College English: Listening and Speaking Course 1
Unit 2:
Fun with Language
Unit 2: Fun with Language
Part A Part B Part C Part D
Fun with Language
Unit 2: Fun with Language
Communicative Function :
Opening and Closing a Conversation
Listening Strategy :
Distinguishing between Similar Sounds
PART
A
Unit 2: Fun with Language
Pre-listening Task Listening Task
Text : How to Improve Your Conversation Skills
Speaking Tasks
PART
B
Unit 2: Fun with Language
Additional Listening :
Smile When You Read This
PART
C
Unit 2: Fun with Language
Home Listening ( 1 ) :
Beside Oneself
Home Listening ( 2 ) :
Studying in the U.S
PART
D
Part
A
Communicative Function
Opening and Closing a Conversation
In everyday life, we often have to open and close a conversation. This exercise fo-cuses on how people perform these communicative functions.
Part
A
Listen to the tape and decide if the first sentence of each short dialogue you hear begins the opening or the closing of a conversation. Underline the answer. Example: ?Would you mind closing the window? It's cold in
here. ?Of course not.
Opening / Closing Opening
Part
A

  1. It's a really wonderful evening. Thank you very much for inviting us. ? I'm glad you enjoyed it.
? Maybe we could get together sometime at my home. ? Sounds Opening / Closing Closing
Part
A

  2.
? Great party, isn't it? ? Yeah, really.
? You look familiar to me. Have we met before? ? I'm afraid not. Opening / Closing
Part
A

  3.
? I'm afraid I have to go now . ? So soon? Well, I enjoyed our talk together. ? Me too.
Opening / Closing Closing
Part
A

  4.
? Excuse me, could you tell me the time? ? It's half past 5 by my watch. ? Thank you very much. ? You're welcome.
Opening Opening / Closing
Part
A

  5.
? Is this seat taken? ? Oh, let me move my stuff. ? Aren't you Jack Brown? I'm Bill, Bill Stone. ? Oh, hello, Bill. Fancy meeting you here!
Opening Opening / Closing
Part
A

  6. ? Hi, Jack. So good to see you. ? Oh, hi, Andy. It's been quite a while since we saw each other last. How're things with you? ? Just fine. What've you been doing these years? ? Well, I've been studying for my Ph.D degree here at the university. ? That's wonderful. Opening Opening / Closing
Part
A
Listening Strategy
Distinguishing between Similar Sounds
It is important to distinguish between similar sounds while listening. Names like Jean and Jane, figures like 18 and 80 can sound quite alike. Titles like Mrs and Miss can also be confusing.
Part A Listen to the tape and underline the letter beside the word you hear in the sentence.
  1. May I introduce Miss Jones to you? a. Miss a. Miss
  2. b. Mrs. b. 1930 b. 1930
John Davis was born in California in 19
  30. a. 1913

  3.
I can't agree with you more. a. can b. can't b. can't

  4.
My birthday is on June 20th. a. 20th a. 20th b. 28th b. married b. married

  5.
Paul, is your sister married? a. Mary
Part
  6.
A Look, here comes Mr. Black, our sales manager. a. Black a. Black b. Blake

  7.
Bob isn't in the library right now. a. is b. isn't b. isn't

  8.
Mr. Taylor is said to be leaving for South Africa soon. a. said a. said b. sad

  9.
Pass me the beer, please. a. bill b. beer b. beer

  10.
I was wondering if you could help Anna with her music lessons , a. Ann b. Anna b. Anna
Part B
QUESTIONS
PrePre-listening Task
Part B
Questions for discussion
You are going to talk about English conversation skills. Read the following questions and discuss them with your partner.
Part B

  1. You have learned English for several years, but do you often speak English with your classmates and friends?
  2. Are you afraid of making mistakes?
  3. How can you improve your English conversation skills?
  4. If you want to talk to a native speaker of English you meet for the first time, what topics are appropriate?
  5. How would you start and close a conversation?
Part B
Additional questions for discussion
Have you ever observed how a child starts to learn to speak his/her mother tongue? What can you learn from the way a child learns to speak? Is there any difference between conversations in English and conversations in Chinese so far as safe topics, openings and endings are concerned?
Part B
Listening Task
How to Improve Your Conversation Skills
Part B
Exercise 1: Listening for general understanding
Listen to the tape once and then do the following.

