Unit 1 Key to Exercises Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Stills and Nash. Teach Your Children Crosby, Stills and Nash You, who are on the road, Must nave a code that you can live by. And so, become yourselr, Because the past is just a goodbye. Teach your cbildren well, Their lather's hell did slowly go by. And reed them on your dreams, The one they picks, the one you'll mow by. Don't you ever ash them why, ir they told you, you will cry, So just look at them and sigh and know they love you. Appendix I - 93 -
And you, oi tender years, Can't know the rears that your elders grew by. Ana so please help them with your youtb, They seek the truth before tbey can die. Teacb your parents well,
Tbeir children's bell will slowly go by. And reed them on your dreams, Tbe one tbey picks, tbe one you'll know by. Don t you ever ask them why, ir tbey told you, you will cry, So just look at them and sigh and know tbey love you.
The first part of die song is about how parents can inspire their children through sharing with them their dreams, their hopes for a better life. It starts with advice on how you need a set of rules, "a code diat you can live by," to guide you on the road of life. Only then will you be able to fully realise all that is within you and "become yourself." Therefore, parents need to teach their children well. And children ? "you of tender years" ? also have something to teach their parents, for learning is not a one-way street. Children should share their own dreams with their parents so that young and old can get to understand each otiier better. That said, one should not go too far. For some things are perhaps better left unsaid between parents and children. "Don't you ever ask them why, if they told you, you will cry." At such moments all that there is left to do is to look at one another and sigh, happy in each otiier's love. Part II Text A Text Organization

  1.
  1) The text begins with an anecdote/incident.
  2)
  3) His thoughts are mainly about different approaches to learning in China and the West. He winds up the text with a suggestion in die form of a question.
Points for Comparison/Contrast
  1) ways to learn to accomplish a task
Chinese show a child how to do his hand
Americans teach children that they should to problems
something, or teach by holding rely on themselves for solutions

  2) attitudes to creativity and skills
give greater priority to debelieving creativity can be promoted over time
put more emphasis on fostering thinking skills can be picked up later
veloping skills at an early age, creativity in young children,

  1. Vocabulary

  1) insert
  3) investigate
  5) initial
  7) attached
  9) is awaiting
  11) promote
  2. Rewrite each sentence

  2) on occasion
  4) In retrospect
  6) phenomena
  8) make up for
  10) not …in the least
  12) emerged

  1) There is a striking contrast between the standard of living in the north of the country and the south.
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber. The city's importance as a financial center has evolved slowly. His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer. The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English
magazines.
  3.
  1) Chinese isn't a subject that can be picked up in a month. You can't accomplish your goal of mastering the language unless you work at it for years. Well, it sounds as if I'm exaggerating the difficulties, but the fact is I'm only telling the truth.
  2) The principal is somewhat disappointed with the performance of the children. From what she has
gathered, some of the teaching staff have neglected their pupils. She has just announced that strict work regulations have been made and that they apply to both Chinese and overseas teachers.
  3) The teacher-directed and the child-directed approaches to teaching art represent two extremes of
opinion. Too many teacher-directed activities cannot be expected to effectively assist children in learning because of the rigid structure. On the other hand, too many child-directed activities may see a curriculum that is totally unstructured and out of control. There are valid reasons to believe a teacher-guided approach would be a superior way to guide children's development. This approach combines some form of structure with the child leading the direction.
II. Confusable Words
  1.
  1) continual
  3) continual 2
  1) principal
  3) principle
  5) principal
  2) continuous
  4) continuous
  2) principal
  4) principles
III. Usage
  1. themselves
  2. himself/herself
  3. herself/by herself/on her own
  4. itself

  5. ourselves
  6. yourself/by yourself/on your own Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. contrast
  3. priority
  5. promoting
  7. assist
  9. on occasion
  11. worthwhile
  2. exaggerating
  4. on the other hand
  6. pick up
  8. accomplish
  10. neglecting
  12. superior
(B)
  1. end
  3. facing
  5. equipped
  7.approach
  9. definitely II. Translation
  1. sentences
  1)
  2) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition. Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a
  2. perform
  4. competent
  6. designed
  8. rest
  10. quality
large audience.
  3)
  4) Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age. Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/
purchase it?
  5) If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.

