仁爱版八年级英语语言点归纳 Unit 1 Sports and Games Topic 1 Are you going to play basketball?

  1.see sb. do sth “看见某人做了某事” 强调动作的全过程,常与 every day; often 等连用. see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事” 强调动作正在进行. Eg : I saw you play basketball almost every day during the summer holidays. I often see him draw pictures near the river. 我常看见她在河边画画. I saw her go across the street. 我看见她过了马路 I saw her going across the street. 我看见她正在过马路. [类似的有 watch,hear,feel 等这类感观动词.]
  2.join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列” “和某人在一起” join + 组织 表示 “加入某个组织” take part in 表示 “参加/出席某个活动” 如: Will you join us? I will join the skiing club. She is planning to take part in the high jump.
  3.prefer to 更喜欢 (to 是介词,后接名词、V-ing 形式) Eg:She prefers fish to meat. She prefers playing the piano to playing the guitar.
  4.arrive in + 大地点 arrive at + 小地点 get to + 地点 = reach + 地点 如: My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday. I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the Great Wall. 注意: reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home
  5.leave… 离开…… leave for… 动身去…/离开到… 如: They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离开北京. They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本.
  6.a few “几个;一些” 修饰可数名词 a little “一点点” 修饰不数名词 如: There are a few eggs in the basket. There is a little water in the bottle.
  7.how long 表示“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段. how often 表示 “多常; 多久一次”; 提 问时间的频率. 如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing? He plays basketball twice a week. → How often does he play basketball?
  8..be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于(做)某事 如: She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.
  9..make sth/sb + adj. 使某物(某人)在某种状态 keep …sth/sb + adj. 保持某物(某人)在某种状态 如: Playing soccer can make your body strong. Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy. 重点语法
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一般将来时: (一)be going to 结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意图。这种打算常经过预先 考虑并含有自己做好某些准备的意思, 因此通常认为用 be going to 表达的行动很可能会见诸 实践。 如:I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday. 我打算本周日和同学们一起打篮球。 She is going to buy a sweater for her mother. 她打算为她妈妈买一件毛衣。 ②表预测。指根据迹象推测,而且马上或很快就要发生。 如:Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain. 瞧那些乌云!快要下雨了! (二) will + 动词原形:表示单纯的将来事实,常与表将来的时间状语如:tomorrow, soon, later, next time(week/month/year…)等连用。will not = won’t; 缩略形式为’ll. 表示作出立即的决定。这种意图并未经过事先的考虑或计划,是临时的一种决定。 如:a. Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆,把你的东西收拾好。 I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去做。 b. Would you like coffee or tea? 您要咖啡还是茶? I will have a cup of tea,please. 我要一杯茶。 c. Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 别担心。我会帮你的。 表示预测。指说话人对于将来的看法、假设和推测。 如: I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次我们队会赢。 Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。 表示许诺。如: I’ll do better next time. 下次我会做得更好的。 I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你的。 句式:肯定句:I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon. 否定句:I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon. 一般疑问句:Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon? 回答:Yes, I/she/he/they will. No, I/she /he/they won’t. (三)动词 plan, come, go, leave, fly 等用现在进行时表示将要发生的事. 如: I’m coming. 我就来。 He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。 We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。
Topic 2
Would you mind teaching me ?

  1.ill 与 sick 都表示 “生病的”, 只能作表语而既可作表语也可作定语. 如: The man is ill/sick. 那个男人病了. (作表语) He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语)
  2.Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表示 “(不)做某事介意/好吗?” 如: Would you mind coming and checking it? 来修理它好吗? Would you mind not smoking here? 不要在这儿吸烟好/介意吗?
  3. one of + 名词复数 表示 “其中之一……”, 主语是 one,表单数.谓语动词用单数。 如: One of my teammates is strong and tall. 其中我的一个队友又高又壮。
  4. miss “错过,思念,遗失” 如: I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一班车. He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲.
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My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢了.
  5. do one’s best 尽某人的最大努力 = try one’s best We do our best to finish the task.
  6. be sure to do sth. = be sure that + 句子 “确定做某事” 如: We are sure to win next time. = We are sure that we will win next time. 我们确信下次一 定会赢。
  7. be sorry for… “为某事抱歉” be sorry to do sth. = be sorry (that) + 句子 “很抱歉做了某事” 如: I am very sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话感到抱歉. I’m sorry I lost your book. = I’m sorry to lose your book.很抱歉弄丢你的书。
  8. tired adj. “ (感到)疲惫的” , 主语是人 如: I feel tired today. 今天我感到累了. tiring adj. “令人疲劳的”, 主语是事物 如:This job is tiring. 这份工作令人疲惫. 类似的有: excited 感到兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的 interested 感到有趣的 interesting 有趣的
  9. 15-year-old “15 岁的” 15 years old “15 岁” 如: He is a 15-year-old boy. = The boy is 15 years old. 类似用法:
  2.5-mile /
  2.5 miles
  10. instead “替代;相反”, 一般单独使用,放在句末,前面用逗号隔开. instead of…“替代……;而不……,相反” 如: I won’t go to Shanghai. I’ll go to Beijing, instead. 我不会去上海而会去北京. = I’ll go to Beijing instead of Shanghai. I drank a lot of milk instead of water. 我喝了许多牛奶而不是水. have fun doing sth. = enjoy doing sth. 表示 “从做…….中获得乐趣” 如: I have great fun running. = I enjoy running.我总能在跑步中得到很大乐趣。
Topic 3 Which sport will you take part in?

