Appendix I
Key to Exercises (Units 1-
  8)
Unit 1
Part I Pre-Reading Task
Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is based on a true story. It tells the tale of the sinking of a ship called The Edmund Fitzgerald that was caught in a storm on Lake Superior back in November 1975, with the loss of all on board. Lake Superior is an enormous lake and the wind can at times make it dangerous to shipping, whipping up huge waves. November is a particularly dangerous month for such storms. This had long ago been noticed by a local native American tribe, the Chippewa, who used to speak of how death threatened from the lake when storm clouds gathered in November. According to legend, the big lake, which they called Gitche Gumee, was without mercy in that month, never giving up those it had marked for death. It is this legend that starts the song before it moves on to talk of The Edmund Fitzgerald. The Edmund Fitzgerald, like many other ships that sail the lake, was built to carry iron ore. Filled with ore these ships lie low in the water and can find themselves in difficulties in rough weather. So, with a full load on board we can imagine the anxiety that must have begun to creep into the hearts of the sailors on board The Edmund Fitzgerald as they felt the cold wind beginning to rise and heard the sound of it singing as it blew through the wires. For, despite the fact that the captain and crew were all experienced, "well-seasoned" as the song says, they all knew the dangers of November storms. Before long their worse fears started to come true and the storm had risen to a hurricane. The despair of the crew is captured in the words of the cook. First he comes on deck to tell the sailors it is too rough to cook, they will have to wait for their supper. The next we hear from him he is saying
- $6 -
103f ix
I
goodbye to his shipmates. Water is pouring into the ship. The captain sends out a distress signal, but that is the last that is heard from the ship. It is swallowed up by the lake, leaving nothing behind but the mourning families of the twenty-nine sailors and the sound of the church bell ringing in their memory. Now let's listen to the song:
The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald
Gordon Lightfoot
The legend lives on from the Chippewa on down Or the big lake they call Gitche Gumee
Tke lake, it is said, rfever gives up her dead
When the skies or November turn gloomy Witk a load of iron ore twenty-six thousand tons more Than the Edmund Fitzgerald weighed empty That good ship and true was a hone to be chewed When the gales of November came early
Tke skip was tke pride of tke American side Coming back from
some mill in Wisconsin As tke kig freigkters go, it was kigger tkan most Witk a crew and good captain well seasoned Concluding some terms witk a couple of steel firms Wken tkey left fully loaded for Cleveland And later tkat nigkt wken tke skip's
kell rang Could it ke tke nortk wind tkey'd been feeling
Tke wind in tke wires made a tattle-tale sound
And a wave broke over tke railing And every man knew, as tke captain did too Twas tke witck of Novemker come stealing
Tke dawn came late and the breakfast had to wait
Wken the Gales of November came slashing When afternoon came it was freezing rain In the face of a hurricane west wind
Appendix
1
- 6? -
When suppertime came, the old cook came on deck saying
Fellas1, it's too rough to reed ya2
At seven PM a main hatchway caved in, he said
Fellas, it's heen good to know ya
The captain wired in he had water coming in And the good ship and crew was in peril
And later that night when his lights went out of sight Came the wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald Does any one know where the love of God goes When
the waves turn
the minutes to hours The searchers all say they'd have made
Whitefish Bay If they'd put fifteen more miles hehind her They might
have split up or they might have capsized They may have broke deep and took water And all that remains is the faces and the names Of and the sons and the daughters J Lake Huron rolls, Superior sings In the rooms of her ice'water mansion Old Michigan steams
the wives
like a young man's dreams
The islands and hays are for sportsmen And farther helow Lake Ontario Takes in what Lake Erie can send her And the iron boats go as the mariners all know With the Gales of November remembered In a musty old hall in Detroit they prayed In the Maritime Sailors' Cathedral The church hell chimed til it rang twenty-nine times For each man on the Edmund Fitzgerald
■ ■ . ? ? . !
1 2
fella: (slang) fellow ya: (slang) you
- 66 -
Appendix
1 Trie legend lives on irom the Chippewa on down Or the nig lake they call Gitche Gumee Superior, they said, never gives up her dead When the gales or November come early
Part II Text A
lexf Organization
": ........................... ■■■■ ........................................... ■■ -
Parts
Part One
Paragraphs'
Paras 1-2
' Main Ideas
Introduction ? Both Napoleon's and Hitler's military campaigns failed because of the severity of the Russian winter. Napoleon's military campaign against Russia Hitler's military campaign against the Soviet Union Conclusion?The elements of nature must be reckoned with in any military campaign.
Part Two Part Three Part Four
Paras 3-11 Paras 12-20 Para 21

