Unit 1 Key to Exercises Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Stills and Nash. Teach Your Children Crosby, Stills and Nash You, who are on the road, Must nave a code that you can live by. And so, become yourselr, Because the past is just a goodbye. Teach your cbildren well, Their lather's hell did slowly go by. And reed them on your dreams, The one they picks, the one you'll mow by. Don't you ever ash them why, ir they told you, you will cry, So just look at them and sigh and know they love you. Appendix I - 93 -
And you, oi tender years, Can't know the rears that your elders grew by. Ana so please help them with your youtb, They seek the truth before tbey can die. Teacb your parents well,
Tbeir children's bell will slowly go by. And reed them on your dreams, Tbe one tbey picks, tbe one you'll know by. Don t you ever ask them why, ir tbey told you, you will cry, So just look at them and sigh and know tbey love you.
The first part of die song is about how parents can inspire their children through sharing with them their dreams, their hopes for a better life. It starts with advice on how you need a set of rules, "a code diat you can live by," to guide you on the road of life. Only then will you be able to fully realise all that is within you and "become yourself." Therefore, parents need to teach their children well. And children ? "you of tender years" ? also have something to teach their parents, for learning is not a one-way street. Children should share their own dreams with their parents so that young and old can get to understand each otiier better. That said, one should not go too far. For some things are perhaps better left unsaid between parents and children. "Don't you ever ask them why, if they told you, you will cry." At such moments all that there is left to do is to look at one another and sigh, happy in each otiier's love. Part II Text A Text Organization

  1) The text begins with an anecdote/incident.
  3) His thoughts are mainly about different approaches to learning in China and the West. He winds up the text with a suggestion in die form of a question.
Points for Comparison/Contrast
  1) ways to learn to accomplish a task
Chinese show a child how to do his hand
Americans teach children that they should to problems
something, or teach by holding rely on themselves for solutions

  2) attitudes to creativity and skills
give greater priority to debelieving creativity can be promoted over time
put more emphasis on fostering thinking skills can be picked up later
veloping skills at an early age, creativity in young children,

  1. Vocabulary

  1) insert
  3) investigate
  5) initial
  7) attached
  9) is awaiting
  11) promote
  2. Rewrite each sentence

  2) on occasion
  4) In retrospect
  6) phenomena
  8) make up for
  10) not …in the least
  12) emerged

  1) There is a striking contrast between the standard of living in the north of the country and the south.
  5) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber. The city's importance as a financial center has evolved slowly. His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer. The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English
  1) Chinese isn't a subject that can be picked up in a month. You can't accomplish your goal of mastering the language unless you work at it for years. Well, it sounds as if I'm exaggerating the difficulties, but the fact is I'm only telling the truth.
  2) The principal is somewhat disappointed with the performance of the children. From what she has
gathered, some of the teaching staff have neglected their pupils. She has just announced that strict work regulations have been made and that they apply to both Chinese and overseas teachers.
  3) The teacher-directed and the child-directed approaches to teaching art represent two extremes of
opinion. Too many teacher-directed activities cannot be expected to effectively assist children in learning because of the rigid structure. On the other hand, too many child-directed activities may see a curriculum that is totally unstructured and out of control. There are valid reasons to believe a teacher-guided approach would be a superior way to guide children's development. This approach combines some form of structure with the child leading the direction.
II. Confusable Words
  1) continual
  3) continual 2
  1) principal
  3) principle
  5) principal
  2) continuous
  4) continuous
  2) principal
  4) principles
III. Usage
  1. themselves
  2. himself/herself
  3. herself/by herself/on her own
  4. itself

  5. ourselves
  6. yourself/by yourself/on your own Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. contrast
  3. priority
  5. promoting
  7. assist
  9. on occasion
  11. worthwhile
  2. exaggerating
  4. on the other hand
  6. pick up
  8. accomplish
  10. neglecting
  12. superior
  1. end
  3. facing
  5. equipped
  9. definitely II. Translation
  1. sentences
  2) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition. Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a
  2. perform
  4. competent
  6. designed
  8. rest
  10. quality
large audience.
  4) Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age. Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/
purchase it?
  5) If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.

  2. passage translation To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
Text A A Life Full of Riches
I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) abrupt
  5) dated
  2) emotional
  3) bless
  7) seemingly
  11) primarily
  4) wear and tear
  8) in contrast to
  12) sentiments

  6) consequences

  9) Curiosity
  10) genuine

  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  5) confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first vital to the existence of all forms of life some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice

  3. Complete the sentences
  1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments
  2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences
  3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain
II. Words with Multiple Meanings
  1. It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
  2. She arrived early and took a front row seat.
  3. Don’t take me for a fool.
  4. It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
  5. My uncle will take me (alone on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.