  1. be ready for 为…准备 = prepare for Eg:We are ready for the final exam = We are preparing for the final exam
  2. encourage 鼓励 (to + V ) Eg:We should encourage children to look after themselves.
  3. take / do exercise 做锻炼 Eg:They often takes / does exercise in the morning.
  4. group up 长大 Eg:What are you going to be when you grow up. bring up : 抚养
  5. a symbol of 代表 = stand for Eg:?The?Tang?costume?stands?for?Chinese?fashion?culture?and?the?long?history?of?China. The?Tang?costume is a symbol of Chinese?fashion?culture?and?the?long?history?of?China.
  6. at least 至少 at most 至多 Eg:We need at least another two days to finish the task. There are 1000 students in this school at most.
  7. fill out + 名词 “填好……” fill + 名词/代词+out
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如: Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格. Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好.
  8. be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人. be afraid of… “害怕(做)……” 如: I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空. He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗. They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛.
  9. may be “可能是……” may 是情态动词 + be maybe “或许; 可能” maybe 是副词 如: He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师. He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字.
  10. between 在两者之间 among 在三者或三者当中 如: The answer is between A and B. 答案在 A 和 B 之间. The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中.
Unit 2
Keeping Healthy
Topic 1 How are you feeling today?

  1. 身体某个部位 + ache,表身体某处疼痛。 如: headache 头痛 backache 背痛 stomachache 胃痛 toothache 牙痛
  2. medicine “药” (为不可数名词) pill “药片” (为可数名词) 如: take some medicine 吃些药 take some cold pills 吃些感冒药
  3. with “含有…” without “没有” Eg:hot tea with honey 加蜜的茶 coffee with sugar and milk 加糖和牛奶 mooncake with eggs 含鸡蛋的月饼 Chinese tea with nothing = Chinese tea without anything 中国清茶 Go to school without (eating) breakfast. 没吃早饭去上学。
  4. well 康复 well 是副词,修饰动词。作为形容词来用时,是“身体健康”的意思。 Eg:She dances well.( well 是副词) Take care of you ,you’ll be well soon.( well 是形容词) good 是形容词, “好的” eg:He is a good boy.
  5. You’d better go to see a doctor. 你最好去看医生 see a doctor 看医生 had better (not) do sth 最好(不)做某事 Eg:You’d better ask your teacher for help You have a fever,Let’s see a doctor. Your leg is hurt ,you’d better not move.
  6. have a rest 休息一下 Eg:You look tired ,why not have a rest?
  7. until “直到…为止” ; 句中动词一般为延续性动词 not …until… “直到…才…” ; 句中动词一般为短暂性动词 如: He will wait for his father until ten o’clock. 他将等他父亲一直到 10 点为止. He won’t leave until his father comes . 直到他父亲来他才离开.
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  8. plenty of… “充足;大量” 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词, 只用于肯定句, 相当于 a lot of…/ lots of… many “许多”, 修饰可数名词 much “许多”, 修饰不可数名词 如: You should drink plenty of /a lot of boiled water. 你应该喝大量的开水. You shouldn’t drink so much water. 你不应该喝这么多水. I have many/lots of/a lot of/plenty of books. 我有许多水.
Topic 2 I must ask him to give up smoking.

  1. be good for… 对……有益 be bad for… 对…有害 如: Swimming is good for health. 游泳对健康有益. Reading in strong sunlight is bad for the eyes. 在强烈的阳光下看书对眼睛有害.
  2. enough adj. “足够的” 修饰名词时, 既可放在名词之前, 也可放在名词之后.(但通常放在名词之前) 如: I have enough time/ time enough to finish this work. 我有足够的时间完成这项工作. There is enough food in the fridge. 冰箱里有足够的食物. adv. “足够地” 修饰形容词或副词时, 均放在所修饰词的后面. 如: He is tall enough to reach the apple. 他足够高,能够得着苹果. He speaks clearly enough. 他讲得足够清楚.
  3. need “需要, 必需” 作实义动词: need sth. 需要某物 need to do sth. 需要做某事 如: I need some help. 我需要一些帮助. You need to see a doctor. 你需要去看医生. He needs to take a bus. 他需要去搭车. 作情态动词: need + 动词原形 如: If she wants anything, she only need ask. 她想要什么东西, 只要开口就行了. You needn’t finish this work today. 你不必今天完成这项工作.
  4. too much + 不可数名词 表“太多的…” much too + 形容词 表“太…” ,much 起加强语气作用 如:Don’t eat too much meat. 不要吃太多的肉。 He is much too fat. 他实在太胖了。
  5. give up 放弃 Eg|:In order to keep healthy,you must give up smoking and drinking.
  6. Staying up late is bad for your health. 熬夜有害你的健康. (V-ing 短语做主语) staying up (late)熬夜 (到很晚)
  6. throw about 乱扔 Eg:We shouldn’t throw litter about.
  7. in public 公共的 Eg:We shouldn’t smoke in public.
  8. more than 超过 less than 少于 Eg:There are more than 1000 students in that school. I do morning exercise less than three times a week.
  9. must “必须, 一定” 如: We must study hard. 我们必须努力学习. must 表示推测时一般用于肯定句;在疑问句和否定句中一般应用 can,否定句中也可用功 ay,但 may not 表示“可能不” ,而 can't 表示“不可能” ;
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  4)否定句中,mustn't 表示禁止,意为“不允许” 。以 must 开头的疑问句,肯定回答应用 must,而否定回答则常用 needn't,needn't 表示“不需要、不必” ,相当于 don't have to。如: There's someone knocking on the door. It must he Jim. 有人敲门。肯定是吉姆。 Eg -Must we keep the windows open all the time? -No, we don’t have to. / No, we needn’t. (注意回答时不能用 No, we mustn’t.) * have to “不得不,必须”, 侧重表示因客观条件或客观环境的迫使而"不得不做某 事". (可用于各种时态) 如:It’s too late. I have to go now. 太迟了.现在我得走了. I had to borrow some money at tha
 

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