  2. Sections Section One Section Two Section Three Vocabulary I.
  1.
  1) alliance
  3) stroke
  5) minus
  7) declarations
  2) heroic
  4) limp
  6) regions
  8) siege Paragraphs Paras 12-13 Paras 14-18 Paras 19-20
Main Ideas
Hitler's blitzkrieg against Russia and Stalin's scorched earth policy the battles fought at Leningrad, Moscow and Stalingrad the Russian counter-offensive and the outcome of the war
Appendix
I
- $9

  9) raw
  10) retreat
  11) have taken their toll
  12) In the case of
  13) campaign
  14) at the cost of
  15) has been brought to a halt
  2.
  1) is faced with
  2) get bogged down
  3) is pressing on / pressed on
  4) drag on
  5) picking up
  6) falling apart
  7) cut back
  8) take over
  3.
  1) The rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future.
  2) The border dispute between the two countries resulted in thousands of casualties.
  3) Sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of her career.
  4) Obviously the reporter's question caught the foreign minister off guard.
  5) The introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date / obsolete.
  4.
  1) At that time, the enemy forces were much superior to ours, so we had to give up the occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build up our bases.
  2) Unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. Failure to reckon with this problem will weaken its strength. In many cases, work may be brought to a halt by constant internal struggle in an organization.
  3) The Red Army fought a heroic battle at Stalingrad and won the decisive victory against the Germans. In fact, this battle turned the tide in the Second World War. During this famous battle, the Soviet troops withstood the German siege and weakened the German army by launching a series of counterattacks. II. More Synonyms in Context
  1) During the First World War, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of the most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of France and Belgium and in the no-man's-land between the trenches.
  2) Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off.
  3)1 spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all my words.
  4) Pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could withstand the harsh weather.
- 90 -
Appendix I
III. Usage
  1) But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health.
  2) A rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks?and nobody knew anything about it.
  3) It's said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work
  4) Don't sit too close to the fire to keep warm?you could easily get burned, especially if you fall asleep.
  5) In those days people believed in marrying young and having children early.
  6) Little Tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.

Structure
  1.
  1) To his great delight, Dr. Deng discovered two genes in wild rice that can increase the yield by 30 percent.
  2) To her great relief, her daughter had left the building before it collapsed.
  3) To our disappointment, our women's team lost out to the North Koreans.
  4) We think, much to our regret, that we will not be able to visit you during the coming Christmas.
  2.
  1) These birds nest in the vast swamps (which lie to the) east of the Nile.
  2) By 1948, the People's Liberation Army had gained control of the vast areas north of the Yangtze River.
  3) Michelle was born in a small village in the north of France, but came to live in the United States at the age of four.
  4) The Columbia River rises in western Canada and continues/runs through the United States for about 1,900 kilometers west of the Rocky Mountains.

Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. invasion
  3. Conquest
  5. launching
  7. campaign
  9. reckon with
  11. bringing...to a halt

  2.
  4.
  6.
  8.
  10.
stand in the way catching... off his guard declaration drag on die from
Appendix I (B)
  1. In
  3. the
  5. it
  7. of/about
  9. to
  11. to
  13. buried
  15. than
  17. from
  19. down
- 91 -

  2.
  4.
  6.
  8.
  10.
  12.
  14.
  16.
  18.
since and that/who across lost with in between to
II. Translation The offensive had already lasted three days, but we had not gained much ground. Our troops engaging the enemy at the front were faced with strong/fierce/stiff resistance. The division commander instructed our battalion to get around to the rear of the enemy and launch a surprise attack. To do so, however, we had to cross a marshland and many of us were afraid we might get bogged down in the mud. Our battalion commander decided to take a gamble. We started under cover of darkness and pressed on in spite of great difficulties. By a stroke of luck, the temperature at night suddenly dropped to minus 20 degrees Celsius and the marsh froze over. Thanks to the cold weather, we arrived at our destination before dawn and began attacking the enemy from the rear. This turned the tide of the battle. The enemy, caught off guard, soon surrendered.
Part III TextB
. -
Comprehension Check
  1. d
  3. b
  2. d
  4. a
- 92 -
Appendix I
Translation
(#JE Appendix III)
Language Practice

