II. Words with Multiple Meanings
  1. It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
  2. She arrived early and took a front row seat.
  3. Don’t take me for a fool.
  4. It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
  5. My uncle will take me (alone on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.
  6. He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
  7. Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
  8. If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it. III. Usage
  1. hanging
  5. not having

  2. to give
  6. to say

  3. to return
  4. being praised
  7. to open
  8. being helped
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) well-off/affluent
  2) dated
  3) falling into
  4) bracket
  5) deny
  6) tangible
  7) pursuit
  8) cherishes
  9) out of place
  10) abrupt
  11) focus
  12) donations
  2. Theme-related
  1) consume
  2) fueled
  6) security
  7) indicates

  3) annual
  4) plain
  5) physically
  8) equally
  9) traditional
  10) follows
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1) The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.
  2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.
  3) Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.
  4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go though t another difficult phase of his life.
  5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs.00满足
  2. Translate the passage With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
Unit 3
The Generation Gap
Text A Father Knows Better I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) typical
  2) dumb
  3) junior
  4) glorious
  5) welfare
  6) came over
  7) interference
  8) fading
  9) narrowed down
  10) frank
  11) schemes
  12) at any rate
  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) consists of five generals and four police officers.
  2) will be in a location overlooking the lake.
  3) was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people.
  4) have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?
  5) was exhausted after the long cycle ride.
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) hysterical, was handed down by, should have known better than
  2) twisted, over and over, talented son,
  3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured…repeatedly II. Collocation
  1. adequate
  2. anxious
  3. certain
  4. content
  5. crazy
  6. likely
  7. fortunate
  8. keen III. Usage
  1. be admitted
  2. live
  3. be postponed
  4. buy
  5. be banned
  6. be Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) typical
  2) welfare
  3) constant
  4) frank
  5) talent
  6) dumb
  7) know better than that
  8) repeatedly
  9) dread
  10) interference
  11)bet
  12)assure
  2. Theme-related
  1. despite
  2. really
  3. same
  4. contact
  5. admitted
  6. attempt
  7. not
  8. tend
  9. different
  10. manner II. Translation

  1.
Translate the Sentences

  1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?
  2) The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.
  3) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.
  4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.
  5) Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.
  2. Translate the passage George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CDs for computer games software from his classmates.
Unit 4
Text A A Virtual Life I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) conversely
  2) but then
  3) symptom
  4)spitting
  5) abusing
  6) tone
  7) took (her) in
  8) editing
  9)have arranged
  10) in sight
  11) stretched
  12) data
  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) smoking cigarettes jars on me.
  2) find themselves getting sucked in
  3) has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.
  4) fled their country to avoid military service/ fled to other countries to avoid military service.
  5) restore people's confidence in it.
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) the virtual/ on line/ via
  2) nightmare/ routine/ any appointment/ arrange for
  3) cue/ remarks/ his tune
II. Collocation
  1. We came here all the way on foot.
  2. Private cars are not allowed on campus.
  3. They are on vacation in Florida.
  4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.
  5. Don't worry, Lucy is always on time.
  6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise. III. Usage l. hard
  3. impossible
  5. hard

