memories.

  2.Secondly, different things are kept in different parts of the brain. Ideas, words and numbers are stored in the left-hand side and images, sounds and smells in the right-hand side.

  3.Thirdly, unusual experiences can produce chemicals such as adrenaline in our body which can boost memory.

  4.Fourthly, how well we remember something is also affected by the context in which we learn about it.

  5.Finally, the more often you recall a memory, the more likely you are to remember it. If you don't, you lose it.
Part C

  1.Four

  2.Because Australia is shaped a bit like a dog.

  3.Break it into smaller ones and then think of what the numbers remind us of.

  4.Try to follow the directions in our mind.

  5.Try to build them into a story.
Part D

  1.T
  2.F
  3.F
  4.F
  5.T
  6.F
  7.T
  8.T
Unit 6
Part B
Text
Exercise 1:
  1. C
  2. C
  3. B
  4. B
  5. A
  6. B
Exercise 2:

  1.if a man with a fortune cannot make himself easier and freer than those who are not, he gains nothing. Nothing except glittering baggage that must be attended to.(d)

  2.the larger a man's roof, the more snow it collects.(a)

  3.the lust for comfort is a stealthy thing that enters the house a guest, and then becomes a host, and then a master.(b)

  4.things are in the saddle, and ride mankind.(c)
Part C
Exercise:
  1.c
  2.d
  3.a
  4.b
  5.b
Part D

  1.He is CEO and co-founder of John Paul Mitchell Systems

  2.Hair care products.

  3.It makes about $200 million in the sales per year.

  4.He joined forces with his friends Paul Mitchell, who was one for America's most influential hair designers then, and together they introduced a revolutionary hair setting and styling method.

  5.The successful people persist even during the toughest times, but the unsuccessful give up.

  6.Because DeJoria believes that fewer people can do more.

  7.They have 87 employees worldwide although they probably should hire five or six hundred people.

  8.They are paid more than others in the industry but hey have to do more as well.

  9.He thinks it his duty to donate to worthwhile projects and causes.

  10.Success unshared is a failure.
Unit 7
Part B
Text 1
Exercise 1:
  1. D
  2. C
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A
Exercise 2:

  1. Nonsmokers seem to have won the battle because smoking is banned not only in public places like theaters and airports but also in all workplaces. The number of places where people are allowed to smoke has gradually become smaller an smaller.

  2. They have banned smoking in parks and recreation centers. In Los Angeles, for example, they have implemented a smoke-free park policy, officially designating smoke-free zones in all 375 parks and recreation centers in the city. And since January 1, 2002 all parks in California have become smoke-free to safeguard children from the harmful effects of secondhand tobacco smoke and dangerous tobacco waste.
Part C
The World Health Organization has named May 31 as World No Tobacco Day. Marking the day this year, the WHO announced that there was a 33 percent growth in the Asian cigarette market from 1999-20
  00.
In Singapore, there has been an increase of smokers, which reflects the popularity of the addictive habit in Asia. Statistics show that seven Singaporeans die every day from smoking-related diseases in this country of
  3.5 million people.
Now, smoking will become socially unacceptable under a campaign by Singapore’s government to use family and social pressure to get smokers to kick the habit. The campaign, launched in April 2002, is the latest weapon employed by the state against the spreading smoking habit. “Show them you care. Help them stop smoking,” is the campaign’s slogan, aimed at obtaining the help of loved ones to help smokers stop their nicotine habit. As part of its effort to discourage smoking, the government of Singapore has been putting up advertisements in newspapers, on TV and the Internet, showing parents quitting smoking so as not to worry their children.
Part D
Omitted

Unit 8
Part B
Text 1
Exercise 1:
  1. c
  2. c
  3. d
  4. a
  5. d
Exercise 2: Medical Record: Omitted
Part C
Old age in the United States presents many problems and
  1) opportunities. As a result of
  2) improved medical services, people live longer than they used to. This increase in
  3) longevity creates a wide range of
  4) social needs. The medical specialty of gerontology has opened up new research areas and careers related to the elderly.
Because of changes in the family structure
  5) from extended to nuclear, the elderly have to create
  6) existence apart from basically small family units. This situation is
  7) complicated by the fact that may of their friends may have died and their children may have moved away.
The elderly must set up a new life. Often,
  8) the elderly must rely on a fixed income?Social Security and pensions?and gradually diminished savings.
  9) While some live with their children, many more live by themselves, with a friend or in a nursing home.
However, the increasing proportions of elderly people in society has given them a new political power.
  10) They have formed organizations to voice their own needs and concerns to local, state and federal agencies. Lobbying for such issues as increased Social Security benefits, better health care, income tax benefits and rent controls has brought to the public an increased awareness of the determination of the elderly to assert their ability to deal effectively with their own lives.

Part D Omitted


Unit 9
Part B
Text 1
Exercise 1:
  1. b
  2. c
  3. b
  4. a
  5. c
  6. d
Exercise 2:
  1. F
  2. F
  3. T
  4. T
  5. T
  6. F
Part C

  1. A
  2. B
  3. D
  4. C
  5. D
  6. A
  7. C
  8. B
Part D omitted
 
Unit 10
Part B
Text 1
Exercise 1:
  1. B
  2. D
  3. A
  4. A
  5. D
  6. D
Exercise 2: omitted
Part C
Program: Talk of the Nation
Host: Jenny Butler
Guest: Dr. James of Maryland University
Topic: Internet addiction
Harmful effects of Internet addiction: Relationship problems or problems in maintaining grades
Warning signals showing you are starting to get addicted: Impulse to go online begins to affect other areas of life. Begin to feel anxious or depressed or empty or lonely when not online.
How to avoid Internet addiction: Have some sort of balance in life.
 

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