  1. Rearrange the order of the following sentences according to the passage you hear. a. b. c.
  1) Use some strategies to carry on the conversation. Don't be afraid of making mistakes, which are unavoidable. Choose an appropriate topic to start a conversation.
b

  2)
c

  3)
a
Part B
  2. Which of the following does the speaker intend to convey to the listeners? a. Courage and a willingness will definitely result in errors. b. it. Starting a conversation is more difficult than closing
c. Choose an appropriate topic and the conversation will be a success. d. Mistakes are unavoidable when you learn to speak a foreign language.
Part B Exercise 2: Listening for details Listen to the tape once again and complete the answers to the following questions.
  1. What are the inappropriate topics to open an English conversation according to the passage? a. age b. money c. People’s appearance
  2. If your partner speaks too fast for you to follow, what can you say? a. Excuse me, but could you say that again? I didn’t catch it b. Could you speak more slowly, please?
  3. How do you close a conversation politely? a. Well, I really need to be going. b. It was nice talking to you. SCRIPT
Part B
How to Improve Your Conversation Skills
To speak to people in a foreign language requires courage and willingness to make errors. Some people are so afraid of making mistakes that they never open their mouths. And that’s the biggest mistake of all. Now if you have courage and are ready to make a few errors, what do you say? First of all, you have to open the conversation. Finding an appropriate topic is half the battle. Some topics, such as the weather and news, work well. But others, such as age, money or people’s appearance do not. The following are some good ways to open a conversation. Weather It sure is cold today, isn’t it ? News Did you hear about that terrible forest fire ? .
Part B A conversation in a foreign language doesn’t always go smoothly. Sometimes your partner talks too fast and you find it difficult to follow. Not to worry, though. You can always ask your partner to repeat what he has said or to speak more slowly. For example, “Excuse me, but could you say that again? I didn’t catch it.” Or “ Could you speak more slowly, please?” At he end of a conversation you ne3ed to find a way to close it in a polite way. “Well, I really need to be going”, or “It was nice talking to you” are frequently used by people to end a conversation.
Part B
Speaking Task
Part B
Pair Work
Listen to the dialogues and repeat after the recording. Practise the dialogues with your partner, playing the role of A or B. Then work with your partner to create your own dia-logues by replacing the underlined parts with your own words.
Part B
Dialogue 1
A: Excuse me, Jack, do you have a minute? B: Yes. What can I do for you? A: Well, you see, I've been learning English for several years now but I still can't speak much English. I wonder if you could tell me how I could improve my oral English. B: Mm. Do you often speak English with your friends?
Part B
A: I wanted to, but every time I open my mouth I seem to make errors. So sometimes I just give up. B: I guess speaking in a foreign language isn't easy. You must be willing to make some errors at the beginning. A: You mean I shouldn't be afraid of making mistakes. B: That's right. A: And I should try to speak English as much as I can. B: Exactly. A: Thanks for the advice. B: Any time. Good luck on your oral English. A: Thanks. Bye. B: Bye.
Part B
Dialogue 2
(On the way to class) A: Cold this morning, isn't it? B: Yes, and it's supposed to get even colder. A: I hope it won't get as cold as last night. B: Speaking of last night, did you attend the English Speech Contest? A: Yeah, I did. It was terrific. That guy who won the first prize speaks really fluent English. I do admire him. B: Me, too. We'll just have to work harder. Maybe one of us can win the next English contest. A: Yeah, maybe. Who knows? B: Well, I have to run now. I have an appointment with the dean. See you. A: See you.
Part C
Additional Listening
Listen and tick: Listen to the passage once. Then you'll hear six statements based on the passage. When you hear a statement, put a tick in the right column of the table.
Part C
Smile When You Read This
I hear this idea I don’t hear this idea I don’t hear this idea but can infer it and can’t infer it

