Appendix I
Key to Exercises (Units 1-
  8)
Unit 1
Part I Pre-Reading Task
Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is all about taking a break from city life, escaping from the crowds,
rinding a quiet place, far from trie human race.
For those of us who live in cities, getting out in the country can provide a welcome break, letting us recharge our batteries. Out in the country, as the song says, we can find a place to
stand alone and take tack somethin' worth remembering.
The countryside also promises escape from the pollution of the city, somewhere to get some decent air to breathe. The countryside also offers somewhere where the sun is not hidden by smog, making it seem no more than
a bright spot in the nighttime.
So, just remember, as the song advises, whenever you
need a bit or room to move
When
life becomes too fast
66 -
Appendix
I
^
you can always find relief at last Out in the country. Here is the song:
Out in the Country
Paul Williams/Roger Nichols
Whenever I need to leave human race Out
it all heh ind Or feel the
need to get away I find a quiet place, far from the
in the country
Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where
the rivers like to run
I stand alone and take hack somethin' worth rememherin'
Whenever I feel them closing in on me Or need a hit of room to move When life hecomes too fast, I find relief at last
Out in the country
Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and take hack somethin' worth rememherin' Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers
like to run
I stand alone and take hack somethin' worth rememherin' Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers
lite to run \
Appendix
I
- 69 -
I stand alone and take tack somethin' worth rememberin'
Berore the breathin' air is gone Before tbe sun is just a brigbt spot in tbe nighttime.
■■
I stand alone...
.
Part II Text A
Text Organization

  1.
Parts
Part One Part Two Part Three Part Four 12-15
Paragraphs
Paras 1-3 Paras 4-7 Paras 8-11 Paras
.. ................... ........... , ? ................
Main Ideas The writer views his life in the country as a self-reliant and satisfying one. Life in the country is good yet sometimes very hard. After quitting his job, the writer's income was reduced, but he and his family were able to manage to get by. A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy have made it possible for the family to enjoy their life in the country.

  2. Happy Moments and Events
  1) growing nearly all their fruits and vegetables
  2) canoeing, picnicking, long bicycle rides, etc.
  3) keeping warm inside the house in winter
  4) writing freelance articles
  5) earning enough money while maintaining a happy family life Hardships
  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5) working hard both in winter and in summer harsh environment and weather condition anxious moments after the writer quit his job cutting back on daily expenses solitude
-90-
Appendix I
Vocabulary
  1.
  1)
  3)
  5)
  7)
  9)
  11)
  13)
  15)
  2.
  1)
  3)
  5)
  7)
  3.
  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5)
  4.
  1)
  2) On balance insurance aside from
  4) cut back
  6) haul resist supplemented
  8) sprayed
  10) illustrated wicked
  12) digest budget
  14) get by boundary at that point cut back / down
  2) pickup
  4) get through get by face up to
  6) turn in
  8) think up turning out While farming, Benneker pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy. Misused words often generate misleading thoughts. Lafayette Hotel is patronized by international celebrities drawn to its French food and service. A person who thinks that money will do everything may well be suspected of doing every-thing for money. A person surely has to face a good many bitter disappointments before he gets through life. Seeing that more and more people are concerned about the quality of their indoor environ-ments, John is considering starting an interior decoration business. It seems certain to earn a profit, but he does not yet have enough money to invest in it. This device is primarily used for the improvement of the sound quality of electronic media. It was invented in the US, but now it is used on a global scale. When the first settlers came to America, their household utensils consisted of a few pots, pans and some bowls stacked in one corner of the house. There wasn't much material temptation around them. They never dined out in a restaurant as we often do nowadays.

  2)
  3)
II. Confusable Words
  1.
  1) house
  3) home, family

  2) Home
  4) household

  1) doubt
  3) doubted
  5) suspect III. Word Formation
  1) rise
  3) regular
  5) hows, whys
  7) yellowed
  9) lower Slructurc

  2) suspected
  4) suspected

  2) final
  4) cash
  6) upped
  8) bottled
  10) search

  1.
  1) when it comes to changing your life
  2) when it comes to such matters as keeping the room tidy
  3) when it comes to emotional intelligence
  4) when it comes to managing minor matters
  2.
  1) Not everyone agrees on what is right and what is wrong
  2) but, unfortunately, money isn't everything
  3) not all Americans like them
  4) Not all people share the same interests Comprehensive txercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. gets by
  3. get through
  5. improvements
  7. suspect
  9. profit
  11. spraying (B)
  1. While
  3. begin
  2.
  4.
  6.
  8.
  10. temptation picked up aside from supplement primarily

