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仁爱版英语九年级下 考点( 5? 仁爱版英语九年级下册考点(Unit 5?Unit
  6) 九年级
考点过关】 【教材回归 考点过关】

  1. West Lake is surrounded on three sides by mountains. 西湖三面 环山. be surrounded with/by 被……所围/环绕 The lake is surrounded with/by trees. 湖边树木环绕. surrounding 形容词,意为"周围的,附近的". surroundings 名词,意为"环境",只用作复数形式,作主语 时,谓语用复数. He visited be surrounding villages. 他参观了附近的村庄. The city has beautiful surroundings. 这座城市环境优美.
  2. People regard Macao as the Gambling City. 人们把澳门看作 "赌城". Regard…as …意为"把……看成是……",主要指感情上,思 想上形成的看法,也指根据外部情况得出的评判. He is generally regarded as the best student is the class. 大家都 认为他是班上最好的学生. look on/ upon…as …意为"把……当做,把……视为",相当于 regard/think sb. /sth. to be…. He looked on the old man as his father. 他把老人当做父亲一样 看待.
  3. the easons why he/she would like to go there 他/她想去那儿的 原因 why 在这儿引导的是一个定语从句,先行词为 reason. This is the reason why he is later for school. 这就是他为什么迟 到的原因.
  4. country, land, nation, state 等几个与"国家"有关的词
  1)country 意为"国家",侧重于疆土等地理概念. China is a great socialist country. 中国是一个伟大的社会主 义国家. Which country is he from? 他来自什么国家?
  2) land 作"国家,地区"讲时,是可数名词;作"陆地,土地" 讲时,强调国土,是不可数名词. They will come home from foreign lands. 他们将从国外归 来.
  3) nation 意为"民族,国家",强调一国的全体人民或整个民 族.如:the Chinese nation 中华民族
  4) state 意为"国家,州,政府",侧重于政体,政府. These factories are run by the state. 这些工厂由国家管理.
  5) motherland 祖国,尤指出生地所在国,带有感情色彩. China is my motherland. 中国是我的祖国.
  5. People's way of life in the north is quite different from that of the southern people. 北方人的日常生活和南方人的有很大的 不同.
  1) be different from ……与……不一样 This visit is very different from last one. 这次访问与上次访 问大不相同.
  2) that 这儿指代的是上文中的 people's daily life 这一抽象概 念. The weather here is different from that in Australia. 这儿的 气候和澳大利亚的不一样.
  6. People that live on the northern plains usually come and go by land, but people in the south travel not only by land but also by water. 居住在北方平原的人通常以陆路交通为主, 南方人既 可走陆路也走水路.
  1) that live on the northern plains 是关系代词 that 引导的定 语从句, 用以修饰先行词 people. that 在从句中作主语用 以用引导词 who 来替换.
  2) by land 陆路交通,总指 by car /bus/train 等具体方式,相 对于 by water"走水路". You can go there either by land or by water. 到那儿你既可 走陆路也可走水路.
  7. He is a great teacher whose wise sayings have influenced many people in different countries. 他是古代的一名老师, 他的妙语 格言影响了不同国家的许多人. saying 可数名词,意为"谚语,格言,警句". "Accidents will happen", as the saying goes. 常言道:"意外 事,患难免."
  8. Isn't it a pleasure that friends come to see you from far away?有 朋友自远方来,不亦乐乎? pleasure 作"高兴,快乐,愉快,欣慰"或"玩乐,休闲"讲时 为不可数名词. He takes no pleasure in his work. 他从他的工作中得不到丝 毫乐趣.
  1) pleased 表示"高兴的,满意的,感到高兴的",指由外部 因素引发人们内心的喜悦,主语只能是人. I am pleased to meet you.遇见你我很高兴.
  2) pleasant 通常指天气, 旅行, 消息, 时间等令人感到高兴, 愉快, 舒适, 也指人或其举止等"招口人喜欢的, 友好的". It is pleasant for us to take a walk on the meadow. 我们在 这儿的草地上散步很惬意.
  3) pleasing 表示"令人高兴的, 使人愉快的",主语通常是物. Her voice is quite pleasing. 她的噪音很悦耳.
