Unit 5 Our School Life Topic 3 My school life is very interesting 一.重难点讲解

  1、What day is it today? 今天星期几? --It is Wednesday. 今天星期三。 What day……?用来询问星期几或是节日。 回答: It is…… Eg: What day is it today? 今天是什么节日? It’s Children’s Day.今天是儿童节。 在星期几用介词 on . Eg: on Wednesday. 周三
  2、What class are they having? 他们正在上什么课? --They are having a music class. 他们正在上音乐课。= Which class are they having? (
  1)What class 用来询问“什么课程”= which class class=lesson Eg: Morning classes/lessons begin at eight o’clock. Class: ①班级。 Eg: What class are you in? ? I am in Class Seven. ②一个班级的全体学生。此时是一个集合名词。 Eg: Good morning, class! (
  2)have a music class/lesson. 上音乐课 Eg:We are having an English class/lesson. 我们在上英语课。
  3、What time is it over?几点下课? be over 结束 (指状态)= end 结束;完成 (强调动作) Eg:What time does it end? 几点结束?
  4、Working on math problems.解数学题 work on 从事……;致力于……(根据多种语境可以有多种译法) Eg:He is working on a new novel. 他正在写一部小说。 My father works on a farm. 我爸爸在农场工作 He is working on computers. 他正在用电脑。 He is outside and working on the car. .他在外边修汽车。 work out 算出;计算。 Eg: The little boy can work out the math problem all by him self. 这个小男孩能自己算出这道数学题。
  5、They are learing about the past in the class.他们在课堂上了解过去。 (
  1)learn about 了解 We learn English ,but we don’t learn about English.我们学习英语但我们不了解英语。 (
  2)learn = study 学习 (但 learn 侧重于强调学习的成果“学会,学到“学习具体的 事情要用 learn, 如: learn English ;study 还有钻研,研究的意思,表示研究性的学习,强 调学习的过程) Eg: They are studying history. learn to do sth 学做某事 Eg:let’s learn to speak English.
  6、You must like English very much. 你一定非常喜欢英语。 must 表肯定的猜测。 “一定……” Eg: That book must be Jane’s, because her name is on it. 那本书一定是简的,因为她的名字在上面。 can’t be “不可能……” 表否定的猜测
Eg: That bike over there can’t be Jane’s,Hers is new. 那边的自行车不可能是简的。她的是新的。
  7、What do you think of it? 你认为它怎样? --Sometimes it’s difficult and boring , so I don’t like it very much. 有时难学且乏味,所以我不太喜欢 (
  1)What do you think of ……? 你认为……怎么样?(表示主人对某人或某物的看法) 可用 how do you like……? 此句还有询问对某物的喜欢程度 Eg: What do you think of the book? 你觉得这本书怎样? It is very intersting .非常有趣。 =How do you like the book? How do you like China? 你有多喜欢中国。Very much. 非常喜欢。 (
  2)very much = a lot “非常” 表程度 Eg: I like playing basketball very much.= I like playing basketball a lot.
  8、 What’s your favorite subject? 你最喜欢什么科目? =Which subject do you like best? what’s one’s favorite ……?=which …… do/does sb like best? 某人最喜欢什么? What’s your favorite sport?= Which sport do you like best?
  9、Why don’t you like it?你问什么不喜欢它? Why don’t you +动词原形? “你为什么不…….?” 此句型还可以用来提出建议,= why not…..? “为何不……呢?” Eg: Why don’t you play soccer with us? = Why not play soccer with us? 为何不跟我们一起去踢球呢?
  10、At school , my tearchers and classmates are very friendly to me. 在学校,我的老师和同学对我很友好。 be friendly to sd. 对某人友好 friendly 在此为形容词“友好的,友善的” = kind Eg: Everyone here is very friendly to us. 这里的每个人对我们都很友好。 = Everyone here is very kind to us.
  11、I study Chinese,English,politics,art,history,geography,biology and some other subjects. 我学习语文,英语,政治,美术,历史,地理,生物和一些其他的课程。 (
  1) 当指在学校学习各门功课时 study=learn Learn ①通过练习或教师指导而记住或学会; I’m learning to skate. 我在学滑冰。 ②向某人学习,从……中学习 We should learn from each other.我们应该相互学习。 ③教与学并提 Men learn while they teach. 教学相长。 Study 指用功学,钻研,研究 Eg:He always studies math. 他总是学习数学。 (
  2) other 形容词, “另外的, 其他的”表示泛指, 常与名词复数和不可数名词连用。 Eg:I see John with some other boys.我看见约翰和其他一些男孩在一起。 如果 other 前有 the,this,any,each,every,no,none 以及形容词性物主代词 时,后面只加单数名词。 Eg:I have no other place to go. 我没有地方可去。 ① the other 表示两者中的另外一个,可单独使用也可接单数名词。 Eg: He has two pencils. One is short,the other is long.
他有两只铅笔,一只是短的,另外一只是长的。 ② others 是 other 的复数形式,意为‘别的人或物’ ,表示泛指。 如:If you work hard.you will catch up with others soon. 如果你努力学习,你很快会赶上别人的。
  12、Attention,please!Here is the news.请注意,这儿有消息告诉大家。 ① Attention,please!是书面或口头通知的常用语,目的在于提醒别人注意。 ② News 意为“消息,新闻”是不可数名词。 Eg: a piece of news 一则新闻或消息。 What’s the latest news?有什么新消息吗?
  13、There is a soccer game between Class One and Class Two on the playground at 5:00 this afternoon. 今天下午五点,一班和二班将在操场上举行一场足球赛。 Between 是介词,意为“在……之间” ,一般指两者之间。 Between…and…是介词短语,意为“在……和……..之间。 Eg: The chair is between the bed and the desk.那张椅子在床铺好桌子之间。 (
  1) 指三者或三者以上的人或物中每两者之间,仍用 between. Eg: She takes some medicine between three meals every day. 她每天在两餐之间吃药。 (
  2) 当涉及边界时指两个以上国家之间 Eg: Switzerland is between France,Italy,Austria and Germany. 瑞士位于法国,意大利,奥地利及德国之间。
  14、Do you want to see the stamps of the world? 你想看看世界邮票吗? World 名词, “世界” All over the world = around the world 全世界
  15、 speak English = say ……in English 用英语说…… Eg: My sister can’t speak English. 我的妹妹不会讲英语。 My sister can’t say the pen in English. 我的妹妹不会用英语讲钢笔。
  16、Thank you for your hard work!谢谢你的努力工作。 (
  1)thank you / thanks for sth/doing sth. 为某事或坐某事而感谢。 Thank you for great photos.谢谢你送给我这些漂亮的照片。 Thank you for inviting us. 感谢你邀请我们。 Thank you for coming .多谢您的惠顾。 (
  2)①hard adj.努力的,辛苦的,硬的,困难的。 Eg: It’s hard to believe that she’s only nine.很难相信她只有九岁。 ②此外,hard 还可以作为副词,意为“努力地,使劲,猛烈地” 。 Eg: It’s raining hard outside.外面正下着大雨。 (
  3)hard 和 difficult 两者都可以表示“困难的”但它们之间是有区别的 ①difficult 侧重于问题复杂,难于处理,需要智慧或技巧才能解决。 Eg: Nothing is difficult to a man who wills.世上无难事,只怕有心人。 ②hard 较为口语化,也可以指在智力方面存在困难,此时可与 diffcult 互换;但 指在体力方面存在困难时,通常用 hard. Eg: The physics exercises are too hard/difficult for me.这些物理习题对我来说太难了 It’s hard to move the desk upstairs.要把这张课桌搬到楼上很困难。
  17、Best wishes.最好的祝福。 (
  1)Wish 在此时名词,意为“祝愿,致意” 。此外,wish 还可以作为动词,意为“祝
愿,希望” 。 Eg: I wish you success.祝你成功。 I wish to go swimming tomorrow.我希望明天去游泳。 (
  2)best wistes to/for sb.意为向某人致以最美好的祝愿 如:best wistes to/for you. (
  3)best wistes for +节日,意为“致以….(节日)最美好的祝愿。 如:best wistes for Teachers’ Day 致以教师节最美好的祝愿。
  18、from …to…从…到… (
  1)表时间 Eg: We go to school from Monday to Froday. 我们周一至周五上学。 (
  2)表地点 Eg: It’s far from my home to school. 从我家到学校路途很远
二、重点词语:
  1. 反义词:first ? last
borrow ? return / give back shelf ? shelves leaf ? leaves