  12. stacking
  2. escape
  4. Because/As
- 92
  5.
  7.
  9.
  11.
  13.
  15.
Appendix I quit on be have cook/prepare however
  6. start
  8. but (also)
  10. close
  12. cutting
  14. cities
  16. family
II. Translation A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about. She quit an executive position and opened / set up a household equipment store in her neighborhood. People like Nancy made the decision primarily because of/owing to/due to their desire to improve the quality of their lives. But, to run a small business is by no means an easy job. Without her steady income, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expenses. Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premiums for the various kinds of insurance she needed. Once she could not even pick up the phone bill and had to ask her parents to loan her some money. Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time. She is determined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life.
Part III TextB
Comprehension Check l.a
  3.d
  5. a translation (#JE Appendix III) Language Practice
  1. In addition
  2. roast
  2. c
  4. b
  6. c
Appendix I
  3. percentage
  5. cable
  7. get along
  9. whip up 1 1 1 1 commute taken over mushroomed fried
  4. entertainment
  6. at one time
  8. missed out on
  10. as a result
  12. rent
  14. make sense
  16. go with
  18. dizzy
  20. gasped 3k
- 93 -
1 array
Part IV Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks
Model paper Recent Changes in Chinese Family Life Great changes have taken place in Chinese family life in the past twenty years. In my parents' words, the difference between their childhood and mine is as vast as that between heaven and earth. When my parents were young, there was no TV, no computers nor any other electronic appli-ances in their home. Their food was simple and their clothing plain. What is unbelievable to young people today is that they seldom dined out in a restaurant, or traveled to a scenic spot for a holiday. In contrast to family life one generation ago, each family in China today has at least one TV set and many have been equipped with telephones, computers, even cars. While the senior members of a family watch films on TV at home, the younger members like to play computer games or talk to their friends who may live thousands of miles from them. The changes in Chinese family life mirror the economic development of our country. Without the prosperity of the whole country, our family life would probably be just the same as before. Times have changed, and changed, most would surely agree with me, for the better. (194 words)
- 9^ -
Appendix I
Unit 2
Part I Pre-Reading Task
Script for the recording: The song you are going to listen to is called Abraham, Martin & John, sung by Dion.
Abraham, Martin & John
Dion
Has anybody here, Seen my old friend Abraham, Can you
tell me, where he's gone,
He freed a lotta people, But it seems the good die young, I just loohed around, And he's gone,
Has anybody here, Seen my old friend John, Can you tell me, where he's gone, He freed a lotta people, But it seems the good die young, I just loohed around,
And he' s gone,
Has anybody here, Seen my old friend Martin,
Appendix I
Can you tell me, where he's gone, He freed a lotta people, But it seems the good die young, I just looked around,
- 95 -
And he's gone,
Didn't you love the things they stood for, Didn't they try to find some good for you and me, And we'll he free, Someday soon it's gonna be one day,
Has anybody here, Seen my old friend Bothy, Can you
tell me, where he's gone, the hill, With
I thought I saw him walhin' up over
Ahrah am, Martin and John. The unit we are going to study is all about civil-rights heroes. The song you have just heard is about four of them. Can you guess who they are? All are American. All are dead, all, as the song says, "gone". How about Abraham? Dion says he freed a lot of people. That's one clue. Another comes when she quotes the proverb: "the good die young." So it seems Abraham died young. My guess is Dion has in mind Abraham Lincoln, the American president who freed the slaves and was assassi-nated. How about John, another leader who helped people to free themselves? He too died young. Can you guess who it might be? President John F. Kennedy seems most likely. He too supported civil rights. He too died young, assassinated like Lincoln. Now who could Martin be? Another civil-rights leader who died young, once again assassi-nated. A great speaker comes to mind. Who do you think? Martin Luther King, surely. And finally, Bobby. Bobby who? Probably Dion is thinking of Bobby Kennedy, John Kennedy's brother, another supporter of civil rights. He was running for president when, like his brother before him, he too was gunned down.
- 96 -
Appendix I
Part II Text A
Text Organization
  1.
Parts
Part One
Paragraphs Paras 1-5
Main Ideas It is high time to honor the heroes who helped liberate slaves by forging the Underground Railroad in the early civil-rights struggles in America. By citing examples the author praises the exploits of civil-rights heroes who helped slaves travel the Un-derground Railroad to freedom.
Part Two
Paras 6-23

  2. Story 1 (Paras 6-
  10):
After winning his own freedom from slavery, John Parker helped other slaves to escape north to Canada to get freedom. Story 2 (Paras 11-
  15): Supported by a strong religious conviction, the white man Levi Coffin helped black slaves to escape at huge risk to himself. Story 3 (Paras 16-
  23): By traveling the Underground Railroad, Josiah Henson reached his desti-nation and became free at last.
Vocabulary I.
  1.
  1) decades
  3) imposed
  5) slender
  7) settlement
  9) mission
  11) terminal
  13) exploits
  15) on the side
  2.
  1) pass for
  3) laid down
  2) historic
  4) racial
  6) closing in on
  8) site
  10) authorized
  12) make the best of
  14) religious
  2) stood up for
  4) take on
Appendix I
- 97 -

  5) let (us) down
  6) draw on
  7) come up
  8) given up
  3.
  1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Americans will not be able to justify their measures to protect the struggling American steel industry.
  2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein, staff writer of the New Yorker and author of The Natural, the most talented politician of his generation and the most compelling.
  3) There's not much you can do if people are really intent on destroying themselves with drugs.
  4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.
  5) It is our conviction that cloning of human beings is bound to cause many ethical and social problems in the long run.
  4.
  1) As for the protection of these endangered species, many countries do not compel fishermen to report accidental capture of small cetaceans (H § %}$}) in their nets, so signifi-cant catches may go unnoticed for years. To deal with this problem, animal protectionists have forged an international alliance. On the other hand they have urged the United Nations to lay down more specific laws to save these animals.
  2) It was reported that food supplies would soon run out and most of the victims of the earthquake would starve to death. At huge risk, a group of volunteers from the Red Cross took on the mission to transport food, clothes and medicine to the most seriously hit areas.
  3) A rally was going to be held in honor of the 16th US President Abraham Lincoln who abolished slavery in 1863 and liberated the slaves in the South. In the eyes of many African-Americans, Lincoln was America's greatest president thanks to his outstanding exploits. II. Words with Multiple Meanings
  1. I'll tell you about my research project in a minute, but first let's hear about your French trip.
  2. Most McDonald's look almost the same on the outside, but actually there are about 16 differ-ent basic designs.
  3. Loaning money from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to get through a financial crisis.
  4. This second-
 

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