  9. You know, I am becoming more and more interested in China's history these days. 你知道, 这些天来我对中国的历史越来越 感兴趣. Become more and more interested in sth. /doing sth, 对……/ 干……越来越感兴趣,强调变化过程. After fishing with father, I became more and more interested in
☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆ it, 自从跟父亲钓鱼后,我对它是越来越感兴趣了.
  10. It is a pity that he died of illness on his way home from Africa in 14
  33. 遗憾 4 是,1433 年从非洲回国的路上他死于疾病. [辨析]die of / die from Die of 和 die from 都指某种死亡原因,die of 指"患……而 死",而 die from 则指"由于……而死,由……致死". The old man died of cancer,那老人死于癌症.
  11. People could carve their suggestions on it, and Yao promised to follow the suggestions. 人们都可以将他们的建议刻在上面, 姚答应接受那些建议. promise 作动词用时,为及物动词,意为"许诺,答应",结 构为: promise sb. sth. 许诺某人某事 promise to do sth. 答应做某事 promise sb. to do sth 答应某人做某事 promise + that 从句 I promised him a present for his birthday. 我答应送他一件生 日礼物. She promised to write to him. 她答应给他写信. Father promised me to buy a new pair of shoes for me. 爸爸许 诺给我买一双新鞋. He promised that he would come. 他答应来. promise 作名词,有以下常见搭配: The promise to do sth. 做某事的应允 Carry out a promise 履行诺言 Make a promise 许诺 Keep a promise 遵守诺言 Break a promise 违约 He gave me the promise to lend me some money. 他答应供给 我一些钱.
  12. In order to be the new emperor, there was a great final battle between them. 为了称帝,他们之间就挑起了决斗. [辩析]in order to /so as to 两者都可表示目的,意为"为了,以便".
  1) in order to+动词原形和 so as to +动词原形均可放在句中. She got up early in order to/so as to catch the first bus. 她 早早地起床,以便赶上头班车.
  2) in order to 可以放在句首,而 so as to 则不可. In order to win the match, they practiced hard. 为了赢得比 赛,他们刻苦训练.
  3) so as to 可分开使用,而 in order to 则不可. The teacher spoke so slowly as to be understood by the students. 老师说得很慢,以便学生能听懂.
  13.
  1) Confucius is a great man whose sayings are still very famous. 孔子是一位以哲理名言闻名的人. Whose 关系代词引导定语从句,whose 作 sayings 的定语. 凡关系代词修饰后面名词或代词作定语时,均使用 whose. The English book whose cover is yellow is his. 封面是黄色的 那本英语书是他的. The house whose roof is red is Mr. Green's. 红色房顶的那栋房子是格林先生的.
  2) He is a man who had many wise ideas and thoughts about nature, the world and human behavior.他是一个睿智,有思 想的人,对自然,对世界和人类的行为都有着独特的见解. Who 关系代词引导一个定语从句,在从句中作主语.. I know the girl in green whom/who John is talking to. 我认识同约翰说话的,穿绿色衣服的女孩. Who 和 whom 均可指人,但在关系代词前面有介词时,只 可用 whom,不可用 who.如: 她就是我们要谈话的那个学生. She is the student who we want to talk to. She is the student to whom we want to talk.
  3) It's a book which introduces China in detail. 是一个由关系 代词 which 引导的定语从句, 用以修饰先行词 a book, which 在从句中作主语.
  4) China is a big country that has about 5,000 years history. 中 国是一个拥有五千多年历史的大国. that 在此引导定语从句,用以修饰先行词 a big country, that 在从句中作主语.
  14. Not only paper but also printing is very important to people's daily lives. 纸和印刷在人们的日常生活中都十分重要. not only…but also…用来连接两个平行的并列成分, 后面 but 的 also 有时可以省略. 连接主语时, 谓语动词需和邻近的主 语保持一致.连接谓语时,not 前不可有助动词. Not only he but also I am wrong. 不但他错了,我也错了.
  15. I hope someday I can take part in a quiz show and win a prize! 我希望有朝一日能参加一次智力竞赛,并得一次奖!
  1) I can take…win a prize! 是个宾语从句,主句为 I hope, 其 后的"that"连接词被省略.
  2) someday 意为"有朝一日",注意其语气要比 some day 恳 切. Someday I'll be richer. 有朝一日我会更加富有的.
  3) some day 意为"(将来)有一天." Some day I might buy a car. 将来) ( 有一天我或许会买车.