  2. 名词单数转化复数:life ? lives half ? halves life - lives
  3. between… and… 在…与…之间
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7. school hall 学校大厅 else, other 别的 Lost and Found Room 失物招领处 the school life 学校生活

  8. most of them 他们大多数 all pupils 所有的学生 few pupils 很少学生
  9. spare time 空闲时间
  10. have a short sleep 休息片刻
  11. and so on 等等
  12. on time 按时
  13. Here it is. = Here you are. 给你
  14. Our School Times 《学校时报》
  15. get to school 到校
  16. learn…from 向…学习
Everyday Science 《每日科技》
get home 到家

  17. 名词变成形容词:wonder ? wonderful, use ? useful, care ? careful, beauty - beautiful interest ? interesting excite - exciting 三、重点句型:
  1. Welcome to our school. 欢迎到我们学校来。
  2. What do you think of our school? It’s very nice. 你认为我们学校怎 么样?它非常漂亮。
  3. Let me find it on the computer first. 首先让我在电脑上找到它。
  4. Wait a minute. = Just a minute. 等一等。

  5. Mary can’t find her purse and we’re looking for it. 玛丽找不到她 的钱包,我们正在找它。
  6. Is there anything else in it? No, there isn’t. 里面还有别的吗?不, 没有了。
  7. Thank you anyway. = Thank you all the same. 仍然谢谢你。 Thank you for your hard work. 谢谢你们的努力工作。 Thank you for asking me. 谢谢你邀请我。
  8. Almost all the pupils walk or take a yellow school bus. 几乎所有的 小学生都步行或坐黄色的校车。 Very few pupils ride bikes. 很少小学生骑自行车。 Most of them have lunch at school. 他们大部分在学校吃午饭。
  9. I read them with great interest. 我带着极大的兴趣读它们。
  10. We’ll let you know if we find yours. 如果我们找到你的(钱包)我们 会让你知道的。
  11. May I ask you some questions? Yes, please 我可以问你几个问题吗?
  13. Where do you come from? I come from Australia. = Where are you from? I’m from Australia. 你来自哪里?我来自澳大利亚。 Which city of Australia do you come from? 你来自澳大利亚哪个城市?
  14. How long can I keep it? Two weeks. 我能借多久?两个星期。
  15. Do you have a problem? 你有问题吗?
 

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