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
Part C Statements:
  1. If one can answer all the four questions, his memory is thought to be good. (I hear it.)
  2. The smiling students could remember more happy articles than the frowning students. (I hear it.)
  3. Education specialists from England haven't found the best way to help people improve reading abilities. (I can not infer it.)
  4. The specialists are trying to explain the reason why facial expressions can help memory. (I can infer it.)
  5. According to the speaker, facial expressions might affect a person's memory. (I can infer it.)
  6. In the second group five students who read the angry letter while smiling remembered less. (I can infer it.)
SKRIPT
Part C How good is your memory? Answer these four questions: What did you have for breakfast yesterday? What clothes did you wear last Friday? Who did you talk to yesterday? Where did you go last Saturday? If you can answer all four questions, your memory is very good. Memory is important for learning language skills. Education specialists in England want to help people improve their reading abilities. They want students to remember the books and articles they read. The specialists found something to help: facial expressions. They gave ten students a happy article to read. Five of the students read the happy article while smiling. Five students read the happy article while frowning. Then they answered comprehension questions. The smiling students remembered more of the happy article than the frowning students.
Part C Then the specialists gave ten students another article to read. It was an angry letter to the editor of a newspaper. Five students read the angry article while smiling, and five students read the angry article while frowning. Which group remembered better? You're right. The frowning students. The specialists don't know why facial expressions help memory. They are continuing to study the relationship between the mind and the body. Until they find the answer, keep smiling (or frowning?)!
Part D
Home Listening ( 1 )
Beside Oneself
Part D
  1. What condition does the expression "beside oneself" describe today? a. It describes something that really is not possible. b. It describes the possibility to have two of the same person appear together. c. It describes someone overwhelmed by anger or joy. d. It describes someone who is extremely excited because d. It describes someone who is extremely excited because of of anger or joy. anger or joy
  2. What is meant by the expression " flip your lid "? a. You may do something strange in extreme excitement. b. You are beside yourself with happiness. c. You lose self-control due to happiness or anger. c. You lose self-control due to happiness or anger. d. You turn over the lid of your cooking pot to let the heat out.
Part D

  3. What is the meaning of the word "flip" in recent years? a. To like very much. b. To become self-conscious. c. To flip your lid. c. To flip your lid d. To be beside oneself with joy.
  4. What may happen to someone who loses his head? a. He acts without careful thinking. a. He acts without careful thinking. b. He becomes careless and forgetful. b. He becomes careless and forgetful. c. He becomes unreasonable in whatever he does. c. He becomes unreasonable in whatever he does. d. He behaves inin a strange way. d. He be4haves a strange way.
Part D
  5. joy. b. Origins of some expressions describing someone in great anger. c. Meanings and effectiveness of some common expressions. d. People's excitement and related expressions. What does the passage mainly discuss? a. Expressions used to describe someone in great
SKRIPT
Part D Many expressions may be used to describe someone who is excited. One such expression is to be "beside oneself. You can be beside yourself with anger or beside yourself with happiness, although usually not both at the same time. If you are beside yourself, you are filled with excitement. The dictionary tells us that "beside" means "next to", or "at the side of. So the expression "beside oneself describes something that really is not possible. You cannot be next to yourself. Some language experts, however, think the expression probably comes from an old belief that through magic, you could indeed be next to yourself. Spirits were believed to be able to have two of the same person appear, especially if that person was excited. Today, you might hear a husband say, "When my wife told me we were going to have a baby, I was beside myself with joy." Or someone might tell you he was beside himself with anger because he had just lost his job.
1037 D W
 

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