  4) take part in 参加(某个组织) He joined the league three years ago. 他三年前入的团.
  16. As we know, there are differences betewwn western culture and Chinese culture. 众所周知,中西方文化有许多的不同. difference different n. 差异,不同 adj. 不同的
be different from 与……不同 The two cats are different from each other. 那两只猫不一样. [链接] be the same as 与……一样 Bob dresses just the same as his father die. 鲍勃的衣着跟他父 亲当年的完全一样.
  17. But it keeps them in the living room away from healthy outdoor
☆★☆★☆★◎中学英语资源网(Www.Xskyy.Cn) - 为中学英语教学助力!◎★☆★☆★☆ activities. 但是电视使孩子们待在了起居室里,远离了健康 的活动. Keep sth./ sb. away from 使某物/人远离…… The old man asked the dog to keep away from his grand daughter. 那位老人让那只狗远离他的孙女.
  18. Well, that dpends on what kind of paintings you want to learn. 哦,那取决于你想学哪一类的画.
  1) depend on 取决于……,视……而定 The length of the treatment depends on the severity of the illness. 治疗时间的长短取决于疾病的严重程度.
  2) depend on sb. /sth. to do sth. 依靠某人/物做某事 I depend on you to get this done. 我指望你把这件事给办 了.
  3) depend on sb. /sth. doing sth. 批指望某人/物做某事. We've depend on him finishing the job by Friday. 我们原 指望他在星期五前完成这项工作.
  4) depend on 依赖,依靠 The country depends heavily on its tourist trade. 这个国家 主要依靠旅游业.
  5) what kind of paintings you are talking about 是宾语从名, 作 depends on 的宾语.在这个宾语从句中 you are talking about 是定语从句,修饰其先行词 paintings.
  19. Then you can decide whether you want to become a painter or not. 然后你就可以决定是否想成为一名画家了.
  1) whether or not 不管,不论,是否 Whether or not we've been successful, we can be sure that we did our best. 不管成功与否,我们确实已尽了最大努 力.
  2) whether or not= whether…or not 是否 Whether or not you like it, you'll have to face him one day. 不管你喜不喜欢,总有一天你将不得不面对他. = Whether you like it or not, you'll have to face hime one day.
  20. What I will remember are all the good times we've spent together. 我将记得那些我们共同度过的所有美好时光.
  1) "what I would remember" 是主语从句.
  2) "we've spent together" 是定语从句,修饰其先行词 times, 其连接词 that 被省略.
  21. I'm sure she'll join us any minute now. 我确信她会马上和我 们在一起的.
  1) be sure 确信 I'm not sure if he'll be able to come. 我不敢肯定他能不能 来.
  2) join sb. 与某人在一起 I'm going to the theater tonight. Would you like to join me? 我今晚去剧院,你愿意和我一起去吗?
  3) any minute now 随时,马上 We're expecting them any minute now. 我们希望他们马 上来.
  28. We spend part of our spare time watching television, … .我们花部分业余时间看电视,……
  1) spend some time(in)doing sth. 在做某事上花费时间 Hw spent his whole life(in) looking after the poor. 他把他 的一生都用来照顾穷人.
  2) spend some time on sth. 在……上花费时间 He doesn't spend much time on his homework. 他在做作 业上没有花费太多时间.
  3) It takes sb. some time to do sth. 某人做……花费时间 It took me two hours to finish the composition. 我用两个 小时的时间写完了那篇作文.
  4) sth. costs sb. some money 某物花费某人……钱 This coat cost me £
  6. 这件上衣花了我 6 英镑.
  5) sb. pays/ paid some money for sth. 某人花费……钱买…… I paid ten dollars for the book. 我花了 10 美元买了那本书
中考预测】 【夯实基础 中考预测】
I. 根据句意和首字母提示完成句子.
  1. The dress is very nice, but it's too dear. It cost me more than twenty p
  2. Jack does well in writing, and his h
  3. This pair of shoes if c
  4. Jane is as busy as a b
  5. His father was so angry with him that he s face.
  6. He likes dogs very much and his job is r
  7. Write your name with a piece of c please.
  8. Alice is an h girl and we all like her very much. by a murderer in the big hall. dogs. on the blackboard, him in the is excellent.
than the one on
 

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