  2. difficult
  4. tough
  6. easy
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) Internet
  2) click
  3) virtual
  4) routines
  5) arrange
  6) nightmare
  7) annoying
  8) connection
  9) crawls
  10) take in
  11) spit
  12) data
  13) sucked into
  14) At times
  15) flee
  16) on line
  2. Theme-related
  1) companion
  2) deliver
  3) access
  4) enables
  5) customers
  6) delights
  7) provides
  8) small
  9) remote
  10) information II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.
  2) A slow Internet connection speed is really annoying.
  3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
  4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.
  5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.
  2. Translate the passage Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest
news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.
Unit 6
Women, Half the sky
Text A A Woman Can Learn Anything a Man Can I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) cultural/culture
  2)indication
  3) miniature
  4) ironic
  5) stumbled into
  6) decent
  7)buzzing
  8) abnormal
  9) mechanical
  10) shuddering
  11) implied
  12)leap
  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) Convert RMB into US dollars in the foreign exchange office
  2) Didn’t know the first thing about cooking as she looked puzzled as to how to cook rice with the rice cooker
  3) Their faulty equipment the team had accomplished some very useful work.
  4) Allowing me to work flexible hours as long as I work eight hours a day
  5) Couldn’t help thinking the book must be quite fascinating.
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) will not panic/ feel panic, will be at a disadvantage
  2) hybrid, transmission
  3) carve, one indication, to distinguish II. Collocation
  1. also
  2. as well/too
  3. too
  4. too
  5. as well/too
  6. too 7 also
  8. also III. Usage
  1. I’ve had enough
  2.when I was old enough to work and earn money
  3. can’t get enough sleep at night
  4. had so far collected enough of them
  5.have strong enough arms
  6. have just enough money to live on
Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) stumbled into
  2) not know the first thing about
  3) mechanical
  4) when it comes to
  5) hybrid
  6) gritted her teeth
  7) premise
  8) at a disadvantage
  9) panic
  10) cultural
  11)flexible
  12)imply
  2. Theme-related
  1. chair
  2. force
  3. secrets
  4. painstaking
  5. recognized
  6. steered
  7. essentially
  8.obsevation
  9. women
  10. tutor
  11.inspired
  12.unless II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1) He is a man of few words, but it comes to playing computer games, he is too clever for his classmates.
  2) Children who don’t know any better may think these animals are pretty cute and start playing with them.
  3) There is no way to obtain a loan, so as to buy the new equipment, I’ll just have to grit my teeth and sell my hybrid car.
  4) The hunter would not have fired the shots if he had not seen a herd of elephants coming towards his campsite.
  5) I find it ironic that Tom has a selective memory he does not seem to remember painful experiences in the past, particular those of his own doing.
  2. Translate the passage: Nancy Hopkins is a biology professor at MIT. She craves knowledge and works hard. However, as a scientist, she could not help noticing all kinds of indications of gender inequality on campus. Men and women professors did the same work, but when it came to promotion the administrators were rather selective. It is ironic that after so much cultural progress, women were still at a disadvantage in institutions of higher education. When her request for more lab space was refused, she knew she had to fight. So she gritted her teeth and complained to the President. The fight ended in victory and Nancy was converted into a gender-equity advocate.
Unit 7 LearningaboutEnglish
Text A The Glorious Messiness of English I. Vocabulary
  1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…
  1) Strictly speaking
  2) drifted
  3) resembles
  5) is conquered
  6) fascinating
  7) snack
  9) source
  10) climate
  11) surrendered
  4) invaded
  8) put into practice
  12) were aroused

  2. Rewrite each sentence…
  1) an absolute necessity rather than a luxury
  2) is a valuable addition to the football team.
  3) will get out of control, if the firemen do not arrive within ten minutest
  4) alternative but to go via Vancouver to get to Seattle.
  5) declared all beef imports will be banned for the next six months as an emergence measure to stop the spread of mad cow disease
  3. Complete the sentences
  1) systematic, have invented, to a very real extent, mysteries
  2) to establish, to be modified/ modifying
  3) tolerance towards, strike out, enrich II. Synonyms
  1. wish, wish, want, want/wish
  2. skin, hide/skin, hide, skin
  3. raise/rear, raise, rear/raise, raise
  4. royal, kingly/royal, sovereign, royal/ kingly III. Usage
  1. Indeed
  2. though
  3. Frankly
  4. Moreover
  5. To my knowledge
  6. however
  7. nevertheless
  8. Yet
  9. instead
  10. in other words Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze
  1. Text-related
  1) fascinating
  2) tolerance
  3) invented
  4) addition
  5) ban
  6) corrupt
  7) out of control
  8) influenced
  9) elite
  10) came up with
  11) establishing
  12) Massive
  13) sources
  14) enrich
  2. Theme-related
  1) early
  2) similar
  6) features
  7) declared

  3) source
  4) observation
  8) stronger
  9) accident

  5) examine
  10) sprung
II. Translation
  1. Translate the Sentences
  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5) Many small businesses have sprung up in the city since the new policy went into effect. On hearing the news, she smiled briefly, and then returned to her habitual frown. He paused for effect, then said:” We can reach/ enter these markets through new channels. The addition of a concert hall to the school will help it nourish young musical talents We have no way to protect our personal liberties until we have established a sovereign state./ We can’t
protect our personal liberties unless we, first of all, establish a sovereign state.
  2. Translate the passage Though how the English language came into existence remains a mystery to many people, linguists believe that English and most other European languages have descended from a common source: the Indo-European parent language. English was first spoken by the Anglo-Saxons who invaded England in the fifth century. They passed onto us the basic vocabulary of English. In over fifteen centuries of its development, English has enriched itself by massive borrowing. As British immigrants landed in America and established the United States as an independent nation, a new variety was added to the English language: American English. Though some people worry that the language is running out of control, many native speakers of English take pride in the tolerance of their language.
 

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