  2. passage translation To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
U2
Text A A Life Full of Riches
I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) abrupt
  5) dated
  2) emotional
  3) bless
  7) seemingly
  11) primarily
  4) wear and tear
  8) in contrast to
  12) sentiments

  6) consequences

  9) Curiosity
  10) genuine

  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5) confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first vital to the existence of all forms of life some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice

  3. Complete the sentences
  1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments
  2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences
  3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain
II. Words with Multiple Meanings
  1. It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
  2. She arrived early and took a front row seat.
  3. Don’t take me for a fool.
  4. It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
  5. My uncle will take me (alone on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.

  6. He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
  7. Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
  8. If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.
III. Usage
  1. hanging
  5. not having
  2. to give
  6. to say
  3. to return
  7. to open
  4. being praised
  8. being helped
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  2) dated
  3) falling into
  4) bracket
  5) deny
  6) tangible
  12) donations

  1) well-off/affluent
  7) pursuit

  8) cherishes
  9) out of place
  10) abrupt

  11) focus

  2.
Theme-related
  2) fueled
  7) indicates
  3) annual
  8) equally
  4) plain
  9) traditional
  5) physically
  10) follows

  1) consume
  6) security
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences

  1)
  2)
The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose. Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

  3)
Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to
dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.
  4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another
difficult phase of his life.
  5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard
to meet our minimal needs.

  2. Translate the passage With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
U3Unit 3 The Generation Gap Text A Father Knows Better
I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) typical
  2) dumb
  3) junior
  4) glorious
  5) welfare
  6) came over
  7) interference

  8) fading
  9) narrowed down
  10) frank
  11) schemes
  12) at any rate

  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) consists of five generals and four police officers.

  2)
  3)
  4)
  5)
will be in a location overlooking the lake. was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people. have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer? was exhausted after the long cycle ride.

  3. Complete the sentences
  1) hysterical, was handed down by, should have known better than

  2) twisted, over and over, talented son,
  3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured…repeatedly
II. Collocation
  1. adequate
  5. crazy
  2. anxious
  6. likely
  3. certain
  4. content
  8. keen

  7. fortunate
III. Usage
  1. be admitted
  4. buy
  2. live
  3. be postponed
  6. be

  5. be banned
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  5) talent
  6) dumb
  12)assure
  7) know better than that

  1) typical
  2) welfare
  3) constant
  4) frank
  8) repeatedly

  9) dread
  10) interference
  11)bet

  2.
Theme-related
  2. really
  9. different
  3. same
  4. contact
  10. manner
  5. admitted
  6. attempt
  7. not

  1. despite
  8. tend
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences

  1)
  2)
Have scientists found proof of water on Mars? The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to
two coastal towns.
  3)
  4)
  5) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life. A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty. Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.

  2. Translate the passage George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CDs for computer games software from his classmates.
Unit 4
Text A A Virtual Life
I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) conversely
  6) tone
  11) stretched
  2) but then
  7) took (her) in
  12) data
  3) symptom
  8) editing
  4)spitting
  5) abusing

  9)have arranged
  10) in sight

  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) smoking cigarettes jars on me.
  2) find themselves getting sucked in
  3) has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.
  4) fled their country to avoid military service/ fled to other countries to avoid military service.
  5) restore people's confidence in it.

  3. Complete the sentences
  1) the virtual/ on line/ via
  2) nightmare/ routine/ any appointment/ arrange for
  3) cue/ remarks/ his tune
II. Collocation
  1.
  2.
  3. We came here all the way on foot. Private cars are not allowed on campus. They are on vacation in Florida.

  4.
  5.
  6.
Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour. Don't worry, Lucy is always on time. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.
III. Usage l. hard
  3. impossible
  5. hard
  2. difficult
  4. tough
  6. easy
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  2) click
  4) routines
  6) nightmare
  8) connection
  10) take in
  12) data
  14) At times
  16) on line

  1) Internet
  3) virtual
  5) arrange
  7) annoying
  9) crawls
  11) spit
  13) sucked into
  15) flee

  2.
Theme-related
  2) deliver
  4) enables

  1) companion
  3) access

  5) customers
  7) provides
  9) remote

  6) delights
  8) small
  10) information
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences

  1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.
  2) A slow Internet connection speed is really annoying.
  3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
  4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.
  5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.

  2. Translate the passage Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a cl
 

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