  1. boast
  3. was concerned
  5. paid off
  7. are contesting
  9. holdout
  11. responsible for
  13. favorable
  15. on the eve of
  17. complications
  19. withstand
  2. obstacles
  4. call ...off
  6. was pinned down
  8. prior to
  10. objective
  12. in case
  14. due to
  16. cancel
  18. stiff
  20. absent

Part IV Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks
Writing Strategy Tick which of the following is more convincing: It was reported that General Eisenhower, though indecisive sometimes, had no hesitation in ordering the assault on Normandy. √ Eisenhower's chief of staff, Brigadier General Water Bedell Smith, later wrote: "... He sat there ... tense, weighing every consideration. Finally he looked up, and the tension was gone from his face. He said briskly, 'well, we'll go." Model Paper Can Man Triumph over Nature? When people talk of man triumphing over nature, many things come to mind. One thinks of successes in medicine in the fight against disease, such as the invention of antibiotics and the promise held out by advances in biogenetic engineering. On a broader scale, one thinks of man's success in harnessing new forms of energy from steam power through oil to nuclear power. Yet, nature has often hit back in unexpected ways to these attempts to tame it. New forms of
Appendix
I
- 98 -
disease that are resistant to antibiotics are constantly developing. Burning fossil fuels has led to fears of global warming; while nuclear power has produced dangerous waste that will remain a hazard for generations to come. However, perhaps to talk of man triumphing over nature is the wrong way to look at the matter. We need to find ways to work with nature rather than forever fighting against it. (154 words)
Unit 2

Part I
Pre-Reading Task
Script for the recording: What will the world be like in five hundred years' time? A thousand years' time? Or more? Some people are optimistic, looking forward to a better world. Others are pessimistic, and fear that things can only get worse. The writer of the song you are about to listen to takes the pessimistic view. Looking further and further into the future things seem to him to get worse and worse. By 3535, he foresees all our thoughts and feelings will be shaped by drugs. Looking further still into the future he foretells that our bodies will waste away as machines do everything for us. Family life as we know it will fade away as children are bred artificially, chosen, in the words of the song, "from the bottom of a long black tube." Given that man seems to pay so little attention to taking care of the planet and avoiding using up all its resources, he ends by wondering whether man will still be around in the future. It's enough, as he says, to make even God shake his head. Here is the song:
In the Year 2525
Zager & Evans
In the year 2525 If man is still alive If woman can survive They may find
- 9^ -
Appendix
I In the year 3535 Ain't gonna need* to tell the truth,
 

相关内容

全新版大学英语综合教程第二册课文翻译及习题答案(上海外语教育出版社)

   参考译文 第一单元 学习方式 课文A ????哈佛大学教育学教授霍华德?加德纳回忆其中国之行,阐述他对中西方不同的学习方式的看法。??? 中国式的学习风格 霍华德?加德纳 ????1987年春,我和妻子埃伦带着我们18个月的儿子本杰明在繁忙的中国东部城市南京住了一个月,同时考察中国幼儿园和小学的艺术教育情况。然而,我和埃伦获得的有关中蓁教育观念差异的最难忘的体验并非来自课堂,而是来自我们在南京期间寓居的金陵饭店的大堂。 ????我们的房门钥匙系在一块标有房间号的大塑料板上。酒店鼓励客人外出时留 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程第一册课文翻译及习题答案(上海外语教育出版社)

   Chinese Translations of Texts A (Units 1-8) 参考译文 第一单元 成长 课文A ????我们写作时常常被告诫,脑子里要有读者,笔者所云一定要符合读者的口味和兴趣。但有一位读者特别不该忘记。你能猜出是谁吗?当拉塞尔?贝克找到这个问题的答案时,他自己和别人都感到大为惊讶。 ? 为自己而写 拉塞尔?田克 ????从孩提时代,我还住在贝尔维尔时,我的脑子里就断断续续地转着当作家的念头,但直等到我高中三年级,这?一想法才有了实现的可能。在这之前,我对所有跟英文课 ...

全新版大学英语综合教程第2册课后练习答案 上海外语教育出版社

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Sti ...

全新版大学英语综合教程第3册课后练习答案 上海外语教育出版社

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is all about taking a break from city life, escaping from the crowds, rinding a quiet place, far from trie human race. F ...