  6. He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
  7. Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
  8. If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.
III. Usage
  1. hanging
  5. not having
  2. to give
  6. to say
  3. to return
  7. to open
  4. being praised
  8. being helped
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  2) dated
  3) falling into
  4) bracket
  5) deny
  6) tangible
  12) donations

  1) well-off/affluent
  7) pursuit

  8) cherishes
  9) out of place
  10) abrupt

  11) focus

  2) fueled
  7) indicates
  3) annual
  8) equally
  4) plain
  9) traditional
  5) physically
  10) follows

  1) consume
  6) security
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences

The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose. Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to
dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.
  4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another
difficult phase of his life.
  5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard
to meet our minimal needs.

  2. Translate the passage With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
U3Unit 3 The Generation Gap Text A Father Knows Better
I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) typical
  2) dumb
  3) junior
  4) glorious
  5) welfare
  6) came over
  7) interference

  8) fading
  9) narrowed down
  10) frank
  11) schemes
  12) at any rate

  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) consists of five generals and four police officers.

will be in a location overlooking the lake. was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people. have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer? was exhausted after the long cycle ride.

  3. Complete the sentences
  1) hysterical, was handed down by, should have known better than

  2) twisted, over and over, talented son,
  3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured…repeatedly
II. Collocation
  1. adequate
  5. crazy
  2. anxious
  6. likely
  3. certain
  4. content
  8. keen

  7. fortunate
III. Usage
  1. be admitted
  4. buy
  2. live
  3. be postponed
  6. be

  5. be banned
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  5) talent
  6) dumb
  7) know better than that

  1) typical
  2) welfare
  3) constant
  4) frank
  8) repeatedly

  9) dread
  10) interference

  2. really
  9. different
  3. same
  4. contact
  10. manner
  5. admitted
  6. attempt
  7. not

  1. despite
  8. tend
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences

Have scientists found proof of water on Mars? The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to
two coastal towns.
  5) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life. A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty. Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.

  2. Translate the passage George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CDs for computer games software from his classmates.
Unit 4
Text A A Virtual Life
I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) conversely
  6) tone
  11) stretched
  2) but then
  7) took (her) in
  12) data
  3) symptom
  8) editing
  5) abusing

  9)have arranged
  10) in sight

  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) smoking cigarettes jars on me.
  2) find themselves getting sucked in
  3) has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.
  4) fled their country to avoid military service/ fled to other countries to avoid military service.
  5) restore people's confidence in it.

  3. Complete the sentences
  1) the virtual/ on line/ via
  2) nightmare/ routine/ any appointment/ arrange for
  3) cue/ remarks/ his tune
II. Collocation
  3. We came here all the way on foot. Private cars are not allowed on campus. They are on vacation in Florida.

Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour. Don't worry, Lucy is always on time. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.
III. Usage l. hard
  3. impossible
  5. hard
  2. difficult
  4. tough
  6. easy
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  2) click
  4) routines
  6) nightmare
  8) connection
  10) take in
  12) data
  14) At times
  16) on line

  1) Internet
  3) virtual
  5) arrange
  7) annoying
  9) crawls
  11) spit
  13) sucked into
  15) flee

  2) deliver
  4) enables

  1) companion
  3) access

  5) customers
  7) provides
  9) remote

  6) delights
  8) small
  10) information
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences

  1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.
  2) A slow Internet connection speed is really annoying.
  3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
  4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.
  5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.

  2. Translate the passage Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a cl



   全新版大学英语综合教程 2 课后翻译 UNIT 1 我认为总结一下英语学习的经验是值得一试的。这里,我想谈谈三个相 关的问题。 首先,大量阅读应被视作学习过程中的重点,因为我们是通过阅读获取 最大量语言输入(language input)的。其次,尽可能多背一些好文章也十分重 要。一方面,死记硬背(rote learning)确实无甚裨益,但另一方面,在真正理 解基础上的熟记肯定对我们有好处。大脑中存储了大量很好的文章,我们在 用英语表达自己思想的时候,就会觉得容易多了。最后,我们应该把所学 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit5 课文翻译

   Unit Five 真正的高度 大卫?纳史特 他手心在出汗。他需要用毛巾把握竿的手擦干。太阳火辣辣的,与他今天在全国少年奥林匹克运动会上所面临的竞争一样热烈。 横杆升到了17英尺。比他个人的最高纪录高出3 英寸。迈克尔?斯通面临的是其撑竿跳高生涯中最具挑战性的一天。 尽管赛跑决赛一小时前就已经结束,看台上仍然观众满座,足有20,000人上下。撑竿跳高确实是所有田径比赛中最精彩的项目。它融合了体操运动员的优雅与健美运动员的力量。它还具有飞翔的特征,对观看该项目比赛的观众来说,飞跃两层楼的高 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit4 课文翻译