大学英语综合教程第六课答案(上海外语教育出版社)

   1. 1) flutter/fluttering 4) streaming 7) fierce 10) bare 13) Sin 2) acute 5) fancy 8) masterpiece 11) subtracted 3) cling to 6) mock 9) nonsense 12) victim 15) for the rest 14) look the part 2. 1) gave in/gave up 3) sized up 5) pulling up 7) sit up ...

《大学英语综合教程》第四册上海外语教育出版社课后答案【khdaw_lxywyl】

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is based on a true story. It tells the tale of the sinking of a ship called The Edmund Fitzgerald that was caught in a st ...

全新版大学英语综合教程第4册课文原文

   Unit 1 Text A The ICY Defender In 1812, Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, led his Grand Army into Russia. He was prepared for the fierce resistance of the Russian people defending their homeland. He was prepared for the long march across ...

21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第一册)课后答案及课文翻译(网上最好的版本,方便打印)

   21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第一册)课后答案及课文翻译 Text A 佚名 作为一名一年级新生初进大学时,我害怕自己在学业上搞不好。我害怕独自一人 在外,因为我是第一次远离家人。这里周围都是我不认识的人,而他们也不认识我。 我得和他们交朋友,或许还得在我要学的课程上跟他们在分数上进行竞争。他们比我 更聪明吗?我跟得上他们吗?他们会接受我吗? 我很快就认识到,我的生活现在就取决于我自己了。如果我要在学业上取得成功, 我就必须制定一份学习计划。我必须调整花在学习上的时间和花在社交上的时间。我 ...

大学英语综合教程第二册课后练习答案

   Key to Exercises of College English Book 2 Unit 1 ★ Text A Vocabulary I. 1.1) insert 2) on occasion 3) investigate 4) In retrospect 5) initial 6) phenomena 7) attached 8) make up for 9) is awaiting 10) not…in the least 11) promote 12) emerged 2. 1) ...

最全上海外语教育出版社大学英语3课后答案(0积分获取)

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is all about taking a break from city life, escaping from the crowds, rinding a quiet place, far from trie human race. F ...

热门内容

2010中考英语

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

‘学习文化’对我国中学英语教学的影响

   湖南师范大学 硕士学位论文 ‘学习文化’对我国中学英语教学的影响 姓名:徐健 申请学位级别:硕士 专业:学科教学 指导教师:秦裕祥 20031001 中文摘要 伍世界外语教学领域人们对文化与外语教学关系的兴趣一直有增无减,且 焦未一直在不断变化。但我国在这方面的研究主要集中在如何在外语教学巾传 授目的语国家的文化知识或信息。事实上,文化与外语教学的关系远比这耍复 杂得多。学习者的期望、课堂行为以及学习策略都受到社会和教育背景的影响。 这就是所谓的‘学刊文化’理论。这个理论深化和拓展了外语教学 ...

英语四级词汇必备8

   字部 S A: I can’t carry all of these potatoes at one without dropping them. ’ B: Why don’t you put them in this sack to make it easier? ’ sack n.1.麻袋 包; 2.[the ~ ]解雇 3.[the ~ ]洗劫 劫掠 麻袋,包 解雇; 洗劫,劫掠 麻袋 解雇 洗劫 vt.1.解雇;2.洗劫 劫掠 解雇; 洗劫 洗劫,劫掠 解雇 A: Could you ...

2010年全国高考英语试题及答案-山东

   www.zgxzw.com 第I卷 (共105分) 卷 分 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 中国校长网 该部分分为第一、第二两节。注意:回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有 两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C、三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷 的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 ...

商务英语王关富翻译

   R。。 的 王关富《商务英语阅读》课文翻译 鄙人从考研论坛中搜到的资料,跟大家共享一下, 鄙人从考研论坛中搜到的资料,跟大家共享一下,同时十分感谢考研论坛为研友提供的帮 ~~~~(http://bbs.kaoyan.com) 助~~~~(http://bbs.kaoyan.com) 高级商务英语阅读 课文译文 第1 课 主课文译文 新长征 “中国制造”这个标记很久以前就不新鲜了,它贴在鞋子上、玩具上、服装上,以及为跨国 公司制造的其他商品上,世界各地到处可见。现在真正新鲜的是以中国品牌出售的 ...