   虚拟世界的生活 迈亚?塞拉维茨 在网上呆了太久,听到电话铃声也会吓一大跳。显示屏上看多了我男朋友那些一目了然的文字,他的利物浦口音一下子变得难以听懂;而秘书的清脆快速的语调听上去比我想象的要生硬。时间本身变得捉摸不定??几小时变成几分钟,或几秒钟延伸为几天。周末原本是我一周的黄金时段,现在却不过是平平常常的两天。 在我不再当电视制片人的这三年间,我的大部分工作都是在家里使用计算机终端进行的。我通过电子邮件投稿和校订,利用互联网上的人名地址与同行交流。我男朋友住在英国,因此两人的关系 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit3 课文翻译

   老爸英明 马什?卡萨迪 人物: 父亲;母亲;海蒂,14岁;黛安,17岁;肖恩,16岁;饭店经理,20多岁;希金斯太太 场景: 快餐店,汤普森家餐厅,一所中学的办公室等 幕启:随着灯光亮起,海蒂上,走至舞台右前方。肖恩与黛安上,走至舞台左前方。海蒂对观众说话,两人倾听。 海蒂: 我老爸是个大好人。没人会相信他不好。可是他……唉,他老是干那些蠢事,弄得我们当儿女的到头来无地自容。瞧,我哥曾一度想买把吉他。他都积攒了好一阵子钱了。后来他在这家快餐店找了份活,不错吧?当服务员。 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程2 unit8 课文翻译

   Unit Eight 为了人类自身拯救自然 查尔斯?克劳特哈默 环境意识,就如同对民主制度的信奉,或是对尼龙的厌恶,已成为当今上流社会一种必备的态度。可是,在人人都有权利热爱地球母亲的情况下,面对以保护环境的名义而提出的许许多多相互冲突的建议、限制、规定、工程和法律,我们该如何选择呢?很显然,并不是每一件声称保护环境的事都值得去做。那我们该如何选择呢? 有一种简单的选择方法。首先,要区分是出于对环境的奢侈追求还是出于环境保护之必需。对环境的奢侈追求指的是那些如果不需花费代价则不妨拥有的事 ...


   全新版大学英语综合教程 第二册 Unit Three The Generation Gap Unit Three Text A: Father Knows Better Cultural Notes Language Points Text Analysis Exercises Assignments Cultural Notes: 1. Family life Some families are very child-centered. The closest families eat m ...


   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Sti ...


   全新版大学英语第一册 UNIT1 Unit 1 Growing Up Pre-reading Activities Spot dictation Questions & Answers Watch & Discuss Text Analysis Main idea and devices for developing it Expressions & Patterns How to apply to our real life the typical expressi ...


   Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Stills and Nash. Teach Your Children Crosby, ...


   Appenore likely to spend their spthat we come to t. Part II Text A Text Organization 1. Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas Part One Paras 1-3 Massive borrowing from other languages is a major feature of the English language. Part Two Paras 4-16 Tells about ...



   两小时掌握学英语的秘诀 作者:张少强 致读者 为什么众多国人苦学英语十年,却仍在抱怨自己的英语水平很差?为什么有的人仅通过六个月的努力,其英语水平就发生脱胎换骨的变化?答案非常简单:掌握正确的学习方法是一切学习的首要任务!阅读本书大约需要两个小时,但却可以让你的英语学习发生翻天覆地的变化。按照书中的方法去做,你会发现:你无需担心自己的英语基础,也无需苦苦挑选琳琅满目的辅导教材,更无需忍受英语学习中的无尽痛苦。原来学英语不仅有更多的捷径可走,更有无限的乐趣可以享受!祝你阅读愉快! 楔子 ...


   英语四级必考高频单词 1.alter v. 改变,改动,变更 2.burst vi.,n. 突然发生,爆裂 3.dispose vi. 除掉;处置;解决;处理 (of) 4.blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉 5.consume v. 消耗,耗尽 6.split v. 劈开;割裂;分裂 a.裂开的 7.spit v. 吐(唾液等);唾弃 8.spill v. 溢出,溅出,倒出 9.slip v. 滑动,滑落;忽略 10.slide v. 滑动, 滑落 n. 滑动; 滑面; 幻灯片 ...


   高中英语语法大全第一部分 词法 第 1 章 主谓一致 概念: 一.概念: 主谓一致是指: 1) 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式与谓语要一致. 2) 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致. 3) 就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式取决于最靠近它的词语, 一般来说,不可数名词用动词单数,可数名词复数用动词复数.例如: There is much water in the thermos. 但当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数名词时,谓语动词用复数形式.例如: Ten thousan ...

人教新课标高一英语 unit2

   Unit4 Earthquakes I 课标知识概览 burst (vi )爆裂,爆发 nation ( n )民族,国家 ruin (n, vt) 废墟;毁灭 injure ( vt ) 损害;伤 害 destroy ( vt )破坏;毁坏 useless ( adj ) 无用的 shock (vt, n ) 震惊 rescue (n,vt) 营救 trap(n, vt) 使陷入困境;陷阱 bury (vt) 埋葬 shelter ( n)掩蔽 damage (n, vt) 损失;损害 f ...